cover
Contact Name
Prayudhy Yushananta
Contact Email
prayudhyyushananta@gmail.com
Phone
+6281279610782
Journal Mail Official
ruwajurai@poltekkes-tjk.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. H. Mena No.100, Hajimena, Kec. Natar, Kabupaten Lampung Selatan, Lampung 35145
Location
Kab. lampung selatan,
Lampung
INDONESIA
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan
ISSN : 19786204     EISSN : 27237796     DOI : 10.26630
Core Subject : Health, Social,
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan is an open access scientific journal with a blinding review process published by the Department of Environmental Health, Tanjung Karang Health Polytechnic. The Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan aims to publish quality articles in the environmental health and related scientific, as a reference for the development of science and technology, as well as increase public literacy for scientific articles. Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan was first published on June 1, 2007, in a printed version with LIPI ISSN 1978-6204. The editor in chief is Mr. Karbito, SST, M.Kes. Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan changes the Editor Teams and the Reviewers Team. The editor in chief is Mr. Prayudhy Yushananta, SKM, MKM. In the new version, we also changed the appearance, journal templates, and starting to use the Open Journal System (OJS), and added the LIPI e-ISSN number 2723-7796. First issue in online version on Volume 14, No 1, 2020. Since Volume 14, No 1, 2020, all published articles have been indexed on Google Scholar, DOI, One Search, and BASE. This journal contains a script that includes: Environmental Epidemiology Environmental Technology and Engineering Environmental Management and Monitoring Environmental Health Risk Assessment Waste Management and Disposal Water Science and Technology Vektor Rodent Disease Control and Preventing Safety and Occupational Health Food Management and Safety Hygiene and Sanitation Pollution
Articles 99 Documents
DAUN PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA LINNAEUS) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA PADA LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI INSTAR III Anna Sofia Putri
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 2 (2019): (Upload ulang versi cetak)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v13i2.2779

Abstract

Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia dengan jumlah penderita cenderung meningkat dan penyebarannya semakin luas. Provinsi Lampung merupakan salah satu daerah endemik DBD dengan jumlah kasus sebanyak 277 (2015), meningkat dibandingkan tahun sebelumnya (227 kasus). Dalam penelitian ini akan digunakan ekstrak daun pepaya karena diketahui mengandung banyak senyawa metabolit beracun yang dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif pestisida alami. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah Untuk mengetahui kemampuan ekstrak daun pepaya (Carica papaya l) sebagai larvasida pada larva Aedes aegypti Instar III.Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental dengan rancangan penelitian Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Tanjung Karang pada bulan Februari-Maret 2019. Metode pengambilan sampel dengan Randomized Sampling. Variabel independen yaitu ekstrak daun pepaya (konsentrasi dan waktu kontak), variabel dependen yaitu larva Aedes aegypti.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa dari 5 macam konsentrasi dengan 2 kali pengulangan didapatkan hasil pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak daun pepaya yang paling efektif terdapat pada konsentrasi 1,5% dan 3% serta waktu kontak 4 jam.
STUDI KEBERADAAN JENTIK NYAMUK Aedes sp. BERDASARKAN KARAKTERISTIK TEMPAT PENAMPUNGAN AIR DI KELURAHAN TUNGKAL III, KUALA TUNGKAL, JAMBI Tiana Novrianti; Emilia Chandra
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 15, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v15i1.2169

Abstract

Tanjung Jabung Barat is a tidal area and is one of the endemic areas for dengue fever in South Sumatra. The highest cases were in the Kuala Tungkal Health Center area, especially in Tungkal III Village. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of the container which Aedes sp. prefer as breeding places. The research was conducted using visual methods inside and outside the home and identified the characteristics of each landfill. The results showed that 54.5% (36 out of total 66 houses were inspected) and 14.9% (57 of 381 TPA inspected) found Aedes sp. Based on its characteristics, the Aedes sp. prefer to lay eggs in TPA made of plastic (16.0%), drum-type (21.3%), and without cover (18.0%). Based on water sources, larva Aedes sp. more common in landfills that collect rainwater (26.0%) and outside the house (19.1%). Limited clean water sources encourage people to use large TPAs to collect rainwater. The use of abate, periodic larva monitoring, and increasing public knowledge are actions that must be taken. 
GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU CUCI TANGAN PAKAI SABUN (CTPS) PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS NEGARA RATU KECAMATAN SUNGKAI UTARA KABUPATEN LAMPUNG UTARA TAHUN 2019 Anisa Fitri
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2019): (Upload ulang versi cetak)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v13i1.2769

