cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kab. jember,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
Jurnal ILMU DASAR
Published by Universitas Jember
ISSN : 14115735     EISSN : 24425613     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science, Education,
Jurnal ILMU DASAR (JID) adalah jurnal ilmiah yang melingkupi bidang matematika, fisika, kimia dan biologi. Naskah yang diusulkan untuk diterbitkan Jurnal Ilmu Dasar adalah naskah yang belum pernah diterbitkan dan atau tidak sedang dipertimbangkan penerbitannya di majalah lain. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar menerima tulisan hasil penelitian dasar (bukan aplikasi) untuk bidang matematika, kimia, fisika, dan biologi. Naskah ilmiah ditulis dalam bahasa Indonesia atau dalam bahasa Inggris yang baik. Secara lebih detail dapat dilihat dari pedoman penulisan.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9 No 1 (2008)" : 13 Documents clear
Estimation of Plankton Population Using Ensemble Kalman Filter Purnomo, Kosala Dwidja
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.994 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to simulate how the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) works to estimate plankton in the one-dimensional three components ecosystem model. The analysis has been done separately between nutrition component and plankton component. The simulation demonstrated that the EnKF with 100 ensembles has as good estimation as with 1000 ensembles. It will also be ilustrated that the increasing of ensemble size in EnKF can decrease the norm of error covariance of plankton component.
The Roles of Nitrogen and Potassium to Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase Activity in the Leaves of Ratoon Crop M 442-51 and PS 60 Sugarcane Varieties Hadisaputro, Suyoto; Rochiman, Kusriningrum; PDN, Mirzawan; Sukarso, Gunawan; Sugiharto, Bambang
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.722 KB)

Abstract

Study on the roles of nitrogen and potassium to phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEP-Case) activity in the leaves of ratoon crop of M 442-51 and PS 60 cane varieties were conducted in the Indonesian Sugar Research Institute (ISRI) Pasuruan, East Java. The experiment was arranged in a factorial trial using a completely ran-domized block design with three replicates. The factors used as a treatments in this experiment were: (1) sugar-cane variety, i.e. M 442-51 (V1) and PS 60 (V2), (2) plant category, i.e. plant crop (PC) and second ratoon crop (RC2), (3) dosage of nitrogen, i.e. 1 q AS/ha (N1) and 8 q AS/ha (N2), and (4) dosage of potassium, i.e. 1 q KCl/ha (K1) and 5 q KCl/ha (K2). PEP-Case activity variable was observed on 0, 1 and 4 weeks after treatment (wat). The results of experiment showed that nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) nutrients as single or mixture treatments were increasing the activity level of PEP-Case in the cane leaves significantly. There was indication that the effect of N is stronger than that the effect of K to PEP-Case activity in the leaves of cane. On the other hand, it was found that the activity of PEP-Case in M 442-51 was higher than that on PS 60. However, when the availability of both nutrients was limited, the decreasing activity of PEP-Case on PS 60 was sharper than that found on M 442-51. Study on plant category showed that the activity of PEP-Case on PC was higher than that found on RC2. Reducing of PEP-Case activity on RC2 was predicted as one factor that caused reducing of RC2 productivity. Base on these findings, it can be concluded that PEP-Case activity model in the leaves could be used as an early characteristic of cane ratooring ability. There were indications that the ability of both Mn and Cu nutrients affected the increasing of PEP-Case activity better than that influenced by N and K nutrients, but it needs further investigation. 
Aplication of Caliberation Model using Discrete Wavelet Transformation – Partial Least Square for Giengerol Data Sunaryo, Sony; Retnaningsih, Sri Mumpuni
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.431 KB)

Abstract

The determination of concentration of gingerol compound is usually carried out through a long and expensive process using HPLC instrument. The alternative method to predict such concentration can be done using a multivariate calibration model. Since the numbers of samples (n) are less than the number of variables (p) and between the independent variables are correlated, the development of model using conventional regression is no longer valid. The combination of Discrete Wavelet Transformation (DWT) and Partial Least Square has been adopted in this research to predict concentration of gingerol and it showed a promising result. 
Synthesis of a Sunscreen Compound n-Octyl Para-Menthoxy Cinnamat using Ethyl Para-Methoxy Cinnamat Isolated from Kencur Tuber (Kaemferia galanga L.) as Raw Material Hidajati, Nurul; Suyatno, Suyatno
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.019 KB)

Abstract

A sunscreen compound namely n-octyl para-methoxy cinnamat (OPMC) had been synthesized from the ethyl para-methoxy cinnamat (EPMC) isolated from the kencur tuber (Kaemferia galanga L.) as the raw material. The convertion of EPMC to OPMC was conducted by hydrolysis reaction of EPMC using the alcoholic KOH solution catalyst to yield para-methoxy cinnamat acid (PMCA). Futhermore, the esterification reaction of PMCA and n-octanol, using the concentrated sulfuric acid catalyst produced OPMC as a colorless needle crystal with rendemen 53.98%. The molecular structure of OPMC was identified by spectroscopic methods including UV, IR, 1H-NMR, and EIMS.
Preliminary Investigation: Stearidonic Acid Production by Genetically Modified Saccharomyces cerreviseae Using Linseed Oil as A Fatty Acid Source Muzakhar, Kahar
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (352.305 KB)

