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Contact Name
Ayi Ishak Sholih Muchtar
Contact Email
jurnal.iaid@gmail.com
Phone
+6281224321779
Journal Mail Official
jurnal.iaid@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Fakultas Syari'ah Institut Agama Islam Darussalam (IAID) Jl. Kiai Ahmad Fadlil 2, Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 46271
Location
Kab. ciamis,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Istinbath: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam
ISSN : 19078064     EISSN : 28077520     DOI : https://doi.org/10.36667/istinbath
Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Istinbath adalah jurnal ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Syariah, Institut Agama Islam Darussalam (IAID) Ciamis Jawa Barat. Artikel-artikel ilmiah yang dimuat di jurnal ini adalah artikel hasil kajian pemikiran dan penelitian hukum Islam.
Articles 51 Documents
SEBAB-SEBAB CERAI GUGAT DI PENGADILAN AGAMA CIAMIS TAHUN 2017 Yahya Yahya; Ahmad Nabil Atoillah; Ayi Ishak Sholih Muchtar
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 14 No 1 (2019): Istinbath, Mei 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

Divorce is the last solution that can be taken by a husband and wife in ending a marriage bond after holding peace or mediation to the maximum can be done at the wishes of the husband or the wife's request. Divorce made at the request of the wife is called a divorce. The purpose of divorce is the request of the wife to her husband to divorce (release) her from a marriage bond accompanied by iwadh in the form of money or goods to the husband in return for the imposition of divorce divorce. The imposition of divorce is as giving equal rights for women to break away from marital ties which are considered to have no benefit, and realize that wives also have the same rights to end marriages. This means that in certain situations a wife who is very tormented due to her husband has the right to sue for divorce with iwadh. In domestic life, even though at first husband and wife are full of affection as if it will not fade, it can even disappear with hatred. If hatred has come and husband and wife do not sincerely seek a way out and restore their love, it will negatively affect their offspring. Therefore, efforts to restore love are something that needs to be done. It is true that love is turned into hatred, but it also needs to be remembered that hatred can then return to love. The case of divorce in the Ciamis Religious Court in 2017 is very high according to information from the court
ANALISIS TERHADAP PENETAPAN PENGADILAN AGAMA KOTA BANJAR TENTANG DISPENSASI NIKAH Rudi Rudi; Helmi Maulana
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2017): Istinbath, Mei 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

Dalam pernikahan usia muda dimana kedewasaan fisik dan rohani masih labil atau kurang, sering timbul goncangan-goncangan dalam kehidupan berumah tangga, ini disebabkan karena kurangnya kesiapan mental dan masih belum masak jiwa raganya untuk membina rumah tangga sehingga tidak jarang terjadi pertengkaran, kesalahpahaman atau selisih pendapat antara keduanya tidak jarang berujung pada perceraian. Memang secara umum tidak ada seorang pun yang menginginkan pernikahannya berakhir dengan suatu perceraian, namun demikian sering kali lingkungan yang berbeda, serta perbedaan-perbedaan yang sifatnya pribadi mengakibatkan perkawinan tidak bisa dipertahankan lagi keutuhannya. Itulah sebabnya penetapan Peradilan Agama tentang dispensasi pernikahan menjadi amat penting.
POLIGAMI LIAR MENURUT UNDANG-UNDANG NO. 1 TAHUN 1974 Rudi Rudi; Septi Pratiwi Suci
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Istinbath, Mei 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

One of the principles of marriage according to Law no. 1 year 1974 is a monogamous marriage. But the principle of monogamy is not absolute. One of the conditions for a husband who wants to marry more than one is to be fair and get the approval of the first wife and apply to the Religious Courts. But the realization is still a lot of irregularities that occur in the community about polygamy. Many of the people who do illegal polygamy without the permission of the Religious Courts for various reasons. The impact of polygamy is also felt by the first wife that her rights become neglected because of the second wife. Polygamy procedures and rights and obligations of husbands who are polygamy or have more than one wife are regulated in detail in Law no. 1 of 1974 on Marriage and Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI), the two laws are a positive law in force in Indonesia.
PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN MODAL SENDIRI DAN LABA TERHADAP RASIO RISK BASED CAPITAL DI PT ASURANSI TAKAFUL KELUARGA INDONESIA Irawati Irawati
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 2 (2017): Istinbath, November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

