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Neurosurgery Department Faculty of Medicine - Universitas Sumatera Utara - H. Adam Malik General Hospital Rindu A Lantai 2, Bunga Lau No.17, Kemenangan Tani, Kec. Medan Tuntungan, Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara 20136
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Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J)
Published by TALENTA PUBLISHER
ISSN : 26860848     EISSN : 26860848     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32734
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Focus and Scope Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHSJ) provides a forum for publishing the full research articles in the area of Neurosurgery and Health related to topics from the following subject areas: Neuro-Anatomy Neuro-Physiology Neuro-oncology Neuro-Spine Neuro-Pediatric Neuro-Trauma Neuro-Vascular Neuro-Fungsional Basic Science Biomoleculer in Neurology Radiology in Neurosurgery
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal" : 5 Documents clear
Principles of Spine Instrumentation Rully Hanafi Dahlan; Sevline Estethia Ompusunggu; Putra Utomo; Firman Nur Choliq
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhs-j.v2i1.1044

Abstract

Introduction : Spinal implants were initially, and are still, used for the supplementation of bony fusion. However, bony fusion operations were initially performed without implants.1 In the US, Wire and screw fixation of the unstable spine techniques remained to use until the pre-World War II years. 20 years after World War II, there were two major breakthroughs in spine surgery: the Harrington system for spine stabilization and deformity correction and the interspinous wiring technique of Rogers. Rogers described the technique of cervical interspinous wiring in the early 1940s. Harrington introduced his instrumentation system in 1962. Discussion : Since then, modifications of both techniques have been devised to increase their security of fixation. The next significant advance in dorsal spinal stabilization was the development of multisegmental spinal instrumentation. Multisegmental instrumentation permits sharing of the load applied to the instrumentation construct with multiple vertebrae, so that decreasing the chance of failure at the metal–bone interface.The Luque segmental wiring technique, developed in the early 1970s, was the first of this class of implants to achieve wide clinical application. Subsequent modifications have been used. Conclusion : Further modifications were the forerunners of more complex, currently used systems of universal spinal instrumentation (USI).
Relationship Between Waist Circumference with Frequency of Attack and Pain Intensity in Malaysian Students Who Have Migraine Muhammad Nazrul Mohd Nasir
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhs-j.v2i1.3299

Abstract

Background: Obesity can be intergreted as an excessive accumulation of body fat which leads to health problems, including migraine. Obesity is associated with the metabolic syndrome, a pro-inflammatory, pro-thrombotic state that may contribute to headache development and progression. Stimulation of trigeminal nociceptor induced the release of pro inflammation substances especially calsitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) and P substance. Those substances are found higher in migraine and obesity person. Neurogenic inflammation state was known has a big role on migraine pain. To evaluate the relationship between waist circumference with frequencies and pain intensity in Malaysian students with migraine at the University of Sumatera Utara. Method: Observational analytic with cross sectional approach. A sample of 94 people was taken based on the total sampling technique. The data obtained are presented in tabular form and then analyzed using the Chi-square Test. Result: Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate with the Chi-square test. From 77 subjects of the study consisting of 11 people with migraine aura and 66 people with migraine without aura. Most of the study samples were female (77.9%) and an average age of 20.97 years. The majority of race obtained was Malay (50.6%), BMI whose majority was normal (58.4%). From a 11 people with migraine aura, 7 of them had normal waist circumference and of 66 people with migraine without aura 40 of them had normal waist circumference. From Univariate and Bivariate analysis showed no significant relationship between waist circumference with the frequency of migraine attacks (p = 0.489) and there was no significant relationship between waist circumference and the intensity of migraine pain (p = 0.245). Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between waist circumference with the frequency of attacks and pain intensity in Malaysian students who experience migraine.
The Effect of Black Cumin On Body Weight, OAE Examination and Histopathology of Organ Corti Male White Rats Inducted by Streptomycin Muhammad Zhariff Roslan
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhs-j.v2i1.3459

