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INDONESIA
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan
ISSN : 25980807     EISSN : 26542625     DOI : -
JPP will periodically present papers related to development planning and policy in Indonesia, linking academic and scientific knowledge to public policy. JPP takes a position as one of the bridging knowledge to policy tools. The subjects are each development processes, from the planning, implementing, monitoring, and policy evaluation phases.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 128 Documents
System Dynamics Modelling of Deforestation Rate and Forest Rehabilitation in the Upstream of Ciliwung Watershed, Bogor Regency Andi Setyo Pambudi
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 4 No. 3 (2020): September 2020
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v4i3.121

Abstract

One of strategic watersheds in Indonesia is the Ciliwung watershed. The rapid growth of development in this watershed has resulted in reduced forested lands and water catchment areas. The critical point is when the upstream area as a buffer zone also experiences uncontrolled land conversion for various purposes. Indonesia Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry, Article 18 contains a mandate for the Government to determine and to maintain the adequacy of forest cover in each watershed. This research seeks to understand the condition of rehabilitation and deforestation of forested land in Bogor Regency as the upstream of the Ciliwung watershed which affects its downstream water system in DKI Jakarta Province. By applying system dynamics modelling, it is expected that an ideal scenario of rehabilitation which the government must undertake will be identified to cope with deforestation rates in forested upstream watersheds. The methodological approach applied in this paper is a mixed method with system dynamics - based analysis methods. The results of model simulations carried out in Business as Usual conditions and Simulation of Scenarios Model going forward to 2060. From the alternative scenarios available, it reveals that the rehabilitation capability scenario of 3.6% / year is the most optimal in order to overtake deforestation rates in the upstream Ciliwung watershed. If the simulation setting is extended to 2100, the maximum area of ​​forested land in 2090 will be 8,134.05 ha (still below the carrying capacity of the available forest area).
Whale Shark in The Development of Geopark and Sustainable Tourism in Gorontalo, Indonesia Umar Adisubroto; Togu S. Pardede
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v5i3.232

Abstract

The whale shark (Rhincodon typus, Hiu Paus), the world's largest type of fish/mammal presents in Indonesia, in Botubarani, Gorontalo province, among others. This province is actively developing geoparks which are currently still aspiring geopark status, as well as tourism, and making whale sharks its icon. Our paper studies the development of whale sharks as a marker of the area's biodiversity, to promote it as a more common activity in Indonesia where whale sharks can be found. We support strategic ideas for the development of whale sharks and formulate several recommendations for geotourism activities where whale sharks are icons.
Apakah Economic Complexity dan Institusi yang Kuat Mempengaruhi Income Inequality Rudy Hendra Prasetiya
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v5i3.213

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship of a country's sophisticated products and institutional indicators on income inequality. Cross-country OLS and fixed-effects estimate regression analysis show that countries with productive economic structures have less inequality. Meanwhile, three government indicators in accountability, political stability, and the rule of law show mixed results. Using the system generalized method of moments (GMM) to control endogeneity, we find evidence of a causal link from economic complexity to income inequality in the short run. Meanwhile, the government's political stability is not a significant predictor.
Pengeluaran Wajib Anggaran Pendidikan dan Kesehatan di Papua Boy Piter Nizu Kekry
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v6i1.268

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the phenomenon of compliance with mandatory spending on education and health in 29 regencies/cities in Papua. The data analysis method applies quantitative descriptive data by using regional financial data, namely: Regional Revenue and Expenditure Targets, Education and Health Expenditure Allocation for Fiscal Year 2021, Realization of Regional Income, and Expenditure, Education and Health Expenditure Allocation for the Fiscal Year 2017-2020. The main finding of this study is that 27 local governments have not complied with mandatory spending on education, while for health, there are six local governments in Papua. Of course, this fact indicates one of the weaknesses in achieving the competitiveness of human development in Papua. Next is the fact that study results show that the amount of regional income and expenditure is not necessarily accompanied by the level of compliance with mandatory spending. This indicates the poor quality of planning and budgeting at the local government level in Papua. The author is aware of the limitations of this study; in disclosing the facts of compliance with mandatory spending on education and health, it is hoped that further research can measure the impact of mandatory spending on regional development performance indicators through an econometric model approach.
Belanja Pemerintah menurut Fungsi dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Maluku Utara: Analisis Tabel I-O dan Regresi Data Panel Zaidan Najmuddin; Amalia Rizkiyani
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v6i1.254

Abstract

The government has a contribution to ensuring the stability of economic growth. The existence of regional autonomy and fiscal decentralization gives the authority to develop their regions independently by utilizing their potential. In 2020, Maluku Utara's economic growth grew by 4.92 percent, the value tends to be stable, but the contribution to the national economy is very slight. From a fiscal perspective, a component that determines the economic direction is government spending. However, Maluku Utara's government spending tends to be weak and fluctuating. The condition indicates that the relationship between government spending and economic growth is inconsistent. Several objectives were set to provide an overview of the economic structure, analyze the impact of government spending on the output and value-added of the economic sector, and identify government spending by the function that affects economic growth in Maluku Utara. This study uses the I-O table impact analysis and panel data regression analysis. Based on the impact analysis of the I-O table, capital spending has the most output impact and added value in the construction sector. Meanwhile, government consumption and total government spending impact the Government Administration sectors most. Then, from the panel data regression analysis results, three variables have a significant influence, namely spending by function on economics, education, and health. However, there is an anomaly in the government spending on the economy with a negative effect of 0.003190. That indicates the items allocated to government spending by function on economics in Maluku Utara are ineffective.
Evaluation of Contribution and Distribution of Special Allocation Fund (DAK) Physical Assignment Thematic of Sustainable Economic Infrastructure Provision Andi Setyo Pambudi; Devy Paramitha Agnelia; Desak Made Annisa Cahya Putri
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v6i1.250