This study based on the performance of PT. Asuransi Takaful Keluarga Indonesia, to measure the performance of the company can be obtained from the financial information contained in the financial statements, in those statements contained ratios one of them is the ratio Risk based capital. The factors that are thought to affect the Risk based capital ratio is the own capital growth and profit growth. The company must increase its own capital and profit growth, but the increase in equity and profit are not always able to increase the Risk based capital ratio. The purpose of this study was to determine how much influence the growth of their own capital as variable X₁ and profit as variable X₂ on the Risk based capital ratio (Y) partially and simultaneously. Framework in this study is the Growth of own capital, Growth of profit and Risk based capital ratios. The insurance companies try to increase their own capital but carelessness in the capital increase it self can increase the volume of claims and erode existing capital so as to reduce the Risk based capital ratio. Another factor is profit growth, profit growth is a reflection of the success of a company, but earnings growth does not guarantee could increase its Risk based capital because usually the company also increased its operations so as to reduce the Risk based capital. This research method is quantitative method with the source data is secondary data obtained from official web Takaful Keluarga (www.takaful.co.id), the official web of Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (www.ojk.go.id), Bapepam official website (www.bapepam.go.id) and the terms of its goal, this study includes research into explanatory (explanatory research). Based on the results of research conducted by partial, own capital growth did not significantly affect the Risk based capital ratio , because the value of t test (-0.642) < t table (2.306), the relationship profit growth against a Risk based capital ratio partially also not significant effect because the results t calculate the profit growth in the Risk based capital ratio is -2.714, then t ( -2.714 ) < t table ( 2.306 ) and the simultaneous growth equity capital, profit return on Risk based capital ratio does not significantly effect because it is based on the analysis of F count ( 3.285 ) < 4:459 (F-tabel)
DISPENSASI NIKAH DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 1 TAHUN 1974 DAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 35 TAHUN 2014 Reni Nuraeni; Mustopa Kamal; Ila Nurmila
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018): Istinbath, November 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

In Law No. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage, there is a regulation regarding the age of marriage, namely Article 7 Paragraph 1 which states that marriage is permitted if the man has reached the age of 19 years and the woman is 16 years. However, in other articles there are exceptions, namely being allowed to marry under the stipulated age provided there is parental consent and dispensation from the court as stipulated in article 7 Paragraph 2. However, on the other hand, Law No. 35 of 2014 concerning Child Protection provides regulations by requiring parents to prevent marriage at the age of children as stated in Article 26 Paragraph 1 letter c. Every child who is not yet 18 years old must receive protection for their rights and welfare. Therefore, dispensation in a marriage is a phenomenon that must receive serious attention, because this will have an impact on the achievement of the goal of marriage, namely the realization of the sakinah mawaddah warahmah family. This study uses a descriptive analysis method with a normative juridical approach, namely a statute approach, with a research starting point for analysis of statutory regulations. While the data collection technique used is library research (library research) by utilizing various libraries that are relevant to the social phenomena under study. This research resulted in the following conclusions: 1) Marriage dispensation in Law No.1 of 1974 concerning Marriage is contained in Article 7 Paragraph 2, namely in case of deviations from paragraph 1 of this article, dispensation may be requested from the Court or other official appointed by the two parents; 2) One of the child protections in Law no. 35/2014 concerning Child Protection as stated in Article 26 Paragraph 1 letter c, namely that parents are obliged and responsible to prevent marriage at the age of children with the aim of realizing children's welfare through child protection; 3) The two regulations are contradictory, even though the two laws were made by the same legal entity, namely the DPR. This means that there must be a synchronization of the regulations of the two regulations that apply in Indonesia, considering that children are an important and main asset for the survival of life.
Fikih, Filsafat, dan Teologi: Kajian Terhadap Pemikiran Abul Husain al-Bashri al-Mu'tazili Ahmad Nabil Atoillah; Rudi Rudi
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2017): Istinbath, Mei 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

