cover
Contact Name
Abu Hamid
Contact Email
abu@poltekkespalembang.ac.id
Phone
+6285769226006
Journal Mail Official
jurnalgigi@poltekkespalembang.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Sukabangun I No.1159, Suka Bangun, Sukarami, Kota Palembang, Sumatera Selatan 30151
Location
Kota palembang,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM)
ISSN : 26572486     EISSN : 27461769     DOI : https://doi.org/10.36086/jkgm.v3i2
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) (ISSN: 2746-1769, eISSN: 2657-2486) is an Indonesian language open journal, which publishes research articles, which are original, innovative, up-to-date, and applicable in all areas of dental and oral health. Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) is published by Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang twice a year,every June and December Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) is Journal Published Original research papers focused on : Dental Nursing, Preventive Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry, Dental and Oral Health Promotion, Dental Health Management, Dental Disease Prevention
Articles 58 Documents
PERBANDINGAN GEL EKSTRAK TEMU KUNCI DAN TRIAMSINOLON ASETONID TERHADAP PENYEMBUHAN STOMATITIS AFTOSA REKUREN Alviani Tiku Rante; Shanty Chairani; Tyas Hestiningsih
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Recurrent apthous stomatitis (RAS) is a condition with painful recurrent ulcer in the oral mucosa. Manytherapeutic options in the treatment of RAS indicate there is no definitive therapy. The aim of this study was todetermine the effect of fingerroot extract gel on healing of RAS by measuring ulcer size and pain level of RAS.This experimental study used pretest-posttest control group design consisted on 38 female students of DentistryStudy Program Medical Faculty of Sriwijaya University with minor RAS. Sample were divided into 2 groups andinstructed to apply the fingerroot gel (treatment group) or triamcinolone acetonide (control group) 3 times a dayfor 7 days. Ulcer size was measured by using a dental probe and pain level was evaluated by visual analog scale(VAS) at the initial day (day-0), day-3, day-5, and day-7. The results showed that ulcer size and pain level inboth groups at day-3 lower than day-0, size decreased on day-5, and eliminated completely on day-7, while thepain had disappeared on day-5. No significant difference in size between the two groups at day-3, but at day-5ulcer size in triamcinolone acetonide group was smaller significantly than fingerroot group (p<0.05). There wasno significant difference of pain level between the two groups. Fingerroot have efficacy for reducing size andpain level of the RAS lesion so it can be used as an alternative in the treatment of RAS.
PERBANDINGAN STATUS KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT SISWA USIA 12 TAHUN DI SMP XAVERIUS 1 DAN SMPN 39 PALEMBANG Bertha Aulia; Sri Wahyuni; Rahma Fernita Aprilia
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) survey in 2003, 60-90% dental caries experience children in the world. RisetKesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) data in 2018, the prevalence of dental and oral problems in South Sumatraprovince was 52,4%. Dental and oral health can be influenced by parent’s education levels, parent’s incomelevels, parent’s occupation, and dietary habit. The purpose of this study was to compare the dental and oralhealth status of 12-year-old students at SMPN 39 and SMP Xaverius 1 Palembang. This was a observationalanalytic study with a cross sectional study design. Samples were all 12-years-old students at SMP Xaverius 1and SMPN 39 Palembang with total 90 students obtained by purposive sampling technique. Parent’s educationlevels, parent’s income levels, parent’s occupation, and dietary habit data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallisand to compare DMF-T and PBI at SMP Xaverius 1 and SMPN 39 Palembang were using Mann-Whitney test.There are significant differences between parent’s education levels, parent’s income levels, parent’s occupation,and dietary habit on dental and oral health, DMF-T and PBI p=0.000 (p<0.05). The conclusion of this study isthe oral and dental health of 12-years-old students at SMP Xaverius 1 is better than SMPN 39 Palembang.
PENGARUH MENGONSUMSI BISKUIT MANIS DAN ASIN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN pH SALIVA PADA MAHASISWI DI ASRAMA KEPERAWATAN GIGI POLTEKKES PALEMBANG Masayu Nurhayati; Saluna Deynilisa
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Eating foods that contain excessive carbohydrates tends to increase tooth decay, one of which is eating foodsthat contain sugar in carbohydrates. The sugar in carbohydrates contained in these foods is a substrate andmedia for bacterial growth, which will increase the process of tooth decay due to a decrease in salivary pH dueto demineralization. This study aims to determine an effect of salivary pH before and after consuming sweet andsalty biskuits. This study was an experimental study with bivariate data analysis using Anoa test. The sampleused was 64 female students in the Palembang Nursing Dental Boarding School dormitory. The results of thisstudy were salivary pH before and after consuming 0.26% sweet biskuits and 0.38% salted biskuits. Sweet andsalty biskuits were both able to reduce salivary pH but a decrease in pH after consumption of sweet biskuits wasgreater than salty biskuits and was statistically significant.
