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Contact Name
Ratmawati Malaka
Contact Email
malaka_ag39@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281355727613
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan km. 10 Makassar, 9024
Location
Kota makassar,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS)
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 26219182     EISSN : 26219190     DOI : -
HAJAS aims to publish original research results and reviews on farm tropical animals such as cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, as well as non domesticated Indonesian endemic animals, such as deers, anoa, babirusa, etc.
Articles 40 Documents
Identification of Qualitative Characteristic Bali Polled Cattle Zulkharnaim Maupa; Sudirman Baco; Lellah Rahim; Muhammad Yusuf
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 2 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of the research was to identify the qualitative characteristics of Bali polled cattle.  Several advantages in polled cattle can reduce the risk of injury that often occurs in herdsmen’s caused by horns, can prevent bruising of the carcass and damage to the skin. The development of Bali polled cattle requires further research, this research is related to its qualitative characteristics. The total sample was 100 consisting of 11 Bali polled cattle and 89 Bali horned cattle, consisting of 42 samples from Bone Regency and 47 samples from Barru Regency.  Qualitative characteristics that are measured include: coat color, blackline runs along the back, color of socks, color of rump, muzzle color, eyelid color, white hair in the ears, and wattle size.  The qualitative characterization of Bali Cattle in this study was based on the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) ́s guidelines for phenotypic characterization. The distinctive characteristics found in horned Bali cattle are also found in polled cattle. The presence of Bali polled cattle changes the indigenous cattle rearing system in Indonesia.
Test of Sodium Aluminate (Boraks) Content in Bakso in North Sangatta Sub-District (Case Study in Bakso Store) Martha Tiku; Mey Angraeni Tamal; Sanusi Imam
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (508.693 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.6409

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the content of borax in meatballs in North Sangatta District meatball stalls. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis method. The meatball samples used were 270 samples obtained from 30 meatball stalls in North Sangatta and tested at the Animal Health and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory of East Kutai Agriculture Office in East Kalimantan. The test was carried out to find out whether or not the meatball sample contained borax using the borax test kid. If a positive meatball sample contains borax, then the borax test paper will be brownish red while if the negative meatball sample is borax test paper is yellow. The test results showed that all meatball samples were negative (containing no borax). Based on the research it was concluded that the meatballs were not identified to contain borax.
Investigation on physical change and storability of meatball after treated with different levels of liquid smoke and storage time syamsuddin syamsuddin syamsuddin; Effendi Abustam; Lellah Rahim
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.101 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.6418

Abstract

This present work investigated physical change and storability of buffalo meatball after treated with different levels of liquid smoke and storage time. Completely randomized design consisting of 2 factors (liquid smoke levels: 0, 1, 2%; storage time: 0, 1, 2, 3 weeks) was arranged, with 3 replications. Analysis of variance was employed to evaluate data, followed with LSD test. The results showed that liquid smoke could reduce shear force of meatball and TPC, but increase rancidity. Meanwhile, all parameters studied (shear force, TPC, and rancidity) tended to be lower along with storage time. In addition, both factors seemed to exhibit similar response oto shear force and TPC. In conclusion, the addition of liquid smoke 2% and storage time of 1 week resulted in the most desirable effect on buffalo meatball.  
The Chaaracteristics Yeast Isolated from Commercial Kefir Grain, Indonesia Sulmiyati Sulmiyati; Nur Saleh Said; Deka Uli Fahrodi; Ratmawati Malaka; Fatma Maruddin
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (821.492 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.6519

