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Contact Name
Dr. Herdis Herdiansyah
Contact Email
jessd@ui.ac.id
Phone
+628562053791
Journal Mail Official
jessd@ui.ac.id
Editorial Address
School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
Location
Kota depok,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26556847     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/
Core Subject : Social,
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (JESSD) is a biannual refereed journal which provides an opportunity for academics, practitioners, policymaker, and community to examine and exchange on a wide range of environmental issues and bridges the gap between research and the application of environmental science in management and policy practices. The JESSD includes and promotes scientific work and practical dimensions of environmental science and sustainable development issues, from the developing countries, especially in South East Asia region, and also strengthens the collaboration between the developed and developing countries around the world.
Articles 67 Documents
Optimization Of Transportation of Municipal Solid Waste from Resource to Intermediate Treatment Facility with Nearest Neighbour Method (Study on six Sub Sub District in DKI Jakarta Province) Hermawan, Fahmi
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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Abstract

Population growth is always accompanied by an increase in waste generation. The issue of the increasing volume of waste becomes crucial if it is not balanced through proper handling efforts. The Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta through the Environment Agency of DKI Jakarta Province seeks to address the waste problem by constructing alternative facilities in the city’s waste processing facilities. The processing facilities referred to here are the Waste Power Generation or Intermediate Treatment Facility. The operational sustainability and the production output of the facility are influenced by the amount of waste supply as its raw material and are also influenced by the optimization of the transportation route of waste to the facility. The purpose of this research was to develop a model that can optimize the transportation route of waste from the source to the Intermediate Treatment Facility. The nearest neighbor method was to devise a truck travel route to serve the temporary waste shelter closest to the last visited location. The result of this research was obtained by route and trip that has new implications on garbage transportation which more optimize from the side of transport capacity, travel time, distance, and decrease from previous condition to the requirement of garbage truck procurement equal to 39.16%, fuel cost of 35.64%, human resources salary of 39.16%, and 35.64% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The implementation of the new routes and trips has a very positive impact in terms of the economic viewpoint to save operational costs, reduce the social impacts of delays in transporting waste from the sources, and reduce emissions from transportation operations.
WASTE REDUCTION THROUGH INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT MODELING AT MUSTIKA RESIDENCE (TANGERANG) Johannes, Hendro Putra
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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In Indonesia, there are classic issues about waste that are highlighted due to the country’s critical conditions. Uncontrolled population growth and regional development have led to massive waste production. One popular practice in waste management is located at integrated waste management site (TPST). This practice has been implemented successfully by TPST Mustika Iklhas, a small community operation in Tangerang. Though different from previous operations, its success is achieved by active community participation, far away from government intervention. This study looks at management practices in TPST Mustika Ikhlas. The method used to address real and complex problems is called system dynamics. This method uses life cycle thinking to address the waste management practice in Mustika Residence. Once the model was constructed, a simulation was carried out within 1,080 days. In this study, exponential behaviors were generated in the main variables such as waste, inorganic waste, and compost. However, organic waste exhibited oscillation behavior due to its processing time needed to convert to compost. From the results and discussion, we conclude that integrated waste management in TPST Mustika Ikhlas has been effective in reducing waste through conversion to inorganic waste and compost. Intervention to Business-As-Usual (BAU) should focus on two leverage variables: retribution and TPST cash flow.
IS SUSTAINABLE OIL PALM PRODUCTION POSSIBLE FOR SMALLHOLDERS? Suratin, Aloysius; Karuniasa, Mahawan; Utomo, Suyud Warno
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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Decoupling resource use efficiency and ecological impacts are two challenges of oil palm smallholders in Indonesia. This study aims to find option for increasing productivity among smallholder and to reduce the environmental impacts of nutrient management in their plantations. We adopted UNEP’s definition of resource and impact decoupling as a tool to estimate resource decoupling rate and impact decoupling rate. The average smallholder’s resource decoupling rate from 2013 to 2017 is 0.86 kg fertilizer/kg fresh fruit bunch. This rate is 93.48% of the average of the companies (0.92 kg fertilizer/kg fresh fruit bunch) for the same period. Reducing the fertilizers dosages will reduce the resource decoupling rate and the impact decoupling rate by 58.14% (from 0.86 to 0.36 kg fertilizer/kg fresh fruit bunch) and by 67.32% (from 3.06 to 1.10 g CO2e/kg fresh fruit bunch) respectively. Reducing the fertilizer dosage is the most appropriate approach to increasing the resource and impact decoupling rates. We conclude that a smallholder is able to produce fresh fruit bunches sustainably by changing nutrient management practices and increasing access to certified planting material. Further study is required to include the influence of land use change on the impact decoupling rate as this factor was not included in our analysis.
