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Contact Name
Sri Agus Sudjarwo
Contact Email
bmv@journal.unair.ac.id
Phone
+6285645000684
Journal Mail Official
bmv@journal.unair.ac.id
Editorial Address
Department of Basic Medical Veterinary of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga Kampus C, Mulyorejo, Kec. Mulyorejo, Kota SBY, Jawa Timur 60115 Phone: (031) 5992785 ext. 5993016
Location
Kota surabaya,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
journal of Basic Medical Veterinary
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 23026820     EISSN : 27749959     DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.20473
This journal published original articles, review articles, and case studies in Indonesian or English, in the scope of JBMV has a broad coverage of relevant topics across veterinary basic medical sciences which includes: preclinical and paraclinical disciplines like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology and Medical Education.
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021" : 5 Documents clear
Acute Toxicity Test Of The Green Viper Snake (Trimeresurus albolabris), Macroscopic Description Of The Kidney And Liver Of Mice (Mus musculus) Moch. Rizky Darmawan; Dadik Rahardjo; Wiwiek Tyasningsih; Rochmah Kurnijasanti; Djoko Legowo; Boedi Setiawan
Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbmv.v10i2.31135

Abstract

According to WHO (2010), the Trimeresurus albolabris snake is a venomous snake with a high number of bite cases in Indonesia. Information on the character and level of toxicity of snake venom in Indonesia, including Trimeresurus spp. snakes, is still minimal. This study aims to determine the LD50 value (lethal dose 50), clinical symptoms, and to determine the macroscopic appearance of the liver and kidneys of mice (Mus musculus) after being injected by a the white-lipped pit viper (Trimeresurus albolabris) venom. The LD50 value of Trimeresurus albolabris venom injected subcutaneously into mice was 5,09 mg/kgBW. Clinical symptoms that appear increased movement activity, increased respiratory rate, lethargy, decreased activity, and reduced grooming. Macroscopic appearance of the liver that looks abnormal is found (1) color changes in the form of pale, pale yellowish, and red spots (petechiae). (2) changes in surface structure found only one liver that is not flat. (3) changes in consistency in the form of brittle easily. In the kidney that looks abnormal, found (1) changes in color in the form of pale. (2) changes in surface structure were only found in one kidney in the form of nodules. (3) changes in consistency in the form of brittle easily and soft.
The Anthelmintic Activity Of Etanol Extract of Porang Tubers Against Fasciola gigantica In Vitro Firanda Agustina; Rochmah Kurnijasanti; Lucia Tri Suwanti; Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti; Kadek Rachmawati; Lilik Maslachah
Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbmv.v10i2.31235

Abstract

This study aims to determine the anthelmintic activity ethanol extract of porang tubers (A. oncophillus) against F. gigantica worms in vitro. There were five treatments and each treatment was done in five replications and used 10 F. gigantica. The treatments of this research were K- with CMC Na 1%, K+ with Albendazole 2.4 mg/ml, P1 with extract concentration 5%, P2 with extract concentration 10%, P3 with extract concentration 20%. The results showed that the extract of Porang tuber (A. oncophillus) had an anthelmintic effect against F. gigantica worms in vitro. In the extract with a concentration of 20%, there were anthelmintic properties that almost the same as Albendazole. The higher the extract concentration, the higher the anthelmintic properties. The longer the immersion time, the higher the number of dead worms. The morphological changes was evaluated by light microscopic examination and the results showed many histopathological changes on the morphology of F. gigantica. The results indicate that the possible use of the tubers as a potential anthelmintic against F. gigantica.
Toxicity Testing Of White Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Fruit Extracts Using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test Method As A Candidate Of Anti-Cancer Drug Ferian Firnanda; Eduardus Bimo Aksono Herupradoto; Kadek Rahmawati; Rochmah Kurnijasanti; Mohammad Sukmanadi; Nove Hidajati
Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbmv.v10i2.31810