EFEK KONSUMSI BISKUIT UBI UNGU TERHADAP SALIVA DALAM UPAYA PENCEGAHAN KARIES Marlindayanti Marlindayanti
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

The occurrence of caries is due to an unbalanced demineralization and remineralization process. Both of theseprocesses are affected by the salivary acidity (pH). Eating foods containing complex carbohydrates (phosphorusand calcium) is very influential in the remineralization process. One type of food containing phosphorus andcalcium is purple sweet potato biskuits. Wheat-based biskuits are used as a comparison. The purpose of thisstudy was to determine the average salivary pH, time (minutes) needed for remineralization or restore normalpH. The population of this study was children aged 10-12 years at SDN 35 Palembang. A sample of 20respondents were divided into 2 groups, namely the group that consumed purple yam biskuits and the group thatconsumed wheat biskuits. The research design is a quasi-experimental study. From the results of the study it wasfound that the average amount of saliva pH after consumption of purple yam biskuits was 8.58 and the averagepH of saliva after consumption of wheat biskuits was 6.45. The normal salivary pH return time after consumingpurple yam biskuits is 30 minutes (average salivary pH 7.39), and after consuming wheat biskuits it is 40minutes (mean salivary pH 7.18). It can be concluded that purple sweet potato biskuits have the advantage ofslowing down the demineralization process after consuming carbohydrates and accelerating theremineralization process.
TINGKAT RISIKO KARIES GIGI PERMANEN ANAK-ANAK TAMAN KANAKKANAK DI KOTA PALEMBANG DI MASA DATANG Nur Adiba Hanum; Abu Hamid; Ismalayani`` Ismalayani
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Caries in children gets less attention from parents because of the assumption that the child's teeth will bereplaced by permanent teeth. The consequences of caries that occur from the beginning are a disorder ofmasticatory function, children are lazy to eat, and malnutrition can occur which affects the intelligence andactivity of children. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential risk level of permanent dentalcaries in children who are currently attending kindergarten in the city of Palembang and its relationship withcaries risk factors. This study is an epidemiological survey with a cross sectional approach. The population ofthis study was kindergarten children in Palembang city with a total sample of 767 children with a multi stagesampling technique. The results of this study indicate that the average risk level of permanent dental caries inchildren currently sitting in kindergarten is 81.9%, which is categorized as high caries risk. There was asignificant relationship between the risk level of permanent dental caries of kindergarten children in thePalembang city area with child behavior, maternal knowledge, acid pH of dental plaque, white spot on thesurface of milk teeth, and caries experience in milk teeth.
GAMBARAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN KARIOGENIK PADA SAAT ISTIRAHAT DI SD NEGERI 130 PALEMBANG Meyrisa Bastari
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

One of the factors causing dental caries is cariogenic food, the habit of children consuming cariogenic foodssuch as chocolate, sweets, cakes and so on, because the interesting shape of the food and the taste is delicious,so it is favored by children. This study was conducted to obtain an overview of the consumption of cariogenicfoods at the SD Negeri 130 Palembang. The method used in the study is descriptive with the same sample with apopulation of 843 children. This data collection was carried out in April 2019. Data were analyzed usingunivariate analysis. The results of the study were based on the number of children who consumed cariogenicfoods as many as 461 people or 55% of children, while the number of children who did not consume cariogenicfood was 382 people or 45% of children. From this study it was concluded that the number of children whoconsumed cariogenic foods was greater than the number of children who did not consume cariogenic foods atthe SD Negeri 130 Palembang.
GAMBARAN KARIES GIGI MOLAR PERTAMA PERMANEN PADA ANAK SD NEGERI 03 SIRAH PULAU PADANG TAHUN 2018 Sri Wahyuni
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 1 (2019): JKGM JUNI 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Caries is a disease that affects children, especially aged 6 years. Not only children who can be affected but alsoadolescent, adult, and even elderly. At the age of 6 years the permanent first molars begin to erupt so that theyare more susceptible to caries. This study aims to determine the description of caries in permanent first molar inchildren at SD Negeri 03 Pulau Padang Sirah in 2018. This study used descriptive research methods. The studypopulation was 110 children with a sample of 86 children. The results showed caries incidence in 50 fourthgrade children reached 58.13%, caries incidence based on tooth elements, permanent lower left first molarcaries with the highest caries incidence rate, there were 35 teeth (36.84%), whereas the right first permanentmaxillary molar were the fewest caries, which is only 11 teeth (11,957%). Based on the age the highestincidence of caries was found at 9 years of age reaching 15 children (30%). It is because children like to eatfoods that contain very high sugar and show a lack of awareness and motivation of parents towards children tomaintain dental health.
