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Contact Name
Rachmat Hidayat
Contact Email
hanifmedisiana@gmail.com
Phone
+6281949581088
Journal Mail Official
editor.arkus@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl Sirna Raga no 99, 8 Ilir, Ilir Timur 3, Palembang, Indonesia
Location
Kota palembang,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Arkus
Published by HM Publisher
ISSN : 20891393     EISSN : 28085035     DOI : https://doi.org/10.37275/arkus
Arkus publishes original articles, article reviews, and case reports and is designed as a place of dissemination of information and scientific knowledge to develop human wealth. Arkus publishes all manuscripts in multidisciplinary fields (social sciences, sciences, technology, engineering, health, education, religion, law, economics and environmental).
Arjuna Subject : Umum - Umum
Articles 56 Documents
Phototherapy in Dermatology Inda Astri Aryani; Maria Mayfinna Gozali; Indri Widyasari
Arkus Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v1i1.119

Abstract

Phototherapy is a therapeutic procedure in dermatology. Phototherapy uses certain ultraviolet wavelengths classified into 3 types,broadband UVB (BBUVB), narrowband UVB (NBUVB), and psoralen UVA (PUVA). The most widely used is NBUVB for treating psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and vitiligo. The mechanism of action of phototherapy is to reduce epidermal proliferation, suppress the immune system, reduce the inflammatory process, and induce repigmentation. Before starting phototherapy, the dose adjustment depends on skin type and minimal erythema dose (MED). Frequency of use is recommended based on the severity of the disease, continuously administered needed. Besides of this therapeutic effect, some contraindications and side effects that need to be considered in the use of phototherapy such as drug interactions, photoallergic and risk of skin malignancy.
Nutrition Therapy for Stunting Julius Anzar
Arkus Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v1i1.58

Abstract

Stunting is a decrease in height growth rate as measured by the height value by age under minus two standard deviations of the WHO child growth standards graph. In 2016 as many as 22.9% (154.8 million) of children under five years of age suffered from stunting, and Indonesia is in the 5th place of the country that suffers most from stunting. The leading cause of stunting is unbalanced nutritional factors in quantity and quantity during the growth period. Other causes are human factors; infant and child feeding practices, severe infections, subclinical infections, low birth weight babies and premature infants and social factors, such as household poverty, poor parenting, unresponsive eating practices, inadequate child stimulation, food insecurity, limited health services, access to clean water and sanitation. Children can be predicted to be stunting by measuring height periodically since birth. The most effective intervention to prevent stunting is to increase children’s diet quality. The Indonesian government role as a program and policymaker is to create a Stunting Intervention Framework, namely Specific Nutrition Interventions and Sensitive Nutrition Interventions. In conclusion, stunting can be predicted and can be prevented. Provision of MPASI by WHO recommendations that are timely, adequate, safe and are given in the proper manner is a specific nutrition intervention that can prevent stunting.
Physiological Aspect of Menstruation Jum Natosba
Arkus Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v1i1.59

Abstract

Menstruation or menarch or menstruation or menstruation is a normal physiological process for women, except during pregnancy. Menstruation is a sign of the fertile cycle and is a characteristic of female maturity which is marked by the process of removing blood from the uterus accompanied by periodic pieces of the lining of the uterine wall during the reproductive age Dismenorrhea is a medical condition characterized by severe uterine pain during menstruation that manifests as cyclical lower abdominal pain. This is the main cause of the decline in the quality of life of adolescents. This literature review aims to describe physiological process of menstruation.
Oral Hygiene Examination and Dental Health Education of Children at Islamic Boarding School Palembang Martha Mozartha; Sri W. Rais; Siti Rusdiana Puspa Dewi; Danica Anastasia; Arya Prasetya Beumaputra; Hema Awalia
Arkus Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v1i1.60

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that the majority of children in Indonesia have poor oral hygiene. Children who attend boarding school are sometimes facing difficulties in accessing dental health providers. In this kind of situation, knowledge of oral health and how to do a proper dental cleaning is crucial and must be mastered not only by students but also their teachers who spend most time with them at the boarding school. This goal can be achieved by the collaboration of dental public health and the school and community members.
Effleurage Massage for Pain Relief in Pregnant Women Mutia Nadra Maulida
Arkus Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v1i1.61

