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Acta Chimica Asiana
Published by Universitas Mataram
ISSN : 2550049x     EISSN : 25500503     DOI : -
Acta Chimica Asiana (online ISSN 2550-0503, print ISSN 2550-049x) is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes high-quality original research articles as well as review articles and short communication in all areas of Chemistry, including Chemical Education and Chemical Engineering. The editors welcome original contributions that have not been published and are not under consideration elsewhere. This journal is published by the Himpunan Kimia Indonesia Cabang Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian Chemical Society, Nusa Tenggara Division). All papers published free of charge
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)" : 5 Documents clear
QSAR and Ab Initio studies of quinolon-4(1H)-imine derivatives as antimalarial agents Jafar La Kilo; Akram La Kilo; Saprini Hamdiani
Acta Chimica Asiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : The University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/aca.v4i1.39


Malaria is still the most dangerous disease threat in the world, including in Indonesia. In Indonesia, it is estimated that there are 20 million cases of malaria per year. Malaria resistance to conventional drugs requires the search for new antimalarial drugs. Molecular modeling can be a solution to these problems. An activity study of 22 quinolone-4 (1H) -imine derivatives as antimalarials was carried out using the QSAR Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship method. The electronic and molecular descriptors were obtained from the Hartree-Fock HF / 6-31G ab initio calculation. The multiple linear regression (MLR) method was used to construct the QSAR model. The best QSAR models produced are: pEC50 = -4,177 + (37,902 x qC3) + (171,282 x qC8) + (9,061 x qC10) + (125,818 x qC11) + (-149,125 x qC17) + (191,623 x qC18), with statistical parameters, n = 22; r2 = 0,910; SEE = 0,171; Fhit/Ftab = 4,510 dan PRESS = 0,697. The best QSAR equation model can be used as a reference for designing and predicting the antimalarial activity of Quinolon-4 (1H) -imine derivatives which have higher activity than the previous one
The Effect of Stirring Speeds to the Entrapment Efficiency in a Nanoparticles Formulation of Java Plum’s seed Ethanol Extract (Syzygium cumini) Widayanti Supraba; Yohanes Juliantoni; Agus Dwi Ananto
Acta Chimica Asiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : The University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/aca.v4i1.50


Java Plum’s (Syzygium cumini) seed contains flavonoids in the form of quercetin. Quercetin plays an essential role in stimulating insulin production from pancreatic beta cells. However, it could be easily degraded by gastric acid or the digestive system. Thus, in this research, a good delivery system for quercetin will be established, namely nanoparticles. The study objectives are determining the entrapment efficiency’s percentage of nanoparticle preparations from ethanol extracts of Java Plum’s seeds as well as observing the effect of stirring speed on the percentage of entrapment efficiency. Java Plum’s seed extract was obtained by maceration method using ethanol 70% with the ratio between the simplicial powder and solvent is 1 : 4 respectively. Meanwhile, the solvent evaporation process was undergone by using a water bath with temperature not exceeding 70°C. The nanoparticle formulation of Java Plum’s seed extract was made by adding polymers in the form of chitosan and sodium tripolyphosphate cross-linker with three variations of stirring speed (500, 1000, and 1500 rpm) using a magnetic stirrer. The percentage of entrapment efficiency was obtained by subtracting the flavonoids levels of Java Plum’s seeds extract and flavonoids levels of Java Plum’s seeds extract in nanoparticles. Then, the value was divided by flavonoids levels of Java Plum’s seeds extract and multiplied by 100%. Quercetin levels obtained by absorbance readings using spectrophotometry UV-Visible, then absorbance value added into variable X on equation quercetin’s standard curve y = 0,0229x + 0,0644. The results show that the percentage of entrapment efficiency at speed variations of 500, 1000, and 1500 rpm are 48.8459%, 49.1064%, and 56.0413% respectively. According to the t-test two independent samples statistical test, the data has a 0.961 probability value (500 rpm vs 1000 rpm), 0.324 probability value (1000 rpm vs 1500 rpm), 0.25 (500 rpm vs 1500 rpm). Probability value > 0.05, which means the stirring speed does not significantly influence the percentage of entrapment efficiency.
Synthesis of 5-nitrovanillin in low temperature as cyanide anion sensor R Rahmawati; Syarifa Wahidah Al Idrus; Supriadi Supriadi; Lalu Sulman
Acta Chimica Asiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : The University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/aca.v4i1.46


