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INDONESIA
Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 14 No 2 (2013)" : 9 Documents clear
Flowering Development of Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour) ‘Diamond river’ Suwardining Tyas, Pining; Setyati, Dwi; Umiyah, Umiyah
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1010.751 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.635

Abstract

‘Diamond river’ is introduction plant that cultivated in Indonesian. Development of longan flower divided into eight stadium  during 28 days. First and second stadium is the induction phase that lasts for 8 days, this phase is characterized by a change in color of the leaves become older by using the Munsell color charts for plant tissues indicate the scale of 7.5 GY (4/4) to GY 7.5 scale (3\2). Third stadium is the phase of flower initiation occurred by day eigth. Initiation stage appearance were showed by merristem axilar, which will form part of primordial flower. Fourth to seventh stadium are phase that a differentiation occurred on day 12 to day 24. Differentiation phase showed the development in suitable with the typical angiosperms are sepals, stamens, petals and pistils. Eighth stadium is the phase of anthesis occurred on day 28. In the phase of anthesis, flowers have undergone a process of pollination and fertilization. Keywords: Development, Diamond river, Flowering, stadium
Finite Difference Method and Newton's Theorem to Determine the Sum of Series Mulyani, Tri; Hasan, Moh.; Slamin, S.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (740.382 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.515

Abstract

Problems that are often faced to prove the truth of a formula if the presented series is a series that is not the formula of arithmetic and geometric series. One proof among the most commonly proofs used is the proof by mathematical induction. This study was conducted to determine the sum of the first n terms formula of: (1) arithmetic series, storied arithmetic series with the basis of arithmetic series, (2) geometric series, (3) storied arithmetic series with the basis of geometric series, and (4) series which are not arithmetic and geometric series that the formula of the n terms is given, by using the finite difference method and Newton's theorem. The formula of the sum of the first n terms obtained from the results of this study and then it is verified by using mathematical induction. Keywords : Series, finite difference, mathematical induction, Newton’s theorem
Solution Estimation of Logistic Growth Model with Ensemble Kalman Filter Method Fitriani, Vianda Nuning; Purnomo, Kosala Dwidja
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1199.64 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.514

Abstract

Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) can be applied for linear or nonlinear models. This paper is aimed to estimate the logistic growth of population models using EnKF. The estimation will be compared with the analytical solution. We assume that we can find the analytical solution of the models. The models is in the specific form i.e comparison between the population growth rate and the amount of population is in the parabolic form. The good estimation will be attained by choosing 100 as size of ensembles in EnKF. The result of estimation really so closed to the analytical solution. Keywords : Analytical solution, EnKF, ensemble
Mechanical Properties and Biodegradability of Bamboo and Sengon Wood Thin Sheets Reinforced Poly Latic Acid (PLA) Biocomposites) Sujito, S.; Munawaroh, Hanim; Purwandari, Endhah
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.423 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.513

Abstract

Development of biocomposite materials based on natural fibers and environmentally friendly resins to replace composite materials made from plastic and synthetic fibers give the consideration that the biocomposite materials are environmentally friendly materials. In this paper, we discuss the synthesis and characterization of biocomposite materials using a combination of thin sheets of bamboo reinforcement and resin sengon and poly lactic acid (PLA). As controls were also carried out the synthesis and characterization of biocomposite material with a thin layer of reinforcement only sengon bamboo and wood. Characterization of tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of the material is done by using the Tensile Test Machine ASTM D 638. In the mean time, biodegradability of materials are observed made by the method of burial for 1-4 weeks. Tensile test results show that the biocomposite material reinforced with a thin sheet bamboo has a tensile strength and modulus of elasticity greater than that of the other biocomposite materials produced in this study. Meanwhile, biocomposite materials with thin layers of wood sengon reinforced easily biodegradable (dG = 13.21 ± 0.59)%, compared to a biocomposite material with a thin layer of bamboo reinforcement (dG = 10.69 ± 0.79)%. From these results it can be concluded that the composite material with a thin layer of bamboo boosters are more likely to be applied to replace metallic materials.Keywords: Biocomposites, tensile strength, elastic modulus, biodegradability, bamboo and sengon wood thin layer.
Relationship Bali Cattle (Bos sondaicus Muller) and Banteng (Bos bibos d'alton) Approach Through The Craniometric Mahdi, Arya; Wiyono, Hidayat Teguh; Suratno, Suratno
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (478.537 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.641

Abstract

Relationship can be seen from the similarity of the cow and bull. One method to find out about the phylogenetic relationship between species is by using cranial morphometry (craniometrics). The purpose of this research was to identify morphological cranium Bali cattle , banteng baluran , and banteng merubetiri based on the parameters measured .This research was conducted in August and ending in October 2013 , held at the National Park Baluran and Merubetiri National Park. The design of this research is descriptive quantitative research , using data analysis kalster ( cluster analysis). Parameters of this research using 15 indicators that have been established in accordance with the research Hayashi , 1982. Materials used in this study are adult male cranium Bali cattle obtained from abattoir ( Slaughterhouse ) Denpasar in January to July 2013 a total of six specimens . Cranium of an adult male bull that used a total of six specimens . Five specimens were collected from the National Park consisting Baluran ( two cranium that is banteng baluran 4 and 5 in 1992 ) and the ( three cranium is banteng baluran1, banteng baluran 2 , and banteng baluran 3 in the 2012-2013 ) . Cranium specimen obtained from the sixth bull collection Merubetiri National Park . Measuring instruments used in this study is the large calipers with a precision level of 0.01 cm . The results of this study showed that the cranium cluster of Bali cattle with coefficient range of 0.016 to 0.042 in contrast to the first cluster is bull cranium specimen glaze 1 bull , bull glaze 2 , 3 baluran bull , and the bull merubetiri 1 , with a coefficient value of 0.047 to 0.161 range . Bali cattle cranium differ significantly with cluster cranium second bull is a bull glaze glaze glaze bull 4 and 5 with the coefficient of 0.162 to 0.251 range. Merubetiri bull glaze and form two clusters , the first cluster bull bull glaze consisting of 1 , 2 bull glaze , glaze bull bull merubetiri 3 and 1 , while the second consists of a cluster bull bull bull glaze glaze 4 and 5 . Turns bull glaze specimens collected in 1992 in contrast to the bull glaze specimens collected in 2012 and 2013. Bull glaze specimens collected in 2012 and 2013, closer to the bull merubetiri specimens . And the bull specimens closer distance coefficient with Bali cattle. The conclusion of this study is the overall specimen Bali cattle entered in a cluster , different from the first cluster and cluster bull bull both . The first cluster by cluster bull bull both are in different clusters. Keywords: cluster analysis , relationship , craniometric , bali cattle and banteng.
Solution methods of neutron transport equation in nuclear reactors Shafii, Mohamad Ali
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (530.187 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.320

