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Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 20 No 1 (2019)" : 10 Documents clear
The Effect of Ethanol Extract Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma Longa) to Histologycal Structure of Rat Rectum Induced Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS) Nikmah, Lidia Maziyyatun; Fajariyah, Susantin; Mahriani, M.
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.158 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7629

Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant that people use as a traditional medicine to treat some diseases such as: anti-inflammatory, antidiarrhea, antioxidants, hepatoprotector, and others. One of the main chemical compounds contained in turmeric and has a role as anti-inflammatory is curcumin. This study was conducted to determine the effect of ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome (Curcuma longa) on the histologycal structure of rat rectum induced by Dextran Sodium Sulphate (DSS). Wistar strain rats was divided into three groups: negative control group, positive control group (1% DSS), and DSS treatment group 1% + ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome dose 200mg/KgBB. DSS is given ad libitum, while ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome is given orally. We used paraffin method and Haematoxilyn Eosin staining to make the preparation organ. The data were analyzed using One Way ANOVA test, Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test, and correlation test. The result of this study is DSS administration has an effect on decreasing average of crypt, number of Goblet cell, and depletion of rectal mucous layer. While treatment of extract turmeric rhizome can increase height of crypt and number of Goblet cell in rectal mucosal layer of rat. Keywords: Extract of turmeric rhizome, DSS, rectum, Rattus norvegicus
Experimental Study of TiO2 Nanoparticles Fabrication by Sol-gel and Co-precipitation Methods for TiO2/SnO2 Composite Thin Film as Photoanode Endarko, E.; Adawiyah, Siti Rabi’atul
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.502 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.9154

Abstract

Sol-gel and coprecipitation methods successfully prepared titanium dioxide (TiO2) powders with anatase structure. The TiO2 powders are then used to fabricate pure TiO2 thin-film or mixed with SnO2 powders for the TiO2/SnO2 composite thin film. Furthermore, the structural, morphological, as well as the optical properties of films were also investigated. The results showed that the synthesized thin-film of TiO2 powders by sol-gel method obtained better crystallinity and microstructure compared to the synthesized thin film by co-precipitation method. In the DSSC system, these features are needed to increase the electron mobility that responsibility for transport and recombination of photoexcited electrons. SEM images exhibited the smooth surface and uniform in particle size obtained by the addition of SnO2 powders in composite films. The composite thin film also indicated a higher transmittance value. Keywords: sol-gel,co-precipitation,anatase, composite.
Laboratory Study of Oviposition Preference of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) in Waste Settlement Hariani, Nova; Syaidah, Eka Rahmawati; Trimurti, Sus
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.823 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7638

Abstract

This research aims to find out the oviposition ability of Aedes aegypti L. mosquitoes in various settlements wastewater including household waste, industrial laundry, and tofu home industry. The descriptive method was used to count the number of mosquito eggs on each wastewater and to calculate the percentage of survival rate of mosquito from egg to larvae and from larvae to mosquito. Fifty pairs of the Ae. aegypti were applied to modified cageusing three water sources namely household waste, laundry, and tofu industry.In this research, rainwaterwas used as a positive control. The result showed that Ae. aegypti from settlement in Samarinda are able to lay egg in all tested wastes. Laundry wastewater is the most preferred medium based on the number of eggs (6,290 eggs) with percentage of survival rate from egg to larvae is 75.0 % (cage contains one wastewater) and 48.4% (cage contains more than one wastewater) and the percentage of survival rate of larvae become adult mosquitoes phase is 92.8% (cage contains one wastewater) and 90.0% (cage contains more than one wastewater). Keywords: preference, oviposition, Aedes aegypti, wastewater
Saxena-Easo Fuzzy Time Series on Indonesia’s Inflation Rate Forecasting Ramadhani, Lutvia Citra; Anggraeni, Dian; Kamsyakawuni, Ahmad
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.92 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.6881

Abstract

Saxena-Easo Fuzzy Time Series (FTS) is a softcomputing method for forecasting using fuzzy concept. It doesn’t need any assumption like conventional forecasting method. Generally it’s focused on three important steps like percentage change as the universe of discourse, interval partition, and defuzzification. In this research, this method is applied to Indonesia’s inflation rate data. The aim of this research is to forecast Indonesia’s inflation rate in 2017 by using input from Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) process, Saxena-Easo FTS, and actual data from 1970-2016. ARIMA is focused on four steps like identifying, parameter estimation, diagnostic checking, and forecasting. The result for Indonesia’s inflation rate forecasting in 2017 is about 5.9182 using Saxena-Easo FTS. Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) is also computed to compare the accuracy rate from each method between Saxena-Easo FTS and ARIMA. RMSE from Saxena-Easo FTS is about 0.9743 while ARIMA is about 6.3046. Keywords: saxena-easo fuzzy time series, ARIMA, inflation rate, RMSE.
Fluctuation of Insect Population on Rice Field in Pangkalan Sub-district Karawang Regency: Indicator for Environmental Health Afifah, Lutfi; Sugiono, Darso
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.889 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7150

