cover
Contact Name
Arman Harahap
Contact Email
ijersc@gmail.com
Phone
+6285370005518
Journal Mail Official
ijersc@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl. SM. Raja, No 27 Kota Rantauprapat, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Location
Unknown,
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INDONESIA
IJERSC
Published by CV. Inara
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27745406     DOI : https://doi.org/10.51601/ijersc
Core Subject : Education, Social,
International Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences (IJSERSC) is to provide a research medium and an important reference for the advancement and dissemination of research results that support high-level research in the fields of Educational Research and Social Sciences. Original theoretical work and application-based studies, which contributes to a better understanding all fields of Education Research and Social Sciences.
Articles 34 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021" : 34 Documents clear
Overview Of Small Medium Businesses Case Study : Sungai Penuh City Jambi Province Zefri Efdison; Murniati
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.148

Abstract

  This study aims to provide information and a map of the geographic potential of small industries in Sungai Penuh City, so that they can be a reference for all parties in seeing and developing the potential of small industries. The benefit of this research is as a material for consideration to determine the steps taken by small industries in dealing with their problems. The study was conducted on Small and Medium Enterprises/SMEs as many as 439 respondents/sample from 8,108 SMEs that are not registered with the Department of Industry and Cooperatives of Sungai Penuh City. Respondents are leaders or managers, consultants and consumers as information material about the real condition of small industries. This study uses survey methods and descriptive studies that aim to explain aspects that are relevant to the observed phenomena and offer problem ideas for further testing or research. The results of the Mapping of the Geographical Potential of Small Industries/MSMEs in Sungai City are 8,018 MSMEs. Based on the characteristics of the respondents, it shows that the business fields are varied and centrally located. The average workforce is low in elementary and junior high school education and its existence is not continuous, the average worker lacks previous experience. In terms of capital, generally own capital is not debt to the bank. While the raw materials used are mostly from outside the region. The marketing area is still limited to the surrounding area, promotion is still lacking, the tendency is that small industry owners and sellers are satisfied when the product is sold. In general, small industries have a high level of self-confidence and independence, only because of limited knowledge, small industries develop rather slowly. Product design tends to change, only imitates what is already on the market, lacks innovation, lacks creativity, only because of limited knowledge, small industries develop rather slowly.  
Online Transactions (E-Commerce) In The Covid-19 Pandemic Period Viewed From Positive Laws In Indonesia Ahmad Rosidi; M. Zainuddin; Masyhur; Lalu Muhammad Faisal; Muhammad Saleh
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.150

Abstract

The business concept in the digital era is now changing all lines from offline buying and selling transactions to online buying and selling transactions. Through this business concept, the existence of the internet or e-commerce only makes buying and selling transactions or legal relationships that occur shorter, easier and simpler. An agreement in the e-commerce transaction takes place, will relate to the parties who make the transaction. The purpose of this study is to find out how buying and selling online transactions on online websites, such as Bukala, Bukalapak, Shopee, Facebook, WahatsApp. etc. during the covid 19 pandemic and to find out the positive and negative impacts that arise in online buying and selling transactions according to business concepts in the economy. Digital banking and e-banking are bank products that are currently in great demand by the public. Especially in the midst of this COVID-19 pandemic. The PSBB policy issued by the government has limited physical economic activity. This makes many people who want to carry out economic activities that on average depend a lot on banks, being unable to do it smoothly. In general, people make buying and selling transactions by meeting directly between the seller and the buyer, and even before the existence of currency as a means of payment, buying and selling transactions were carried out by bartering or exchanging goods between people who needed the goods with each other. Along with the times, new technologies began to emerge that make it easier for someone to do their work. One such technology is the Internet. The internet has brought changes to human activities in an effort to fulfill all their needs, because the internet can open up a world that is so wide and is able to provide various information and facilities needed. The method used in the research uses normative research, namely a library research by examining library materials related to the object under study. This study uses a statutory approach and a case approach. The analysis used is in the form of qualitative analysis, namely data analysis by providing a description of the findings to answer the problems that occur. One of the facilities provided by internet media is buying and selling activities through electronic media or commonly called E-commerce. E-commerce is mostly done by anyone, especially the modern business community because it is felt that it can streamline time, so that someone can transact with anyone and at any time without meeting face to face or know each other in trade. They only base buying and selling transactions on mutual trust, so that the sale and purchase agreements that occur between the parties are also carried out electronically, therefore there is no agreement file as in conventional buying and selling transactions. Although there are conveniences provided by e-commerce, it turns out that there is also a factor that hinders the implementation of e-commerce which turns out to be problematic for the implementation of e-commerce itself. One of them is the seller's responsibility if he defaults in buying and selling through e-commerce.
Education And Training Management In Improving The Performance Of Kartika Cooperative Employees Arman Maulana; Soeganda Priyatna; Husen Saeful Insan; Helmawati
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.152