Abstract

Introduction: Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside type of antibiotics. It is used as a first line treatment for tuberculosis (TB). Streptomycin also cause ototoxicity to its long term user as a fatal side effect. Black cumin (N. sativa) is an herbal plant that is widely consumed and contains thymoquinine as an active compound. Thymoquinine can reduce oxidative stress and increase antioxidant defences in the body. The objecive is to evaluate the relationship and differences of administration of black cumin (N. sativa) to body weight, optoacoustic emission test and the degree of the Organ  Corti damage induced by streptomycin in Wistar rats using histopathological examination. Method: In-vivo experimental method using 25 wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus) with 5 treatments group, group K0(control), P1 (Streptomycin 20mg/kgBW/day IM), P2 (Streptomycin IM with low-dose black cumin), P3 (Streptomycin IM with medium-dose black cumin), P4 Streptomycin IM with high-dose black cumin). The experiment was conducted as a post-test only experimental group design and assessed body weight, SNR values on OAE examination and the degree of damage through Haematoxylin-eosin staining histopathological examination.  Result: There were no significant differences in post-experimental weight (p> 0.05) with a p-value: 0.549 between every group (K0 to P4) and there were significant differences between SNR values in OAE examination and the degree of damage to Organ of Corti between every group (p<0.005) with a p: 0.000. There was a strong relationship between OAE examination and the degree of damage to Organ of Corti with p-value: 0.001 and r-value: 0.635. There was a moderate relationship between the treatment group and the degree of Organ Corti damage with p-value: 0.036 and r-value: 0.421. There were also no relationship between body weight and the degree of Organ Corti damage (p: 0.725), between the OAE treatment and treatment groups (p: 0.780), between the treatment group and body weight (p: 0.491) and between body weight and OAE examination (p: 0.465).  Conclusion: The hypothesis is proven on the strong relationship between OAE examination and degree of Organ Corti damage and also on the moderate relationship between treatment groups and the degree of Organ Corti damage
Correlation Between Epidural Hematoma Volume in Temporal Region with Glasgow Coma Scale on Patients with Head Injury at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan in the year of 2018 Ruth Jean Tri Apriliyanty Pandiangan
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhs-j.v2i1.3559

Abstract

Epidural hematoma (EDH) is the type of intracranial haemorrhage due to head injury that occur most frequently. EDH volume usually stable and can reach the maximum volume in only a few minutes or hours after traumatized. EDH being attentive to the clinicians and researchers because of the enforcement diagnosis that is relatively easy and the rate of success in operation is quite high and EDH located in temporal region contributed to increasing the mortality due to respiratory arrest from uncal herniation because of brainstem compression. Measuring degrees severity EDH the most common and much worn in international is glasgow coma scale (GCS) because it has a high level of validity; reliability, sensitivity and specificity. This research was conducted to see correlation between EDH volume in temporal region with GCS in patients with head injury. Research conducted is analytic observation with cross-sectional approached study. The study sample is 45 epidural hematoma patients in temporal region at productive age (18-59 years) who had diagnosed and got the best act of resuscitating to know the score GCS at H. Adam Malik General Hospital in 2018 who had met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The technique of taking data is consecutive sampling from medical record. Statistically there are negative relations between GCS to the volume of EDH patients based on the results of the CT scan (p<0,001, CI 95 %) with the 0,619 relations that is indicative of the strength of the relations which is very strong.
Relationship Between The Number of Cigarettes Per Day and Caffeine Intake on Headache Intensity in Faculty of Medicine Student Batch 2016 of Universitas Sumatera Utara Muhammad Zhariff Roslan
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhs-j.v2i1.3687

Abstract

Introduction: Headache is pain or discomfort in all areas of the head. Based on the causes, headache can be classified as primary headaches and secondary headaches. Headache can be caused by several factors such as hormones, nutrition, weather, stress, pressure, emotional, sensory problems (cigarette smoke, perfume, etc.), lack of sleep, excessive sleep, fatigue and physical activity. Cigarette smoke contains dangerous substances such as nicotine, which can cause blood vessels to become vasoconstrictive and cause headaches. Caffeine can also cause headaches. Caffeine can be consumed instead of coffee, energy drinks, cocoa and soft drinks. The aim was to determine the relationship of smoking and caffeine consumption to the intensity of headache in the 2016 USU FK whip students. Method: Analytical research methods, with cross-sectional research design on students of the 2016 University of North Sumatra School of Medicine. The study population was 227 students of the 2016 Faculty of Medicine, University of North Sumatra. The sampling method of this study was total sampling, taking the entire population of the Batch 2016 Faculty of Medicine students. All subjects were asked to fill out a questionnaire about the identity, smoking rate, level of caffeine consumption, intensity and headache frequency determined using NRS. Data analysis was made with SPSS and tested using a correlation test. Result: Data were analyzed with the Spearman correlation test. The results show 86 respondents are male respondent (38.1%). The female respondents were 140 respondents (61.9%). This makes women the majority gender in this study. Then, the average age value was 21.01 ± 0.048. It was found that Batak tribe respondents had the largest population, as many as 112 respondents (49.6%). Meanwhile the Minang tribe is the least populous population of 5 respondents (2.2%). Found respondents that smoke are 32 respondents (14.2%). Then found respondents that did not smoke are194 respondents (85.8%). 204 respondents consumed caffeine were around 90.3% and 22 respondents that did not consume caffeine which is about 9.7%. Spearman correlation analysis test showed no significant relationship between the number of cigarettes per day and the intensity of headache (p = 0.624) and there was a significant relationship between caffeine intake and headache intensity (p = <0.001).  Conclusion: There is no relationship between the number of cigarettes per day to the headache intensity in the 2016 Faculty of Medicine students of University of North Sumatra. But there is a relationship between the number of cups of caffeine per week to headache intensity in the 2016 Faculty of Medicine students of the University of North Sumatra.

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