Abstract

Pangkalan Sub-district is a forest edge area in Karawang that is rich in flora and fauna that has not been much identified. Because of its unique location that is bordered by primary forest, agricultural ecosystems in the area will not be separated from the influence of the surrounding forest. So, it is necessary to know more about the diversity and abundance of insects in the wetland rice ecosystems.The research was conducted in Pangkalan sub-district, Karawang regency. The size of each plot was 5 x 5 m (25 m2) and each treatment was repeated five times. Treatments carried out with integrated pest management (IPM), chemical pest management techniques (P-K), and Mixed Pest Management (P-C). Insect retrieval technique using sweep net method, yellow pan trap, and direct observation. The abundance of arthropod species found in 12 Orders consist of: Thysanoptera Order (2.4%), Orthoptera (0.5%), Odonata (1.4%), Mantodea (0%), Lepidoptera (8.7%), Hymenoptera (2.4%), Hemiptera (61.8%), Diptera (2.4%), Derma ptera (3.6%), Coleoptera (8.3%), Architaenioglossa (0.5%), and Aranea (8.0%). Based on the species richness, it was found that the orders of Diptera (25 species), Coleoptera (19 species), and Hymenoptera (18 species) showed higher numbers than other orders. The H 'diversity index in this study ranged from 1.99 to 2.45, the D index ranged from 0.73 to 0.88, and the E index ranged from 0.5 to 0.7. Overall the P-K plots showed a lower population abundance compared to IPM and P-C plots. Intense and scheduled spraying of insecticides on P-K plots causes a lower population abundance, which makes the diversity become low. Keywords: Rice pests, diversity of insects, natural enemies, pesticides, integrated pest control (IPM)
Modelling Inflation Sectors in Indonesia Using Vector Autoregressive (VAR) Prahutama, Alan; Suparti, S.; Ispriyanti, Dwi; Utami, Tiani Wahyu
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.443 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.7259

Abstract

Analisis time series dapat dibagi menjadi dua yaitu analisis time series univariat dan analisis time series multivariat. Analisis time series univariat salah satunya menggunakan ARIMA, sedangkan analisis time series multivariat dapat menggunakan VAR. VAR merupakan pemodelan persamaan simultan yang memiliki beberapa variabel endogen secara bersamaan. Asumsi dalam model VAR antara lain terjadi kausalitas antar variabel (kausalitas Granger), residual white noise dan berdistribusi normal multivariat. Pada paper ini, metode VAR diimplementasikan dalam memodelkan sektor-sektor Inflasi di Indonesia. Adapun sektor-sektor tersebut antara lain sektor makanan (Y1t),Sektor Makanan Jadi, Minuman, Rokok dan Tembakau (Y2), Sektor perumahan, listrik, air, gas dan bahan bakar (Y3), Sektor Sandang (Y4), Sektor Kesehatan (Y5), Sektor Pendidikan dan Olahraga (Y6), Sektor Transportasi, Komunikasi dan Jasa Keuangan (Y7). Hasilnya adalah tidak semua variabel sektor inflasi berpengaruh terhadap sektor lainnya. Hanya beberapa variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap suatu sektor. Asumsi kausalitas Granger tidak semua dipenuhi oleh semua variabel. Begitu juga dengan normal multivariat juga tidak terpenuhi. Akan tetapi residual model sudah white noise. Keywords: vector autoregressive model, sectors of inflation, Granger Causality.
Synthesis of Nanosilica from Padas Stone to Reduce The Total Organic Carbon of Palm Oil Waste Shofiyani, Anis; Chitra, Fara; Rahmalia, Winda; Rudiyansyah, R.; Alimuddin, Andi Hairil
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.996 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.8679

