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Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings
Published by Future Science
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern" : 11 Documents clear
Test of Various Mole Concentrations of Bamboo Shoots on the Production of Large Chili (Capsicum annum L.) Hadi Suhardjono; Ida Retno Moeljani; Guniarti
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1501

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of giving MOL bamboo shoots and to find out the pattern of similarities due to the MOL concentration of bamboo shoots on the growth and yield of large chili plants. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and 3 replications consisting of K0 (0 0/00), K1 (10 0/00), K2 (20 0/00), K3 (30 0/00), K4(40 0/00). Parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, number of productive branches, fruitsset, number of fruits and fruit weight. The data analysis technique used analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression to determine the pattern of equations due to concentration. The results showed: 1). Giving MOL bamboo shoots has an effect on increasing the growth and productivity of chili plants, 2). The most effective MOL concentration of bamboo shoots to increase growth and production of chili plants was 39.23 0/00.
Variety of Rice Paddy Growth Characters in Various Regions in Banyumas Risqa Naila Khusna Syarifah; Agus Suroto; Dina Istiqomah; Ida Widiyawati
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1502

Abstract

This study aims to determine the distribution of rice plant growth characters in various areas in Banyumas Regency. The research took place from February to August 2021 in all sub-districts of Banyumas Regency. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 replications. The factor tested is the difference in location in the sub-district in Banyumas Regency. The variables observed included the character of rice plant growth (plant height, number of tillers, leaf length and leaf width. The results showed that plant height, number of tillers, leaf length and width showed significantly different results between locations (districts) in Banyumas Regency. Height The best plants, leaf length and leaf width were shown in rice plants in Gumelar District, while the highest number of tillers was shown by rice plants in Pekuncen District.
Production of Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) Bonanza Variety on Planting Distance Setting and The Use of NPK Fertilizer Carolina Rosa Siallagan; Sutini Sutini; Didik Utomo Pribadi; Ramadhani Mahendra Kusuma
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1503

Abstract

Sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) cultivation can be done through variety selection technology use, fertilization, and the proper planting distance. One of the techniques used in sweet corn cultivation is planting distance and fertilization with NPK fertilizer. So, this study is critical in order to set the planting distance and NPK fertilizer dose to enhance sweet corn production. The goal of this study was to see how different planting distances and NPK fertilizer doses affected sweet corn production. The study was carried out in a rice field in Sambiroto Village, Padas District, at an elevation of ± 60 meters above sea level. It was conducted during January-May 2019. The method used was a factorial experiment with three replications based on a Randomized Block Design and two factors. The first factor is the planting distance, they are J1: 60 cm x 15 cm, J2: 60 cm x 20 cm, J3: 60 cm x 25 cm. The second factor is the NPK fertilizer dose, they are P0 = 0 kg / ha, P1 = 100 kg / ha, P2 = 200 kg / ha, P3 = 300 kg / ha. The results showed that (1) the J2 (60 x 20 cm) planting distance had the best effect on sweet corn cobs fresh weight per plant as well as per hectare without husks and sweet corn sugar content. (2) The NPK fertilizer dose of 300 kg/ha and planting distance of 60 x 20 cm resulted in optimal production on sugar content parameters. In conclusion, planting distance setting of 60 x 20 cm and NPK fertilizer dose of 300 kg / ha resulted in optimal production for sweet corn plant.
Prospects of Biological Control of Green Ladybugs (Nezara viridula) Using Streptomyces spp. Laksamana Agadhia Raharjo; Penta Suryaminarsih; Dita Megasari
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1504

Abstract

Ecosystem damage due to the use of chemical pesticides increases every year, therefore alternative searches need to be known and developed. APH (Biological Control Agency) is a beneficial microbe that can control pest and disease populations. Streptomyces spp. Is a gram-positive soil bacterium that can be used against green ladybugs because Streptomyces spp. Able to produce chitinase enzymes that can break down chitin compounds in Exo – Skeleton Arthropod animals The purpose of this study was to determine the prospects for the use of Streptomyces spp. as APH of green shieldbugs.The description of this article includes: research results of Streptomyces spp., morphology, bio-ecology and bio-molecular green shieldbugs (Nezara viridula), as well as prospects for the use of Streptomyces spp. the results show that the use of Streptomyces spp. is able to control green ladybugs, because the chitinase enzyme produced can break down the chitin compound.The development of Streptomyces spp. has a lot of space, developments in the production of chitinase enzymes can be implemented and have clear potential.
Standard Evaluation of Damage to Critical Lands in Medium Plains in Pasuruan Regency Maroeto; Rossyda Priyadarshini; Wahyu Santoso
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1505

