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INDONESIA
Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 18 No 2 (2017)" : 10 Documents clear
Study of A Phenomenon STT (Spin Transfer Torque) on the Material La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Shaped Nanowire Using Micromagnetic Simulation Rohman, Lutfi; Musyarofah, L.; Purwandari, Endhah
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1209.742 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5911

Abstract

STT (Spin Transfer Torque) can be referred to as a process of manipulation and control of spin current in the field of spintronics. When the material is ferromagnetic nanowire La0.7Sr0.3MnO3injected currents will move the domain wall with accompanying changes of spin currents. In mikromagnetik simulation shows that the application is capable of producing flow velocity or pressure of domain wall in the direction of electron flow. The domain wall pressure generating magnetization changes with increasing current density occurs. To that end, the simulation research was done in order to obtain the effect of the injection of electric current to the magnetization of the material. This phenomenon is simulated by modeling the material into the 3D geometry. The greater the current density is given the domain wall velocity or pressure on the nanowire faster so that the magnetization process is also faster. Changes in the velocity of the fastest domain wall is obtained when the material is injected with a current density as well as M-t get a graph showing oscillation pattern that is denser when the current is increased. Furthermore, the total energy analysis with variations in size diameter of 10 nm, 20 nm and 30 nm. The results show that with increasing diameter, total energy tends to increase. Keywords: spin transfer torque, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3, magnetisation, domain wall, ferromagnetic
Effect of Environmental Factors on The Relative Fitness and Spatial Distribution of Mangrove Crabs (Scylla spp) in Blok Bedul Segoro Anak, Alas Purwo National Park, Indonesia Mahfud, Mohamad Zaenal; Sudarmadji, Sudarmadji; Subchan, Wachju
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (257.933 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.3909

Abstract

The mangrove forest are natural and renewable. resources Mangrove has the physical, chemicaland biological function which highly support the fulfillment of human needs and serve as a bufferbalance of the ecosystem in coastal areas. One of the functions associated with the mangrovebiological existence as a source of diversity of marine life. Marine life is affected by the presenceof mangrove forests among mangrove crab (Scylla serrata) to maintain the ecological balance andcause the energy cycle running fast. This study aims to determine the condition of environmentalfactors, the relative fitness and spatial distribution of mangrove crabin the mangrove forests BlockBedul Kali Segoro Alas Purwo National Park. Data from the study are described and classified bysimilarity of environmental factors, then performed multiple linear regression betweenenvironmental factors with relative fitness and spatial distribution of mangrove crabs. The resultsshowed that the average relative fitness mangrove crabs at all the research station is 69 with astandard deviation of 13.51. Spatial distribution of mangrove crab at any observation station isless than 1, so it can be concluded that the distribution is uniform. Environmental factors withrelative fitness mud crab significant correlation, but no significant correlation betweenenvironmental factors with the spatial distribution of mangrove crabs. Keywords: Relative Fitnes Crab Mangrove, Mangrove Crab Spatial Distribution, Alas Purwo National Park
Combination of Organic Fertilizer and Biological Agent for Pest Control Spodoptera exigua of Plant Onion in Gending, Probolinggo Agustini, Yusia; Purwatiningsih, P.; Sulistyanto, Didik
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1728.37 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5647

Abstract

Onion is one of lowland vegetables commodity that has been long cultivated intensively by farmers in Indonesia. Probolinggo is one of the regions which give considerable contribution of producing onion to the national needs. In an effort to increase production, onion farmers in Probolinggo mostly relies on external supply in the form of artificial chemicals (fertilizers and pesticides). However, the using of artificial chemicals can cause pollution and damage the environment. So that utilization of biological agents and organic fertilizers which are environmentally friendly can become other solutions to increase the yield of onion production. Based on this case, it is very important in efforts to increase production of onion by combining organic fertilizers to enrich the content of organic matter in the soil with biological agents in tackling pests attack. Based on the research results in application of combining organic fertilizers granules plus NEP and biological agents Heterorhabditis sp. in District Gending Probolinggo shows that : 1. reducing the population of pests Spodoptera exigua up to 72.260%. 2. improving onion plant growth more optimal. From the result, it shows that the combination of organic fertilizer granule plus biological agents and NEP Heterorhabditis sp. (P2A1) is more effective than the combination of the others. Keywords: onion, biological agents, spodoptera exigua
Development Design Labako Batik with Combine Fractal Geometry Dragon Curve and Tobacco Leaf Motif Wulandari, Eka Yuni; Purnomo, Kosala Dwidja; Kamsyakawuni, Ahmad
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1410.076 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5650

