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INDONESIA
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Articles 5,497 Documents
The Effect of Spiritual Qur’anic Emotional Freedom Technique (SQEFT) Therapy on Reducing Anxiety Value and Blood Cortisol Levels in NAPZA (Narcotics, Psychotropic, Other Addictive Substances) Residents Asmawati, Veny Hadju; Alimin Maidin; Andi Ummu Salmah; Ridwan Amiruddin; Aminuddin Syam; Muh.Tahir Abdullah
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 2 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.15111

Abstract

Introduction: The patients in general and, in particular, the patients of drug/NAPZA (Narcotics,Psychotropic, and Other Addictive Substances) residents seek spiritual support during illness and undergorehabilitation. Both religion and spirituality are related to positive coping mechanisms (psychological)and exercise (physical). NAPZA (drug) residents undergoing rehabilitation experience anxiety, includingmoderate anxiety and severe anxiety, which can adversely affect physical and mental disorders. Thisresearch aims to determine the effect of Spiritual Qur’anic Emotional Freedom Technique (SQEFT) therapyon reducing anxiety values and blood cortisol levels in NAPZA residents. Method: The experiment wasused with a pre-post control group design, and purposive sampling was as the sampling technique. Thisresearch was conducted at Mandatory Report Recipient Institution (IPWL) Pelita Jiwa Insani Foundationin Padang, consisting of 44 respondents who were divided into two groups, namely the experimental group(n=24) and the control group (n=20). Data were collected using the Hamilton Rating Scale questionnaire todetermine the reduction in anxiety values and venous blood sampling for measuring blood cortisol levels.Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Mann-Whitney test. Results and Analysis:the results of the research on the anxiety variable obtained p-value = 0.004 (p<0.05), which means that thereis a significant difference given the Spiritual Qur’anic Emotional Freedom Technique (SQEFT) therapy inreducing the value of anxiety in NAPZA residents currently undergoing rehabilitation. The cortisol variableresults showed p=0.00 (p<0.05), so it can be interpreted that there is a significant difference in the differencevalue of cortisol in reducing blood cortisol levels in NAPZA residents who are undergoing rehabilitation.Discussion and Conclusion: There is a significant effect of giving Spiritual Qur’anic Emotional FreedomTechnique (SQEFT) therapy on reducing anxiety values and blood cortisol levels in NAPZA residents.
Potential of Chlorogenic Acid from Coffea canephora to Improving Innate Immunity System Components among BALB / c Mice Christina Destri1, Jusak Nugraha2, Muhammad Amin3, Djoko Agus Purwanto4
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13915

Abstract

The aim of this study was to verify the phagocytosis activity which displayed in CD11b and B220 markersand also the markers of erythroid 2 nuclear factor related factor 2 (Nrf2) as a key regulatory transcriptionfactor on various antioxidant gene expressions and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) as an antioxidant markerthat related with protein. Nrf2 plays an important role to inhibit the ROS accumulation and eliminate freeradicals. The active compound of chlorogenic acid in robusta coffee type (Coffea canephora) in IndonesianCoffee and Cocoa Research Center was used in three groups of mice in this study and it was gave differentdose in each groups. The assessment samples were taken from the peritoneal fluid of mice than it wasanalyzed by using Flow Cytometry method to find phagocytosis function and antioxidant activity. Theresults of ANOVA statistical test was p <0.05 in all parameters, this mean that there was indicated that theactive compound of chlorogenic acid in coffee was involved in natural immune system mechanism and itwas seen in increasing of phagocytic activity and antioxidant levels.
Canine-premolar Transposition, Family Pedigree and Related Dental Anomalies Mushriq Abid1 , Samher A. Al-Shaham2, Zaynab MR. Al-Chalabi3
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13841

