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INDONESIA
Diakronika
ISSN : 14111764     EISSN : 26209446     DOI : -
Diakronika accepts and contains articles that focus on the results of scientific studies and the results of research on history and education (learning) history. The results of the study contribute to the understanding, development of scientific theories and concepts, and their application in education and history in Indonesia and the world. Diakronika scales include studies of Indonesian history and world history, and educational studies in the form of subject matter, strategies, media, learning models, as well as historical learning evaluations.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA" : 6 Documents clear
Perubahan Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Surulangun Pasca Menjadi ibukota Onder Adeling Rawas Tahun 1901-1942 Susilo, Agus; Sarkowi, Sarkowi
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

The event of the conquest of the Palembang Sultanate from the Dutch Colonial nation became a major event. As a large Islamic Sultanate in the archipelago until finally after going through several phases of war must be subdued and accept the defeat agreement from the Netherlands. After mastering the Palembang Darussalam Sultanate, the Dutch Colonial government changed the order of the Sultanate's administration into an Palembang Residency. Of course the status change also affects the area below. This was done by the Dutch colonial government in an effort to regulate a democratic government system in order to support its policies. The Surulangun Rawas area is an area that previously belonged to the Palembang Sultanate, but after coming to power the Dutch Colonial government raised the status of Surulangun Rawas to become the capital of Onder Adeling Rawas. Surulangun became the capital of Onder Adeling Rawas making this area more lively and crowded, because it became the center of the Dutch Colonial government. In the social environment there are many newcomers to this area, not only the Colonial community, but also residents from other regions outside the Surulangun Rawas area. Then pluralism appears in this region. From an economic standpoint, after Surulangun became the capital of Onder Afdeling Rawas, many people were introduced to various new agricultural systems. Many new plants such as rubber, oil palm began to be planted by the people of Surulangun as supporting the export life of the Dutch Colonial government. In the trading system it was also more alive, where the Rawas river was traversed and visited by traders from various regions around Rawas and beyond Rawas.
Sejarah Lokal Riau untuk Pengembangan Materi Ajar Sejarah Indonesia Kelas XI SMA Fikri, Asyrul
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

Results of the study aims to integrate local history that is in the Riau into festive the history of Indonesia material of class XI. The method used is the analysis of documents, namely documents the history of Indonesia syllabus of class XI. Historical events that happened in Riau are integrated and analyzed to each basic competence in accordance with the learning material. Results of the study are, among others, the local people's struggle history of Riau do resistance to colonization a foreign nation such as the people's resistance war Guntung, war Reteh, war Mondang Kumango, resistance Tuanku Tambusai, resistance Datuk Tabano, Resistance Raja Haji, Sultan Zainal Abidin, War and resistance Manggris and Pirates in waters of Riau can be integrated into the basic competence to analyze the process of entry and the development of European colonization (Portugal, Spain, Netherlands, United Kingdom) to Indonesia with the material of Learning Strategies of resistance against Indonesia nation of European colonialism until the beginning of the 20th century. Integration of the study of local history in the process of learning history in class is expected to improve the understanding and awareness of the students against the local local history and its relationship with national history.
Menguatkan Kembali Nilai Multikulturalisme dan Persatuan Bangsa Melalui Pembelajaran Sejarah Purwasatria, Mohamad Ully
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

This article is motivated by the heat of the conditions of the Indonesian people at this time which was started by reporting the chaos between supporters of soccer that caused casualties, then the heat of political elections in 2019 which caused a split of supporters, many hoax issues circulating offending SARA a serious threat to the integrity of the nation Indonesia at this time. The need for preventive measures from all parties so that these problems do not worsen and even disband the NKRI. One of the real efforts is to reaffirm the value of multiculturalism and national unity, given the composition of the Indonesian community is quite diverse, racial, religious and among other groups. So, historical learning can be an alternative to reaffirm the value of multiculturalism and national unity. Learning history based on multiculturalism can be carried out freely with the 2013 Curriculum foundation which contains values ​​and the teacher can formulate the value of multiculturalism and national unity through several materials such as the period of national movement, and youth oath. In addition, the learning approach through discussion by forming student learning groups can strengthen the value of multiculturalism and national unity.
Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Karakter dalam Gending Rare sebagai Upaya Melestarikan Kearifan Lokal Bali Brata, Ida Bagus
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

This study aims to find out the values ​​of character education that can be transferred through gending rare to early childhood as an effort to preserve Bali local wisdom. The present study concerns on: what values ​​of character can be educated through gending rare in an effort to preserve Bali local wisdom; part of character education values in gending rare that can be carried out in an effort to preserve local wisdom; when will the value of character education in gending rare as an effort to preserve local wisdom be carried out; how gending rare rhythms can instill character education as an effort to preserve local wisdom in early childhood. This study uses a qualitative descriptive method. The results showed that the value of character education that can be educated through gending rare can be of individual and social dimensions. The value of individual character education, such as religious, hard work, independence, responsibility, tough, humble, honesty, helpful, and cheerful. While those that are social, such as love the homeland, care for the environment, and togetherness. These character values ​​are part of the universal value of local wisdom that is important to be instilled in the process of forming children's personality from an early age. The value of character education in gending rare can be done at home, at school, and in the community; when parents bathe the child, when the child is fed, when sleeping the child, when playing with peers, with caregivers or with their parents. It generally sung by parents with melodious rhythms and with joyful rhythms.
Peranan Perempuan Nelayan Kota Padang dalam Membantu Ekonomi Keluarga Najmi, Najmi; Fitrisia, Azmi
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

This research explains the role of women fishermen (fishermen's wife) in assisting family economic needs. Fishermen who have economies below average are considered unable to meet their daily needs. Fishermen are jobs that bear considerable risk. In addition to the many shipping supplies and fishing gear they need, the risk of weather also greatly affects. For example if a storm hit the beach, then they automatically cannot get down to the sea and it is difficult to catch fish. Here the role of women is needed. Automated women cannot always rely on their husband to meet family needs. Here comes the role of two women who are certainly very helpful to the fisherman especially in the economic field. Various jobs such as sewing, trading such as opening a shop and other work. Here also will be found various problems such as women ignore their health and whether there is a role of government in paying attention to this, especially the local government. This research uses field observation method through interview and some data needed such as document as additional material. Interviews were conducted with fishermen and women fishermen at the study sites. Then also use the method of history in general, where data from the results of the interview will also be criticized and analyzed.
Sekolah Menengah Kesenian: Cipta Karakter Pelestari Budaya di Sumatera Barat Putri, Sri Haryati
Diakronika Vol 19 No 1 (2019): DIAKRONIKA
Publisher : FIS Universitas Negeri Padang

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Abstract

This study aims to delve deeper into how the role of art in traditional culture can be used as character building for the next generation of the nation. The art school which is specialized in Vocational High Schools (SMK), offers expertise programs to junior high school graduates who are interested in exploring and learning traditional arts and culture. The presence of art-based formal schools, of course, can have a positive impact on the younger generation to maintain and preserve the art of traditional culture as forming a moral character, as well as the emergence of a sense of love for their own culture. Usually Vocational Schools are very identical with technical schools, machinery, and other fields of technology, but art Vocational Schools in West Sumatra, especially the city of Padang, offer different skills than vocational education in general, namely traditional arts. This is evidenced by the presence of Vocational High School 4, Vocational High School 8 and Padang Vocational High School 7, which are art vocational schools in West Sumatra, especially in Padang which make traditional arts and crafts of Minangkabau culture a skill program developed by their students. This school is maintained and is the pride of the people of Padang City.

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