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Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 21 No 2 (2020)" : 12 Documents clear
The Binding Prediction of 6-Paradol and its Derivatives on TRPV1 Agonist as a New Compound for Treating Painful Diabetic Neuropathy Fajrin, Fifteen Aprila; Rahmayanti, Fina; Pratoko, Dwi Koko
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.15501

Abstract

Ginger was reported to have a suppressive effect on pain in patients with Painful Diabetic Neuropathy (PDN). Our latest study revealed that 6-shogaol, one of the ginger components, had the best affinity in the Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a key receptor in PDN). Paradol, which obtained from gingerol and shogaol metabolism, also had potent activities in several diseases, compared to the other derivatives of gingerol and shogaol. However, shogaol and paradol is very similar in chemical structure with only different in one double bond in 4-5 position. Until now there is no explanation about paradol mechanism in TRPV1. Based on this, our study was designed to predict the activity of 6-paradol and its derivatives to TRPV1 as target receptor in PDN using in-silico model. 2-paradol, 4-paradol, 6-paradol, 8-paradol and 10-paradol were used as ligands. Capsaisin, the agonist of TRPV1, was used as a native ligand in this study. TRPV1 was obtained from protein data bank (PDB). Ligand bond prediction and affinity was performed using Molegro Virtual Docker. The results showed 2-paradol, 4-paradol, 6-paradol, 8-paradol and 10- paradol had good affinity against TRPV1. These result indicated that 6-paradol and the derivatives had potential as a drug compound for PDN therapy.Keywords: ginger, 6-paradol, painful diabetic neuropathy, trpv1.
Environmental Isotope of Radon-222 for Ciliwung River and Shallow Groundwater Interaction Study Pujiindiyati, Evarista Ristin; Pratikno, Bungkus
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.11940

Abstract

Aquifer in river bank area is mostly susceptive toward pollution occurring in river. One of parameters to determine the interaction process between groundwater and river is a natural isotope of 222Rn. The significant difference of radon concentration in groundwater and river water can be utilized as a scientific basis for investigating groundwater infiltration in river bank. Those studied parameters are residence time and infiltration rate. The research using 222Rn had been conducted in shallow groundwater of Ciliwung river bank - South Jakarta during rainy and dry season. The range of 222Rn concentration in shallow groundwater monitored in dry season was between 666 - 2590 Bq/m3 which was higher than that of rainy season ranging at 440 to 1546 Bq/m3. Otherwise, concentration of 222Rn in river water could not be detected (its 222Rn concentration = 0 Bq/m3) due to its much lower concentration either rainy or dry season. During dry season monitoring, equilibration between groundwater and river water was reached at the distance approximately 98 - 140 m away from river side. Estimating residence time based on 222Rn concentration at nearest site from the river and at equlibration area was 4.2 days such that the infiltration rate from river water into aquifer might be 7.8 m/day.Keywords: 222Rn, groundwater, residence time, infiltration rate.
Antibacterial Potency from Ethanol Extract Leaves of Kluwih (Artocarpus camansi Blanco) against Shigella dysenteriae and Bacillus subtilis Sogandi, Sogandi; Amelia, Amelia
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.11568

Abstract

Gastrointestinal infection is a common infection in Indonesia. Many bacteria could cause gastrointestinal disorder, including Shigella dysenteriae and Bacillus subtilis. Currently, they are treated using chemical and traditional drugs. One of the common pants in Indonesia is Kluwih (Artocarpus camansi). The objective our study to determine antibacterial activity and inhibitory mechanism of Kluwih leaf extract against pathogenic bacteria which cause gastrointestinal infection, i.e. Shigella dysenteriae and Bacillus subtilis. The extraction process used maceration technique using 96% ethanol solvent and the antibacterial activity was studied using agar diffusion method. The research result showed that Kluwih leaf extract had inhibitory power with KHM (minimum inhibitory concentration) value of 25% against S. dysenteriae and 6.25% against B. subtilis. The present study also revealed that Kluwih leaf was suspected to have inhibitory activity against bacteria by making holes in the membrane of bacterial cell, leading to the release of nucleic acid and protein and cell death.Keywords: antibacterial, Artocarpus camansi, kluwih, Shigella dysenteriae, Bacillus subtilis.
Application of Generalized Space Time Autoregressive Model on Farmer Exchange Rate Data in Three Provinces of The Sumatera Island Aryani, Fadhilatul Nida; Handajani, Sri Sulistijowati; Zukhronah, Etik
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.17226