In terms of organic sensor, the molecular structure affects a compound's ability to be used as a colorimetric chemosensor. Here, we present a simple synthesis technique for 5-nitrovanillin sensor. It has been successfully synthesized using nitric acid as a source of nitro groups. Dichloromethane DCM was used as a solvent, and the synthesis was carried out at low temperatures (under 5°C). The method produces a good yield. The nitro group attached to the chemosensor plays a role in prolonging the electron delocalization. Its effect is in the process of anion recognition by the chemosensor. The formation of a sensor-analyte complex between the chemosensor and anion produces a color change in the solution
Isolation and Identification of Andrographolide Compounds from the Leaves of Sambiloto Plant (Andrographis paniculata Ness) Devi Ayu Septiani; Aliefman Hakim; Lalu Raftha Patech; Zulhalifah Zulhalifah; Siswadi Siswadi
Acta Chimica Asiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : The University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/aca.v4i1.65


Sambiloto plant (Andrographis paniculata Ness) is a plant that has been used as medicine from generation to generation. Bioactive compounds in Sambiloto have pharmacological effects such as immunostimulants (increase immunity), antibiotic diuretics (facilitate urine), antipyretics, anti-inflammatory (anti-inflammatory), hepatoprotective, hypotensive, hypoglycemic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, respiratory tract, and heart and lung meridians - lungs. The bioactive compound in Sambiloto which is mostly found in the leaves is Andrographolide. In this study, the isolation of Andrographolide from the leaves of the sambiloto plant (Andrographis paniculata Ness) was carried out using purification and crystallization methods aimed at obtaining pure Andrographolide isolates more efficiently and identifying the results of Andrographolide isolates. The results showed that the isolates obtained using the purification and crystallization methods obtained a yield of 0.47%. In the qualitative test of Andrographolide isolates using eluent and acetate: n-hexane (3: 2), the Rf value was 0.38. The results obtained from Andrographolide isolates using infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were identical to the literature on Andrographolide. The absorption peaks at the wavenumbers obtained includes 3400,41 cm-1, 1979,68 cm-1, 1959,46 cm-1, 2928,22 cm-1, 1727,56 cm-1, 1646,98 cm-1, and 907,53 cm-1.
Lead Metal in Water and Sediment: A Case Study of Rumbia River Deasy Natalia Botutihe; Sri Wanti Sappe; Ahmad Kadir Kilo; Jafar La Kilo; Akram La Kilo
Acta Chimica Asiana Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : The University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/aca.v4i1.45


The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze the levels of leadcontained in the water and sediments of the Rumbia River. This research was conducted in a quantitative manner. Lead levels were measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (SSA) of Simatzu AA 500. The results showed that the leadcontent in Rumbia River water for point A1 was undetectable whereas point 2 and 3 were 0.001 mg/kg. In sediments, at point A1 is 1.8 mg/kg and at points 2 and 3 were 0.9 mg/kg. The level of Pb in Rumbia River water is still below the water quality standard limit for marine biota determined by the Ministry of Environment No. 51 of 2004. Similarly, lead levels in sediments are below the threshold standard for sediment quality based on sediment quality guidelines for metals and associated levels of concern to be used in doing assessments of sediment quality. In general, it can be said that the concentration of lead in the Rumbia River is still at a harmless level. However, socio-economic conditions that continue to change over time can cause changes in the level of water pollution. So there needs to be an effort and public awareness in maintaining the occurrence of increased levels of pollutants in the Rumbia River.

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