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Contact Name
Indah Arvianti
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culture@unaki.ac.id
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+6281325670654
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culture@unaki.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Imam Bonjol No.15 - 17, Dadapsari, Kec. Semarang Utara, Kota Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50173 Indonesia
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Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review)
Published by Universitas Aki
ISSN : 23558660     EISSN : 27754618     DOI : 10.53873
"Jurnal CULTURE" is published by AKI University which contains writings raised from the results of research or equivalent to the results of research (Scientific Work) in the fields of Culture, Language, and Literature. "Jurnal CULTURE" is published twice a year, on May and November. Editors receive typed articles in a format following predetermined rules. The editorial team has the right to determine the writing to be published, make changes to the composition of the manuscript, improve the language, ask the author to improve the manuscript, and reject those who are deemed not eligible in accordance with the applicable provisions. The entire editorial board would like to thank all those who have contributed ideas, thoughts, and manuscripts. Hopefully this collaboration can continue well. We sincerely hope for constructive criticism and suggestions for the improvements in the future publications.
Articles 89 Documents
IMPROVING YOUNG LEARNERS’ SPEAKING SKILL THROUGH CULTURAL-BASED MUSICAL MINI-DRAMA Eko Heriyanto
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2018)
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Abstract

Nowadays, in our country, many several issues have come up to the public such as violence, sexual crime, corruption, vandalism, mass fight, juvenile delinquency, economic and politic problems, and so on. The government needs to overcome them in order to create a better condition of life. There are so many ways to do which can reduce these problem. One of them is through education. Education is considered as an alternative way to overcome, at least, to reduce these issues. Definitely, it should be begun from the early education. Young learners are the best age to be given a good education in line with their ages. It is through musical cultural mini-drama. They will learn easily on English speaking through this strategy. Besides improving their speaking skill, it will make shape their good character through the values of the songs. The research used descriptive qualitative and quantitative design by using SPSS. The object this research were seventeen students of Elementary School in Semarang. The assessment instrument used speaking rubric/table score, progress checking form, and behavior development checklist. The results were (1) CMMD could be implemented by using the steps of preparation, implementation, and assessment. In each of steps, students learned much more about speaking. Not only vocabulary, pronunciation, expressions, but also the valuable cultures to shape their behaviors. Some students had pronunciation and expression difficulties, but it could be overcome by practicing a lot. (2) CMMD is one of effective strategies to improve students’ speaking skill based on the result of the SPSS analysis which showed the null hypotheses were sig. of 0.000. It means that this strategy is effective to be used.
STUDY OF THE SAMURAI DEDICATION IN 47 RONIN MOVIE SCRIPT Bondan Eko Suratno
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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The writer is interested in discussing the 47 Ronin movie script with the title “A Psychological Study of the Samurai Dedication in 47 Ronin Movie Script” because it contains not only unique culture of suicidal action but also the action is highly respected in Japan. Besides, it also contains dedication and loyalty of followers to their master. The thesis research is conducted through the research in library room, here he gets primary data in the form of script from the movie. The writer also uses opinions from some experts (secondary data) to support his analysis. In the discussion, the writer also talks about intrinsic and extrinsic elements. Mentioning intrinsic elements because a literary works contains elements that build it, like characters, theme, plot, setting and point of view. And extrinsic elements are elements that exist outside a literary work but it has correlation with intrinsic elements.In the analysis, the writer finds out that the Samurai members of Ako area cannot accept their master to be blamed when the master (Lord Asano) has conflict with Lord Kira of high rank official. The two must be judged guilty. Lord Asano must commit seppuku and be beheaded as ordered by Shogun; not Lord Kira. The unfair judgment has triggered Lord Asano followers to take revenge. There are 47 samurai or ronin who take the action, and successful. Consequently, they (as regulated) must commit seppuku too but with honor, not hanged like criminals; because the ronin demand justice. People of Japan also honor them as great dedication.Oishi saves his Samurai members from launching a stupid attack on Lord Kira and Shogun elite troops. He must restrain himself and his members to do it at other time. This means that he still keeps his logic. Therefore, he is an ego character in the story. Kai who is not genuinely Samurai is a superego character. Because of his sacrifice the 47 Ronin under the coordinator of Oishi are able to defeat Lord Kira followers. Kai helps to kill the monster who is hovering and killing samurai members in the forest. Kai also supports the ronin to get lethal weapon that is difficult to get. Kai also kills a powerful witch or beautiful magician who always supports Lord Kira. On the other hand, Lord Kira is fully driven by id because he wants to kill and trap Lord Asano to take over his land, his area. He also drives away Ako people from the village. He keeps a concubine to trick the opponent to be defeated.Keywords: id, ego, superego, psychological analysis
RUSTY HATRED IN SHAKESPEARE’S COMEDY THE MERCHANT OF VENICE Andri Setiawan; Ahmad Muhid
