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Contact Name
Thomas Mata Hine
Contact Email
tomhin050566@gmail.com
Phone
+6282247944422
Journal Mail Official
jurnalnukleus@undana.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jln. Adisucipto, Penfui, Kupang, Indonesia, 85001
Location
Kota kupang,
Nusa tenggara timur
INDONESIA
Jurnal Nukleus Peternakan
ISSN : 23559942     EISSN : 2656792X     DOI : 10.35508
Aims Jurnal Nukleus Peternakan purposes to publish original research and reviews articles on tropical veterinary medicine and domesticated animals such as dog, cat, cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, as well as Indonesian wild life. Scope Jurnal Nukleus Peternakan cover a broad range of research topics in animal production and fundamental aspects of genetics, reproduction, socioeconomic of livestock, nutrition, physiology, and preparation and utilization of animal products. Articles typically report research with beef cattle, goats, horses, pigs, and sheep; however, studies involving other farm animals, aquatic and wildlife species, endangered animals, and laboratory animal species that address fundamental questions related to livestock and companion animal biology will be considered for publication.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember" : 10 Documents clear
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN KONSENTRAT MENGANDUNG ZnSO4 - ZnCu Isoleusinat TERHADAP BIOKIMIA DARAH KAMBING KACANG YANG MENGKONSUMSI SILASE SORGHUM- BUNGA TELANG (Effect of additional concentrate containing znso4 - zncu isoleucinate on boochemical blood of..... Engelbertus D. P. Fernandez; Gusti A. Y. Lestari; I Gusti Ng. Jelantik
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4232

Abstract

The research was to determine the effect of adding concentrate containing 150 mg ZnSO4 and 2% ZnCu Isoleucinate on the blood biochemistry of kacang goat consuming sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (l) Moench) - Bunga telang (Clitoria ternatea) silage rations. Using 12 kacang goats aged 13-14 months, with an average initial body weight of 14.40 Kg, KV: 14.93%. This study was designed using a randomized block design (RAK) consisting of 4 treatments and 3 replications. The four treatments studied were T1: Silage (adlibitum) without concentrate containing 150 mg ZnSO4 and 20% ZnCu Isoleucinate; T2: Silage (adlibitum) + 10% concentrate containing 150 mg ZnSO4 and 2% ZnCu Isoleucine; T3: Silage (adlibitum) + 20% concentrate containing 150 mg ZnSO4 and 2 % ZnCu Isoleucinate; T4: Silage (adlibitum) + 30% concentrate containing 150 mg ZnSO4 and 2% ZnCu Isoleucinate. The parameters observed consisted of: hemoglobin levels, erythrocytes, hematocrit, total plasma protein and leukocytes. Data was analysed used analysis of variance (ANOVA) and if it had a significant effect, continued with the BNT test to determine the difference between treatments (SPSS 21). The results of statistical tests showed that the treatment had a significant effect (P<0.05) on erythrocyte levels and hematocrit levels, but had no significant effect (P>0.05) on hemoglobin levels, total plasma protein levels and leukocyte levels. At the level of addition of 10% concentrate is the best for increasing erythrocytes and hematocrit of peanut goat.
KUALITAS KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK SOSIS DARAH TRADISIONAL (TA’BU) KAMBINGYANG DIBERI TAMBAHANPASTA ASAM TAMARIN(Tamarindus indica L.) (Chemical and organoleptik quality of traditional bloodsausages (ta'bu) added tamarind acid paste (Tamarindus indica L.) Selviana M. Da Costa; Gemini E.M. Malelak; Pieter R. Kale
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4228

