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Contact Name
Ani Susilawati
Contact Email
anisusilawati@metrouniv.ac.id
Phone
+6285292894217
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al-fathin@metrouniv.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara 15 A Kampus Kota Metro Lampung
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Kota metro,
Lampung
INDONESIA
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab
ISSN : 26223325     EISSN : 26226820     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32332/al-fathin.v3i01
Core Subject : Education,
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Dakwah Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Metro. Jurnal Al-Fthin diterbitkan dua kali dalam satu tahun edisi 1 Januari-Juni dan edisi 2 Juli-Desember. Tim redaksi menyambut baik kontribusi artikel seputar kajian kebahasaan maupun kesusastraan Arab dari para ilmuwan, sarjana, professional, dan peneliti untuk dipublikasikan dan disebarluaskan setelah melalui mekanisme seleksi naskah, telaah mitra bestari, dan proses penyuntingan.
Articles 64 Documents
Uslub Dialogis Kisah Nabi Musa As. Dalam al-Qur’an Yuli Irsyadul Ibad
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 3 No 01 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1331.461 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v3i01.2318

Abstract

The Qur'an was revealed by Allah Swt. to the Prophet Muhammad Saw. in a very fluent language, Arabic with all its amazing characteristics. in the story of the Qur'an we find many verses that are dialogues between Allah Swt. and His messengers, between the apostles and his people, between pious people and others. And this conversation has a profound impact on the speaker as well as on the listener. In the revelation of God that the Qur'an there are many perfect stories, among the stories of the Qur'an ‎ which is very amazing and filled with mystery is the story and dialogue between the Prophet Moses with his people, the Prophet Moses with God, the Prophet Moses with Prophet Khidir and others. With the Balaghah Science approach, we can find that the words and dialogue of the Apostles can be used as guidelines and role models for us when communicating thoughts, ideas, intentions, feelings, and emotions directly in the world of education or for society. On this occasion the author will only examine the dialogue in the story of the Prophet Moses contained in the Qur'an ‎ with the aim to be more focused and not too long discussion. There is also a Balaghah qualitative research that specializes in Ma'ani knowledge, more precisely about Ijaz and Ithnab, with the hope of obtaining in-depth and detailed results. After the author conducted research on Ijaz and Ithnab in the conversation on the story of Moses in the Qur'an, the writer got several results, including that in the Qur'an there are 22 ijaz, 13 for ijaz qashr and 9 for ijazhadzfu. And there are 33 for ithnab, namely 3 for al-Idhahba'dal ibham (explanation after the unclear ones), 2 for dzikrul khas ba’dal ‘am(mentioning those that are specific after the general nature), 5 for tadzyil , 6 for takmil, 1 for tatmim, 5 for i'tiradh and 8 for tikrar. In the ijaz and ithnab there are many secrets, deep meanings, and enormous value. The purpose of ijaz and ithnab is to summarize, glorify, glorify, praise, criticize, strengthen meaning, explain meanings and others.
Akuisisi Bahasa Arab Pada Tataran Gramatika dan Rasa Bahasa Bagi Pembelajar Non Arab Mukhlis Anshari
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (451.758 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i01.1192

Abstract

Acquisition of Arabic language at the level of language sense that the acquisition of language that has reached the stage of intact understanding of the context of the meaning of each word and phrase delivered by the native speakers both verbally and non verbally. Verbally, it means that a learner understands what the native speakers say. While the meaning of non vebal, the language conveyed by the native speakers in the form of papers, in the form of books or literary manuscripts
Iplementasi Strategi Mimicrymemorization pada Pembelajaran Mufradat Bahasa Arab bagi Siswa Madrasah Ibtidaiyahmin 7 Bandar Lampung Koderi Koderi; Erni Zuliana; Arif Budiman
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 4 No 01 (2021)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v4i01.3448