Abstract

A few numerical methods that usually used to solve neutron transport equation in nuclear reactor are SN dan PN method, Monte Carlo, Collision Probability and Methods of Characteristics . First two methods have been developed using diffusion approach, and last three methods suitable are applicated for transport approximation. Those of three methods have important role in the desain of nuclear reactors. In addition to follow the development of advanced reactor designs, the three methods were chosen because they do not use diffusion approach these are more accurate methods, as well as less need considerable computer memory. Of all the existing methods, the CP method has several advantages among the others. Keywords : Neutron transport, SN, PN, CP, MOC, MC
Application of Difference Equations Model in Determining Genotype Probability Offspring with Two Different Characteristic Wijayanto, Dwi Agus; Hidayat, Rusli; Hasan, Moh.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (650.053 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.90

Abstract

Population genetics is a branch of biology which studies about the gene composition from population and the change of the gene composition is effect from some factors. One of them is lethal gene factor. The change of gene composition will influence the genotype probabilities in the population. In this paper discussed about determining the genotype for the probability of the n-th offspring genotypes in dihybrid mating by observing linkage between the two loci. The mating occurred randomly and without concern ethics in mating. This research was done by making mathematics model to determine allele pair, using difference equation, then from this model will be determined genotypes probability. The result show that the mating happened normally had the same genotype probability of each generation, meanwhile in abnormal mating, the genotype probability whose had lethal gene would decrease and the genotype probability whose did not have lethal gene would increase in each generation.Keywords : Difference equation, dihybrid mating, lethal gene, population genetics, probability
The spesies composition and distribution pattern of Gastropod at Forrest Mangrove Block Bedul Segoro Anak, Alas Purwo National Park Adi, Joko Swasono; Sudarmadji, Sudarmadji; Subchan, Wachju
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.593 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.626

Abstract

This research aims to determine the spesies compossition and distribution pattern of Gastropod and its relationship with abiotic factors (pH, salinity, soil texture, and organic content of the soil, and the high of tide of the eustuary area) in the Mangrove forest at Blok Beduk Segoro Anak Alas Purwo National Park. This research was conducted on February 2013. Data was taken four times using a week time interval during one month. Every observation covered eight stations, where station 1 to station 4 consist of four transects and 40 plots, while station 5 to station 8 consist of 3 transects with 42 plots and each plot was 5 m × 5 m. Gastropod observed from each plot are preserved with 70% alcohol and identified in Malakologi Laboratory, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI). Results of the research reveated that the Gastropod observed consist of 19 families and 37 species, and the dominant family is Ceritidae. The Diversity index of Shanon Wiener was 0.53 (low deversity). Two available of Distribution pattern, group (Canarium labiatum, Cassidula nucleus, Cerithium coralium, Chicoreus brunneus, Cassidula vespertilionis, Cerithidea cingulata, Cerithidea quadrata, Chicoreus capucinus,Conus rattus, Conus striolatus, Ellobium aurisjudae, Littorina carinifera, Littorina scabra, Monodonta labio, Nassarius melanoides, Nassarius olivaceus, Nerita balteata, Nerita planospira, Nerita undata, Pugilina ternatana, Sphaerassiminea miniata, Telescopium telescopium, Terebralia sulcata, Thais intermedia), random (Angaria delphinus, Conus catus, Conus omaria, Cymatium moniliferum, Erronea errones, Oliva oliva, Polinices aurantius, Pollia undosa, Tectus pyramis, Trochus californicus, Turbo argyrostoma). The abiotic factors had relatianship not significantly (p = 0.067) on Gastropod distribution pattern. Keywords : Distribution pattern,Gastropod, species compossition
Analysis of Blood Flow in Arterial Stenosis Using Casson and Power-Law Fluid Model Jonuarti, Riri
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 14 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (940.981 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v14i2.322

Abstract

Simulation of blood flow behaviour in the arteries and in arterial stenosis has been made and will be discussed in this paper. This simulation uses pulsatile flow and blood flow in artery without stenosis is considered as a dynamic fluid, compressed and condensed. Whereas, in the case of arterial stenosis has been used Casson and Power-law fluid models. In the arteries without stenosis, blood flow velocity profiles show the same pattern for each Womersley number, but with different speed value. In the case of arterial stenosis, blood flow rate decreases with increasing stenosis position away from axis of blood vessels. Resistances to flow are increases with increasing the size (height and length) of stenosis, both for the Casson and Power-law fluid models. If resistance to flow increases, it is more difficult for the blood to pass through an artery, result the flow decreases and heart has to work harder to maintain adequate circulation.Keywords : Artery, blood flow, power-law fluid, Casson fluid, stenosis  

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