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the chemical and organoleptic quality of traditional blood sausage (Ta'bu) that added tamarind acid paste(Tamarindus indica L.) with different level. The materials used were goat blood, mutton, goat abdominal fat, goat liver, grated coconut, black rice flour, tamarind paste, salt, and herbs. Completely randomized design (CRD) 4x3 was used in this experiment. The four treatments consisted of P0; without tamarind paste, P1; tamarind paste 2%, P2; tamarind paste 4% and P3; tamarind paste 6%. The variables measured were content of water, fat, protein, crude fiber, cholesterol, and color, aroma, taste, and texture. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA and non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis. The results showed that the addition of tamarind paste caused the water and fiber content to increase, while the fat and cholesterol content decreased (P<0.01), the texture was moderate to fine and the color varied from light brown to red-brown (P<0.05). The lowest fat and cholesterol content were 13.70% and 83.28% respectively at P3 (6%), and dark brown in colour with texture medium – smooth, or the same as the control. The results of this study concluded that the best addition of tamarind paste was at the 6% level.
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI LEVEL KONSENTRAT MENGANDUNG ZnSO4 dan Zn-Cu ISOLEUSINAT TERHADAP PENGGUNAAN ENERGI KAMBING KACANG YANG MENGKONSUMSI SILASE SORGHUM–Clitoria ternatea (The effect of different level of concentrate additioncontaining ZnSo4.... Norbertus Bria; Erna Hartati; Markus M. Kleden
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4220

Abstract

The aim of this research was to measure the effect of different level of concentrate addition containing znso4 and zn-cu isoleusinat on energy utilization of kacang goats fed mixed silage of sorghum-clitoria ternatea. Twelve male kacang goats with average body weight 14.4 kg and 14.93 % coefficient of variation was used in this research. Experiment methode was used with research design was block randomised design consist of 4 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were: T1: mixed silage of sorghum-Clitoriaternatea without concentgrate; T2; T3 and T4 was mixed silage of sorghum-Clitoriaternatea added by 10, 20 and 30 % of concentrate containg of 150 mg ZnSO4 and 2 % of Zn-Cu isoleusinat respectively. Parameter measured was consumnption and digestibility of anergy and blood glucose concentration. The result showed that addition of different level of concentrate containing ZnSO4 and Zn-Cu isoleusinatfollowed by increase of consumption and digestibility of energy and blood glucose concentration. It can be concluded the amount of concentrate providing containing of ZnSO4 and Zn-Cu isoleusinathad effect on energy consumption while no effect on digestibility of energy and blood glucose concentration. Further more 20 % of concentrate containg of ZnSO4 and Zn-Cu isoleusinat was the greatest level.
PENAMBAHAN LARUTAN DAUN BINAHONG DALAM AIR MINUM TERHADAP KUALITAS FISIK DAGING AYAM BROILER FASE FINISHER (Addition of binahong leaf solution in drinking water on physical quality of finisher phase of broiler chicken) Anthonius A. Abraham; Herowati T. Pangestuti; Markus Sinlae
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4237

Abstract

This study aims to examine the effect of giving a solution of binahong leaves (Anredera cordifolia) in drinking water on the physical quality of broiler chicken meat finisher phase. A total of 72 broiler chickens strain CP 707 produced by PT Charoen Phokphan Indonesia. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 6 replications. The treatments consisted of R0: drinking water without binahong leaf solution, R1: drinking water + 20 ml of binahong leaf solution/liter of water, R2: drinking water + 30 ml of binahong leaf solution/liter of water, R3: drinking water + 40 ml of binahong leaf solution / liter of water. The results of analysis of variance and Kruskal wallis showed that the treatment had no significant effect (P>0.05) on meat pH, water holding capacity, tenderness, and cooking loss of broiler chicken. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the addition of binahong leaf solution with a level of 20 mL/liter of water, 30 ml/liter of water, 40 ml/liter of water has not had and effect on the physical quality of the finisher phase broiler chicken meat.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN EKSTRAK BAWANG MERAH (Allium cepa) DALAM PENGENCER TRIS - KUNING TELUR TERHADAP KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA SAPI BALI PADA PENYIMPANAN IN VITRO (The effect of additional onion (Allium cepa) extract in tris - egg yolk extender on the sperm... Fian K. Djita; Wilmientje M. Nalley; Thomas M. Hine; Aloysius Marawali
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4304