Abstract

Abstract This research was motivated by the difficulty and weakness of the Ibtidaiyah students' mastery of mufradat in learning Arabic. The formulation of the application "How to apply the mimicry memorization strategies to improve the mastery of Arabic mufradat for third grade students of Islamic Senior High School? The research objective was to see whether the Memorization Mimicry strategy was able to improve the students' mastery of Arabic mufradat in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. This research uses Classroom Action Research, two cycles, each cycle of two meetings, with stages of planning, implementation, observation and reflection. The research subjects of class III MIN 7 Bandar Lampung, according to the understanding of 24 people. Observation data techniques, documentation and tests. The data analysis used was descriptive, namely data reduction, data presentation and conclusions. The results showed an increase in students' mastery of mufradat, namely that in the first cycle the average score of the students was 50% and the second cycle increased to 71%. The application that the application of the mimicry memorization strategy can improve the mastery of Arabic mufradat in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah students.
Kitābu Al-‘Ain: Metode Penggunaan dan Pengaruhnya Dalam Perkembangan Kosakata Bahasa Arab Prabowo Adi Widayat
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 01 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.397 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i2.1424

Abstract

The development of language in a group or community is influenced by the systematic changes in daily interaction and communication. Dictionaries become a documentation of language development through syntactic and morphological aspects and then recorded. Kitab al-‘ain written and compiled by Syaikh Khalil has provided a treasure of Arabic vocabulary which is certainly very useful for those who are observers of Arabic and studying it. The formation and alteration of Arabic vocabulary always begins with phonetic aspects which are then documented in the form of writings that are recorded. Therefore, the dictionary as the end result of the lecsycographic work is to gather all the vocabulary in a language and make the dictionary as the container of a set of vocabulary that has a cultural background that serves to accommodate the concepts of Culture of the speaking community. The morphological process of Arabic vocabulary in the dictionary aims to bind utterances which often are not maintained by the formation process so that with the emergence of an Arabic dictionary the order of language is good and correct will always be realized and maintained. Lexicology became the pioneer of the study in the lexicography. It is part of a language study that focuses the research of vocabulary and its meaning as well as its relevance with the dictionary drafting process.
Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab Menggunakan E-Learning Puji rahayu
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 3 No 02 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v3i02.2415

Abstract

Berbahasa merupakan media terpenting bagi manusia untuk melakukan interaksi dengan orang lain. Setiapanakmanusiapadadasarnyamempunyaikemampuanuntukmenguasaisetiapbahasa, walaupundalamkadardandorongan yang berbeda. Adapundiantaraperbedaan-perbedaantersebutadalahtujuan-tujuanpengajaran yang ingindicapai, kemampuandasar yang dimiliki, motivasi yang ada di dalamdiridanminatsertaketekunannyamempelajaribahasaasingakanlebihsulitdifahamidaripadabahasaIbu (BahasaSendiri) karenaselain kosa kata yang jarangdigunakan, struktur kata dankalimatpunmemerlukanwaktukhususuntukdipelajari. Olehsebabitu, pengajaranBahasaAsingdalamlembaga formal dan informal memerlukanmetodepengajaran yang tepatsesuaidengantujuanumumpengajaran bahasaitusendiri.E-learning adalah suatu sistem atau konsep pendidikan yang memanfaatkan teknologi informasi dalam proses belajar mengajar khusunya pembelajaran bahasa arab dimasa pandemi saat ini. اللغة هي الوسيلة الأكثر أهمية بالنسبة للبشر للتفاعل مع الآخرين. كل طفل بشري لديه القدرة على إتقان كل لغة ، على الرغم من اختلاف المستويات والإلحاحات. من بين هذه الاختلافات ، الأهداف التعليمية التي يجب تحقيقها ، والقدرات الأساسية التي تمتلكها ، والدافع الكامن في الداخل ، والاهتمام بتعلم لغة أجنبية والمثابرة عليها سيكونان أكثر صعوبة في الفهم من اللغة الأم (اللغة الخاصة) لأنه بالإضافة إلى المفردات النادرة تستخدم بنية الكلمات والجمل وقتًا خاصًا للتعلم. لذلك ، فإن تعليم اللغات الأجنبية في المؤسسات الرسمية وغير الرسمية يتطلب طرق تدريس مناسبة وفقًا للأهداف العامة لتدريس اللغة نفسها. التعلم الإلكتروني هو نظام أو مفهوم تعليمي يستخدم تكنولوجيا المعلومات في عملية التعليم والتعلم ، وخاصة تعلم اللغة العربية أثناء الوباء الحالي.
Linguistik Perspektif Ferdinand De Saussure dan Ibn Jinni Dian Risky Amalia
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 02 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (774.848 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i02.1900