Abstract

PeThis study aims to determine the management of education and training in improving the performance of the Kartika Cooperative. Education and training management includes education and training planning, training organization, training implementation, training evaluation, training constraints and solutions. This research is a descriptive qualitative research using purpose sampling technique to determine the subject of this research. The object of research is the chairman of the cooperative, the secretary of the treasurer, employees, and members of the cooperative. Data collection techniques used are interviews, observation and documentation. Descriptive qualitative analysis of the data obtained. Checking the validity of the data is done by triangulation of sources and methods.The results showed that the management of Kartika Cooperative education and training includes: 1) Training planning, including planning the location and management of the training according to the project and the number of participants, preparing the schedule according to the training project, media and methods. coordinate with each other to adjust the material, and plan the material according to the theme, and determine the speaker based on the quality and experience of the instructor, 2) The implementation of the training begins with the manager's direction, attendance, and the opening of the training. At the beginning of the training, management briefing, attendance, and opening of the training. The chairman of the cooperative management gave a speech and at the same time opened the training. Participants' input material is combined with themes, methods, presenters, and use of space, and is managed by the education and training manager. The implementation of the training ended with an evaluation process carried out by participants by filling out a questionnaire. Finally, it ends with the submission of a training certificate. However, the use of space is not in accordance with the ideal conditions of each participant, namely 4 square meters, the training schedule is not in accordance with the original plan, and the number of managers is not proportional to the number of participants, 3) Evaluation of the training process, to determine the criteria, tools and forms of the results of the training evaluation . The evaluation criteria include the delivery of material, the attitude of the presenters, the neatness of data provision, the method of the speaker, the motivation of the participants, the service manager, and the level of potential of the participants, the style, attitude, behavior, and language of the speaker. While the training evaluation tool is in the form of a questionnaire, and the results of the evaluation are training reports, questionnaires, and statistical data processing results. Evaluation of the results of the training, employees who initially only did the work without knowing in detail the meaning of the work being done, but with the training, employees better understand the systematic system. 4) Education and training constraints, the material is not in accordance with the needs of the training and the less than optimal preparation of the environment for the transfer of post-training knowledge but at work often applies work habits from experience, 5) Training solutions.
Education And Training To Improve The Performance Of Save And Loan Cooperative Employees In Bandung District West Java Province Siti Rosmayati; Engkus Kuswarno; Achmad Mudrikah; Yosal Iriantara
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.153

Abstract

The function and role of cooperatives is to build and develop the economic potential and capabilitiesof members in particular and the community in general to improve their economic and social welfare,to actively participate in efforts to improve the quality of human and community life in accordancewith Law Number 25 of 1992 concerning cooperatives. In producing cooperative members who areprosperous and competitive with other cooperatives, they must comply with the National ProfessionalCertificate Agency (BNSP), as regulated in education, on the standards of educators and educationpersonnel where the so-called trainer states that the trainer must have academic qualifications as aninformation agent, physically fit and spiritual, and have the ability to create healthy and qualitycooperatives. As a trainer, the curriculum in education and training is set for those who are moreexperienced at least 2 years of service in the cooperative where they work. Employees who providetraining in the organization's internal environment will contribute to producing competent employeesand members who will replace when the savings and loan cooperative employees' term of officeexpires. In order to improve the competence of savings and loan cooperative employees, one of them isby developing capabilities, through education and training. This study aims to describe education andtraining as an increase in the competence of savings and loan cooperative employees througheducation and training carried out through several stages, namely: 1) Analysis of education andtraining needs of savings and loan cooperative employees, 2) Design and planning of education andtraining for savings cooperative employees, 3) Development of education and training curriculum forsavings and loan cooperative employees, 4) Implementation of education and training for savings andloan cooperative employees, 5) Evaluation of education and training for savings and loan cooperativeemployees, 6) barriers and education and training support capacity of savings and loan cooperativeemployees. To achieve this objective, a qualitative approach was conducted using the case studymethod at KPRI and Primkoppabri, Cicalengka District. Data were collected using in-depthinterviews, observation and documentation studies. The research data was checked for correctness,reliability through a triangulation process. The results showed that the process of implementingeducation and training for savings and loan cooperative employees in cooperatives was not supportedby a complete analysis of education and training needs. In addition, the two cooperatives studied onlycarried out evaluations during training, had not carried out post-training evaluations andcomprehensive program evaluations so they could not monitor change actions. The weak point thatappears in the implementation of education and training for savings and loan cooperative employeesis that there is no separate unit, so the lack of experience in managing education and training isabbreviated as education and training. The involvement and commitment of all parties, especially themanagement or management will be the key to the success of the training education program. the twocooperatives studied only conducted evaluations during training, had not carried out post-trainingevaluations and comprehensive program evaluations so they could not monitor change actions. Theweak point that appears in the implementation of education and training for savings and loancooperative employees is that there is no separate unit, so the lack of experience in managingeducation and training is abbreviated as education and training. The involvement and commitment ofall parties, especially the management or management will be the key to the success of the trainingeducation program. the two cooperatives studied only conducted evaluations during training, had notcarried out post-training evaluations and comprehensive program evaluations so they could notmonitor change actions. The weak point that appears in the implementation of education and trainingfor savings and loan cooperative employees is that there is no separate unit, so the lack of experiencein managing education and training is abbreviated as education and training. The involvement andcommitment of all parties, especially the management or management will be the key to the success ofthe training education program. The weak point that appears in the implementation of education andtraining for savings and loan cooperative employees is that there is no separate unit, so the lack ofexperience in managing education and training is abbreviated as education and training. Theinvolvement and commitment of all parties, especially the management or management will be the keyto the success of the training education program. The weak point that appears in the implementationof education and training for savings and loan cooperative employees is that there is no separate unit,so the lack of experience in managing education and training is abbreviated as education andtraining. The involvement and commitment of all parties, especially the management or managementwill be the key to the success of the training education program.
Impact Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On The Indonesian Economy Lilis Saryani; Abdelina; Ahmad Sayuti Pulungan
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.154

