cover
Contact Name
Rachmat Hidayat
Contact Email
dr.rachmat.hidayat@gmail.com
Phone
+6288225053819
Journal Mail Official
scientiapsychiatrica@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Dr. Moh Ali street
Location
Kota palembang,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Scientia Psychiatrica
Published by HM Publisher
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27159736     DOI : https://doi.org/10.37275/scipsy
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Scientia Psychiatrica covers the latest developments in various fields of psychiatric : biological psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, child psychiatry, psychiatry of community, psychotherapy, drugs-related mental illness, psychiatry of geriatric, psychosomatics medicine, psychology, cultural psychiatry, military psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, consultation liaison psychiatry and all medicine fields related psychiatry. Genetics, immunology, environmental health, toxicology, bioinformatics and biotechnology as well as multidisciplinary studies. The views of experts on current advances in nanotechnology and molecular/cell biology will be also considered for publication as long as they have a direct clinical impact of psychiatry.
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica" : 5 Documents clear
Psychotic Symptoms Related Anti NMDA Receptor in Ovarian Teratoma Kristianto, Cecep Sugeng
Scientia Psychiatrica Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/scipsy.v1i2.6

Abstract

Abstract Psychotic symptoms related ovarian teratoma are uncommon but has been well known in previous medical literature. Psychotic problems experienced by patients are often mistaken for psychological causes without organic causes, because commonly patients do not show symptoms associated with teratomas. Diagnosis of teratoma-related psychotic illnesses is often delayed due to the nature of the symptoms, that is leading to delayed treatment and worsen long-term neurological outcomes. Neuropsychiatric symptoms in teratoma can occur if it contains brain tissue inside and antibody anti-NMDA (N-methyl-D-Aspartate) receptor. The occurrence of psychotic symptoms in ovarian teratomas is based on cellular mechanisms. Antibodies bind to the NMDA receptor, which leads to the internalization of the cell surface and the relative state of the NMDA receptor hypofunction. While the impact of specific regions and circuit circuits of anti-NMDA receptor antibodies remains to be explored, the mechanism of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis strengthens the hypothesis that NMDA receptor hypofunction may have a role in schizophrenia and psychosis.
Profile of Personality and Psychopathology Dimensions of Indonesian Medical Students who Failed in Medical Doctor Competency Exams (UKMPPD) Wulandari, Patricia; Hidayat, Rachmat; Marchira, Carla R
Scientia Psychiatrica Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/scipsy.v1i2.7

Abstract

Abstract Introduction Medical doctor competency exams (UKMPPD) in Indonesia is a final test that should be followed by medical student before being declared worthy of a medical doctor’s degree. This exam is certainly intended with good intentions, in order to improve the standards and quality of graduates of Indonesian doctors. However, each policy turns out to have two opposite sides of the situation, on the one hand it is profitable but on the other it often creates new problems. Students’ fear of the competency test often causes new psychological problems for students. No doubt the failure of the competency exam causes students to experience prolonged disappointment and sadness, which in turn will cause depression. This research is the first research that aim to present a description of personality and psychopathology dimension data from UKMPPD participants who failed the test. Method This study was an exploratory descriptive study by presenting narratives of personality and psychopathology dimensions of unsuccessful UKMPPD participants. This research was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya Palembang, Indonesia. Each participant was assessed personality and psychopathology dimensions using MMPI-2 (Minnesota Multiaxial Personality Inventory-2). The results of analysis with MMPI-2 present data in the form of clinical psychic conditions, the work capacity, interpersonal relationships, the work abilities and the ability to change the self potential of the research subjects. Result The research subjects were UKMPPD participants who did not successfully pass the first exam. From 7 research subjects, there were 2 subjects who successfully passed the second exam (28.5%) and there were 3 people who successfully passed after the third exam (43%). Meanwhile, 2 research subjects have not successfully passed the UKMPPD exam until the fifth exam (28.5%). The results are quite surprising that of the 7 participants who failed to pass the UKMPPD exam, all of them felt depression. Conclusion Medical students who experienced UKMPPD failures have an inability to develop their own potential which result in depression due to failure of the exam
Neuronal Cell Death Induces Depressive Disorder in Rats Depression-Like Behaviors Caused by Chronic Stress Hidayat, Rachmat; Saleh, Mgs Irsan; Parisa, Nita
Scientia Psychiatrica Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/scipsy.v1i2.8