Abstract

Many studies of scientists who study the thoughts of Ferdinand De Saussure and Ibn Jinni on linguistics in particular, because both of them are monumental figures with real contributions in the civilization of linguistics or linguistics. Uncovering both theoretically is very influential in the development of linguistics. The father of modern linguistics is Ferdinand de Saussure, and the famous Arabic linguist, Ibn Jinni, the thoughts of the two figures become a valuable heritage in the world of scientific scholarship. The research method used is the library research. Researchers collect primary and secondary data in processing research material. Ferdinand de Saussure with his achievements as a linguist has laid the foundations of linguistic thinking such as langue-parole, significant-signified, arbitrary-motivated, and syntagmatic-paradigmatic. And so is Ibn Jinni who has formulated various terminologies about differences Kalam and Qaul, al-Luhgah ‘language’, arbiters as the basis for selecting letters and also word planners, and qiyas made it a method of creating new languages. Both figures equally consider the interrelationship of language and time, and the influence of social forces that influence language so that Saussure began the study of language by synchronic methods, not just diachronic. Where Ibn Jinni also uses social ta'lil, which is all returned to the speakers of the language it selfs. This research contributes in establishing linguistics that cannot be separated from the time and social that exists in that place.
Prinsip-Prinsip Filsafat Bahasa dan Etika Dalam Pemaknaan Kalam Ibnu Malik Muhammad War’i
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 02 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.708 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i2.1203

Abstract

This paper aims to elaborate on the meaning (interpretation) thought behind the understanding of word by Ibn Malik in relation to the principles of the philosophy of language and ethics. The method used in this paper is hermenetuic of Recour method that emphasizes the process of interpretation of meaning. The analysis showed that the principle of the philosophy of language implicit in it is a whole language is a language that has a form of material and immaterial as well as consistency between speech and action. The implied ethical principles is that people should be able to maintain the principle of individual and always in the context of social care and should always be consistent with what was said. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengelaborasi makna (interpretasi) dibalik pemaknaan kalam ibnu Malik kaitannya dengan prinsip-prinsip filsafat bahasa dan etika. Metode yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini adalah metode hermenetuika Recour yang menekankan pada proses interpretasi makna. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa prinsip filsafat bahasa yang tersirat di dalamnya adalahbahasa yang utuh yaitu bahasa yang memiliki wujud materi dan immateri serta konsistensiantara tuturan dan tindakan. Adapun prinsip etika yang tersirat adalah bahwa manusia harus bisa menjaga prinsipnya secara individu dan selalu peduli dalam konteks sosial serta harus selalu konsisten dengan apa yang dikatakan.
Evaluasi Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Arab di Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs) Nurkholis Nurkholis
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 2 No 02 (2019)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (991.219 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v2i02.1907

