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Contact Name
Muhammad Ridwan
Contact Email
bukharyahmedal@gmail.com
Phone
+6281375313465
Journal Mail Official
bukharyahmedal@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Komplek Jasari Muslim Jl. Perjuangan, Bandar Klippa, Percut Sei Tuan, Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Sumatera Utara 20371, Indonesia
Location
Unknown,
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INDONESIA
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN : 26151715     EISSN : 26153076     DOI : DOI: https://doi.org/10.33258/birci
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal) : Humanities and Social Sciences is a peer-reviewed journal published in February, May, August and November by Budapest International Research and Critics University Journal (BIRCU-Journal). BIRCI welcomes research papers in Humanities: Language and Linguistics, History, Literature, Performing Art, Philosophy, Religion, Visual Arts. Social Sciences: Economics, Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology, Geography, Culture and Ethics Studies, Gender and Sexuality Studies, Area Studies, Archaeology, and other related areas and it is published in both online and printed versions.
Articles 5,218 Documents
Agenda Empowerment of People in Tarmizi Taher Point of View Mawardi Mawardi; Hasyimsyah Hasyimsyah; Amroeni Drajat
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 2, No 4 (2019): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute November
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v2i4.598

Abstract

This study aims to explore agenda empowerment of people in Tarmizi Taher point of view. Tarmizi Taher in his book harmony of religious life and study of religions, that religious harmony can be formed by supporting harmonious religious communities, it is necessary for clerics, da’i (preachers), priests, priests and other religious leaders to instill to people about the inevitability of religious pluralism in social life. That the diversity of religions is a fact that cannot be denied. So the consequence is that every religious community has an obligation to recognize and respect other religions, without the need to elevate or demean a religion. The result shows that in Tarmizi Taher's view, community empowerment can be done by providing skills education conducted by the government so that people can compete with the advancement of science and technology.
Legal Protection of Workers' Rights for Worship from the Perspective of Positive Criminal Law and Islamic Criminal Law Arifuddin Muda Harahap
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 4 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute November
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i4.1328

Abstract

This study aims to determine how the provisions of the implementation of workers' rights to worship. Starting from several violations of workers' rights to worship that occurred in Indonesia. This study will also discuss the legal consequences if a person/ entrepreneur obstructs the workers 'right to worship, as well as factors that hinder the fulfillment of workers' rights to worship. This research uses a type of normative and library research, using a descriptive analytic type of research, which focuses on cases of violations of workers' rights to worship that have previously occurred in Indonesia, and then analyzed based on statutory regulations and Islamic law. The results of this study indicate that the rights of workers to worship have been regulated and guaranteed in various legal instruments in Indonesia, both according to Islamic law and statutory regulations. Every worker and employer is required to know the rights and obligations of workers and employers, as well as to know the factors that hinder the fulfillment of workers' rights to worship.
Social Status Shift and Collapse of Uleebalang in Aceh of 1900-1946 Muhammad Muhammad; Sukiman Sukiman; Irwansyah Irwansyah
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute May
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v2i2.235

Abstract

This paper explores the Social Status Shift and Collapse of Uleebalang in Aceh of 1900-1946. The conflict between ulama and ulebalang increasingly entered a critical phase, especially after news of Japan's defeat. This research is conducted by using qualitative research design. The results shows that the surrender of the uleebalang did not dampen the ulama's determination to continue to expel the Dutch from the land of Aceh in various regions, both in Aceh City, Pidie, North Aceh, West Aceh, Central Aceh and Southeast Aceh fall on the battlefield. The Aceh War had a great impact on the people of Aceh, especially the scholars. The direct impact of the Aceh war can be seen from the division of ulama into three groups, there are 1) The ulama who was the Kadli in the government of the uleebalang who recognized Dutch sovereignty; 2) The ulama who only give religious lessons in dayah-dayah; and 3) The ulama who still continued the struggle against the Dutch. In addition, the fundamental impact is the strengthening of the position of ulama in Acehnese society. Another impact is the widening of the distance between the ulama and the uleebalang. The Dutch tried to break the Acehnese community through politics.
The Effectiveness Implementation of Package Payment System (INA-CBGs) at Inpatient Installation of RSUD Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh Herianti Herianti; Said Usman; Irwan Saputra; Safrizal Rahman; Marthonies Marthonies
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 3 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute August
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i3.1110