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate yeast characteristics obtained from commercial grain kefir from Indonesian. Isolation based on macroscopic morphology and microscopic morphology. The first method of research is activation of kefir grain using 10% reconstitution milk, yeast growth on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA-Agar) medium, yeast coloration by using Lactophenol cotton blue. Then, yeast identification was done by macroscopic and microscopic morphology. Macroscopic morphological observations are observations of colony morphology at the time of isolation and purification, including size, shape, texture, color, surface, elevation, and edges. Microscopic morphological observations include cell shape, budding (budding) which first make preparations with yeast coloring then observed with Zeiss Asio Imager A2 Microscope using Zeiss Axiocam HRC camera. Macroscopic observation of yeast size description colony very small, small, medium, large, colony form is round, the margin is raised, the elevation is entire, the texture is smooth and surface glistening, cream colony color, and yeast smell characteristic. Microscopic observation seen there is cell nucleus, oval, there is pseudohypa, budding, gram-positive, urea test negative, glucose, lactose, maltose fermentation test positive, sucrose fermentation test negative, growth test on liquid media growth in surface medium (pellicle), and bottom medium (sediment). Based on the morphological observations in macroscopic and microscopic yeast identified genus Saccharomyces.
Farmer Participation in Maiwa Breeding Center Program In Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Ilham Syarif; Syahdar Baba; Siti Nurani Sirajuddin
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (476.547 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.6596

Abstract

Abstrak The Maiwa Breeding Center program was a communiversity program from Hasanuddin University in the form of a Bali cattle nursery. The aim of this program was to preserve Bali cattle germplasm and improve the genetic quality of Bali cattle while increasing farmer income. The participation of farmers in implementing the MBC program was the key to the success of the program. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of farmer participation in the MBC program in Barru District. The number of respondents was 72 people who were randomly selected from 234 MBC partner farmers. Data was collected by enumerators who have been trained using questionnaires. The measured variable was the level of farmer participation during program planning, program implementation, program monitoring and evaluation and utilization of the results of the nursery program. Variables were measured using scores 1 - 4, namely from not participating, low participation, high participation and very high participation. Data analysis uses frequency distribution and continuum value table. The results showed that the participation of farmers in planning and monitoring and evaluation was in the low category. The participation of farmers in the implementation and utilization of results was in the high category. Overall, farmer participation in Bali cattle breeding activities was in the high category.  
Prevalence of Microbial Contamination and Antibiotic Residue in Chicken Meat, Beef, and Offal in South Sulawesi Sriyanti Haruni; Ratmawati Malaka; Hikmah M. Ali
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.88 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.6649

Abstract

Chicken meat, beef, and offal are important animal products. They easily spoiled due to bacterial contamination and might contain antibacterial residues derived from treatments during rearing and processing. This present work aimed to investigate location- and time-dependent value of TPC (Total Plate Count), and analyze antibiotic residue present in chicken meat, beef, and offal sampled in the Province of South Sulawesi. This current study was conducted by analyzing data released from UPT. Animal Product Quality Analysis in Department of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health, Province of South Sulawesi. Our experimental design was arranged according to completely randomized design with factorial (4×3), and carried out 5 replications. The results showed that two locations (Takalar District and Palopo District) had the lowest TPC value, while Palopo City possessed the highest TPC value. Regarding to antibiotic residue, the positive sample was only found in 2015, a chicken meat sample collected in Luwu Utara District.Keywords : Total Plate Count (TPC), Antibiotic Residues.
Antioxidant Activities of Beef Sausage with Addttion of Kluwak (Pangium edule Reinw) Rachmat Budianto; Hikmah M. Ali; Effendi Abustam
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (594.266 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i1.7140

Abstract

Oxidation is one of the important factors that affect the quality of meat products including sausages. To inhibit oxidation, ingredients need to be added in the process of making sausages which act as antioxidants. One plant that functions as a natural antioxidant is kluwak. Kluwak can be used to extend the shelf life. Kluwak 0 days and 40 days fermentation. Aside from being a preservative, kluwak seeds also contain antioxidant compounds and flavonoid groups. Antioxidant compounds that function as anti-cancer in kluwak seeds include vitamin C, iron ions, and Beta carotene which are the work of fermented kluwak seeds for 40 days. This study aimed to determine the effect of different types and levels of kluwak and their interactions on the physical characteristics and antioxidant activity of beef sausages during storage. This study uses two types of kluwak (0 days and fermentation 40 days), different levels and length of storage. Results of this study can increase antioxidant activity and reduce oxidation of lipid.
Differences in Characteristics of Farmers who Adopt and Who Do not Adopt a Cattle Business Insurance Program Ica Azisah Riana; Syahdar Baba; Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1, No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i2.7208