Artikel ini mengkaji pemikiran Abul Husain al-Bashri al-Mu'tazili. Kajian dalam artikel ini menemukan bahwa Mu'tazilah dalam bidang teori ushul dan nalar fikih tetap berpegang pada dua prinsip dasar sebagaimana jumhur ulama, yaitu antara dalil akal dan dalil wahyu, keduanya saling menunjang dan tidak akan terjadi kontradiksi antara keduanya. Abul Husain al-Bashri mencoba melakukan sebuah pembaharuan dalam teori ushul agar tidak lagi tercampuri atau tumpang-tindih dengan teori teologi. Abul Husain al-Bashri dalam merumuskan teori ushul menjadikan dirinya sebagai ulama moderat yang hampir mencitrakan seorang pemikir Ahlussunnah.
PENERAPAN PASAL 4 UU NOMOR 1 TAHUN 1974 TENTANG PERKAWINAN DALAM PEMBERIAN IZIN POLIGAMI DI PENGADILAN AGAMA CIAMIS (STUDI KASUS NOMOR: 3496/PDT.G/2017) Acep Firman Nurdiansyah; Husni Husni; Tedy Hendrisman
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 14 No 1 (2019): Istinbath, Mei 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

The principle of monogamy adhered to by Law Number 1 of 1974 concerning marriage, so efforts to tighten polygamy, namely if desired by the person concerned, because the Law and Religion of the person concerned allows it and has fulfilled several specified conditions. As in article 4 of Law No.1 of 1974 concerning marriage, it states that, among other things, a husband will have more than one wife, so he is obliged to submit an application to the court in the area where he lives, the court which is meant to only give permission to a husband who will have more wife. from a. This article will mainly focus on the views of the Provisions for the Application of Article 4 of the 1974 Law on Marriage in the Granting of Polygamy Permits at the Ciamis Religious Court and to find out the judges' considerations in granting polygamy permits at the Ciamis Religious Court. The methodology of this study is in the form of a qualitative study. The application of this method includes the stages of data collection through observation, interviews, documentation, data analysis and research reports. This study also uses an anthropological approach. This research is a foundation for understanding human behavior according to cultural backgrounds and beliefs humanely. Based on a description of the results of the research and discussion relating to the considerations of the Judge of the Ciamis Religious Court in granting permission for polygamy, the following can be concluded: 1). Application of article 4 of Law Number 1974 case number: 3496 / Pdt.g / 2017 / PA. Ciamis is correct and correct because of the reasons put forward in the case the wife cannot bear offspring. 2). Judges' considerations in the decision number: 3496 / Pdt.g / 2017 / PA. Ciamis has granted permission for polygamy for alternative reasons, namely article 4 paragraph 2 letter c of Law Number 1 of 1974 and the cumulative reasons for article 5 of Law Number 1 of 1974 have been fulfilled.
ZAKAT FITRAH BAGI JANIN YANG MASIH DALAM ANDUNGAN MENURUT IBNU HAZM Ayi Ishak Sholih Muchtar; Siti Nurlaela
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Istinbath, Mei 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