Abstract

Mencuci tangan adalah kegiatan yang umum dilakukan manusia di dunia. Tapi membasuh tangan dengan air saja tidaklah cukup. Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun (CTPS) merupakan upaya yang direkomendasikan untuk mencegah penyakit, dengan pertimbangan bahwa sabun mudah diperoleh dan terjangkau. Selain itu, air mengalir dapat diupayakan hampir di setiap rumah tangga. Supaya efektif, perilaku CTPS juga perlu dilakukan dengan benar.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk Mengetahui Gambaran Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun (CTPS) Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Di wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Negara Ratu tahun 2019. Jenis penelitian yang di gunakan adalah deskriptif yaitu menggambarkan pengetahuan dan perilaku Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun (CTPS) pada siswa SD yang berada di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Negara Ratu. populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa sekolah dasar kelas IV dan V yang di ambil dari 3 sekolah dasar untuk mendapatkan sampel 96 siswa di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Negara Ratu.Hasil penelitian melaporkan dari 96 responden yang berasal dari 3 sekolah dasar, diketahui bahwa 52 responden (54,2%) yang memiliki pengetahuan baik, tidak terdapat fasilitas di sekolah dasar, dan 44 responden (45,8%) yang memiliki perilaku baik. Puskesmas Natar agar melakukan penyuluhan lebih intensif sehingga pengetahuan dan perilaku cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa di sekolah dasar lebih meningkat dan melakuan advokasi kepada pihak sekolah agar membangun fasilitas cuci tangan pakai sabun.
PENGARUH KEBISINGAN, UMUR, MASA KERJA, LAMA PAPARAN DAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA PADA TENAGA KERJA DI PERUSAHAAN KABEL OTOMOTIF Mahesi Yustika Abjasiqo; Winarko Winarko; Ernita Sari
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v14i2.2165

Abstract

PT. Indowire Prima Industrindo is a company that manufactures copper automotive cables. In the operational process, it causes noise to reach 79-103 dBA. The study was conducted to obtain an overview of risk factors in the production section, namely age, years of service, duration of exposure, and use of PPE.The study used an observational research design with a descriptive study method, with a total sample of 62 people chooses randomly. Data collected through interviews, observations, and measurements.The results of research at PT. Indowire found that only 21% of qualified workplace noise. Most workers (93.5%) are older than 40 years old and have a working period of more than 10 years of 22.6%. All workers in the production section get noise exposure for 7 hours/day, and 21% do not use PPE. This study of noise indicates a high risk for hearing loss.There is a need for technical control efforts, the implementation of a work rotation system, training on APT, as well as providing strict supervision and policies for workers who do not use APT in noisy workplaces 
ANALISIS FAKTOR CEMARAN SUMUR TERHADAP KEJADIAN HEPATITIS A DI KECAMATAN NGADIROJO KABUPATEN PACITAN Isna Wahyu Setiani; Ferry Kriswandana; Rachmaniyah Rachmaniyah
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v14i1.2146

Abstract

Hepatitis A is a fecal oral disease which is still a public health problem in Indonesia. The Pacitan Regency Government has determined an extraordinary event (KLB) of Hepatitis A since June 25th, 2019, there were 1,310 confirmed cases. This research aims to determine the relation between well contamination and the incidence of Hepatitis A.This study used a case control design by means of observation and measurement of 36 dug wells randomly selected from 18 cases and 18 controls based on inclusion criteria. The water microbiology examination was carried out at the Surabaya Health Polytechnic Laboratory with the Most Probable Number (MPN) method, and the data analysis technique used was the serial point coefficient correlation.The results suggested that all observed well water was contaminated by E. coli bacteria, and more than half of them did not meet the construction requirements, namely from the aspect of distance from pollutant sources, walls, lips and well floors. The analysis results suggested a relation between Escherichia coli contamination and well construction (p-value = 0.036). However, it did not show a significant relation with the incidence of Hepatitis A (p-Value = 0.514).Improved well construction, increased knowledge, and hygiene behavior are efforts of which must be made in managing Hepatitis A. 
UJI KEMAMPUAN RENDAMAN KULIT BUAH JERUK NIPIS (CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA) TERHADAP PENGENDALIAN KECOA Anisa Filanita
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 2 (2018): (Upload ulang versi cetak)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v12i2.2759