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the effects of toxic white pomegranate fruit extract (Punica granatum L) against larvae of brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) indicated LC50 values below 1000 µg/ml. This study is purely experimental by using Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT). The study was divided into seven groups, namely ethanol extract of white pomegranate fruit (Punica granatum L) with a concentration of 31,25; 62,5; 125; 250; 500; 1000 µg/ml and negative control (seawater). Mortality data percentage of Artemia salina Leach analyzed by probit analysis. Results showed that the extract of white pomegranate fruit extract (Punica Granatum L) has a toxic effect with LC50 values of 248,6 µg/ml calculate from probit analysis. From these results, it can conclude that white pomegranate extract is toxic to larval shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) with Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT) method which means white pomegranate extract has the potential to be an anticancer drug.
Taurine Antioxidant Effect in Decreasing Kidney Damage in Male Mice (Mus Musculus) due to Oxidative Stress Induced by Paraquat Ricki Pratama; Eka Pramyrtha Hestianah; Thomas Valentinus Widiyatno; Dewa Ketut Meles; Rochmah Kurnijasanti
Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbmv.v10i2.31811

Abstract

Paraquat toxicity occurs through the high production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which cause damage due to oxidative stress. Antioxidants can reduce damage through prevention of oxidative stress. Taurine has shown the ability to act as an antioxidant. The aim of this research is to find a effect of antioxidant taurine to decrease kidney damage caused by oxidative stress due to paraquat by looking at the histopathology changes. 25 male adult mices from strain DDY were used and divided into five treatment groups; C(-) (Aquadest IP), C(+) (Paraquat 30mg/kg), P1 (Paraquat 30mg/kg + Taurine 250mg/kg), P2 (Paraquat 30mg/kg + Taurine 500mg/kg) and P3 (Paraquat 30mg/kg + Taurine 1000mg/kg). All groups were given treatment intraperitoneal for twenty one days. The mices were sacrificed where kidney were collected for histopathology preparation. The parameters measured were renal histopathological changes in form of degeneration and necrosis. The results show that taurine administration had an effect on decreased degrees of damage to kidney tubular cells, with a decrease in the mean degree of renal tubular degeneration and necrosis. Degeneration of renal tubular cells in groups (P2) reduced compared to the group (C+) there were significant differences (P <0.05). Necrosis of renal tubular cells in groups (P1, P2) reduced compared to the group (C+) there were significant differences (P <0.05).  In conclusion, this research proves that administration of paraquat causes renal histopathological changes which are characterized by degeneration and necrosis. It also proves that taurine dose of 500 mg/kgBB could provided optimal effect.
Protection Effectiveness Of Bit (Beta vulgaris) Fruit Extract In Maintaining Spermatogenesis Ability In White Rats (Rattus novergicus) Induced Carbon Tetracloride (CCl4) Alvyan Lantang Anugrah; Hana Eliyani; Budi Utomo; Suherni Susilowati; Maslichah Mafruchati; Rochmah Kurnijasanti
Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary, December 2021
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jbmv.v10i2.31812

Abstract

The aim of this research was to know whether beetroot (Beta Vulgaris) extract could protect spermatogenesis by maintaining spermatogenic and sertoli cell count  in rats (Rattus novergicus) induced with CCl4. Rats were given beetroot extract daily, for 14 days and 3ml/kg BW CCl4 intraperitoneally one hour after last treatment. This study used twenty rats which were devided equally into 5 groups. K(-), the negative control group was not induced with CCL4 and only given 1% CMC-Na suspension. K(+), the positive control group was induced with CCl­4 and given 1% CMC-Na suspension. P1, P2 and P3 were given beet root extract with doses of 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg BW daily before feeding. All of the beetroot treatment were given orally (2 ml). After 24 hours CCl4 induction, rats were sacrificed and testis were collected to make histology slides. The observations showed significantly different (p<0,05) in all of variables. Result showed significant differences in spermatogenic and sertoli cells between K(-) and K(+) groups, K(+) with P2 and P3 group, and showed insignificant difference between P2 and P3 group in spermatogenic and sertoli cells. The result of this research showed that beetroot extract could protect the spermatogenic and sertoli cells in male rats induced with CCl4.

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