One of the pillars of Islam related to the matter of treasure is zakat. Zakat is divided into two, namely zakat mal and zakat fitrah. In the zakat mâl, humans menzakati treasure or opinion such as gold, silver, animals, plants and commercial goods with clear conditions (Muslims, freedom, property is perfect, nishab and haul). While zakat fitrah different from zakat mâl, because the dizakati are human (self or soul) not a wealth or income. In the matter of zakat fitrah, the scholars are different pendapa about the obligation of zakat for the fetus that is still in the womb. Jumhur ulama argue that does not obligate zakat fitrah for the fetus that is still in the womb. While the fuqaha Dzahiri argues that zakat fitrah is obligatory for the fetus who is still in the womb when it has been perfect one hundred and twenty days in the mother's belly before the dawn on the night of Eid al-Fitr.
PERBANKAN ISLAM DAN KEPATUHAN TERHADAP SYARI’AT: PERSPEKTIF PENGEMBANGAN PRODUK Pepe Iswanto
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 2 (2017): Istinbath, November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

Perbedaan utama antara perbankan Syari’ah dan perbankan konvensional adalah bahwa yang pertama mematuhi prinsip-prinsip hukum Islam (Syari'ah). Namun, beberapa produk perbankan Syari’ah dikritik karena tidak memenuhi persyaratan syariah karena produk-produk konvensional ini sangat mirip. Artikel ini membahas bagaimana kontrak Islam tradisional digunakan untuk menstrukturkan moda pembiayaan Islam selama masa kontemporer. Untuk memahami pilihan mode pembiayaan yang digunakan oleh bank-bank Islam, proses pengembangan produk diperiksa dan serta dikaji peran badan-badan syariah di lembaga-lembaga ini (departemen syari'ah dan dewan pengawas Syari'ah). Kajian ini menemukan bahwa pilihan moda pembiayaan yang digunakan oleh lembaga keuangan Islam bergantung pada faktor eksternal dan internal. Dalam beberapa kasus bank Islam memilih mode pembiayaan kontroversial karena ini adalah satu-satunya yang layak di bawah rezim hukum dan peraturan yang ada.
HUKUM DAN DAMPAK PSIKOLOGIS PENELANTARAN ISTERI OLEH SUAMI MENURUT ULAMA DESA CIHERANG KECAMATAN BANJARSARI KABUPATEN CIAMIS Ibnu Taufan Mulyana; Sumadi Sumadi; Madiha Dzakiyah Chaerunnisa
Istinbath | Jurnal Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 13 No 2 (2018): Istinbath, November 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Syari'ah | Institut Agama Islam Darussalam | IAID | Ciamis, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

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Abstract

In living a married life, there are always problems that arise and can trigger the desire and courage of a husband to choose to leave a wife and child or what is called household abandonment. This article mainly focuses on the views of the Ulama of Ciherang Village, Banjarsari District, Ciamis Regency, about the Psychological Impacts of neglecting their wives by their husbands. This study uses a qualitative method. The application of this method includes the stages of data collection through observation, interviews, documentation, data analysis and research reports. This study also uses an anthropological approach. This research is the basis for understanding human behavior according to cultural backgrounds and beliefs humanely. The Ulama of Ciherang Village is of the view that it is a legal sin for a husband who abandons his wife without giving any news even though a husband loves the birth support, because basically it is not only the physical income that must be fulfilled but also the internal income. The inner life does not have to be intimate, but also gives advice, comforting the wife is also part of the inner support. If indeed the wife sincerely accepts it then there is no problem, otherwise the husband will sin. The psychological impact of the wife arising from her husband's abandonment in Ciherang Village, Banjarsari District is as follows: (a). The wife feels a deep hurt, resentment and hatred as a result of being neglected by her husband for more than 2 years. (b). The habit of crying because the incident seemed unexpected. In other words, she still did not believe her husband left her without giving news. And this has an effect on reduced appetite. (c). The wife feels hopeless in living with her child because she is depressed by circumstances. (d). Feeling embarrassed when leaving the house because it is the topic of the neighbors' conversation. (e). The wife more often tells about her family problems to other people, be it neighbors or relatives, this is only to vent her feelings of annoyance to her husband.