Abstract

Stearidonic acid (SDA); 18:4(n-3), an ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA), could be produced by Genetically Modified Saccharomyces cerreviseae (GMY) using Linseed Oil (LO) as fatty acid source. In nature, S. cerrevisae accumulates only very small amount lipid and contains until mono unsaturated fatty acids. But this GMY strain beside has capability to accumulate lipid, it also contains Δ6 desaturase gene which leads to convert α-Linolenic Acid (ALA); 18:3(n-3) to be SDA. Gas Chromatograph analysis of transmethylated LO sample showed that main component of fatty acid was ALA (about 57%), therefore LO can be used as a cheap source for other PUFA production. In order to provide ALA as a source for the yeast, enzymatic hydrolysis of LO using lipase was done. The lipase from Rhizomucor miehei (L4277-SIGMA) showed the highest activity among 5 lipases when 1 g/L LO in the medium for yeast (containing 6.7g/L yeast nitrogen base, 20 g/L glucose and 2.5g/L tergitol NP-40) was hydrolyzed. For SDA production, 1g/L LO in medium was aseptically hydrolyzed by lipase in 50 unit/mL for 18 hours at 30 oC and 140 rpm. The pre-culture of GMY (1% V/V) was then inoculated into the treated medium and 2.59 g/L dried cells were obtained after 5 days cultivation. ALA was accumulated in the cells at 0.06g/L (11% of total ALA in LO), and only 25% (0.015g/L) of accumulated ALA were converted to SDA. These results suggested that LO can be used as a source for PUFA production. In order to improve the productivity of SDA using GMY, hydrolysis of LO as well as cultivation condition and genetically improvement of the yeast must be highly considerated.
Determination of Subsurface Structure of Landslide Area According to Interpretation of Resistivity Data Supeno, Supeno; Priyantari, Nurul; Halik, Gusfan
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1246.342 KB)

Abstract

Resistivity method is a useful geophysical tool for investigating landslides. It can be used to estimate the subsurface structure of a landslide mass, the depth of the failure surface, and the lateral extent of a landslide. High resolution of resistivity data were obtained by applying Schlumberger configuration, while penetrating deepness was obtained by applying Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) configuration. Interpretation of subsurface condition showed there was soil layer in survey area which was indicated as slip surface triggering the landslide.
An Isoflovonoid, Warangalone from the Stem Bark of Dadap Ayam (Erythrina variegata) Herlina, Tati; Nasrudin, Nasrudin; Supratman, Unang; Subarnas, Anas; Sutardjo, Supriyatna; Hayashi, Hideo
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.012 KB)

Abstract

In the course of our continuing search for novel paralytic compound from Indonesian plants, the methanol extract of the stem bark of Erythrina variegata (Leguminosae) showed significant paralytic activity against the third instar larvae of silkworm (Bombyx mori). The purposes of this research were isolation and structural elucidation of paralytic compound from the stem bark of E. variegata. Using the paralytic activity following the separation, the methanol extract was separated by combination of column chromatography to yield prenylisoflavone, warangalone. The chemical structure of warangalone was identified based on spectroscopic evidence and comparison with the previous reported. The paralytic activity of warangalone showed weak activity against the third instar larvae of silkworm (B. mori).
Statistical Inference for Modeling Neural Network in Multivariate Time Series Urwatul Wutsqa, Dhoriva; Subanar, Subanar; Guritno, Suryo; Soejoeti, Zanzawi
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.781 KB)

Abstract

We present a statistical procedure based on hypothesis test to build neural networks model in multivariate time series case. The method involved strategies for specifying the number of hidden units and the input variables in the model using inference of R2 increment. We draw on forward approach starting from empty model to gain the optimal neural networks model. The empirical study was employed relied on simulation data to examine the effectiveness of inference procedure. The result showed that the statistical inference could be applied successfully for modeling neural networks in multivariate time series analysis.
Effect of Reaction Temperature and the CPO/Metanol Ratio on the Product Characteristics in the Biodiesel Production Using Diethyl Eter as Co-Solvent Setyopratomo, Puguh; Purwanto, Edy; Hartanto, Rudy; Kristianto, J
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.826 KB)

Abstract

In this research Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and methanol were reacted by applying 5 % basic catalyst (KOH) and adding diethyl ether as co-solvent to produce methyl ester (biodiesel). Co-solvent was added in order to form one-phase reaction mixture, and then higher reaction rate was expected compare with two-phase system. Reaction was carried out batch wise in 1 litre glass reactor stirred continuously at 300 rpm. The objective of this research is to obtain the characteristic of biodiesel product. The advantage using this methode was showed by several characteristics of the biodiesel product. The density and viscosity had achieved the commercial biodiesel standard, this biodiesel product has higher flash point of the product compared with solar, which means lower risk factor during storage. The very low sulfur content and the pour point of product that was layed below the maximum allowable limit, are environmentally favorable. 
Preliminary Investigation: StearidoStudi Pengaruh Pengadukan dan Tanpa Pengadukan Larutan Elektrolit Terhadap Struktur Kristal, Morfologi dan Rasio Magnetoresistansi Lapisan Tipis Paduan NiFe Hasil Elektrodeposisinic Acid Production by Genetically Modifie Nurosyid, Fahru; Nuryani, Nuryani; Purnama, Budi; Asry Ayuni, Luthfiana
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 9 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.578 KB)

Abstract

Ni-Fe alloy thin film on Cu substrate by electro-deposition method has been made without as well as with agitation of 300 rpm for a 3 minutes deposition time and potential of 3 Volt. The characterizations consist of crystal structure test by X-Ray Diffraction method, morphology and composition test by SEM/EDX and magnetoresistance measurement with two-point probes equipment. Result of the XRD test showed that the growth of crystal structure was in the same orientation on 111, 200, 220, 311with structure of fcc. Morphology test showed that the structural images of Ni-Fe surface thin film on agitation became flat and had less grain size. The composition test results showed that composition with agitation closely Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) was 87.51% for Ni and 12.49% for Fe. The magnetoresistance measurement was less with the agitation treatment i.e. without agitation was 9.1 % and with agitation was 1.9 %.

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 13