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PRAKTIK GIGI ILEGAL Siti Rusdiana Puspa Dewi; Pudji Handayani; Arya Prasetya Beumaputra; Martha Mozartha
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 2 No 1 (2020): JKGM JUNI 2020
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Praktik gigi ilegal adalah tindakan kedokteran gigi yang dilakukan secara ilegal oleh orang-orang yang tidak terdaftar dalam Konsil Kedokteran dan menjalankan praktik seperti layaknya dokter gigi yang teregistrasi, yang semakin menjamur di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pengetahuan masyarakat terhadap praktik gigi ilegal di masyarakat Tanjung Lago, Sumatera Selatan. Sebanyak 100 masyarakat di Tanjung Lago Sumatera Selatan diminta untuk mengisi kuisioner. Hasil survei menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat Tanjung Lago pernah mendatangi praktik gigi ilegal dan mengetahui bahwa yang melakukan tindakan perawatan gigi tersebut adalah bukan dokter gigi. Jenis perawatan yang paling banyak dilakukan adalah pembuatan gigi tiruan. Alasan utama mereka mendatangi praktisi illegal tersebut adalah karena mudah dijangkau. Dapat didimpulkan bahwa praktik gigi ilegal masih banyak dikunjungi oleh masyarakat dalam melakukan perawatan giginya. Untuk itu dibutuhkan upaya penyuluhan berkala untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai risiko mendatangi praktik gigi ilegal.
PENGARUH TEMPAT PENYIMPANAN SIKAT GIGI TERHADAP JUMLAH BAKTERI KONTAMINAN BULU SIKAT GIGI Thalya Khansaleta Wirgentia; Sukarman Sukarman; Hema Awalia
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 2 (2019): JKGM DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Sebanyak 90% masyarakat menyimpan sikat gigi di dalam kamar mandi. Penyimpanan sikat gigi yang kurang tepat dapat menyebabkan kontaminasi pada bulu sikat gigi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tempat penyimpanan sikat gigi terhadap jumlah bakteri kontaminan bulu sikat gigi. Metode penelitian adalah eksperimental semu menggunakan 30 sampel bulu sikat gigi, dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok diletakkan di dalam kamar mandi, dan kelompok diletakkan di luar kamar mandi selama 30 hari. Untuk menghitung jumlah bakteri kontaminan, bulu sikat gigi dipotong dan direndam dalam media cair brain heart infusion, dan di vortex. Kelompok diletakkan di dalam kamar mandi memiliki jumlah bakteri kontaminan bulu sikat gigi yang lebih tinggi, yaitu 78.730 CFU/ml, sementara kelompok diletakkan di luar kamar mandi memliki jumlah yang lebih rendah yaitu 29.540 CFU/ml. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan antara tempat penyimpanan sikat gigi terhadap jumlah bakteri kontaminan bulu sikat gigi.
PERBANDINGAN PENYULUHAN DENGAN SANDIWARA BONEKA DAN FLIPCHART TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN CARA MENYIKAT GIGI PADA ANAK Kelvin Fravindyastari; Masayu Nurhayati
Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (JKGM) Vol 1 No 2 (2019): JKGM DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palembang

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Abstract

Penyuluhan kesehatan gigi dan mulut adalah usaha terencana dan terarah untuk menciptakan suasana agar seseorang atau kelompok masyarakat mau mengubah perilaku lama yang kurang menguntungkan menjadi lebih menguntungkan. Penyuluhan kesehatan gigi yang digunakan adalah sandiwara boneka dan flipchart. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk membandingkan efektivitas metode penyuluhan terhadap pengetahuan anak tentang cara menyikat gigi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment yang dilakukan pada 40 orang anak yang dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok. Data dianalisis dengan analisis univariat dan bivariat menggunakan uji statistik T. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa selisih rata-rata skor pengetahuan anak sesudah dan sebelum diberi penyuluhan dengan sandiwara boneka adalah 4,8 dan selisih rata-rata skor pengetahuan anak sesudah dan sebelum diberi penyuluhan dengan flipchart 2,6. Dari uji T didapatkan nilai p<0,05. Kesimpulannya adalah ada perbedaan rata-rata skor pengetahuan anak tentang cara menyikat gigi sesudah dan sebelum diberi penyuluhan dengan sandiwara boneka dan flipchart.