Abstract

This study aims to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Indonesian economy. Until this research was written, 93 countries were found infected with COVID-19. The spread of the COVID19 pandemic eventually brought very bad risks to the world economy, including Indonesia, especially in terms of tourism, trade, and investment. The method used in this research is a descriptive quantitative method using a secondary data analysis approach. Based on the results of the study, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic caused low investor sentiment towards the market, which in turn led the market to tend to be negative. Strategic steps related to fiscal and monetary are needed to provide economic stimulation. As the COVID-19 pandemic case developed, the market fluctuated more in a negative direction. Not only that, the slow pace of the global economy, especially Indonesian export activities to China also has a significant impact on the Indonesian economy. This is based on a sensitivity analysis that explains that the current slowdown in the global economy has greatly impacted Indonesia's economic growth.
Analysis of the Impact of Using E-Commerce in Increasing Sales Turnover of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Padangsidimpuan City Silviana Batubara; Diana Sari Harahap; Nirmala Haty Hrp; Fithra Maharani
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.155

Abstract

This study aims to determine what are the impacts of using E-Commerce in increasing MSME sales turnover. This study uses a qualitative approach that is descriptive analysis. The data collection techniques used are observation, interview and documentation techniques. The research subjects were 5 MSME actors in the city of Makassar. The results showed that there are two impacts of using E-Commerce, namely positive impacts and negative impacts. The positive impact is the use of E-Commerce, namely, the store can be accessed 24 hours, provides security and convenience in the transaction process, eases promotions so that it can help communicate faster with customers and can access the global market and can satisfy customers and of course can increase sales turnover. Meanwhile, the negative impact is that if the goods are damaged, the goods can be checked and result in losses in shipping and packing costs, the number of rivals, admin fees charged to buyers and sellers, the COD system that makes sellers feel disadvantaged because the funds are released after the goods arrive.
Art Education Art Learning in Pandemic For Students Of Elementary School (Case Study Students Of Inpres Elementary School of Sikumana Village in Disctrict 29th Kupang): Art Education Yosephina Katharina Sogen
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.156

Abstract

This study is a case study that how music learning and visual art thought during the Pandemic of COVID-19. Students are learning from home who learn the art of music and fine arts by offline learning. Elementary School Pre-Service Teacher conducted experiments to increase student motivation and provide learning experiences during the Pandemic. Art learning, especially the practice of music and fine arts during this 'long holiday', is not given optimally because online learning experiences various advantages. The purpose of this study is to overcome the issue of practical art learning that is carried out at home by conducting Home Visit. These activities are carried out so that the learning of music and fine arts can be understood well by students. The practice of music and fine arts through song and movement and creating collages can provide students with great enthusiasm for learning and provide an important artistic practice experience for learning. The practice of art by directly meeting with students can lead students to study well. Students are given examples in practicing the art of music, song and movement that can directly inspire students to be brave and activate kinesthetic intelegence through movements and provide good motor activities. The art of collage gives students an experience of cutting and placing pieces of plastic material into pictures neatly.
Directive Speech Act Employed In The English Translation Of The Nobel Al-Qur’an Rugaiyah
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.157