Abstract

Pregnancy is an event that begins with conception and ends with the onset of labor. Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters, the first trimester (0-12 weeks), the second trimester (13-27 weeks), and the third trimester (28-40 weeks). During the pregnancy process will cause various changes in all body systems, both physiological changes and psychological changes that can cause discomfort to pregnant women. Physiological changes that often occur in pregnant women such as dyspnea, insomnia, gingivitis, frequent urination, pressure and discomfort in the perineum, back pain, constipation, varicose veins, fatigue, Braxton hicks contractions, leg cramps, ankle edema. Not only physiologically, changes in pregnant women also occur psychologically such as changes in mood and increased anxiety. One of the physiological changes that pregnant women often complain about is back pain. The reported prevalence of back pain in pregnancy varies from 50% in the UK and Scandinavia to 70% in Australia. Back pain experienced by pregnant women will peak at week 24 to week 28, just before abdominal growth reaches its maximum point. Most back pain during pregnancy occurs due to changes in the spinal muscles, as much as 70%. Back pain in pregnant women can be treated both pharmacologically and non pharmacologically. One of the non-pharmacological therapies that can be given is Effleurage Massage, which provides a gentle, slow and uninterrupted massage on the back of pregnant women so that it can cause relaxation and reduce pain.
Physical Activity and Its Technology in Patients with Chronic Disease Budi Santoso
Arkus Vol. 2 No. 1 (2016): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v2i1.120

Abstract

Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) has a high mortality rate. This disease is closely related to an unhealthy lifestyle, including nutritional intake, physical activity, consumption of alcohol and cigarettes. Regular physical activity can increase the chances of living longer by lowering the risk of chronic disease. Pedometer is a technology that can be used to assess and motivate physical activity behavior.
Advances in Orthopedic Trauma Wiria Aryanta
Arkus Vol. 2 No. 1 (2016): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v2i1.62

Abstract

Orthopedic trauma is a broad term describing all kinds of injuries affecting the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in any part of the body that are caused by trauma. The term is wide - ranging and may refer to minor fractures or severely broken bones with a direct threat to the patient’s life. Orthopaedic surgeries focused on treating fractured bones and making sure the injured part of the body regains its original strength and maximum function it used to have prior to the injury.
Endocrine Diseases as a Cause of Short Stature in Children Aditiawati Aditiawati
Arkus Vol. 2 No. 1 (2016): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v2i1.63

Abstract

Growth abnormalities of short stature or tall stature are closely related to body disproportion. Humans experience changes in body proportions from infancy to adulthood. This is due to changes in organs and organ systems at each stage of an individual's life. Differences in growth rates in body organs affect differences in body proportions at each stage of an individual's life. This is related to osseous maturation, which is influenced by the endocrine system. There is a change in the ratio of the lower and upper segments according to age and arm span. The combination of low body weight with short stature or a lighter weight-to-height ratio indicates a chronic systemic disorder as a cause of short stature. A combination of short stature and being overweight or an increased ratio of body weight to height are essential clues to the possibility of an endocrine disorder as a cause of short stature.
Primary Prevention of Breast Cancer Mulawan Umar
Arkus Vol. 2 No. 1 (2016): ARKUS
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v2i1.64

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and with high mortality rate. There is evidence showing the influence of life style and environmental factors on the development of mammary gland cancer (high-fat diet, alcohol consumption, and lack of physical exercise). Primary prevention may contribute to a decrease in morbidity and mortality. The aim of this paper is to review current knowledge and reports regarding primary prevention of breast cancer.
Management and Referral of Acute Coronary Syndrome using iSTEMI Network Edrian Zulkarnain
Arkus Vol. 2 No. 1 (2016): ARKUS
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/arkus.v2i1.65

Abstract

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who experience total blockage of the heart arteries accompanied by ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (ECG) record, known as ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); one of the leading causes of death in Indonesia. In the STEMI patient care system there are three components that cause delays in handling which lead to an increased risk of death. First, the patient's delay; second, the system delay in the detection of STEMI patients and transfer to capable reperfus facilities; third, delays in health facilities, i.e. the time needed since the patient arrives at the health facility until reperfusion therapy is given, both by fibrinolysis and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Therefore Palembang needs to prepare an iSTEMI program, so that STEMI patients can be reproduced immediately. ISTEMI management in Palembang requires good organizational management.