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Contact Name
Edy Fachrial
Contact Email
fachrial_edy@yahoo.co.id
Phone
+6281373833653
Journal Mail Official
fachrial_edy@yahoo.co.id
Editorial Address
Gedung Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan Jurusan Kedokteran Jl. Belanga No.1 Ayahanda Medan, Indonesia
Location
Kota medan,
Sumatera utara
INDONESIA
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal)
ISSN : 20883641     EISSN : 26140128     DOI : https://doi.org/10.34012
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Anestesiologi Anti-Aging Medicine Biokimia Biologi Sel dan Molekuler Biomedik Dermatologi dan Venerologi Epidemiologi Farmasi/Farmakologi dan Toksikologi Forensik Geriatrik Histopatologi Ilmu Bedah Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Ilmu penyakit Saraf Ilmu Penyakit THT Kedokteran Komunitas Mikrobiologi Obstetri dan Ginekologi Oftalmologi Ortopedik dan Traumatologi Pulmonologi Radiologi
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober" : 6 Documents clear
Hubungan Faktor-Faktor Predisposisi dengan Kejadian Osteoarthritis pada Ibu Rumah Tangga yang Berobat di Puskesmas Keai Durian Nanda Novziransyah
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1254

Abstract

Predisposing factors are thought to have a relationship to the incidence of osteoarthritis (OA). Some predisposing factors associated with and increased risk of OA are age, genetics, and body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of predisposing factors to the incidence of osteoarthritis in housewives who were treated at Puskesmas Kedai Durian for the period February-March 2019. This study used an analytical study with a Cross Sectional approach. This study uses a population of housewives who seek treatment at Puskesmas Kedai Durian. The sample in this study were 72 people taken through accidental sampling techniques. Data was taken using a questionnaire distributed to housewives who went to the Puskesmas Kedai Durian and analyzed by the chi-square test. The data analysis technique used is univariate and bivariate analysis. In the results of the study it was found that there was an association of age with the incidence of osteoarthritis (p=0,000); the relationship between genetics and the incidence of osteoarthritis (p = 0,000); the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of osteoarthritis (p=0.020). So it can be concluded that there is a relationship between predisposing factors with the occurrence of osteoarthritis in housewives who seek treatment at Puskesmas Kedai Durian in February-March 2019. Keywords: Body Mass Index (BMI), Osteoarthritis (OA), Predisposing Factors, Age, Genetics.
Gambaran Diagnostik Dan Penatalaksanaan Pasien Anak Demam Berdarah Dengue Rawat Inap Di Rumah Sakit Royal Prima Medan Suhartina Suhartina
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1380

Abstract

Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) merupakan suatu penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh Virus dengue dari kelompok Arbovirus B, yaitu Arthropod-Borne Virus atau virus yang disebabkan oleh artopoda. Virus ini termasuk genus Flavivirus dari famili Flaviviridae. Ada 4 serotipe, yaitu DEN-1,DEN-2, DEN-3 dan DEN-4. Di Indonesia penyakit DBD masih merupakan masalah kesehatan karena masih banyak daerah yang endemik. Untuk mengetahui gambaran diagnostik dan penatalaksanaan pasien anak DBD rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Royal Prima Medan tahun 2015, telah dilakukan penelitian dengan desain studi kasus, bersifat deskriptif, dan retrospektif. Besar sampel100 data rekam medis pasien yang diambil secara purposive. Ditemukan umur termuda 1 tahun, dan umur tertua 17 tahun. Sex ratio = 143,9%.Kelompok umur terbanyak (3-4 tahun). Keluhan utama demam tinggi (96%), mimisan (3%), dan muntah darah (1%). Keluhan tambahan mual (30%), mual+muntah (28%), sakit kepala dan muntah masing-masing 8%. Pemeriksaan fisik inspeksi konjungtiva, hidung, kulit, gusi (dalam batas normal) (60%), ruam makulopapular (29%), gusi berdarah dan epistaksis+ruam makulopapular masing-masing 3%, palpasi abdomen nyeri tekan (49%), normal (46%), dan hepatomegali (5%), perkusi paru pada dinding thorax, normal (97%) dan suara redup (3%), auskultasi paru pada dinding thorax, normal (99%) dan melemah (1%). Pemeriksaan penunjang trombosit, trombositopenia (53%), normal (45%) dan trombositosis (2%), hematokrit normal (34%) dan hemokonsentrasi (66%), leukosit normal (39%), leukopenia (61%), hemoglobin normal (99%)dan anemia (1%), eritrosit normal (100%). Penatalaksaan cairan, Ringer Laktat (89%), Asering (7%) dan NaCl (3%). Medikamentosa, paracetamol (25%), paracetamol+ranitidin+ceftriaxone (12%), novalgin dan paracetamol+ranitidin masing-masing 10%. Lama rawatan, maksimum 11 hari, minimum 2 hari dengan rata-rata 4 hari. Keadaan sewaktu pulang, sembuh (79%) dan pasien berobat jalan (21%). Komplikasi, tidak ada. Perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kelompok umur 1-2 tahun pada anak laki-laki sudah terdapat kasus DBD sedangkan pada perempuan mulai ditemukan pada kelompok umur 3-4 tahun.
Comparison of Pregnancy Exercise and Depth Breath Relaxation for Lower Back Pain in Pregnant Women Linda Chiuman
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1388