Abstract

Regional General Hospital Dr. Zainoel Abidin (RSUDZA) is one of the public service installations that provide direct health services to the community, especially outpatient and inpatient services. RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin has implemented a package payment system (INA-CBGs) since January 2014. One of the management elements of implementing this system is planning. Planning (planning) is a process that is very important of all other management functions, which specifically includes the actions to be carried out in order to achieve goals. This study uses a mixed method that uses a combination of descriptive quantitative research and qualitative research with a phenomenological approach through in-depth interviews with informants (in-depth interview). The data used to assess the effectiveness of implementing package payment systems (INA-CBGs) is secondary data taken from hospital medical records. The statistical results assess the frequency distribution by comparing the effectiveness before and after the implementation of the package payment system (INA-CBGs) at RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh. The results showed the INA-CBG system was more effective than the Fee for Service (FFS) payment system. The results of this study indicate an increase in efficiency based on service indicators before / after the application of the INA-CBG system, namely (BOR: 75% / 72%, AvLOS: 5 days / 4 days, TOI: 2 days / 1 day, BTO: 46 times / 58 times, GDR: 6 per 1000 patients with discharge / 27 per 1000 patients with discharge, and NDR: 8 per 1000/21 per 1000). It can be concluded that the planning process (planning) of the implementation of the package payment system (INA-CBGs) which has been implemented well by the RSUD Dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh, including the provision of adequate Human Resources (HR), provision of adequate facilities (infrastructure and facilities), the process of formulating and forming strategies and the process of preparing the budget. The implication of implementing this system has been to be able to increase the efficiency of hospital service performance.
The Pedagogical Competence Skills of Biology Teacher Candidates Kukuh Munandar; Muslimin Ibrahim; Leny Yuanita
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 1, No 3 (2018): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute October
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v1i3.47

Abstract

The research on "Pedagogical Competence Skills of Biology Teacher Candidates" aims to identify the pedagogical competence profile of biology teacher candidates in biology learning to prepare them in this 21st century. The results of the research are used as: 1) suggestion for stakeholders to improve pedagogical competence of biology teacher candidates, 2) reflection of learning in the department of Biology Education, and 3) recommendation for further research in the development and empowerment of prospective teachers, especially biology teacher. To achieve these goals, this research uses qualitative research method with quantitative descriptive analysis. The data collection instruments are: 1) pedagogical self-evaluation questionnaire, 2) assessment sheets of learning device, 3) assessment sheets of teaching learning process, and 4) teachers’ self-confidence assessment sheets. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that the category of pedagogical ability of the students of biology teacher candidates in the assessment is very good (= 3.77 scale 4). Meanwhile, the category of the self-evaluation assessment of prospective biology teacher students is good (= 3.87 scale 5). However, the category of the use of ICT-based learning media is enough  (= 2.2 scale 5).
Cultural Materialism in Lorca’s Poetry Soqandi, Mahnaz; Basirizadeh, Fatemeh Sadat
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 2 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute May
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i2.879

Abstract

The aim of the present research is to investigate Lorca’s poem from cultural materialist point of view. To do so, the researcher investigates how culture and social mechanism function in the context in which the poems have been written. Cultural materialism attempts to investigate different aspects of society, art, economy, language, and politics from an external point of view and analyze them to find out how identity and self are shaped accordingly. Cultural materialism is demonstrated in different categories including gender, ethnic studies, postmodernism, postcolonialism, and other fields. Cultural materialism highlights the relation between a work of art and the ideological system in which it has been created. In other words, cultural, social, religious and several other factors must be accounted for while interpreting a work of art. Consequently, how cultural dogma functions within fine arts in order to produce the internal textures is uncovered through cultural materialism. In Lorca’s poems, the contents have symbolic and metaphoric mechanisms which can be interpreted through material analysis.
Relationship between Leadership, Motivation, and Public Services Hartati, Tati
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 2, No 4 (2019): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute November
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v2i4.611