WHEN LCA APPLIES TO HEALTH SERVICE INDUSTRY Djati, Rr. Anggun Paramita; Cahayanti, Sherafina Reni; Chairani, Ellyna; Koestoer, Raldi H.; Hartono, Djoko M.
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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The health service industry involves activities that provide medical services (hospital), manufacture of medical equipment or drugs, and medical insurance services. Options of research methods to measure the impact of services on environmental aspects are available. One among which is life cycle analysis (LCA), the recently popular practice in Indonesia. This paper attempts to explore whether LCA could be fitted to the health service industry. A literature review would help in procuring related references from various publications accompanied by several research results and related studies. For describing the application of LCA in hospitals, several articles were collected, which were later arranged according to certain systematics from several sources. The LCA methodology used here consists of the following four stages: goal and scope definition, life cycle inventory analysis, impact assessment, and interpretation. The stages follow the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14040 and UNEP SETAC, 2011. Several studies using the LCA method in hospitals have reported specific profiles such as the management of biohazardous medical waste (BMW) and waste water. Several studies have also used LCA methods to assess specifically the environmental and health impacts of a specific component of the hospital or hospital activities. For example, studies have assessed the impact of equipment used in the form of containers, catheter, laryngeal mask, gowns and also infrastructures’ facilities. The results of this study confirmed that the LCA method is suitable in health service industry, particularly in hospitals. Considering the merits and drawbacks involved in applying this method, one could further apply it to related health service issues.
PREFACE, TABLE OF CONTENTS, & ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Herdiansyah, Herdis
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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Abstract

The development of the world demands changes in the environment from time to time, and this condition can not be avoided, for that the academic world is required to always be ready and watchful for this condition. This challenge makes the Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (JESSD) continue to be consistent with the focus of environmental studies until now. Starting with the inaugural edition in 2018, JESSD continues to be aware and focus on environmental studies and sustainable development in developing countries, especially for Southeast Asia countries. In this issue of Volume 2 Issue 1, we present eight scientific articles from various parties, with various studies on the environment and sustainable development. The authors of these eight articles came from various universities namely Kyoto University (Kyoto, Japan), Musamus University (Merauke), Bogor Agriculture University (Bogor), Universitas Pelita Harapan (Tangerang), and Universitas Indonesia (Jakarta); and from one of the government agencies, that is The Geospatial Information Agency (Cibinong, West Java)
OIL SPILL RESPONSE PREPAREDNESS MODEL THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN TELUK PENYU BEACH, CILACAP REGENCY Soesilo, Tri Edhi Budhi; Rezki, Chiquita Tri; Sulthonuddin, Ihya
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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In Indonesia, oil spill incidents often occur; thus, it has become a matter of national concern. Cilacap Regency is one of the regions in Indonesia that is prone to oil spills, with a history of frequent oil spill incidents during 2000–2018. Oil spill response preparedness needs the integrated effort between government and communities to minimize the environmental impacts of oil spills. A problem usually encountered is the lack of integration of community participation in the oil spill contingency plan because of the limited knowledge of the community regarding oil spill response preparedness. This study aimed to build an oil spill response preparedness model through community participation in Teluk Penyu Beach, Cilacap Regency. This study used the system dynamics modeling method. Results showed that the oil spill volumes in the waters (decay behavior) and on the beach (goalseeking behavior) rapidly decreased after 240 h (10 days). In conclusion, oil spill response preparedness needs the integration between company and community participation by increasing knowledge through community involvement in a combination of oil spill response exercises.