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding onion extract (OE) to Tris-egg yolk (T-EY) diluent on the quality of bali bulls spermatozoa. The semen of three bali bulls aged 3-4 years were collected twice a week using the artificial vaginal method. Semen with good quality, motility 79%, viability 84.63%, abnormality 2.93% diluted with T-EY diluent with the addition of OE: T0: 0%; T1 1%; T2: 2%; T3: 3%; T4: 4%; and T5: 5%. The diluted semen was preserved in a refrigerator at 3-5 °C and evaluated for the quality of the spermatozoa every 24 hours. The results showed that the addition of OE in T-EY diluent had a positive effect on the quality of bali bulls spermatozoa. The addition 3% of OE (T3) in T-EY diluent resulted in higher spermatozoa quality (P <0.05) than the other treatments, namely motility 42.01%, viability 48.74%, and abnormalities 4.13% on the sixth day of preservation. It was concluded that the addition of onion extract in Tris - egg yolk diluents could improve the quality of bali bulls spermatozoa, with the best level of onion extract being 3%.
KUALITAS SE’I SAPI YANG DITAMBAHKAN BUAH BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi L) DENGAN LEVEL BERBEDA (Quality of se'i beef added bilimbi fruits (Averrhoa bilimbi l) with different levels) Maria A. Epok; Gemini E.M. Malelak; Bastari Sabtu
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4328

Abstract

The aims of this study was to evaluate the total bacterial colonies, antioxidant activity, lipid oxidation and organoleptic quality of se'i beef with the addition of bilimbi fruits (Averrhoa bilimbi L). The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (CRD) which consisted of 4 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments consisted of R0 = control (without the addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L), R1 = 2% addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L, R2 = 4% addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L and R3 = 6% addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L. The parameters observed included total bacterial colonies, antioxidant activity, lipid oxidation, aroma, color, taste and tenderness. The results showed that the administration of Averrhoa bilimbi L affected total bacterial colonies, antioxidant activity and lipid oxidation of se'i beef (P <0.01) where the higher the level of addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L, the higher the antioxidant activity value, the total number of bacterial colonies decreased The value of lipid oxidation decreased while the addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L 2%, 4%, 6% resulted in relatively the same aroma, color, taste and tenderness of se'i. It is concluded that processing se'i sapiwith the addition of Averrhoa bilimbi L at a level of 6% have a good effect on total bacterial colonies, antioxidant activity and lipid oxidation of se'i sapi.
PENGARUH WAKTU EKUILIBRASI TERHADAP KUALITAS SEMEN BEKU BABI LANDRACE DALAM PENGENCER DURASPERM TERMODIFIKASI (Effect of equilibration time on the quality of landrace boar frozen semen in modified durasperm extender) Sofia Marlize; Thomas M. Hine; Wilmientje M. Nalley
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4867

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of equilibration time on the quality of landrace spermatozoa both pre- and post-freezing and to find the best equilibration time. The materials used is fresh semen collected from a 2,5 years old landrace boar. Collecting was carried out twice per week using the glove hand method. Semen of good quality (sperm motility ≥70%, sperm concentration ≥200 x 106 cells/ml, and percentage of sperm abnormalities ≤15%) was diluted with durasperm that had been modified with lontar fruit juice, while the cryoprotectants used glycerol and sucrose. Holding time was carried out for 2 hour at 27-28°C, centrifuged at 2000 rpm for 15 minutes, and the sperm sediment was diluted with the same diluent. After that, the liquid semen was packed in a 0.5 mL straw and equilibrated at 3-5°C for 1 (P1), 2 (P2), or 3 hours (P3). The freezing of semen was carried out on the surface of liquid nitrogen at a distance of 5 cm for 10 minutes, and then stored in a liquid nitrogen container. Thawing is done by placing the frozen semen straws in warm water (37°C) for 30 seconds. The research data were analyzed with analysis of variance and continued with the Duncan test. The results showed that the equilibration time at 2 hours (P2) gave the best results (P<0,05) with the mean percentage of motility, viability, abnormality, intact plasma membrane and recovery rate respectively were 30,62%, 58,21%, 4,68%, 58,94% and 43,74%. It was concluded that the equilibration time did not affect the quality of pre-freezing spermatozoa, but it did affect the quality of post-freezing spermatozoa with the best equilibration time to maintain the quality of frozen semen of landrace boar was 2 hours.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN FILTRAT ROSELLA (Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn) KE DALAM PENGENCER TRIS-KUNING TELUR TERHADAP KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA KAMBING KACANG (The effect of rosella filtrate suplementation in tris-egg yolk extender on sperm..... Reynold Laos; Aloysius Marawali; Petrus Kune; Henderiana L. L. Belli; Kirenius Uly
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.4872