Abstract

Critical land is land that is currently not or less productive in terms of agricultural use, because its management and use does not or does not pay attention to soil conservation principles. Based on the level of physical damage to the soil, critical land is land that has lost the fertile top soil due to erosion, so that the land becomes unproductive. The procedure for measuring land damage due to human actions in agricultural, plantation, forestry, and city park areas has been regulated in the Minister of Environment Regulation No. 07 of 2006. In Government Regulation no. 150 of 2000, the control of terrestrial environmental damage can be grouped into a preventive approach and a reactive approach. The purpose of this research is to identify the criticality level in terms of the Damage Standard in the Medium Plain, Pasuruan Regency comprehensively and interrelated. This type of research is a survey research, the research focuses on identifying in terms of the Damage Standard, the location in this study is deliberately (purposive area sampling) set. in the medium-land area of ??Pasuruan Regency which was identified as critical land with a total area of ??1,949.79 Ha covering two areas, namely Purwodadi and Purwosari Districts. The two areas have 3 land use units including plantation agricultural activities, rainfed rice fields, and dry fields in Pasuruan Regency, the measurement guideline is based on the PERMEN LH guideline No. 07 of 2006 measuring the level of soil damage for biomass products. The conclusions obtained 1. Medium plains based on the results of the Interrelation of Critical Land Evaluation Parameters on the Distribution of Agricultural Land, the biophysical limiting factor that is the main obstacle so that land degradation occurs and land use that is not in accordance with its designation on mediumland agricultural land. 2. Land that meets the critical criteria according to observations shows that it reduces the quality of land for moderate damage, has problems with surface rock, degree of water release, redox and the number of microbes (bacteria) as a result of intensive processing. 3. Land conservation efforts are an alternative option in land management, reducing the use of inorganic pesticides and fungicides, making irrigation and drainage channels to avoid water saturation, giving organic fertilizers and selecting plants according to land characteristics so that water availability and land productivity can be increased.
Prospect of Utilization of Microorganisms Streptomyces sp. and Trichoderma sp. in Supporting Sustainable Agriculture in the Age of Modern Agriculture Arga Dwi Indrawan; Penta Suryaminarsih; Tri Mujoko
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1506

Abstract

The geographical condition of Indonesia's agriculture in the tropics supports agricultural business throughout the year through agricultural intensification. Agricultural intensification brings benefits to agricultural productivity, but also causes farmers to be dependent on pesticides and inorganic fertilizers in excess, causing long-term degradation of agricultural land productivity. Susstainable Agriculture is an approach to increase agricultural productivity while still being friendly to the agricultural ecosystem. Sustainable agriculture can be achieved through the preservation of agricultural resources, one of which is the use of beneficial microorganisms. Stre ptomyces sp. and Trichoderma sp. is a multi-role microorganism as a supporter of plant growth, biological agent in pest control, and helps increase soil fertility. The use of these microorganisms has good prospects for sustainable modern agriculture in order to achieve food security but also has obstacles that need to be overcome through further research.
Utilization of Fobio and Streptomyces sp. in Improving the Growth of Shallots Sri Wiyatiningsih; Penta Suryaminarsih; Gusdino Hasyidan
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1507

Abstract

Shallots (Allium ascalonicum L.) is a spice vegetable commodity that is needed by the community as a cooking spice to increase the taste of eating pleasure and for traditional medicines that are efficacious for health. Control using chemicals is believed to be effective in overcoming pathogen attacks, but the continuous addition of chemical pesticides will have a negative impact on the environment and consumers. To deal with the negative impact of the use of these chemicals, namely by applying a sustainable farming system that was originally a conventional farming system and includes organic agriculture (Fobio biopesticide application) and biological (Application of Streptomyces sp. biological agents). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the formulation of the biopesticide Fobio and the biological agent Streptomyces sp. to increase the growth of leeks and minimize the negative impact of using fungicides in Bulugunung Village, Plaosan District, Magetan Regency but still have the potential for maximum harvest success. The study was conducted from March to May 2021. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments with 6 replications. Each experimental unit consisted of 100 plants. Observation parameters consisted of leaf height and number of leaves of shallot plants. The results showed that the application of biopesticide Fobio and biological agents Streptomyces sp. did not significantly affect the height of the shallot plant and had a significant effect on the number of leaves of the shallot plant
Preliminary Yield Test of Sweetpotato Promising Clones Rich in Potassium Febria Cahya Indriani; Joko Restuono; Wiwit Rahajeng; Purwono
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1508