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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The comedy genre drama of Shakespeare The Merchant of Venice is interesting to discuss because it contains topics which will give lessons about how to lead life. Hatred for example is a theme which is fascinating to discuss because it occurs in human life. Because of this, the writer decides to analyze it under the title of “Rusty Hatred in Shakespeare’s Comedy The Merchant of Venice”.The writer uses library research to get the main data of the text drama The Merchant of Venice. Secondary data, such as opinions of the experts are taken from various sources like books, webs, internet and so forth. The approach that the writer uses is structural approach because it is an approach that concerns about the elements that build a literary work, like theme, character, setting, plot and so forth.Hatred that the Jewish Shylock possesses is increasing to extreme level. It starts from his being mocked and labelled as a dog until being spitted on cloak and beard that happen many times. Besides that, his business of interest is being constrained because Antonio, a rich Christian merchant, takes no interest of lending his money. This condition makes Shylock hateful, plans to revenge, and kills Antonio carefully.The type of hatred that Shylock has is racial and religious. Shylock hates Antonio because he is a Christian, not a Jew, and vice versa. On the other hand, Antonio also hates Shylock because Shylock is not a local citizen, just a new comer and moreover he is greedy for money by interest. His rusty hatred has made him bepunished by court, acquisition on all his wealth and the obligation to be Christian because he has planned to kill a local Christian Venetian, Antonio.Key words: The Merchant of Venice, hatred, William Shakespeare, racism
THE ANXIOUS EFFECT OF CHARACTER'S SWITCHING BODY IN WEBTOONS COMIC LOOKISM Nurul Chusna; Amin Khudlori
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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The existence of comics cannot be underestimated because in addition to trying to show sociological and physiological conditions, comics also record psychological symptomsrevealed through the dynamics of the personality of the characters contained in the story. The personality dynamics seen through the behavior of these figures help to reveal the meaning of the story as a whole.Psychologists have categorized defense mechanisms based upon how primitive they are. The more primitive a defense mechanism, the less effective it works for a person over the longterm. However, more primitive defense mechanisms are usually very effective short-term, and hence are favored by many people and children especially (when such primitive defense mechanisms are first learned). Adults who don’t learn better ways of coping with stress or traumatic events in their lives will often resort to such primitive defense mechanisms as well.The writer uses two methods of data collection to do this research about “The Anxious Effect of Character’s Switching Body in Webtoons Comic  Lookism”. They are library research anddescryptive analysis. the anxiety that Daniel Park exhibits is the neurotic anxiety, which appears continuously for fear of danger that seems to be threatening. Daniel Park's anxiety serves as a sign that there will be danger.Keywords: Webtoons, Personality, Defense Mechanism, Switching Body and Anxiety.
POLITENESS IN THE DAILY CONVERSATION OF UNAKI BOARDERS Tri Fena Retty Yulianan Gultom; Didit Kurniadi
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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Nowadays, many people do not notice their sentences when they talk to others whether it is polite or not. Sometime, people use harsh word when they ask help to others. Even in conveying their purpose, they often use impolite sentence. They do not also regard their background, like status of their position, their social distance and the level of their needs. The polite words are usually conveyed by someone when the level of his or her need is high. But, the distance and position status are also the factor that determine someone to use polite or impolite sentence in the daily conversation, especially in conveying her or his need. Someone who does not have a close relationship, he or she will affect the sentences which are used. The sentences which are used will sound more polite than the sentences that used by them who have a close relationship. Because the closer someone’s relationship is, the harsher the sentences which are used. Even sometimes it sounds rude of and impolite. Someone’s position also affects the sentences which are used in speaking. The higher of the position is, the more polite of the sentences which are used. Otherwise, the lower of someone’s position or in the same position, the less polite the sentences which are used. According to this facts, the writer analyzes the difference of polite or impolite sentence in the daily conversation.The data which are used are primary data and secondary data. The methods which are used in getting the data are “metode simak, metode sadap, teknik simak bebas libat cakap, teknik rekam, and teknik catat”. In analyzing the data, the writer uses “metode agih”. Whilemethod of data presentation which is used by the writer is descriptive study with informal method.From the result of the research, it can be concluded that someone’s social distance and position really affects the sentences used and polite sentence in the daily conversation. A close social distance will make the sentences which are used sound less polite and rude. But, when the social distance is not close, it will make the  sentences used sound polite and good. So in the position status, the higher of the position is, the more polite sentences used.Keywords: Politeness, Daily Convdersation, Social Distance, Close Relationship,Descriptive Study
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN DAILY CONVERSATION IN ‘IT’S A BOY GIRL THING’ MOVIE SCRIPT Jevita Irawan; Indriani Triandjojo
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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Men and women can never be separated from communication. Every day, men and women, as social beings, interact one another. However, in the interactions made by men and women, there are differences based on gender. The differences is what finally encourage the authors to analyze the language of conversation between men and women in daily life.This study entitled “Gender Differences in Daily Conversation in ‘It’s a Boy Girl Thing’ Movie Script”, discusses the differences of daily conversation performed by men and women in a movie along with the script. In this research, the writer uses library research as the methodof data collection, padan and agih method as the method of data analysis, and in method of presenting data the writer uses informal method.The writer takes 20 data of conversations between men and women disaggregated by the writer from the movie script. The results of the research shows that women tend to talk more polite than men. In the topic of conversation, men and women also different. Men prefer todiscuss sports, politics, sometimes women, and others, while women prefer to discuss men, accessories, self, and others. Hopefully this research can be useful for men and women in establishing good communication between them both.Keywords: gender differences, communication, movie, men and women.