Abstract

One government program through the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia is insurance for cattle business as a manifestation of the government's partisanship in an effort to protect cattle farmers from the risk of death and loss of cattle.  To support the program, Gowa Regency has implemented a cattle business insurance program.  Farmers are a very influential factor in the adoption of cattle business insurance programs that have different characteristics to adopt so as to minimize the risk of their livestock business.This study aims to determine the differences in characteristics of farmers who adopt and who do not adopt a cattle business insurance program.  This research was conducted in Bungaya District, Gowa Regency from February to March 2019. The method used is descriptive research using 98 farmers as a sample consisting of 63 people who adopted and 35 people who did not adopt, data collected through interviews and analyzed descriptively statistically.  The results showed that differences in the characteristics of farmers who adopted and did not adopt a cattle business insurance program consisting of:(a) the age of farmers is mostly 38 to 54 years with those adopting 35 people and those who do not adopt 16 people; (b) most of them are male, where 51 farmers adopt and 28 farmers who do not adopt; (c) the last level of education of the farmer is mostly elementary school/equivalent who adopted as many as 25 people and those who did not adopt 14 people; (d) the total number of family members of farmers is 4 to 6 in which 29 people adopt and 22 people do not adopt; (e) the scale of the business of most 1 to 7 cattle owned by farmers as many as 54 people who adopted and 32 people who did not adopt; and (f) the experience of raising is mostly in the range of 10 to 23 years where those who adopt as many as 40 people and those who do not adopt 24 people. 
Existence oF Salmonella sp. in Beef Meat In Sangatta, Kutai Timur District Rustam Rustam; Mey Angraeni Tamal; Joni Ariansyah
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1, No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i2.7450

Abstract

Based on microbiological aspects, product of an animal food safe to be consumption if not contain microbial pathogens, microbial that can cause health problems of humans to whom comsume it, one of the pathogenic bacteria that often found on beef is a salmonella sp. Research aimed to determine the existence of bacteria Salmonella sp from slaughterhouse, abattoir and traditional market in Sangatta East Kutai regency. Parameter research parameter of observation was to determine whether there are bacteria Salmonella sp (positive / negative) on beef samples and how much percentage (%) the existence of Salmonella sp on beef samples. obtained data for each test were analyzed by descriptive approach. Based on research results on 20 beef samples both from slaughterhouses, abattoir, and sold in Sangatta traditional market not indicate the existence of bacteria Salmonella sp (negative), possibility it is because growth of bacteria Salmonella sp still low and does not have the ability to compete with bacteria lactic acid (Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Aeromonas, Acenetobacter, Pseudomonas) so that growth will be obstructed.
The Physicochemical Properties of Goat Skin Gelatin at Different Ages With the Use of Lactobacillus plantarum and Acetic Acid as a Pretreatment Hasma Hasma; Effendi Abustam; Ratmawati Malaka; Muhammad Irfan Said; Asmuddin Natsir
Hasanuddin Journal of Animal Science (HAJAS) Vol. 1, No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/hajas.v1i2.8150

Abstract

ABSTRACT Pretreatment of chemical acids using organic chemicals has been widely applied, while pretreatment using microbial Lactobacillus plantarum to form ossein in goat skin has not been done much. Application of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) microbial species L. plantarum is thought to affect health and environment friendly. This study aims to determine the characteristics of goat skin gelatin at different ages of L. plantarum 1uhcc pretreatment and acetic acid (CH3COOH). Each treatment was repeated 3 times. The study design used a Split Plot Design with acid source treatment as the main plot and the age of goats 1, 2 and 3 years as subplots. The results showed a very significant effect (P<0.01) between the age of the goat with gel strength, pH, viscosity and color. The highest gel strength and viscosity at 1 year of age with L.plantarum pretreatment respectively (441.37±0.78 g bloom) and (9.22±0.09 cP). Goat skin gelatin has the highest pH at 1 year of age with L.plantarum 5.24±0.16. Similarly, the effect of gelatin (P<0.05) with a brightness level (L) 76.38±1.10 and redness (a) 11.13±1.58 affect the age of goats and acidic sources while yellowish (b) 33.81±2.34 only affects the acid source. Age of goats with different acid pretreatment has an impact on the physicochemical properties of goat skin gelatin. Goat age 1 year with L.plantarum pretreatment showed optimal results.

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