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determinate the effect of adding various levels of roselle filtrate (RF) into tris-egg yolk diluents (T-EY) on the quality of kacang goat spermatozoa. Semen was collected twice a week using an artificial vagina method of three male goats. Fresh semen obtained was evaluated macroscopically and microscopically with a motility value of 80%, viability 86.58%, concentration of 2,099.40 milionspermatozoa cells/ml, and an abnormality of 2.83%. Then the fresh semen was diluted according to the treatment, namely T0 (T-EY 100%), T1 (T-EY 100% + RF 1%), T2 (T-EY 100% + RF 2%), T3 (T-EY 100% + RF 3%), T4 (T-EY 100% + RF 4%), T5 (T-EY 100% + RF 5%). The diluted semen was stored at 3-5C, and evaluation was carried out every 24 hours on the quality of the spermatozoa. The results showed that spermatozoa in T-EY diluent with the addition of 3% RF (T3) had a higher quality (T<0.05) compered to the other five treatments, namely the motility reached (42,99±2,19%), viability (49,30±2,24%), and abnormalities (4,012±0,49%) during 5 days of storage. The conclusion of this study is the addition of 3% roselle filtrate in tris-egg yolk diluent is the best level and is more effective in maintaining the quality of spermatozoa kacang goat.
EFEK KELAMIN TERHADAP PERFOMA LAHIR ANAK BABI INDUK PERANAKAN DUROC (Effect of sex on birth performace of piglets from duroc crossbred sows) Yohanes Djegho; Petrus Kune; Johny Nada Kihe
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.5389

Abstract

This aim of the research was to know the influence of sex on production performances at birth age of piglets of duroc sow crossbreds. The research was carried out in two breeding farms namely the Instalation of Pig Breeding, village of Tarus, Kupang Regency and the Manise Pig Farm, Village of Oetete, Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). There were 20 heads of duroc crossbred sows. The method used a survey and samples were collected purposively. Samples were all pigles that born during research period from all of duroc sow crossbreds. The variables were litter size, body weight, girth size, and body length. Data was differentiated between males and females and analysed using the t test. The results showed that males had the average of litter size, body weight, girth size and body length of 4.94±1.21 head; 1.42±0.55kg; 23.94±2.80cm and 21.91±4.06cm, respectively; while females had the average of liter size, body weight, girth size and body length of 4.60±1.32 head; 1.39±0.38kg; 23.20±2.76cm and 20.93±4.20cm, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that there was no difference (P>0.05) between males and females from observation variables. Performances of piglets from duroc sow crossbreds for male and female characters such as litter size, birth weight, girth size and body length were relatively similar.
KOMBINASI DAUN GAMAL (Gliricidia sepium) DAN DAUN PAPAYA (Carica papaya) DALAM RANSUM TERNAK KAMBING KACANG (Combination of gamal (Gliricidia sepium) and papaya (Carica papaya) leaves in ration supplement of kacang goat) Emma D. Wie Lawa; Edwin J. L. Lazarus; Maritje A. Hila Kore
JURNAL NUKLEUS PETERNAKAN Vol 8 No 2 (2021): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Nusa Cendana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/nukleus.v8i2.5618

Abstract

This study examined the effect of the use of gliricidia leaves and papaya leaves in rations on the growth of kacang goats. The male Kacang goat, growth age (1 - 1.5 years) as many as 12 tails with an initial body weight of 13.55 ± 0.036 kg (BW ± standard error) were used as experimental animals. The experimental design used is a complete randomized design of factorial patterns 2 x 2 with two factors, namely, gliricidia leaf factor (A) with two levels of giving (a1 15% and a2 30%), papaya leaf factor (B) with two levels of giving (b1 5% and b2 10%) so that 4 treatment combinations are formed. The combination of treatments is, a1b1, a1b2, a2b1 and a2b2. The treatment was repeated 3 times to form 12 experimental units. The parameters tested were the consumption and digesting of dry matter as well as ration nutrients, weight gain and efficiency of ration use. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and followed by the Duncan test to compare between treatments. The results showed that there was no significant interaction (P >0.05) on all the parameters measured. The response of goat to parameters is more influenced by the single effect of gliricidia leaves and papaya leaves. The response to the use of gliricidia leaves is 30% and papaya leaves are 10% higher than the level of use below. It was concluded that the use of gliricidia leaves and papaya leaves can increase goat growth but the combination has not provided a significant interaction for it requires further study with a combination of higher levels.

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