Abstract

Padas stone is one of the natural mineral containing 67.5% of SiO2 compounds. In this research, synthesis of nanosilica was carried out by sol-gel method asistanced by 2.45 GHz microwave radiations with low (10%), medium (50%) and high (100%) power at 30 and 60 minutes of contact times. It was analyzed by XRD, BET, FTIR spectrophotometry and SEM. The synthesized silica was then used as absorbent for total organic carbon (TOC) of palm oil waste. The results show that the synthesized silica was a mixture of cristobalite and quartz type minerals according to ICDD No. 00-003-0271 and 01-083-287. The surface area and silicon dioxide contains are 12.174 m2/g and 76.325% for silica without microwave assistance (SiO2-TPMW); 12.796 m2/gand 86.385% for silica with 30 minutes on 10% microwave assistance(SiO2 -MW 10A); 12.735 m2/gand 86.254% for silica with 60 minutes on 10% microwave assistance (MW 10B); 13,659 m2/gand 87.211% for MW 50A; 13,583 m2/g and 86.684% for MW 50B;7.883 m2/gand 57.527% for MW 100A; also 8.752 m2/g and 37.725% for MW 100B, respectively. The use of silica as an absorbent of TOC shows the effectiveness of 62.89% (TPMW); 63.68% (MW 10A); 62.96% (MW 10B); 65.25% (MW 50A); 64.61% (MW 50B); 62.37% (MW 100A) and 61.18% (MW 100B) from the initial TOC of 1520 mg/L. Keywords: synthesis, nanosilica, padas stone, total organic carbon, oil waste.
Survival Analysis of Sea Turtles Eggs Hatching Success using Cox non Proportional Hazard Regression Forestryani, Veniola; Fatekurohman, Mohamad; Hadi, Alfian Futuhul
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.428 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.6531

Abstract

The aims of this research is to know both the model and also the factors of incubation period and hatching success of eggs of sea turtles in Kuta, Legian and Seminyak Beach, Bali from January to September 2016. The reasearch was conducted by doing survival analysis by using Cox Non Proportional Hazard regression and then compare the model derived from it with log-logistic regression model. Precipitation, location, temperature, humidity, and hours of daylight are the factors which significantly influence incubation period and hatching success of eggs of sea turtles. According to the descriptive analysis, 12≤ precipitaion <18, Seminyak Beach, 28,5≤ temperature <29,5, 86≤ humidity ≤91, and 5,8≤ hours of daylight <8,3 are the factors which have highest percentage of hatching success. Meanwhile 12≤ precipitation <18, Seminyak Beach, 28,5≤ temperature <29,5, 86≤ humidity ≤91, and 0,8≤ hours of daylight <3,3 are the factors which have highest percentage of hatching success based on the hazard value. Although Seminyak Beach has the highest rate of hatching success, it’s not significantly different from Legian beach in respect to the location factor’s categories. Keywords: hatching success, cox non proportional hazard, log-logistic, survival analysis
Preparation and Characterization of Polysulfone/Celullose Acetate (PSF/CA) Blend Membrane Syahbanu, Intan; Piluharto, Bambang; Khairi, Syahrul; Sudarko, S.; Hermanto, Toto
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.932 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.8684

Abstract

Blend polysulfone (PSF)/cellulose acetate (CA) membranes have prepared by phase inversion method. In here, CA was prepared from bacterial cellulose by acetylation reaction. Various temperature of coagulation bath were used as variable to investigated water uptake, water flux, porosity and thermal properties of membranes. As comparison, the CA commercial (CCA) was also investigated with the same parameters. As the result, the functional group analysis by FTIR show that CA has successfully prepared from bacterial cellulose. The parameters include water uptake, water flux and porosity have the similar trend. The parameters increase with increasing of temperature of coagulation bath. The other hand, CCA membrane have similar trend to CA membranes for parameter of water water uptake, water flux and porosity. However, CCA membrane is higher than CA membranes for all parameters. Thermal analysis by Differential Scanning (DSC) showed that all blend membranes with different temperature of coagulation bath have single transition glass temperature (Tg) that indicated that molecular homogeneity. Keywords: blend membrane, phase inversion, coagulation bath, water flux, porosity.
Weakly Contractive Mapping and Weakly Kannan Mapping in Partial Metric Space Sunarsini, S.; Sadjidon, S.; Rahmita, Annisa
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.923 KB) | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v20i1.6782

Abstract

In the article the concept of metric space could be expanded, one of which is a partial metric space. In the metric space, the distance of a point to itself is equal to zero, while in the partial metric space need not be equal to zero.The concept of partial metric space is used to modify Banach's contraction principle. In this paper, we discuss weakly contractive mapping and weakly Kannan mapping which are extensions of Banach's contraction principle to partial metric space together some related examples. Additionally, we discuss someLemmas which are shows an analogy between Cauchy sequences in partial metric space with Cauchy sequences in metric space and analogy between the complete metric space and the complete partial metric space. Keywords: Cellulose metric space, partial metric space, weakly contraction mapping, weakly Kannan mapping.

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