Abstract

Public administration has a strategic value for administrators of government, development, and service to the community so that the need for effective, coordinated and sustainable public administration services. To achieve these objectives, a good motivation is needed from subdistrict head as the leader. The public administration service is apparently still not optimal. It happens because by the implementation of motivation has not been done optimally, based on the principles of motivation. This study used descriptive quantitative research methods with scoring techniques. The data collected was the primary data through questionnaire techniques and the secondary data through documentation and other supporting data. In this study, the samples were all employees in Argapura, Majalengka. The obtained results explained that the implementation of motivation by the sub-district head of Argapura based on the principles of motivation only reached the results of 61.5% which "Good Enough". Meanwhile, the effectiveness of public administration services obtained as much as 59% in which it only achieved "Good Enough". Thus, the motivation achieving a good enough predicate will influence the effectiveness of public administration services also achieving good enough results as well.
Indonesian Muslim Youth Identity Construction in Indonesian Religious Films Fadhillah Sri Meutia; Jalaluddin Jalaluddin
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 4 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute November
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i4.1332

Abstract

This paper seeks to describe the development of cultural sociology studies from a media perspective as a response to technological developments and globalization to see today's screen culture. Interestingly, it examines the encounters of American, European, Asian and Muslim cultures through Indonesian screen culture. The researcher chose the film Ayat-Ayat Cinta, as a study material because it got the attention of contemporary Indonesian Muslim audiences, making it interesting to observe. This research examines the workings of Indonesian popular religious films in shaping public opinion regarding the rise of post-Islamism by educated young Indonesian Muslims. The integration between Islam and consumption of popular culture is significantly studied in this study. Through text observation, This research finds that the relationship between religion and popular culture is not a simple cause and effect relationship. Through the perspective of semiotics and the theory of reality construction from Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann, this study suggests that Indonesian Muslim youths shape themselves as subjects of modern Islam. This adjustment is modified from certain values offered by Islamic films very subtly.
Study of Hadith Living in All Islamic Boarding Schools in Medan, Indonesia Ahmad Faisal; Ramli Abdul Wahid; Sulidar Sulidar
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute May
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v2i2.252

Abstract

Hadith for Muslims is an important thing because in it revealed various traditions that developed during the time of the Prophet. Traditions that lived during the prophetic period refer to the person of the Prophet. as a messenger of Allah SWT. In it the conditions for various Islamic teachings, therefore, sustainability continues to run and develop until now along with human needs. The continuation of the tradition is so that humanity today can understand, record and implement guidance on Islamic teachings that are in accordance with what the Prophet Muhammad exemplified. Practices of worship carried out are sources of arguments. Therefore, Friday azan twice is a sunnah (habit) which was revived during the leadership of Caliph Usman bin Affan. Because at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. the usual Friday call to prayer is only one time. The reason why Usman did this was because of the progress of the Islamic region and the increasingly busy activities of Muslims. So to perform Friday prayers is not enough to call only once.
The Relationship between Madrasah Head Leadership with the Teacher's Effectiveness in State MTs 2 Medan M. Idrus Hasibuan; Nuraini Nuraini
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 3 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute August
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i3.1132

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine (1) How the implementation of madrasa head leadership in MTs Negeri 2 Medan, (2) How the effectiveness of teacher work in MTs Negeri 2 Medan, and (3) The relationship between madrasa head leadership with the effectiveness of teacher work in MTs Negeri 2 Medan . The hypothesis proposed in this study is: "There is a Positive and Significant Relationship between Madrasah Head Leadership and the Effectiveness of Teacher's Work in MTs Negeri 2 Medan." The study population was all teachers in MTs Negeri 2 Medan. To determine the sample size the total sampling technique was used and a sample of 79 teachers was obtained as research respondents. The method used in this research is quantitative research methods with descriptive statistical techniques. The instrument was designed in the form of a questionnaire for the madrasa head leadership variables and teacher work effectiveness. Data are analyzed through correlation techniques. The results of the analysis show that there is a relationship between the leadership of the madrasa head and the work effectiveness of MTs Negeri 2 Medan teachers by 0, 940 through the regression analysis of the madrasah headship leadership contributed significantly to the work effectiveness of MTs teachers. Negeri 2 Medan, namely 0.9402 x 100% = 88.36%. While the regression equation isÝ = 18.25 + 0.78X means that the higher the leadership of the madrasa head, the higher the work effectiveness of MTs Negeri 2 Medan teachers.

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