Abstract

Maxillary canine-premolar transposition is a rare and complicated dental anomaly that needs specialconsideration by the orthodontist. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical features ofmaxillary canine-premolar transposition and report the family pedigree to determine the mode of inheritance.A cross-sectional study was performed on 39 patients having maxillary canine-premolar transposition inwhich both clinical and radiographic examination were performed. Moreover, 112 family members wereclinically examined looking for canine transposition. Variables such as location, sex and the presence ofhypodontia and peg-shaped lateral incisors were investigated. The study found that unilateral transposition(89.7%) was more common than bilateral occurrence (10.2%) affecting the left side (64.1%) more than theright side (35.9%). Females were affected more than males (74.4% and 25.6% respectively). Congenitallymissing teeth were reported in 12.8% and lower second premolar was the most commonly missing tooth.Peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisor was reported in 7.7% of the sample. Family pedigree confirmed thepresence of a history of transposition or ectopically positioned canine in 15.3% of the sample suggestingan autosomal dominant inheritance of the trait. In conclusion this study suggested an association betweengenetic factors and maxillary canine-premolar transposition. Further studies are required using genetictesting to confirm the findings of the present study.
Assessment of Knowledge and Perceived Practice on Using Eco-Friendly Toys among Mothers of Under Five Children Sharadha Ramesh1 , M.Vatchala Devi2
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13818

Abstract

Introduction: Plastic is one of the most toxic substances in the world and there are several hazards of plasticusage. Plastic is a non-biodegradable product and do not decompose by biological actions of microbes. Ittakes about 1,000 years for plastic products to break down. They remain in the same state in the environmentas we throw them whereas e-friendly are environmentally safe because the materials used to create the toysare natural, biodegradable and also recyclable.Objectives of the Study: 1.To assess the level of knowledge on using ecofriendly toys among mothers ofunder five children. 2.To assess the perceived practice on using ecofriendly toys among mothers of underfive children.3.To determine the correlation between knowledge and perceived practice on using ecofriendlytoys among mothers of under five children. 4.To find the association between socio-demographic variablesand the level of knowledge and perceived practice on using ecofriendly toys among mothers of under fivechildren.Methodology: Survey study was conducted among 60 mothers with underfive children at MK Pet, Tiruttani.Non probability convenience sampling technique was used to select the samples. Informed consent wasobtained from all mothers, and made them be aware that information used only for research purpose.Structured interview schedule was conducted to elicit information from the participants.Result: The inferences made are: Majority 40 (67%) had inadequate knowledge, 19 (31%) had moderateknowledge whereas least number 1 (2%) had adequate knowledge on using on ecofriendly toys whereas 24(40%) had fair perceived practice, 23(38%) had poor perceived practice and only 13(22%) had good perceivedpractice on using ecofriendly toys. There was a significant positive correlation between the mean score ofknowledge 381 with S.D 6.35 and the mean score of perceived practice 724 with S.D 12. The calculatedKarl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation r=0.07 was positively significant with low correlation at p < 0.05*level. there was significant association established with the type of family and mothers educational status atthe level of P < 0.05* level. There was no statistically significant association found with the demographicvariables of age of the mother, religion, education, number of children, occupation, monthly income with P< 0.05 *level. The analysis revealed that there was significant association established with the religion andnumber of children variable at the level of P < 0.05* level. There was no statistically significant associationfound with the demographic variables of age, education, monthly income, type of family, number of childrenwith P<0.05* level.
Appropriate Antibiotic Use for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Inpatient Settings and Its Impact on 30-days Readmission and Mortality Rate Rafida Sofi Kamila1, Maftuchah Rochmanti2*, Arief Bakhtiar3
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13817

