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Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J)
Published by TALENTA PUBLISHER
ISSN : 26860848     EISSN : 26860848     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32734
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Focus and Scope Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHSJ) provides a forum for publishing the full research articles in the area of Neurosurgery and Health related to topics from the following subject areas: Neuro-Anatomy Neuro-Physiology Neuro-oncology Neuro-Spine Neuro-Pediatric Neuro-Trauma Neuro-Vascular Neuro-Fungsional Basic Science Biomoleculer in Neurology Radiology in Neurosurgery
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal" : 5 Documents clear
Cerebral Hemorrhage with Edema in A Five-Week-Old: A Case of Late-Onset Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding, Rare Diagnosis in Resource-Limited Settings Muhammad Al Anas; Dwi Herawati Ritonga
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhsj.v5i1.11040

Abstract

Introduction: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a term that describes the condition of hemorrhagic disorders in newborns. Late-onset VKDB occurs between the second week and sixth month of life. Intracranial hemorrhage often occurs in cases of late-onset VKDB and can cause 14-20% mortality and 40% long-term neurological morbidity, so it is important to treat patients until they are stable, especially with limited health facilities. Case Report: A baby boy aged 1 month 8 days was brought by his parents to RSUD Deli Serdang Lubuk Pakam with the chief complaint of an enlarged stomach, accompanied by paleness, weakness, convulsions, and altered consciousness. A midwife assisted the delivery with unknown history of immediate vitamin K injection after birth. We diagnosed the patient with VKDB according to the clinical symptoms. The head CT scan showed subdural and subarachnoid hemorrhage with cerebral edema. We transfused the patient with Packed Red Cells and Fresh Frozen Plasma 20 cc/12 hours 5 times, administered Vitamin K injection 3 mg/IM for 3 days, and other supportive therapy. The patient's condition improved within the third day of hospitalization with recovered consciousness and was transferred to the referral hospital. Discussion: The key feature of late-onset VKDB is the incidence of ICH in 30-88% of patients, leading to a high incidence of mortality. This study highlights the importance of prompt, and early treatment of VKDB with proper history taking, clinical examination, and relevant investigations to reduce morbidity and mortality. Conclusion: In conclusion, secondary late-onset PDVC is more common than the primary subtype, and late-onset PDVC is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries including Indonesia, where vitamin K prophylaxis is not routinely performed
A Selection of Surgical Interventions in Pediatric Hydrocephalus : A Literature Review Nurul Musfirah; Iskandar
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhsj.v5i1.11101

Abstract

Introduction: Hydrocephalus is a condition in which the flow of cerebrospinal fluid is disturbed due to an imbalance between production and reabsorption or because there are obstacles along its distribution channel. The most common surgical intervention and standard strategy for treating hydrocephalus in recent years has been the placement of a shunt, particularly a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VP-Shunt). In addition to shunt placement, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) are currently being performed simultaneously, considering that the combination of the two procedures is sufficient to provide maximum results and can even reduce the risk of failure. Method: The method of literature review is used in this study.The method chosen is preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), which involves selecting the characteristics of literature through electronic media with database searches through the PubMed and Google Scholar sites. Patients diagnosed with hydrocephalus, both communicative and noncommunicative, with an age of 18 years; surgical intervention with a Vp-shunt; EVT with or without CPC; and a 3-month follow-up were the inclusion criteria. Result: There were 1,251 samples included in the 10 articles in this study, 7 of these articles had samples with non-communicable hydrocephalus, with the most common etiologies being post-infection and hemorrhage. The selected interventions, both Vp-Shunt and ETV with or without CPC, have a high percentage of success rates, with an average age of intervention in this study of   6 months. Conclusion: The choice of intervention in cases of hydrocephalus should be based on patient characteristics. Installation of a shunt, ETV, or ETV/CPC may et he first choice based on the etiology of the hydrocephalus, the patient’s age, and a risk assessment that takes into account the complications that may arise from the selected procedure
Characteristics of Low Back Pain in Medical Students of Muhammadiyah Jakarta University Class of 2019 After Online Class for One Semester Sulfa Rizkiandini; Zainy Hamzah
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhsj.v5i1.11177