TRANSITION OF PRIMARY FOREST TO SECONDARY FOREST AND THE IMPACT FOR WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION Karuniasa, Mahawan; Prambudi, Priyaji Agung
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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In recent decades, water resources shrink at an alarming rate in some areas both nationally and internationally. Water resources are directly proportional to the growth in human population. The higher demand for settlement and agriculture are considered to be important factors responsible for the degradation in water quality and resource functions. The aim of this study was to analyze the diversity of vegetation in the water resources area, as well as the level of human participation in the conservation efforts. The study was conducted using a mixed method based on observation and interviews of the local community. The plant diversity in the study area, Dandang water resource, consisted of medium category tree habitus (h'= 1.42); bush habitus (h'= 1.61); and herb habitus (h'= 2.29), there are 27 species from 15 families comprising 9 trees, 6 bushes, and 12 herbs. The level of human participation is still at the whim with limited operational support strength (0.80%). The social capital including communications between parties and organizing resources is a sufficient advantage (58%). However, the involvement of community and village governments in the conservation efforts is still weak (38%). The situation is aggravated by the lack of policies and regulations implemented by the village government (38%). Policy interventions and regulations are important, along with socialization and mentoring programs for the conservation of Dandang water resource area.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON DIGITAL ERA BY ARCHITECTURAL PRODUCTION Sandi, Reza
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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Current developments in architecture and construction demand innovation in design. Increasing demand and rapid production time require mass production. Digital fabrication with the combination of computed design and robotic manufacturing is a development in architectural design. Digital fabrication is also a product of modernization, which affects various components of the environment as well as social, economic, and cultural components. This study aims to provide an overview of the technology upgrade in the architectural and construction sectors that affect the environment, starting from the process of architectural design and construction products in the digital era up to the impact of these activities on the environment. The method used is descriptive research—by conductingobservations from scientific evidence (literature studies) that support this research. First, the concept is described followed by the discussion of the production process of architectural design products in the current digital era and the influence of these activities on the environment, such as degradation on the aspects of the environment, economy, society, and culture. The results show that architectural production in the digital era has a negative impact on the environment due to architectural products created using digital fabrication systems as well as exploitation of natural resources, encouraging finance, and transportation of these products across borders. Social and cultural changes are degraded by local culture caused by cross-cultural, as well as a new phenomenon of universalization of culture (world culture) or what is now called the digital culture
MODULAR FURNITURE MADE FROM CORRUGATED BOX WASTE USING DESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT GUIDELINES Hartono, Natalia; Christiani, Agustina; Larasati, Candida Keshia
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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Solid wastes at PT Pertamina in Jakarta were dominated by the corrugated box, so this research aims to utilize PT Pertamina’s corrugated box waste into furniture using Design for Environment (DfE) guidelines. Stages in this research use the design and development product theory of Ulrich & Eppinger, consisting of Phase 0 of Product Planning along with step 1 of the DfE guidelines. Phase 1 Concept Development is concurrent with stage 2 DfE guideline Identification of Potential Environmental Impacts and Selection of DfE guidelines. Phase 2 System-Level Design works in conjunction with the 3rd stage of the DfE Guide to Initial Design Guidelines. The selected design is modular with a sectionalmodular architecture type that can be arranged into three functions—table, shelf, and chair—so the product was named Mersi, which in the Indonesian language is an abbreviation of table, chair, and shelf (meja, kursi, lemari). The Phase 3 Detail Design added ergonomic aspects into the product design. In this phase, an alpha prototype is created, and the impacts on the environment are measured by the DfE phase 4 guideline, and the four factors measured show that the value of the DfE fraction is close to 1, meaning the prototype is environmentally friendly. Phase 4 Testing and Evaluation of Alpha Prototype with high-performance rating results for four dimensions were measured. The final product’s DfE fraction value is close to 1, meaning that the product is environmentally friendly even if there is a component of the product that is not environmentally friendly. This product was registered to have Industrial Design, Intellectual Property Rights on March 2, 2018.
A POLYCENTRIC WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE KATHMANDU VALLEY, NEPAL Ito, Sanae
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
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This study examined contemporary waste management systems in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Many waste management projects have been launched in Nepal since the 1980s. Recent projects have targeted citizens’ awareness. Governments and international donor agencies have reported that awareness of waste management has not yet been achieved. Previous studies have discussed the failures of waste management in Nepal, while others have pointed out the negative impacts of waste management projects on the local community. In this paper, an alternative framework for understanding the waste issue from an anthropological perspective is provided through a case study. Specific attention was paid to how and by whom waste is managed, and how all actors interact to develop a waste management system in the Kathmandu Valley. In this study, ethnographical research methods were employed. This study revealed that, despite government claims to the contrary, people were already aware of waste problems. Activities of those who were “aware” of the waste problems did not properly correspond with the proposed waste management projects. People developed waste management businesses by themselves. In addition, the practical waste management system in Nepal is much more complicated and informal than government and donor agency’s expectations. Practically, waste management in the Kathmandu Valley was accomplished through a multi-faceted development of a complicated and fragile system. The system is not perfect, but it functions as an effective polycentric system

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