Abstract

Abstract Introduction Depression is believed to be a disorder in which an increase in serotonin activity in the brain. This has implications for the development of various antidepressant drugs that work to increase serotonin levels, by inhibiting serotonin reuptake. However, management with antidepressants is still believed to be not optimal, there are still various problems that have not been able to be solved only by increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Therefore, it is necessary to do further exploration to find out other possible pathophysiology of depressive disorders. This study intended to explore the role of apoptosis of neuronal cells in the prefrontal cortex to answer the hypothesis that depression was not only caused by increased serotonin levels but also there was a role of dead neuronal cells in the prefrontal cortex which will trigger the body's homeostatic efforts to compensate by increasing serotonin levels. Methods A total of 30 male Wistar rats (200 ± 20 g) were obtained from Eureka Research Laboratory (Palembang, Indonesia). Experimental animals were placed in cages under controlled conditions (12 hours of light / dark cycles with temperatures of 22 ± 1˚C and humidity of 40-60%), fed and drank ad libitum. Experimental animals with depression model were induced using Chronic Mild Stress (CMS). CMS procedures were performed with mild stressors such as repeated cold stress (4 ° C), space reduction in the homecage, changed cages and social interaction with other animals of the CMS group. To assess wether animal were being depression or not, the animal were tested using Forced Swimming Test (FST). After induction, rats were randomly divided into two groups which each contained 15 animals: the normal control group (not induced CMS) and the CMS group (negative control). Furthermore, the animal model was performed perfusion to maintain organ when evacuation was done, cell damage did not occur. To evaluate cell organ, immunohistochemistry examination and ELISA examination was performed. All data are presented as mean ± standard deviation and all statistical analyzes are performed with the SPSS 25 (IBM) program. Result This research showed that CMS animal model has a greater duration of immobility than the normal group and serotonin level in CMS animal models decreased almost threefold compared to the normal group. In addition, there were increased expression of caspase-3 indicates that more neuronal cells suffered from apoptosis. So, in this research, it was clearly stated that in depressive disorder, there were elevation of neuronal cell apoptosis in the prefrontal cortex. Conclusion Neuronal cell apoptosis in the prefrontal cortex plays a role in the pathophysiology of depression through activation of negative feedback on serotonin production.
Panic Disorder with Choking Phobia : a Case Report Wulandari, Patricia
Scientia Psychiatrica Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/scipsy.v1i2.11

Abstract

Abstract Panic disorder is a form of anxiety disorder characterized by repeated panic attacks and preoccupied with worrying that a panic attack will occur. Panic attacks are characterized by fears of a disaster or loss of self-control even though there is really nothing to worry about. Other symptoms experienced during a panic attack are heart palpitations (similar to a heart attack), shortness of breath, feelings of suffocation, and the body feels weak. If this disorder is not detected early, it will affect the daily life of the patient. This case report presents the case of a 34-year-old woman who experiences symptoms of panic disorder with choking phobia that is managed with antidepressants and cognitive behavior therapy. In addition, there is discussion of differential diagnosis and the role of cognitive behavior therapy in handling this case.
Tension Type Headache Comorbid with Moderate Depression : A Case Report Pratiti, Budi
Scientia Psychiatrica Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Scientia Psychiatrica
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/scipsy.v1i2.12

Abstract

Abstract Introduction. Tension type headaches (TTH) are generally caused by psychological factors and psychiatric disorders. Anxiety disorders and depression are more often associated with TTH than other disorders. This case report discusses the tension type headache accompanied by depression and its management. Case Presentation. Miss Y, a 17 year old girl, 2nd in birth order, an undergraduate student living in a boarding house with her sister and coming from a low socio-economic background, came to Dr. Sardjito General hospital, Indonesia with complaints of severe headache since 2 months ago. Family history shows that there is a conflict in the patient's parents which makes the patient disappointed. In the examination found inferiority feelings, guilt and worry will disappoint everyone. She was then agreed to do cognitive behavior therapy and take medication according to doctor's orders. After 8 sessions, she developed confidence and started to carry out daily similar sessions at home. Conclusion.Tension-type headache in this case is accompanied by a dominant psychological factor. Collaboration between pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in treating patients with tension type headaches is a fairly effective choice.

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