Abstract

Kecoa merupakan serangga yang seringkali mengganggu kenyamanan hidup manusia serta menyebarkan berbagai patogen penyakit. Beberapa penyakit yang ditularkan oleh kecoa diantaranya tipus, diare, hepatitis, asma, dan kolera. Pada umumnya pengendalian kecoa dilakukan dengan menyemprot insektisida sintesis. Penggunaan insektisida sintesis memang memiliki beberapa keuntungan seperti kemudahan dalam mengoprasikannya, efektivitas yang tinggi, daya kerja yang cepat, dapat digunakan setiap waktu, serta mudah diperoleh. Namun penggunaan insektisida yang tidak tepat dan berlebihan secara terus menerus dapat menimbulkan resistensi dan pencemaran lingkungan. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan insektisida alternatif untuk mengendalikan kecoa agar tidak mencemari lingkungan dan dapat mengurangi resiko kontaminasi residu pestisida. Insektisida alternatif yang sedang dikembangkan adalah pemanfaatan tumbuh-tumbuhan seperti bunga, daun, akar, kulit dan biji dihancurkan dan kemudian langsung digunakan sebagai insektisida atau bahan beracun yang diektraksi terlebih dahulu kemudian baru digunakan sebagai insektisida botani.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian true eksperimen dengan melakukan pengamatan terhadap pemanfaatan rendaman kulit jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantiifolia) terhadap pengendalian kecoa. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan pengamatan terhadap jumlah kematian kecoa yang telah disemprot menggunakan berbagai konsentrasi kulit jeruk nipis, yaitu 0% (kontrol), 40%, 50%, 60% dan 70% pada setiap kotak.Dari hasil penelitian efektifitas rendaman kulit jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantiifolia) terhadap pengendalian kecoa dengan masing-masing konsetrasi), 40%, 50%, 60% dan 70% menujukkan hasil presentase dimana pada konsentrasi 40% jumlah kecoa yang mati sebesar 57%, konsentrasi 50% jumlah kecoa yang mati sebesar 71%, konsentrasi 60% jumlah kecoa yang mati sebesar 86%  dan konsentrasi 70% jumlah kecoa yang mati sebesar 100%. Sehingga semakin tinggi konsentrasi yang digunakan maka semakin tinggi kematian kecoa yang dihasilkan
TANAMAN APU-APU DALAM MENURUNKAN KADAR LIMBAH RUMAH SAKIT Arista Tia Gata
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2018): (Upload ulang versi cetak)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v12i1.2747

Abstract

Limbah rumah sakit adalah semua limbah yang dihasilkan dari kegiatan rumah sakit dalam bentuk padat, cair dan gas. Kandungan BOD, COD, dan amonia bebas dalam limbah cair rumah sakit mengandung bahan berbahaya yang dapat menimbulkan paparan /dampak  terhadap lingkungan dan masyarakat yang mempunyai resiko dari hasil yang ditimbulkan serta usaha mengatasinya.Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan rancangan pretest-posttest control group untuk melihat kemampuan tanaman apu-apu dengan variasi jumlah apu-apu, waktu kontak, dalam menurunkan BOD, COD, dan ammonia.Hasil yang diperoleh efektivitas berat apu-apu terhadap penurunan BOD yaitu pada berat 1,5 kg dan lama waktu kontak efektif adalah pada hari ke-9, efektivitas berat apu-apu terhadap penurunan COD yaitu pada berat yang paling efektif adalah berat 1,5 kgdan lama waktu kontak efektif adalah pada hari ke-9, efektivitas berat apu-apu terhadap penurunan amoniak yaitu pada berat 1,5 kg dan lama waktu kontak yang efektif adalah pada hari ke-9.
RESISTENSI NYAMUK Aedes aegypti TERHADAP CYPERMETHRIN DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, JAWA TENGAH Nur Bebi Ulfah Irawati; Novita Eka Putri
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 15, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v15i1.2608