Abstract

The study aims at identifying (1) types of directive acts are employed in the English translation of the Noble Qur’an (2) the function of directive act are in an English translation of the Noble Al- Qur’an. This study employed a critical descriptive research to find the types of directives speech act and uncover the function of directive speech act. This research data is in the form of speech in AlQur’an containing the act of directive speech. Data collection is done by careful and critical reading techniques (critical reading) to obtain speeches that contain the meaning of directives both command and prohibition, either delivered directly or indirectly. The collected data is then selected and classified based on the type of speech nature (commands, prohibitions) and the way it is delivered (direct vs. indirect). The next step is to analyse the data found from each verse in the Al-Quran. This analysis is done with a content analysis approach to uncover the functions of speechless directives found in the nature of the Al-Quran. The use of indirect speech in the Al-Qur'an is intended to glorify speech partners with polite language. Indirect speech is one indicator of language modesty because it is considered more polite than direct speech. Indirect speech in the AlQur'an indicates that the Al-Qur'an is a holy book with a very polite language, the most beautiful language that cannot be matched by anyone from the ancients until the end of time. Based on the data analysis it is found that most of verse uttered by Allah SWT are in the form of command.
Civil Service Education Management (A Study At IPDN North Sulawesi Campus) Djonny Pabisa; J.A.M. Rawis; H.N. Tambingon; J.S.J. Lengkong
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.158

Abstract

This research was carried out on the management aspect at the Institute of Governance of Home Affairs (IPDN) North Sulawesi Campus which includes planning, supervising the implementation of management activities, and evaluating the implementation of management activities. This research method uses a qualitative descriptive approach, with data collection through observation, interviews and documentation techniques. The sources of data in this study were IPDN officials, civil servants, and civil servants. The results of this study indicate: 1) Planning for parenting activities at the IPDN, North Sulawesi Campus in Minahasa refers to 3 (three) main components, namely annual activity planning, academic calendar, and civil service life cycle activities. 2) The implementation of caregiving activities is the responsibility of the caretaker ranks by referring to the academic calendar and list of activities in the civil service life cycle. 3) Supervision of the implementation of parenting activities at IPDN North Sulawesi Campus based on a list of life cycle activities is still not optimal based on the findings that lecture and training activities do not appear to be supervised by caregivers. 4) Evaluation of caregiver activities at the IPDN, North Sulawesi Campus in Minahasa is carried out in a normative and sustainable manner through management evaluations at the planning and implementation stages as well as evaluations related to the value of parenting for civil servants who are the duties and responsibilities of home care caregivers.
Endogenous Development In The Optimization Minapolitan Program In Kalanganyar Village, Sidoarjo Regency Susi Hardjati; Calvin Edo Wahyudi; Ananta Prathama; Sindy Putri
International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences Vol. 2 No. 5 (2021): October 2021
Publisher : CV. Inara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.51601/ijersc.v2i5.159

Abstract

In 2010, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries released a policy of accelerated development of the area based on the potential of marine and fisheries, or Minapolitan. Minapolitan is implemented in several regions in Indonesia, one of which is in the Village of Kalanganyar, Sidoarjo Regency. Kalanganyar is known as a producer of premium milkfish and shrimp, processed milkfish, as well as being the location of the most prominent fishing tours in Sidoarjo. This potential causes Kalanganyar to be called as “the village of the fish”. Hence, this study aims to identify the endogenous development factors in the implementation of Minapolitan in Kalanganyar. This study uses a qualitative approach with following data collection techniques: interviews, observation, document collection and focus group discussion. Specifically, data analysis techniques using interactive model consists of the stages of reduction, display, and conclusion. As for the test of the data validity, the writer utilized tools for trust checking, transferability, dependence, and certainty basis. The results showed that in general, the factors of entrepreneurship are quite fulfilled. However, there are some aspects to be considered; such as the provision of seedlings banding, an increase in capital for small businesses, the modernization of production equipment for processed milkfish, assistance for market expansion, and the construction of a hub for souvenirs and gift shops. Nevertheless, the leadership factor has been fulfilled. Formal and informal leaders have given good support in the optimization of Minapolitan. As for the third factor, the institution has also been well construed. It can be seen from the formation of village-owned enterprises, which are expected to become an economic catalyst, as well as the presence of rules in the implementation of the business. Thus, it can be concluded that in general, the factors of endogenous development in the implementation of minapolitan di Kalanganyar village have been well accomplished.

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