Abstract

Sweet potato is one of the food commodities that prospective for food diversification and export. Another potential is its high nutritional content so it is useful as a healthy functional food, Potassium content in sweetpotato is known good for human health. The objective of this research was to obtain the information about yield and morphological characteristics of the promising clones of sweetpotato with rich in potassium. The research was carried out in Paras village, Poncokusumo, Malang district, East Java, at dry season I in 2019. The 40 promising clones including four check varieties were arranged in randomized block design with three replications. The results showed that there was a significant effect of clones on the observed variables. The tuber weight variable per plot showed a range of 9.07 -26.93 kg/plot, there were about twenty clones that had tuber weight more than check varieties that is Kidal, Beta 2 and Antin 2. Based on the morphological characters of the tubers, the promising clones selected generally had the colour of orange flesh.
Pathogenicity of Entomopathogenic Nematodes (NEP) Results of In Vitro Propagation Using Egg Yolk Media Against Mustard Caterpillar Plutella xylostella Mohamad Hipti; Wiludjeng Widajati; Sri Wiyatiningsih; Ramadhani Mahendra Kusuma
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1509

Abstract

Decreased mustard plant production is inseparable from the presence of plant pests and disease, one of which is Plutella xylostella. This pest can reduce the yield by 30-40%, even in some cases found to experience crop failure. Generally, in the community, controlling pests is using chemical pesticides. However, excessive use of chemical pesticides harms the environment and triggers health problems in humans, So, biological control is needed. One of them is an entomopathogenic nematode (NEP). Advantages Nematodes are environmentally friendly and are fast in crippling their host, but the multiplication of entomopathogenic nematodes encounters many obstacles, so research on these alternatives is needed. This research was carried out to determine the pathogenicity of entomopathogenic Nematodes cultured from the egg yolk media on Plutella xylostella larvae, then developed as an effective biocontrol. The pathogenicity test for Plutella xylostella larvae was performed using nine treatments placed in a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with each treatment repeated three times. The study indicate that the four bacterial isolates had the same ability to kill Plutella xylostella larvae during four days of observation, with the greatest percentage of 100 percent and the lowest percentage of 76.7 percent.
Biosensors in Perspective in the New Normal Era: Ultrasonic as an Innovative Early Detection of Fruit Flies Infestation on Sweet Arum Mango Wiwin Windriyanti; Mira Eka Nursandi
Nusantara Science and Technology Proceedings Sains dan Teknologi Pertanian Modern
Publisher : Future Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2021.1510

Abstract

The attack of fruit fly larvae in the flesh of the sweet arum mango can be detected without opening the fruit by a detection method using ultrasonic waves. The characteristics of ultrasonic waves used are attenuation coefficient, speed and zero moment power (Mo). In whole mango, the attenuation coefficient is 36.45 Np/M with ultrasonic wave speed 518.19 m/sec and zero moment power (Mo) 4.58. In its application, the estimation of the damage of the sweet arum mango with ultrasonic waves at the limit of attenuation coefficient of 34.76 Np/M, zero moment power (Mo) 5.60. The estimated attenuation coefficient of more than 34.76 Np/M mango fruit was declared intact, while the attenuation coefficient 34.76 Np/M was thought to have been attacked by fruit fly larvae. At the value of zero moment power (Mo) > 5.6 mangoes are declared intact, but if the Mo is 5.60, it is declared to have been attacked by fruit fly larvae in it. The use of the ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04 is effective in detecting the attack of fruit fly larvae (Bactrocera dorsalis) in the flesh of the sweet arum mango at a distance of 6 cm with a warning sound indicator on the LCD. If the output voltage value on the LCD shows > 30 mV, the buzzer will sound which indicates that the fruit inside has softened due to being attacked by fruit fly larvae or due to impact, on the contrary if the output voltage value is 30 mV and the buzzel does not sound, it indicates the mango is still healthy and intact.

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