Abstract

The agricultural sector has a big role in the development of the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP). Therefore the agricultural sector is very important. Besides the agricultural sector, the farmer's welfare also needs to be considered because the agricultural sector will be good if the welfare of farmers is good also. In measuring the level of farmers' welfare, the method used is the farmer's exchange rate. The farmer's exchange rate has a location relationship and a previous time relationship. The Generalized Space-Time Autoregressive (GSTAR) model is a good method of forecasting data that contains time series and location relationships by assuming that the data has heterogeneous characteristics. The purpose of this study is to model the farmer exchange rate data with GSTAR using normalization of cross-correlations weighting and inverse distance in three provinces namely West Sumatra, Bengkulu and Jambi Provinces. Based on data analysis, the best GSTAR model obtained by using the best weighting with the model is GSTAR (11) − I(1) using normalization of cross-correlations because the assumption of normal white noise and multivariate are fulfilled with an RMSE value of 1.097775. The best GSTAR model explains that the exchange rate of West Sumatra farmers is only the previous time, Bengkulu farmers' exchange rate is the previous time and is the exchange rates of farmers of West Sumatra and Jambi, whereas for the exchange rate of farmers of Jambi is the exchange rates of farmers of Bengkulu and West Sumatra and influenced by previous times.Keywords: GSTAR, RMSE, farmers exchange rate, normalization of cross-correlations, inverse distance.
Cover JID Volume 21 No 2 (2020) ILMU DASAR, Jurnal
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Morphological Variation and Beta Carotene Contents of Several Clones of Ubi Kuning Cassava Genotype Derived from Irradiated Shoot in vitro Rahman, Nurhamidar; Supatmi, Supatmi; Fitriani, Hani; Hartati, N Sri
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.9307

Abstract

In line with the increase in cassava production and the development of nutrient-rich cassava in order to support national food diversification and biofortification programs, the selection of selected varieties of cassava varieties, which are superior in nutrients especially rich in beta carotene is very necessary. Beta carotene is an important source of antioxidants to scavange free radicals and is a provitamin A precusor to form vitamin A. The development of superior cassava riching in beta carotene can be done through the mutation approach with gamma irradiation. The observation of changes in morphological characters and levels of beta carotene from irradiated cassava need to be done to get the superior beta carotene cassava clone candidates, which could be developed in the future. This experiment was conducted at the Biotechnology Research Center, LIPI. The sample used in this study originated from in vitro shoots from several Ubi Kuning clones resulting from 10 Gy radiation, which were then transferred to the field. Observations of morphological characters and levels of beta carotene of Ubi Kuning were carried out in the third generation, which was harvested at the age of 10 months. The morphological analysis of irradiated Ubi Kuning showed that there was a difference in the intensity of tuber color between some of irradiated Ubi Kuning clones compared to the control. The determination of beta carotene levels based on the standard beta carotene curve found that the highest content of beta carotene was found in the UK Rad 3.4 clone with beta carotene content of 0.252 μg / mL compared to the control (0.219 μg / mL). The lowest beta carotene content was obtained in UK Rad 3.3 (0.048 μg / mL), followed by UK Rad 3.2 (0.221 μg / mL) and UK Rad 4.1 (0.120 μg / mL). This shows that the irradiated Ubi Kuning at dosage of 10 Gy caused variations in the intensity of tuber colors and the content of beta carotene from the cassava.Keywords: Ubi Kuning, beta carotene, Gamma light irradiation
Application Effect of Potassium on Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Recovery After Drought Stress Handoyo, Tri; Hakim, Mohammad Sulton; Dewanti, Parawita; Hartatik, Sri; Slameto, Slameto
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.12813