Abstract

Background: Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a lower respiratory tract infection with bacteriaas the most frequent causative agent. Therapy for pneumonia includes appropriate antibiotic usage.Inappropriate antibiotic use supposedly increase 30-days readmission and mortality rate.Objective: To evaluate the antibiotic use and the impact of appropriate antibiotic use on the 30-daysreadmission and mortality of CAP patients in inpatient non-ICU settings.Method: A cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted. We collected data from Universitas Airlanggahospital’s medical record to obtain the details of antibiotic usage. Result were evaluated using the Gyssensalgorithm. A chi-square test was used to identify the impact of appropriate antibiotic use on the 30-daysreadmission and mortality.Result: A total of 90 patients with CAP fulfilled the inclusion criteria. One gram of ceftriaxone IV wasthe most prescribed antibiotic for therapy of CAP. The amount of appropriate antibiotic use is 85.6%. Fivepatients (5.6%) went through the 30-days readmission. There was no death reported. The statistical testbetween antibiotic use and 30-days readmission obtained p value=0.894 (p>0.05).Conclusion: There was no significant impact of appropriate antibiotic use on the 30-days readmission rateand the mortality rate could not be assessed.
The Role of IL-25 and IL-35 in Amoebiasis Adnan S. Khalaf AL-Majid1 , Alyaa A.Hafez2
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 1 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13816

Abstract

Bacground: Amoebiasis is a protazon infection of the human intestine spread through the world the mostprevelant form of the disease is amebic dysenterywhich characterizes acute diarrhoea with observable bloodand mucus in stools.Aims: This article aimed to detects the role of IL-25 and IL-35 in the immune response against amebicdysentery.Methods: This study was conducted in Thi-Qar province-Al-Nasiriyah city in Muhammad Al-MousawiHospital for Children, the study included collection of (60)blood samples from amebiasis patients and (30)apparently healthy children at a period from September 2019 to March 2020 with the age less than oneyear to 15 years that divides to four age groups, the levels of IL-25 and IL-35 were determined by ELISAtechnique.Results:The results indicate that the IL-25 and IL-35 concentrations in serum samples from amoebiasispatients were significantly higher when compared with that from healthy controls. The highest level of IL-25was recordsin the third age group of patients with level 1677.2 ± 867.2ng /ml,compare with the high level inthe third age group of control with level 450.40 ± 97.31ng /ml.Also, the findings indicates the highest levelof IL-35 records35 in the second age group of patients with level 291.0 ± 62.3ng /ml, while the high levelrecorded in the first age group of control with level 8.246± 0.60 ng /ml.
The Effect of Safety Management Practices Through Safety Knowledge Towards Safety Performance on Workers of Pt. Masmindo Dwi Area Ummu Kamilah; Syamsiar S. Russeng; Masyitha Muis; Yahya Thamrin; Masni; Fridawati Rivai; Rizky Maharja
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 4 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17120

Abstract

Accidents in a workplace are caused by many human errors in form of unsafe behavior. One of the efforts toprevent work accidents is to improve safety performance in form of participation and obedience. Improvementof safety performance in workplace is affected by management and individual factors. Management factoris mainly associated with safety management practices while individual factor is associated with individualcharacteristics and occupational health and safety knowledge and training. This study aims to analyze theeffect of individual factors and safety management practices on safety performance among workers at PT.Masmindo Dwi area. This research is a quantitative research using analytic observational and cross sectionaldesign which was conducted in November-December 2020. Interviews were conducted on 72 workers outof 289 workers. The methods used in assessing safety management practices, individual factors and safetybehavior are questionnaires, observation and interviews. The results showed that there is a direct (p=0,024)and indirect effect (p=0,001) of safety management practices on safety performance with safety knowledgeas a mediating variable. Writer highly advise that in improving safety performance, the management haveto be consistent, show commitments to safety rules and procedures that have been made, improve safetytraining programs, and increase the quantity and quality of training programs.
A Woman with Tuberculosis Multidrug Resistance and QTc Prolongation Repetitive Interval: A Case Report Tutik Kusmiati; Ni Made Mertaniasih; Johanes Nugroho Eko Putranto; Budi Suprapti; Soedarsono; Abdul Rahman Bahmid
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 4 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17119