Abstract

Kurikulum adalah seperangkat kerangka sebuah tujuan pendidikan yang akan menentukan arah dan warna suatu pendidikan. Kurikulum harus dapat menjawab kebutuhan masyarakat luas dalam menghadapi persoalan kehidupan yang dihadapi, sehingga peninjauan dan perubahan kurikulum secara berkala adalah sebuah keniscayaan. Kurikulum yang terbaru saat ini dinamakan dengan Kurikulum 2013, dan sudah diterapkan di seluruh sekolah/madrasah di Indonesia. Penerapan Kurikulum yang tergolong baru dan sedikit berbeda dengan kurikulum-kurikulum sebelumnya, membutuhkan kerja ekstra bagi para pemangku kepentingan termasuk para guru. Mata pelajaran Bahasa Arab adalah salah satu mata pelajaran yang wajib diajarkan di semua jenjang madrasah dan merupakan pelajaran yang menggunakan Kurikulum 2013. Berdasarkan faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi keberhasilan suatu implementasi kurikulum di sekolah yaitu kompetensi dan pengalaman serta tingkat pendidikan guru/kepala sekolah sebenarnya sudah sesuai begitu juga dengan dukungan dari masing-masing komite sekolah. Adapun dalam hal kelengkapan sarana dan dan prasarana, dukungan anggaran serta infrastruktur kurikulum itu sendiri, mayoritas madrasah-madrasah masih sangat minim sehingga akan menjadi kendala dalam proses pengimplementasian kurikulum 2013 yang membutuhkan sarana prasarana yang memadai terutama terkait dengan teknologi dan informasi.
Hubungan Menghafal Al-Quran dengan Kemampuan Bahasa Arab di Pesantren Dempo Darul Muttaqien Yuniarti Yuniarti
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 3 No 02 (2020)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v3i02.3098

Abstract

This research is motivated by the Arabic language education process on the relationship between Arabic and memorizing the Al quran which takes time, starting at the right time and ending when after reciting the meaning of the sentence in the verse of the Al quran. In the process of memorizing, namely writing down the verse, listening to the meaning and pronouncing it according to the rules. If the memorization process is done properly connecting Arabic and the Al quran correctly, the results will be good too. The purpose of memorizing the Al quran is to maintain the word of Allah Almighty by understanding the purpose and benefits of memorizing and besides being able to understand Arabic from existing verse fragments. After memorizing through the meaning of words, there will be an inhibiting factor in memorizing the Al quran for students of Dempo Darul Muttaqin Islamic Boarding School because students do not understand Arabic or students who cannot read the Al quran .This type of research is a qualitative study, namely a research procedure that produces data in the form of data collection in variables but sees it as part of a whole. In the data collection technique in this study, various techniques were used, using the method of observation, interviews and documentation. The data analysis procedure used in this research is qualitative analysis. The results of the research obtained the following results: how the relationship between learning Arabic and the memorization process has been done quite well, here it can be seen that there are various processes carried out by the school such as finding teachers who are competent in teaching, facilitating the media either the blackboard, the speakers used or a word guide book, either the Mahmud Yunus dictionary or the word Quran as a medium.
Gaya Bahasa Ddalam Lirik Lagu Shalawat Nissa Sabyan dan Implikasinya Terhadap Studi Stilistika (Ilmu Uslub) Akhad Syahid; Ika Selviana
Al-Fathin: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab Vol 1 No 02 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.706 KB) | DOI: 10.32332/al-fathin.v1i2.1274

Abstract

The Dimension of Cretivity is a condition, or condition that is particularly characteristic and almost impossible to formulate completely, which the meaning is never fully understood, because each child has a level of creativity. Creativity involves the synthesis of all these functions. The section presented here is an integrative model that includes four basic functions: (a) national thinking, (b) emotional development or high-level feelings, (c) development of special talents in the mental and physical life, and (d) the high degree of consciousness resulting in the use of imagination, fantasy, and break-through at the state of consciousness or unconsciousness. The semantics mean the theory of meaning or theory of meaning. Various kinds of complicated problems such as hostility, anger, resentment, humiliation, killing and even war in the world community generally and the people of Indonesia in particular occurs due to mistakes in saying words and sentences that berdampat on the meaning of words and sentences are diverse to cause conflict between hostility and hatred among ethnic communities and religion. It is a phrase Arabic proverb which means "The word can penetrate something that can not be penetrated by a needle", and also the expression "The survival of a person lies in how he keeps his mouth and his words".