Abstract

Field implementation of the Special Allocation Fund (DAK) Assignment, especially the thematic of Sustainable Economic Infrastructure Provision in 2021 from the local government's point of view, is a significant matter because it is related to development priorities achievement, especially during the COVID-19. Concerning the need for information on the spatial distribution of the DAK allocation for Physical Assignment, especially the Thematic of Sustainable Economic Infrastructure Provision (PIEB) for the 2021 fiscal year, it is necessary to carry out a series of spatial analyzes showing the distribution of the DAK Physical allocation and its contribution to regional development using a budget comparison approach. Spatial analysis was carried out for mapping: 1) The contribution and role of the DAK Physical allocation to the local government budget in 2021; 2) Contribution of DAK Physical Assignment allocation of PIEB to the local government budget in 2021; 3) Contribution of DAK Physical Assignment allocation of PIEB (Small and Medium Industries (IKM), Roads, Tourism, and the Environment) to the local government budget in the fiscal year of 2021. In general, regions with a high category of DAK Physical contributions are dominated by provinces in the Eastern Region of Indonesia. On average, the DAK Physical Assignment allocation of Sustainable Economic Infrastructure Provision contributes 0.5% to the Provincial Budget. It is necessary to monitor and evaluate the implementation of DAK Physical for the Sustainable Economic Infrastructure Provision and improve coordination between institutions, both at the central and regional levels.
Apakah Pengeluaran Pemerintah Mempengaruhi Kemiskinan, Kesehatan, dan Pendidikan? Studi Kasus Provinsi Aceh, Indonesia Arifka Yusri
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v6i1.249

Abstract

Economists have talked about government expenditure and its relation to poverty, health, and education for decades. Indeed, many theories and empirical evidence have been conducted since then. This study evaluates the relationship between Special Autonomy Fund (SAF) and poverty, health, and education indicators in Aceh province, Indonesia, using a panel dataset of 30 regions in the 2002-2018 period. Synthetic Control Method (SCM) is used as the model to accommodate the allocation of SAF to Aceh given by the central government since it is commonly applied to the cases of policy intervention in comparative case studies. This paper discovers that the SAF plays a vital role in lowering the poverty rate, escalating access to safe sanitation, and improving the net enrollment ratio of senior secondary schools. However, there is no prominent association between SAF allocation and access to safe water. This outcome variable shows positive and negative signs; therefore, a conclusion could not be provided.
Export Taxes and Trade Pattern: Case from the Indonesian Mineral Industry Made Putra Adhi Laksana
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): April 2022
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v6i1.243

Abstract

The Indonesian government adopted mineral export taxes by imposing a high tariff on raw materials while waiving tariffs on processed products. Tariffs decreased following the progress of refinery plant construction. Based on the fixed effects panel regression at the commodity-country-pair level, this study finds that the export taxes system negatively reduces raw material export while increasing processed mineral export. Tariff stratification on mineral commodities distorts trade patterns, affecting business orientation in upstream and downstream sectors. Furthermore, tier tariff significantly elevates the export quantity of downstream products compared to flat export taxes, directly proportional to export value. Export contraction of raw materials resulted from tier tariff slightly lower than the flat type but with a higher exports performance of processed products. The shifting phenomena to the value-added industry indicate an effort for export taxes evasion. This finding is reinforced by the massive investment inflow in the mineral processing sector. Meanwhile, the exporter manufacturing industry positively correlates with the export performance of processed products and a negative direction with raw material, which aligns with the main finding.
Coal as the National Energy Supplier Forward: What are Policies to be Prepared? Hanan Nugroho
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.186 KB) | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v1i1.3

Abstract

Indonesia’s energy security is critical, coal which is expected to be the backbone of national energy supply also faces considerable challenges. To overcome this, it is necessary to formulate a policy of production control, export restrictions, as well as concerning the economy, environment and infrastructure of coal. The paper recommends that: (i) Develop depletion policies to control coal production, (ii) Implement strict discipline in granting mining permits, (iii) Reduce coal exports through export taxes, (iv) Develop more appropriate DMO (domestic market obligation) policies (v) Utilizing coal as energy to drive activities and provide added value to the domestic economy, (vi) Increasing the application of clean coal technology, and (vii) Accelerating the development of transportation, storage, and utilization of coal to serve the needs of domestic demand
The Study of Development of Science and Technopark (STP) in Indonesia Noor Arifin Muhammad; Muhyiddin Muhyiddin; Ade Faisal; Istasius Angger Anindito
Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Ministry of National Development Planning Republic of Indonesia/Bappenas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.55 KB) | DOI: 10.36574/jpp.v1i1.6

Abstract

Development of Science and Technopark (STP) is one of the priorities in the RPJMN 2015-2019, with the target of building 100 STPs. The target is very ambitious and realistically cannot be achieved if the STP standards follow what has been established in the world such as Ideon Science Park (Sweden), Tsing Hua University Science Park (China), Daedeok Innopolis (Korea) and other STPs. Moreover, many proposals from various regions and ministries with a limited actual operational scope such as household industry centers, research demo plot, work-training center, etc., ask to transform into STPs following Government programs. Whereas through quick assessment only the proposed sites are mostly not potential locations to be developed as STP. For this purpose, best practices analysis of some of the world’s leading STPs is established to determine the standard requirements and the components that must be completed so that a site has the potential to be STP. Then, an analysis of some potential STP candidates in Indonesia related to development progress and future prospects was carried out. The end goal of this study is a general policy recommendation and roadmap for the development of STPs in Indonesia in accordance with STP standards.

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