Abstract

The critical phase of rice plants on water availability includes the vegetative phase when tillering stage, generative phase 1 at panicle initiation stage and generative phase 2 when booting stage. The lack of water in the vegetative phase and in the generative phase will disturb the growth of rice plants. However, if the water needs are fulfilled immediately, the plants will recover and able to grow normally. The ability of plants to do recovery can be improved through the application of potassium fertilizer. This research aimed to determine the optimum dosage of potassium fertilizer when drought occurs in several critical phases to improve the recovery capability of the rice plant. This experiment used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 2 factors where the first factor was the dosage of potassium fertilizer using KCl fertilizer which was 50 kg/ha, 75 kg/ha, 100 kg/ha and 125 kg/ha. The second factor was the difference in the phase of stress, namely the vegetative phase at the time of tillering, the generative phase 1 at panicle initiation and the generative phase 2 when booting. Each treatment combination was repeated 3 times. Observation variables included Rice grain weight per clump, Proline content, Root Dry Weight, Relative Water Content (RWC) leaves, and Height of plants. The results of the study proved that the best dosage of KCl fertilizer to improve rice recovery ability is 100 kg/ha. Rice plants gripped in the vegetative phase have better recovery capabilities than those gripped in the generative phase.Keywords: Recovery, rice, drought stress and potassium.
Topic Modeling for Twitter Users Regarding the "Ruanggguru" Application Arianto, Bagus Wicaksono; Anuraga, Gangga
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.17112

Abstract

PT Ruang Raya Indonesia ("Ruangguru") is the largest and most comprehensive technology company in Indonesia that focuses on education-based services. In 2019 there were 15 million Ruangguru users and 300.00 teachers who had joined and were present in 32 provinces in Indonesia. It prepared a number of expansion strategies to become a company valued at more than US $ 1 billion in the next year or two. The purpose of this research is to classify the opinions of Ruangguru users about the services provided so that it can be an evaluation material in improving their services using the latent direchlet allocation method. The data used comes from a collection of tweets of Twitter users in Indonesia using the Twitter API. The Twitter account used in this study is @ruangguru. The results of the analysis showed that the public perception of Twitter users by using latent dirichlet allocation was formed into 28 topics.Keywords: latent dirichlet allocation, ruangguru, twitter.
Synthesis of Bi4Ti3O12/TiO2 Composite using Sonication Method Istighfarini, Vina Nurul; Inggarwati, Ervina Dwi; Prasetyo, Anton
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.13674

Abstract

Composite Bi4Ti3O12/TiO2 heterojunction photocatalyst has been prepared by sonication methods. The heterojunction material Bi4Ti3O12/TiO2 was synthesized using an ultrasonic cleaning bath for 4 hours, by mixing Bi4Ti3O12 and TiO2 with variations in the comparison of mol 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:6. Characterization with XRD showed heterojunction material consisting of Bi4Ti3O12, anatase, rutile, and Bi12TiO20. The surface was observed by SEM which showed the morphology of Bi4Ti3O12/TiO2 were spherical TiO2 and plate-like Bi4Ti3O12. The band gap energy of heterojunction material with a variation in mol Bi4Ti3O12: TiO2 of 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 and 1:6 are 3.09; 3.10; 3.15; and 3.16 eV respectively. The all of band gap energy is lower than the band gap energy of TiO2 anatase and higher than the band gap energy of Bi4Ti3O12.Keywords: composite photocatalyst, heterojunction, sonochemical, Bi4Ti3O12, TiO2.
Identification of Aquifer in the MIPA Faculty - University of Jember Using 1D Geoelectrical Resistivity Method with Schlumberger Array Buwana, Bayu; Priyantari, Nurul; Supriyadi, Supriyadi
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 21 No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jid.v21i2.13159

Abstract

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences University of Jember located in Sumbersari District with lithological conditions in the form of volcanic rocks, lithosol soils, and regosol soils that are capable of absorbing water and potentially as aquifers. In point of fact, in the campus zona of the University of Jember including in the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, there is always a shortage of freshwater for various academic and non-academic activities. Therefore, research needs to be conducted to assess the lithology of subsurface structures in the FMIPA zone so that the depth of groundwater layers and aquifer layers can be determined. The study was conducted using the Schlumberger array geoelectric resistivity method at 5 VES points. The results obtained in the form of resistivity log curves can be seen that at the five points VES has lithology in the form of clay, gravel, sandstone, and groundwater layer. Each VES point was identified the groundwater layer and some of them were identified as aquifers. The aquifer with the greatest thickness is found at point VES 2, which is to the west of the Baitul Ilmi Mosque, so it is recommended as the location of a new well.Keywords: lithology, aquifers, geoelectric resistivity method, groundwater.

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