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Contact Name
Andi Anto Patak
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humanistudies@gmail.com
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+6285264147838
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Jalan Muhajirin 2 No. 18 D – Makassar South Sulawesi, Indonesia
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INDONESIA
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26146169     DOI : https://doi.org/10.33750/ijhi
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) is a peer-reviewed journal aims to publish innovative and high-quality articles covering topics in Arts and Humanities studies. The journal welcomes the paper submission of inventive and considerable contributions. Papers submitted which is previously published or currently under consideration for publication anyplace else will be denied for publication in IJHI. Papers must be written in English and should strictly follow the guide for authors due to pass the admin processing. The production editors use a Reference Manager to synchronize between citation in texts and the references. Topics suitable for IJHI include Arts and Humanities as well as other Social Sciences. IJHI allows the author (s) to hold the copyright and to retain publishing rights without restrictions. IJHI is an open access journal with a license of CC BY-SA 4.0.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June" : 9 Documents clear
The place of individual rights in communal Africa Samuel Aloysius Ekanem
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.72

Abstract

This paper has as its objectives the determination of whether traditional African societies were truly communalistic and whether individuals’ rights were subsumed under the community as so many people claimed. This research which was corroborated by other scholars and supported by the body of maxims that guided traditional African societies reveals that traditional African societies were truly communalistic but does not consume individual rights. Individual rights and values existed side by side the communal values and only gave way to communal values in cases of a conflict between the two. The paper recommends that communal values should be made the bedrock of our current democracy to quicken it and make it thrive.
What criterion should define African philosophy Peter Bisong Bisong
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.74

Abstract

The question of what criterion is to be used to map out African from non-African philosophy has occupied the minds of scholars for some time now. The debate wax stronger and unfortunately, I am drafted to it now. My decision to join the debate is due to the perceived importance of getting the criterion for African philosophy right. A faulty criterion would amount to a weakened foundation for African philosophy. It would also set the stage for a bleak future for African philosophy. This research using the philosophical method of critical analysis, examined the many proposed criteria for African Philosophy and found them wanting and on the heels of that, set a criterion that would overcome their limitations.
Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence: towards conflict resolution and peace in Africa Onoh John Ulafor
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.75

Abstract

Gandhi's concept of nonviolence has a humanistic approach. He tried to change the very character of every Indian in the society where he lived. He said that man is basically a violent being, but gradually he can become non-violent if he desires. He recognizes that man is a conditional being and as such subject to the determination of the physical world. The ultimate end in man's life for Gandhi is realizing the Absolute. Pertinent to note that, Gandhi had spent quite some time in his tutelage in Southern Africa where his experiences impelled him to adopt non-violence as the only paradigm to overcome oppression and domination in his country India. British oppression and inhumanity were so severe and intensive that Gandhi was cautious about the use of violence, alternatively, he adopted non-violence to be the only imperative paradigm to dislodge the domination and inhumane treatment of the British against the Indians in South Africa. In this respect, I recommend Gandhi's non-violence principles as a fundamental paradigm towards peace in Africa. Peace in Africa is imperative for human and societal development especially as one sees Africa grappling with instabilities, insurgencies, terrorism, xenophobia, political upheavals, nepotism, and gender agitations. In this article, I recognize Gandhi’s postulations on non-violence as an initiative which if adopted and its dictates are adhered to, could enhance peace in Africa.
Improving speaking ability using English "Shock Day" approach Geminastiti Sakkir; Zulfirman; Nurlaelah Mahmud; Jamaluddin Ahmad
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.77

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure the effectiveness of English "Shock Day" to improve university students' speaking ability. It employed a quantitative method using the pre-experimental design. The subject of the research was the fourth-semester students in one of the private universities in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in the academic year of 2018/2019. The total population of this research was 76 students. The total number of the sample was 25 students were taken by cluster sampling technique. The instrument was a speaking test to obtain data on the students' speaking achievement through the implementation of English shock day. The data analysis found that the students' mean score in English speaking was significantly improved. The students' mean score in the pretest was 58.36, while their mean score in the posttest was 70.68. The t-table was also lower than the t-test, that is 2.093 < 6.650. Based on the result, the researchers concluded that the implementation of English shock day improved students' ability to speak.
Objectification of women in carnival Calabar: an emerging paradigm Edisua Merab Yta
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.78

Abstract

A trend that is developing in Carnival Calabar is the objectification of women. Carnival Calabar is a festival that brings families together. Most of the participants are young people. What messages is Carnival Calabar selling to its various publics and what influence do these messages have on the young population? To answer these questions, two descriptive methodologies were employed in this study. The first was content analysis which comprised of pictures, participant observation and on-site participatory interviews. The second was the survey which comprised of focus group discussion. The following findings were made that the Carnival Calabar nude images portray women in her traditional role and sexual appeal to men. Secondly, Carnival Calabar's sexualized images often make girls lose their self-esteem. It is recommended that Carnival Calabar develop its unique brand of Carnival without following the Caribbean and other nations' models which one of its distinctions is parading nude female bodies. Carnival Calabar content should portray women constructively and in a wider variety of positive roles. It is recommended that more women should be involved as scriptwriters, producers, designers and in the position of decision making within the state’s tourism industry to influence the messages of women portrayed in Carnival Calabar.
Teachers’ fidelity to curriculum: an insight from teachers’ implementation of the Indonesian EFL curriculum policy Iskandar
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.79