Abstract

Labako Batik is a typical batik Jember, derived from the term "La Bako" is the language of Madura that describes the activities of farmers to plant and process the leaves of tobacco. The resulting motives are inspired by the potential of natural resources in Jember such as tobacco, cocoa, dragon fruit, coffee, bamboo, birds and butterflies. The selection of tobacco leaf pattern because Jember Regency as one of the best tobacco producing cities in Indonesia, so that the form of tobacco leaf becomes the most dominant characteristic in making Batako Labako. In recent years the application of fractal forms in batik began to be popularly known as fractal batik. Fractal batik is batik whose design is made with mathematical formulas done with computer technology. Development of Labako batik motif by generating the pattern of tobacco leaves using L-System and then combining with the fractal geometry of dragon curve that has been modeled, using techniques of geometry transformation in Matlab software. Keywords: labako batik, tobacco leaf, fractal, dragon curve, l-system
Population Dynamics of Bemisia tabaci Genn. and Type of Predators Found on the Edamame Soybeans (Glycine max L.) in Mangli Jember Wijayanto, Tulus; Sudarmadji, Sudarmadji; Purwatiningsih, Purwatiningsih; Purnomo, Hari
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.323 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.4116

Abstract

The study was conducted at the edamame plantation area of PT. Mitra Tani 27 Jember with the size of 31.6 m x 29.8 m. The sampling of imature B. tabaci was done by collecting the samples of leaves from the five plots of planting. The adult samples were taken by setting some yellow traps with the size of 20 x 30 cm. The results showed that the populations of B. tabaci changed during the growing season of edamame, the older the plants grow, the greater number of the populations. The highest number of B. tabaci adult population was in the age of 10 weeks after planting, those were 818 B. tabaci. The increase of the B. tabaci population had a significant correlation with the increase of the predators population on edamame. There were seven species of predators founded at the edamame. The highest number of predator founded was Coccinella transversalis and the lowest number of predator was Coccinella septempunctata. Keywords: Bemisia tabaci Genn., edamame Soybeans, yellow traps, C. transversalis
Diversity and Density Gastropods in Mangrove Forest of Si Runtoh Beach, Baluran National Park Siwi, Fitri Retnananing; Sudarmadji, S.; Suratno, S.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (604.778 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5649

Abstract

The mangrove forest is one of the coastal ecosystems of unique and productive. One of the animals that can be found in the mangrove ecosystem are gastropods. Gastropods constitute the largest class of the phylum of mollusks. Gastropods can usually be found in tidal areas, because these animals have a very high adaptability. The existence of mangrove gastropods in the area can be used as an indicator that the mangrove on the beach working properly or not. Diversity and density of research conducted in the mangrove forest Si Beach Runtoh Baluran National Park in February until April 2014 during a low tide maximal. The sampling method used in this research is the method of transects made per station. Transect length is 100 m, the total number of stations is 8, and the distance between the station 25 m. In one station consists of 8 transects, transects 15 m spacing, each transect consists of three plots measuring 5 m x 5 m. The results showed a diversity of mangrove Gastropods Si Beach Runtoh Baluran National Park is H '= 4,180 were classified as moderate while gastropods density obtained is 0.832 individu/m2. Keywords: gastropods, diversity, density
Enhancement of Regeneration Efficiency through Callus Induction Media Using 2,4-Dicholorophenoxyacetic acid in Indica Rice (Oryza sativa L. var. Ciherang) Azizah, Kunti Anis; Restanto, Didik Pudji; Sugiharto, Bambang
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1379.154 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.2592