THE IDEOLOGY OF GENDER DIFFERENCES IN INDONESIAN CULTURE Betsyeba Desi Wulandari; Indah Arvianti
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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Gender differences become big problems which are still discussed by many intellectual circles. These differences exist in many life aspects such as culture, economic area, language, and art. Indonesian culture believes that woman and man have different roles. Woman has lower position than man. It is shown from many songs which contain theideology of woman’s inferiority in the society. To establish the relation between song lyrics and ideology of gender differences, critical discourse analysis is applied to identify song writer’s ideology about woman. As the result, there are four ideologies which humiliate woman’s position. It identifies woman as second part in every life aspect which means woman has lower position than man.Keywords: gender differences, critical discourse analysis, ideology, song lyric 
PENGARUH NILAI BUDAYA DAN UNSUR AUTENTIK LUDRUK PADA MINDSET MASYARAKAT TERHADAP HEGEMONI WARIA DI INDONESIA Eko Heriyanto
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017)
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Through the massive effort of transvestites to be accepted by the community, it seems that people are beginning to accept the presence of them. This raises a new phenomenon in the life of Indonesian society. It is a shift in cultural values and conflicts that further sharpen and complicate the situation in Indonesia. It is caused by the low mindset of the people to accept the balance of information between pros and cons against transvestites.The objectives of the research are to: know the current development ofLudruk performance and the condition of active and passive Ludruk players; know the public opinion about the current condition of the transvestites which are increasingly advanced in various sectors of life and overcome to be a transvestite in the next future; provide an overview of Ludruk as one of the traditional performance that are able to fight (subvert) the hegemony of transvestites that occur in society these days; build public opinion to always support the preservation of Ludruk as valuable Indonesian cultural heritage.This research method is descriptive qualitative. Primary data is documentation of Ludruk. Secondary data are questionnaire and interview by using sampling method. Data analysis technique that we use is recapitulate 100 respondent opinion as sample research.The results of this study are: (1) there are many people who know Ludruk. Ludruk worsened, because marginalized by television shows, (2) respondents argue that being transvestite now offers a lot of success, (3) Ludruk is able to give new overview for the community against transvestites, (4) respondents welcomed well and support when Ludruk can be performed on television.Key words: transvestite, subversion, hegemony, Ludruk performance.
PESAN MORAL DALAM DONGENG KANCIL DAN SAHABAT KARIBNYA KARYA FATIHARIFAH DAN NIA YUSTISIA Ikha Listyarini; Muhammad Arief Budiman
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2018)
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Each narrative story contains a moral message. The moral message is impliedfrom within the story conveyed by the author. To know the moral message of afairy tale, we must read it over and over again. Tales told since childhood canbuild a better child's morale. Fairy tales are not only heard orally, but it can alsothrough the book, of course a book that contains many moral messages in it. Thetype of research is qualitative with descriptive method. The data in this researchis the moral message and data source of the book of Dongeng Kancil dan SahabatKaribnya by Fatiharifah and Nia Yustisia. Based on the results of data analysisthrough research descriptions, then we found a moral message on the bookDongeng Kancil dan Sahabat Karibnya by Fatiharifah and Nia Yustisia. From theanalysis results obtained percentage of each moral value in the overall fairy talethat is respect 8%, responsible 11%, honesty 3%, fairness 3%, tolerance 6%,wisdom 9%, self discipline 8%, mutual help 17%, care for others 13%, cooperation 6%, courage 6%, and democratic attitude 9%. Moral values areshown through the sentences in each fairy tale. The conclusion of this research isthe existence of moral message contained in the fairy tale on the book DongengKancil dan Sahabat Karibnya by Fatiharifah and Nia Yustisia.Keywords: Moral message, Fairy tale, Moral values, The Kancil,.
KEMENANGAN KELAS MENENGAH: KAJIAN STRUKTURALISME GENETIK TERHADAP NOVEL ALICE’S ADVENTURE IN WONDERLAND KARYA LEWIS CAROLL Tri Arie Bowo
Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2018)
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This study entitled Middle Class Victory: A Genetic Structuralism Study on LewisCaroll’s novel Alice's Adventure in Wonderland aims to reveal the social classdivisions and main ideas in Alice's Adventure in Wonderland novel in relation to theEnglish social class of Victorian age. This study uses the theory of GeneticStructuralism initiated by Lucien Goldmann. Thel analysis result shows that thecharacters, background, and the plot of the novel describe the social class division.The main idea of the novel is the victory of the English middle class of Victorian age.Keywords: Character, Background, Flow, Social Class, Victorian Age