Abstract

While the notion of partnership has become the new genre of curriculum implementation, Indonesian government has decided to shift back to centralized curriculum policy by issuing the 2013 curriculum (K-13). The reason is that teachers are incapable of shaping their own school curriculum based on the National Standards of Education. Centralized curriculum policy leaves the classroom as the end of the chain of decisions in which the position of teachers is merely as implementers, rather than involved decision-makers. This type of curriculum clearly demands high degree of teachers’ fidelity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent to which EFL teachers faithfully commit themselves to fidelity approach to curriculum implementation of the K-13 at Senior High Schools in Makassar, Indonesia. Four EFL teachers were interviewed using ethnographic interviewing technique. The findings showed that these EFL teachers implement the K-13 with high degree of fidelity. The findings, however, indicate that these teachers’ commitment to fidelity approach split into two distinctive reasons: interactive and coercive. The former means that teachers adhered to K-13 because they perceived it as being comprehensible through their interaction with the K-13 documents, while the latter seemed to be influenced by the K-13 curriculum policy that was typically coercive and top down practice.
An analysis of Alvin Goldman’s naturalized epistemology Elias Ifeanyi E Uzoigwe
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.83

Abstract

This work, “An Analysis of Alvin Goldman’s Naturalistic Epistemology,” aims to present Alvin Goldman's contributions in an epistemic bent. As a philosophy, epistemology has significantly advanced right from the classic, medieval, modern, and contemporary epochs. The effects of postmodernist thinkers’ radical approach to philosophy are evident in almost all philosophy branches. With the notion of doing epistemology through science championed by W.V.O. Quine, Alvin Goldman, John Kuhn, and some other scholars have raised objections and counter objections to such a deconstructionist mindset within the epistemic circle. Expectedly, these naturalistic epistemologists had discontinuity with one another in their positions. Goldman is concerned with such traditional epistemological problems as developing an adequate theoretical understanding of knowledge and justified belief. This paper shows that in his naturalistic discontinuity with Quine, Alvin Goldman did not conceive epistemology as part of science the same way Quine conceived it. Goldman’s view that answering traditional epistemological questions requires both a priori philosophy and the application of scientific results. Goldman’s naturalism is the view that epistemology “needs help” from science. His primary concern is in traditional epistemological problems, including developing an adequate theoretical understanding of knowledge and justified belief. In this paper, I see Goldman’s divergence in the opinion of his naturalistic epistemology with Quine and other naturalistic epistemologists not as a problem but as indeed part of epistemic consolidation. In the course of this work, analytic, evaluation, library research, and descriptive methods, and internet materials, were employed.
Globalization: an inexorable phenomenal force Michael Uzomah; Paul Olorunsola Folorunso
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.84

Abstract

Globalization is a wide-ranging universal influence on humanity’s existence, experience, and intercourse, as it is tending towards reducing the world into a singularized society. In the presence of this omnipresent phenomenon, the physical barriers between nations are illusive because communicative technologies, which are the driving force of globalization, know no physical barriers. It enables trans-border interactions in whatever aspect of the lives of nations possible in real time. The questions that are often raised when discourse on globalization feature at the local and international scene are: what is the nature and essence of globalization? Is the phenomenon of globalization establishing symbiotic political and economic relationships between nations? Or is the globalization a neocolonialism and western imperialism and hegemony? Is globalization not creating a new form of imbalanced dependencies between “the haves and the have not”? There are two contrary views regarding the significance of globalization to nation-states. The first view regards globalization as positive and ultimate, while the second perceives it as bad and needs reformation. Another question that also features prominently in discourse on globalization is, is it possible for a country to refuse to join the bandwagon of globalization? In response to this question, the paper maintains that an integrated understanding of globalization is an inexorable unifying phenomenon and mega shift-powered innovative digital technology that is continually plummeting the world’s landscape into a micro-space. This inexorable unifying phenomenon inevitably makes the experience and concern of a people and geographical space the general experience and concern of all people and geographical spaces in no time. The paper concludes that countries' prosperity in the global arena lies with how much they can forcibly assert themselves into the global scene, either as giants or as paupers or beggars or complainants.
Change communication strategy in media campaigns and Covid-19 rising infections in Nigeria Stanislaus Iyorza; Leonard Ojorgu
International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): June
Publisher : Center for Humanities and Innovation Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33750/ijhi.v3i2.85

Abstract

This paper seeks to investigate the relationship between change communication approaches and rising infections in Covid-19 in Nigeria. There are heavily sponsored media campaigns for disease prevention in media advocacy and social mobilization by media organizations, Government and Non-Governmental Organizations, but cases of infections have been on the steady rise. Being correlational research, this study adopts a survey design, using quantitative and qualitative methods to elicit data from the study population. The population of this study included five (5) university Professors and three (3) media practitioners who responded in a personal communication on why media campaign for disease prevention is not as successful as intended, and 334 respondents whose reactions to the change communication approaches in media campaigns in cases of Covid-19 were examined. Findings revealed that most Nigerians were not responding adequately to the change communication strategy and preventive message campaign appeals to wash their hands thoroughly under running water, avoid crowded spaces, and use hand sanitizers. Findings also revealed that the nonavailability of the materials and products such as running taps and the high cost of hand sanitizers militated against the people's ability to act. The study recommended that the Federal Government make available all that the people needed to comply with the messages by creating the deserved enabling environment. Simultaneously, communication strategists should use the appropriate language and appeals that are compatible with the plight of the people.

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