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is still a global health problem. The Aedes aegypti mosquito transmits DHF, so vector control is an effective strategy in disease prevention. One of the insecticides that have long been used in the Klaten Regency is cypermethrin. However, cases of DHF have been reported to have fluctuated over the past ten years. This study aims to determine the resistance of Ae.aegypti against cypermethrin. Ae.aegypti was obtained from three endemic sub-districts with the highest Ceper District cases, then colonized to the first generation (F1). The CDC bottle bioassay method was applied to determine mosquitoes' resistance status to cypermethrin at a dose of 10 µg/ml. The results showed that cypermethrin resistance was found in all samples, from moderate to resistant levels. One sub-district sample showed resistance to cypermethrin (89% mortality after 30 minutes). Two sub-district else showed moderate resistance status (97% mortality after 30 minutes). The continuous use of the insecticide cypermethrin has had a resistance impact on the dengue vector. Community participation in eradicating breeding places is the main form of DHF control and insecticides with various active ingredients.
HUBUNGAN PENERAPAN 5 PILAR SANITASI TOTAL BERBASIS MASYARAKAT (STBM) DAN KEJADIAN DIARE DI DESA TAMAN BARU KECAMATAN PENENGAHAN KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN Deta Zalva Monica; Mei Ahyanti; Nawan Prianto
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v14i2.2183

Abstract

Diarrhea affects the death of several people around the world. In Lampung Province, the morbidity rate for all age groups tended to increase in 2005-2014. The increase in cases also occurred in South Lampung Regency from 2016-2018, and the most in Taman Baru Village, Penengah District.The study used a cross-sectional design with a sample of 267 households, which are all households in Taman Baru Village. Primary data were collected through a survey using a questionnaire and checklist. The collected data were processed and analyzed in a bivariate manner with the help of a computer program.The results showed a relationship between knowledge and application of the five pillars of STBM and the incidence of diarrhea. Community leaders and village officials fully support STBM activities. The people of Taman Baru Village have not carried out liquid waste management and household waste management, this factor can be the cause of the increasing incidence of diarrhea.
FAKTOR RISIKO KERACUNAN PESTISIDA PADA PETANI HORTIKULTURA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Prayudhy Yushananta; Nia Melinda; Arif Mahendra; Mei Ahyanti; Yetti Anggraini
Ruwa Jurai: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Environmental Health, Tanjungkarang Health Polytechnic

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26630/rj.v14i1.2138

Abstract

Pesticide poisoning is still an important health problem in agricultural areas, especially horticultural agriculture. Various chronic health effects can be caused by long-term exposure to pesticides. This study aims to determine the risk factor of pesticide poisoning in horticultural farmers in West Lampung Regency.The study used a cross sectional design which was conducted in four different areas as the center of horticulture agriculture, West Lampung Regency, Lampung Province. The study involved 289 participants by interviewing, observing and examining blood samples to measure cholinesterase levels as an indicator of pesticide poisoning. In this section, we have applied research ethical procedures. The obtained data were analyzed using Chi squre test, Odds Ratio test and Logistic Regression.The results showed that the risk factors for pesticide poisoning were incomplete use of personal protected equipment (PPE), spraying with the wrong dose and spraying frequency. Unwearing a complete PPE had a 4.54 times (OR = 4.54; 95% CI 2.09-9.83) higher risk of experiencing pesticide poisoning, and statistically suggested, a very significant relationship (p = 0.0001). While the use of excessive dosage has a risk of 4.39 times (OR = 4.39; 95% CI 1.87-10.33; p = 0.001); and the frequency of spraying more than twice a week had a 2.33 times higher risk of experiencing pesticide poisoning (OR = 2.33; 95% CI 1.24-4.40; p = 0.009).Excessive use of pesticide dosage and the frequency of spraying with the cover blanked method are the main factors of pesticide exposure to farmers. On the other hand, the use of PPE is a method of protection from exposure. It needs joint efforts through increasing knowledge about the dangers of pesticides, pesticide management, how to work safely, and the use of PPE.

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