Abstract

Indica rice variety Ciherang is the most planted variety in Indonesia, but the micropropagation technique is restricted because it is known has low regeneration frequency and included as recalcitrant cultivar for tissue culture and tranformation activities. One of solution to resolve that problem is developing a technique of somatic embryogenesis in callus of ciherang rice cultivar. The aims of study were to determine medium composition for inducting embryogenic callus in Ciherang rice and to know the effectivity of rice regeneration using callus as explant. The methods were included induction of embryogenic callus in callus induction media (CIM) containing MS basal, Proline 600 mg/l, Casein Hidrolisat 300 mg/l, phytagel 2,5 g/l, BAP 0.25 mg/l, sukrosa 30 %, and 2,4-D in different concentration, from 2,4-D 0 mg/l as control (CIM 1), 2,4-D 2 mg/l (CIM 2), 2,4-D 3 mg/l (CIM 3), and 2,4-D 4 mg/l (CIM 4). It then be continued to regenerate the calli in RM 1 medium containing MS basal, NAA 0,2 mg/l, Kinetin 2 mg/l, Agarose 10 g/l, and sukrosa 30 %, pH 5,8 for six days in dark and RM2 medium containing MS basal , NAA 0,2 mg/l, Kinetin 2 mg/l, Agarose 8 g/l, sukrosa 30 %, pH 5,8 in light room. Results showed CIM 4 medium using 2,4-D 4 mg/l gave optimum result in calli induction with procentage 57,63% and CIM 3 using 2,4-D 3 mg/l gave optimum result in embryonic calli induction with procentage 53,63%. Result of embryonic calli gave regeneration frequency procentage is 9,6%. The total planlet obtained after five weeks old in regeneration medum were 11 planlets ready for aclimatization. Keywords: Somatic embryo, Indica rice (Oryza sativa L. var. Ciherang), Callus
Utilization of Supported Liquid Membrane (SLM) in Separation of Pb(II) by Varying Concentration of Carrier and Feed Solution Indarti, Dwi; Novitasari, Novitasari; Sulistyo, Yudi Aris
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (641.499 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.4708

Abstract

Supported liquid membrane (SLM) was prepared by reacting host material with carrier compounds. Carrier compound was Polyethylene Glycol-400 (PEG-400) that have been used with the variation of concentration 0, 2, 4, and 6%. The effect of its variations in SLM was characterized by FTIR and the performance was examined by transporting feed solution Pb(NO3)2 with variation 1, 5, 10, 15, and 25 ppm for 3 hours in pH 3. FTIR spectra depicted that the increasing concentration of PEG would arise the intensity of typical PEG’s functional groups such as -OH, C-O-C, and CH2-CH2 sp3. The optimum transport Pb(II) was achieved by SLM with 6% PEG. Variation of feed solution concentration showed the main effect in SLM activity. The higher of feed solution concentration would decrease of transport activity. The % extract and % recovery 1 ppm was higher than 25 ppm with 72,5% and 70,27% than 6,1% and 3,59%, respectively. Keywords: supported liquid membrane, Pb(II), poly ethylene glycol, extraction and recovery, carrier compound
The Odd Harmonious Labeling on Variation of the Double Quadrilateral Windmill Graphs Firmansah, Fery
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1589.618 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.5648

Abstract

A Graphis calledif it hasvertices and edqes. The graphis said to be an odd harmonious if there exists an injectionsuch that induced mappingis a bijection and is said to be an odd harmonious labeling of. In this paper, we construct the odd harmonious labeling on variation of the double quadrilateral windmill graph with . Moreover, we also give odd harmonious labeling construction for generalized variation of the double quadrilateral windmill graph withand . Keywords: Odd harmonious labeling, variation, double quadrilteral, windmill graph.
Identification of Immmunogenic Salivary Proteins of Anopheles vagus based on Mass Spectrometry Analysis Febriyantiningsih, Dwi Esti; Senjarini, Kartika; Oktarianti, Rike
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (702.853 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v18i2.3106

Abstract

Malaria has been prevalent for a long time in tropical developing regions causing great morbidity and mortality. Among the malaria vectors, Anopheles vagus has been known as secondary malaria vector in East Java. Salivary glands of mosquitoes perform various functions for survival of the vectors and also conducive for blood feeding, harbouring of malaria parasites, and eventual parasite transmission. The salivary gland proteomes of An. vagus have not been carried out yet. The aim of our study was to identify and characterize the immunogenic proteins of salivary glands proteins of An. vagus. A proteomic approach combining one-dimensional electrophoresis (1DE) followed by western blot analysis using human sera from healthy people living in an endemic area (Kendal); liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and bioinformatic analysis was adopted to provide the first direct insight into identification and characterization of salivary proteins of An. vagus. Identification of immunogenic proteins using western blot analysis has revealed three immunogenic bands which had molecular weights of 69, 75 and 232 kDa. Among those proteins analysed by LC-MS/MS, there were alpha,1-4 glucan phosphorylase, putative myosin class I heavy chain which have the highest number of total spectrum count peptide. Other proteins like vitellogenin and heat shock protein 82 (Hsp82) were also identified. The majority of proteins were scrutinized marked for their role in metabolism, cytoskeleton protein and stress response. Keywords: Anopheles vagus, salivary gland, immunogenic, proteomics

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