Abstract

The high number of LBP in the third trimester of pregnant women. A few numbers of study that explore the effect of pregnancy exercise and depth relaxation for LBP among pregnant women. This study was aimed to explore the efficacy of physical exercise and depth relaxation for reducing the severity of LBP. This study was an experimental study that used Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design among 28 third trimester of pregnant women in Royal Prima Hospital. The descriptive analysis, Mann-Whitney test, and Wilcoxon test were used to analyze the data. This study showed that at the initial observation time, there was no significant difference in the pain scale among the pregnant women. Meanwhile, at least two last observation time, there were significant differences in pain scale among each group of intervention and each observation time. Hence, pregnancy exercise is better than depth breath relaxation for reducing back pain severity after two weeks of intervention.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK DAGING BUAH MAHKOTA DEWA (Phaleria macrocarpa) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI Escherichia coli Wienaldi Wienaldi
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1413

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to test the effectiveness of pure extract of the pulp of crown of god and extract of the pulp of crown of god with etanol as a drag in inhibiting the growth of the bacteria Escherichia coli. There are two samples be used, pure extract of the pulp of crown of god which has concentration 100% and extract of the pulp of crown of god with etanol as a drag has four concentration which is 1%, 5%, 10 % and 20%. The process of liquefaction is used according to the concentration could change the ability of the extract in inhibiting the growth of bacteria that could be tested by the disc diffusion method. The result also shows that all of the extract samples have the effectiveness of antibacterial on Escherichia coli. The average of inhibit zone which is formed by the pure extract of the pulp of crown of god is 9,3 mm and extract of the pulp of crown of god with etanol as a drag which has concentration 1% is 10,6 mm, 5% is 24,6 mm, 10 % is 15, 6 mm and 20% is 16,6 mm. these show that the big of concentration is used not straightly compare with the size of inhibit zone is formed.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENYAKIT PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK DI RSU ROYAL PRIMA MEDAN TAHUN 2016 Irza Haicha Pratama
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1414

Abstract

Pneumonia masih menjadi masalah kesehatan pada anak saat ini. Berdasarkan data UNICEF tahun 2016, pneumonia bertanggung jawab hingga 16% kematian pada anak. Dari data populasi yang tercatat, Indonesia termasuk dalam 10 besar Negara dengan angka kematian akibat pneumonia pada anak di bawah lima tahun di tahun 2013 pada urutan ke-8. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan penyakit pneumonia pada anak di RSU Royal Prima Medan tahun 2016. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan desain studi kohort retrospektif. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh seluruh pasien anak penderita pneumonia yang tercatat pada data rekam medik di RSU Royal Prima Medan tahun 2016. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat dan bivariat. Berdasarkan hasil uji Chi-Square didapatkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan yang secara statistik bermakna antara usia dengan penyakit pneumonia pada anak (p = 0,899; RR = 0,984; 95% CI = 0,7 – 1,2), tidak ada hubungan yang secara statistik bermakna antara jenis kelamin dengan penyakit pneumonia pada anak (p = 0,483; RR= 0,922; 95% CI = 0,7 – 1,1), dan ada hubungan antara status gizi dengan penyakit pneumonia pada anak (p = 0,000; RR = 2,582; 95% CI = 1,4 – 4,7). Penelitian ini menyarankan kepada anak dan keluarga untuk lebih memperhatikan bagaimana cara mencegah dan menangani faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan penyakit pneumonia pada anak.
IDENTIFIKASI INFEKSI SKABIES DAN FAKTOR RISIKO PERILAKU PERSONAL HYGIENE PADA ANAK PANTI ASUHAN AL-JAM’IYATUL WASHLIYAH PULO BRAYAN MEDAN Mangatas Silaen
PRIMER (Prima Medical Journal) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Edisi Oktober
Publisher : Universitas Prima Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.34012/pmj.v3i2.1415

Abstract

Scabies is a skin disease caused by infestation and sensitization of Sarcoptes scabiei variant hominis on the body. Scabies is a contagious disease. Transmission can occur through close physical contact such as shaking hands, sleep together and sexual relations, and can also through underwear, towels, sheets and beds. This research aims to identify risk factors for the infection of scabies and personal hygiene behaviors of orphans in Panti Asuhan Al-Jam'iyatul Washliyah. This research is a descriptive survey with cross sectional. Samples to be examined in this research are orphans in Panti Asuhan Al-Jam'iyatul Washliyah who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The results of this research describe the orphans in Panti Asuhan Al-Jam'iyatul Washliyah who suffered by scabies as many as 23 people (57.5%) and who didn’t suffer from scabies as many as 17 people (42.5%). And also known as many as 14 people (35%) fall into favorable category of personal hygiene behavior and 26 people (65%) fall into unfavorable category of personal hygiene behavior.

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