Abstract

Background : Prolonged QTc interval is one of the side effects of the short-regimen MDR-TB. QTcprolongation is a risk factor for Torsades de pointes and is influenced by many factors. Case : 47-year-oldwoman who was diagnosed with MDR-TB through GeneXpert examination and received short-regimenMDR-TB. This patient experienced repeated QTc prolongation, with peak QTc interval 600 msec occurringat 4th month with mild hypokalemia without clinical symptoms. The patient completed 9 months of shortregimentherapy with improve chest x ray followed by negative sputum culture. Conclusion : Short-regimenMDR-TB contains several drugs that cause QTc prolongation. Clinical evaluation is required in patientswith QTc prolongation before changing the regiment.
A Study of Epidemiology of Poisoning Cases Brought For Autopsy at Tertiary Health Care Centre in South-Western Maharashtra: A Ten-Year Retrospective Study Thippesh Kumar N; Sandeep Bansal; KV Radhakrishna; Sarala M; Shivakumar D Kalakabandi; Gautam Dhokia; Abhishek Rathee
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 4 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17118

Abstract

Introduction: Present study is the study of epidemiology of poisoning cases brought for autopsy at tertiaryhealth care centre in South-Western Maharashtra by finding out the incidence, pattern, sociodemographicfactors, toxic agents, seasonal and other factors related to their deaths.Material and Methods: Present study is a retrospective cross-sectional study done in mortuary of a tertiaryhealth care centre in South-Western Maharashtra. Study included total 104 cases of death due to poisoningfrom Jan 2009 to Dec 2018 and the data collected from inquest papers, autopsy reports and regional forensicscience laboratory reports was analysed using a structured proforma in Microsoft excel sheet.Result: Out of 2570 medico legal autopsies conducted during the study period, deaths due to poisoningcomprised 104 cases i.e. an incidence of 4.05%. Maximum deaths due to poisoning are found to be due toIntentional self-poisoning (suicides) and rural areas are more affected than the urban areas. Most commonlyused toxic substance for poisoning is found to be pesticides and the maximum deaths occurred during themonsoon season. Gender-wise analysis shows that death due to poisoning is more common in males andmajority of victims irrespective of their gender were married.Conclusion: Study provides crucial information on various sociodemographic factors related to poisoningdeaths in South Western Maharashtra which is relevant in understanding the causative factors behind themortality due to poisoning and also helpful in devising preventive measure to reduce the loss of human life.
Isolation and Selective Drug of Chose for Pseudomonas Aeruginosa as a Causative Agent in Suppurative Otitis Media Thamer J Ghali; HusamOudah ALjwaid; Ali A. Al-Hisnawi; KasimSakran Abass
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Vol. 15 No. 4 (2021): Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Publisher : Institute of Medico-legal Publications Pvt Ltd

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37506/ijfmt.v15i4.17117

Abstract

Background: Chronic Suppurative otitis media (CSOM),is a chronic inflammation of the middle ear andmastoid cavity, which presents with recurrent (otorrhea) ear discharge through a perforated tympanicmembrane. The bacterial cause for CSOM can include both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria ,the most commonmicroorganisms found in CSOM are Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus mirabilis,Klebseilla pneumonia , diphtheroid group, Citrobacter sp. and anaerobic bacteria and fungi like Candida spas well asAspergillus sp.P. aeruginosa was the most common iso 30500000) fallowed by S.aurease 27% (27 isolates) , Proteusmirabilis 11% (11 isolates),E.Coli 11%(11 isolates), Klebseilla pneumonia 9 %(9 isolates), respectivelywhile other different species was 5% (5 isolates) and 2% (2 isolates) was fungi. Antimicrobial sensitivityfor P. aeruginosa test by VITEK 2 System based on the main inhibitor concentration (MIC).The Piperacillinshowed to be highly sensitive again P. aeruginosa 77.1% (27 isolation ) followed by Meropenem , Imipenem,Levofloxacin and Amikacin 65.7% (23 isolation), 60%(21 isolation), 40%(14 isolation), 34.2%(12isolation) respectively while Ciprofloxacin showed to be the les effected again P. aeruginosa 20% (7isolation). Ceftazidime , Tobramycin and Ciprofloxacin were highly resistance 68.5% (24isolation). 62.8%(22 isolation) . 54.2%(19 isolation) respectively.

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