Abstract

Introduction: Lower back pain (LBP) is a complaint that is often felt by everyone in everyday life. In 2010 the Global Burden of Disease Study estimated low back pain to be one of the top ten diseases and injuries with the highest number in the world. According to research conducted by Altinel in 2008, about 62% of adults experience LBP as a result of sitting too long in the wrong position. The wrong sitting attitude of someone at work will affect the unfavorable results of their work. Method: This research is a descriptive analytic survey research, which aims to know about low back pain of  the students of the Medical Education Study Program Class of 2019. approach used in this study is "cross sectional study", with a total sample of 113 respondents. Result: From the 113 respondents the results of research conducted through a questionnaire, there were 59 respondents (52.2%) who were researched having a low back pain. In the category based on the length of study, 59 respondents (52.2%) experienced LBP complaints and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.030) where there was a significant relationship between the length of study and LBP complaints. In the category of the relationship between sitting position when doing online, there were 59 respondents (52.2%) and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.526), there was no significant relationship in the position category when doing online with LBP complaints and in the sitting position category when learning was obtained 59 respondents (52.2%) and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.183), namely that there was no significant relationship in the category of learning position with LBP complaints. Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between learning position and length of study with complaints of low back pain in students of 2019 Medicine Program of Muhammadiyah Jakarta University. Because, the improper sitting position and duration of study are not solely factor that lead to low back pain.
Characteristics of Neck Pain in Medical Students of Muhammadiyah Jakarta University Class of 2019 After Online Class for One Semester Raras Sakti Mulya Kasmi; Zaini Hamzah
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhsj.v5i1.11178

Abstract

Introduction: Neck pain is a very common complaint in everyday life. Neck pain is a multifactorial disease with many associated risk factors. In population studies, 20-60% of women and 15-40% of men have experienced neck pain. Neck pain is a health problem that can develop and interfere with a person daily activity. Method: This research is a descriptive analytic survey research, which aims to know about neck pain of the students of the Medical Education Study Program Class of 2019. approach used in this study is "cross sectional study", with a total sample of 113 respondents. Result and Discussion: From the 113 respondents the results of research conducted through a questionnaire, there were 76 respondents (67,3%) who experienced neck pain. In the category based on the length of sitting, 76 respondents (67,3%) experienced complaints of neck pain and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.455) where there was a significant relationship between the length of sitting and complaints of neck pain. In the category of the relationship between the most frequent learning position, there were 76 respondents (67,3%) and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.586), there was no significant relationship in the most frequent learning position with neck pain complaints and in the learning location category 76 respondents (67,3%) and the results of statistical analysis (P = 0.315), namely that there was no significant relationship in the category of study location with neck pain complaints. Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between learning position and length of sitting with complaints of neck pain in students of 2019 Medicine Program of Muhammadiyah Jakarta University. Because, the sitting position and length of sitting are not the only factors that cause neck pain complaints  
A Systematic Review of Treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations Fathy Azwar; Muhammad Deni Nasution
Asian Australasian Neuro and Health Science Journal (AANHS-J) Vol. 5 No. 1 (2023): AANHS Journal
Publisher : Talenta Universitas Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32734/aanhsj.v5i1.11247

Abstract

Introduction: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CMs), also known as cavernomas, are brain vascular anomalies that consist of clusters of aberrant, hyalinized capillaries surrounded by hemosiderin deposits and a gliotic border. CMs are also known as cavernomas. The vasculature is filled with blood and can exhibit varying degrees of thrombosis. The familial form of CMs is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and is caused by a heterozygous mutation in one of the three genes, CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3, which may be located on the 7q, 7p, and 3p chromosomes, respectively. This type of CMs affects only one member of the immediate family. Patients diagnosed with CMs make up anywhere from forty to sixty percent of those who have the familial variety. Treatment options for CM lesions include microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and conservative care. The most common procedure is called a microsurgical resection. Method: The aim of study of this study to investigate the treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations. This study used the literature review method by discovering articles using the search engine PubMed and SagePub and 6 articles met the inclusion criteria in this study. Result: According to the findings of the study, there were no significant variations in patient outcomes in terms of  the frequency of seizures between those patients who had surgery and those who received conservative medicinal treatment. Discussion: Cavernous malformations are intracerebral anomalies that were only brought to our attention in a meaningful way after the development of MRI technology. They are relatively frequent. Treatment includes microsurgery and radiosurgery. Microsurgery  cures the patient but has substantial problems with complications, deterioration and partial removal. Cavernomas that were previously inoperable can now be treated with stereotactic radiosurgery. More research is required to fully understand the long-term neurological implications of SRS. In order to evaluate the efficacy of cavernoma treatments, the natural history of the tumors must be investigated. Conclusion: Microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and conservative management treat CM lesions. Microsurgical resection is most common. Stereotactic radiosurgery can now treat inoperable cavernomas. SRS's long-term neurological effects need further study. The natural history of cavernomas must be studied to determine therapeutic success.

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