cover
Contact Name
Titania T Nugroho
Contact Email
titania.nugroho@lecturer.unri.ac.id
Phone
+62811764031
Journal Mail Official
natur@ejournal.unri.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung LPPM Universitas Riau Jl. HR Subrantas Km 12,5 Pekanbaru 28293
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Natur Indonesia
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 14109379     EISSN : 25030345     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jnat
JURNAL NATUR INDONESIA terbit sejak tahun 1998, merupakan jurnal ilmu sains yang menyajikan artikel mengenai hasil penelitian, pemikiran dan pandangan dari peneliti dan pakar dalam bidang biosains (ilmu dasar), meliputi biologi, fisika, kimia dan matematika. Jurnal Natur Indonesia melibatkan mitra bestari yang menelaah setiap artikel sesuai dengan bidang ilmunya. Nama dan asal institusi mitra bestari tersebut tercantum pada halaman bagian normor 2 dari setiap volume penerbitan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan setahun dua kali, pada bulan April dan Oktober.
Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 12, No 1 (2009)" : 15 Documents clear
Studi Nutrisi Buah Ara (Ficus racemosa L.) untuk Pakan Ikan Aryani, Netti; Zen, Zuhelmi; Syandri, Hafrijal; Jaswandi, Jaswandi
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.384 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.54-60

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to find out the countent of nutrition of Ara (Ficus racemosa L) wich covers : thelevel of protein, fat, water, ash, fibrous part of the fruit, calcium, phosphor, vitamine C and E as well as amino acidwhich are very useful for enrichment of fish diets. The sample of Ara fruit were collected directly in the field. Therewere two types of processing Ara fruits used in this research, namely (1) cutting the fruits into thin layer and madeit into; (2) separating the fuit from the seed, dried, and made it into flour. The level of protein, fat, fibrous part of thefruit, water, and ash was analyzed by using proximate analysis, while the level of calcium was analyzed by usingAAS methods. The level of phosphor was measured by using spectrophotometer, the level of vitamine C and E wasanalyzed by using HPLC and amino acid by gas chromatography (CG). The study found that the flesh flour of Arafruit contained protein (10,63%), fat (8,66%), water (7,08 %), ash (11,57%), fibrous part of the fruit (16,15%), calcium514,88 mg/100 g), phosphor (418,29 mg/100 g), vitamine C (475,38 mg/100 g), and amino acid (3,013 %) higher thanAra flour with protein (8,98 %), fat (6,57%), water (10,26%), ash (18,23%), fibrous part of the fruit (20,31%), calcium(0,039 mg/100g), phosphor (0,002 mg/100g), vitamin C 25,48 mg/100 g ), and amino acid (1,24%). It can be concludedthat the Ara flour can be used as on of the ingredients for fish diets especially as the source of vitamine C, calciumand phosphor to incrase reproduction ability and growth.
Sintesis Nanopartikel Nd-CeO2 Menggunakan Metode Simple Heating untuk Aplikasi Solid Oxide Fuel (SOFCs) Sriyanti, Ida; Abdullah, Mikrajuddin
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.209 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.82-86

Abstract

Nd-CeO2 nanoparticles have been synthesized with a simple heating method. The microstructure and morphologyof material were characterized by a Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and the conductivity of the material wasmeasured by an AC Impedance Spectroscopy. At room temperature we obtain a sample prepared at 9% at/at. Ndhave the highest conductivity of 1.47 x 10-4. Scm-1. This conductivity surpass the value reported by Anefleous for Nd-CeO2 (NDC) material prepared by different method. Sample has been 49 nm crystals size obtained from FWHM .Thisresult proves that a simple heating method is the promising for synthesizing electrolyte materials for SOFCapplication.
Penyusunan Model untuk Penangkapan Berkelanjutan Ikan Pelagis dengan Pendekatan Jenjang Trofik di Selat Makassar Kaswadji, Richardus; Hatta, Muhammad; Umar, Nur Asia
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.496 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.67-74

Abstract

Observations on pelagic fish catch activities using bagan Rambo in Makassar Strait had been conducted in 2005and 2006 to obtain physical, chemical, and biological data and their processes in the operation of bagan Rambo inthe observation sites. The objective of the study was to overcome the overfishing problems which have beenhappenning in Makassar Strait, using a model of the trophic level approaches. Nine observation stations were setin three transects perpendicular to the coast. The measurement of physical, chemical, and biological parameterswere conducted monthly. Biological parameters measured were chlorophyll-a, and the abundance of phytoplanktonand zooplankton. Phytoplankton primary productivity, grazing mortality of phytoplankton by zooplankton, numberof catch of fish, and fish feeding habit were also measured. Run of the built model based on the data obtainedshowed that with the present catch-pressure (assuming that this was the start of catching operation), there wouldbe an overfishing starting in the 26 th or 27th month onward. Meanwhile, if the catch were half of the present, thenthere would be an overfishing in the 31 st or 32nd month, but would back to the sustainable production months afterthat. The model is still being developed by finding and adding more accurate data and parameters.
Fotoproteksi Kurkumin terhadap β-Karoten pada Berbagai Nisbah Molar serta Aktivitas Antioksidannya Natalina, Elly; Rahayu, Puji; Sulistyowati, Sulistyowati; Limantara, Leenawaty
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.206 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.1-8

Abstract

Curcumin and β-carotene are two kinds of pigments serve as antitumor, anticancer and antioxidant agents. Theantioxidant activity of curcumin is stronger and more stable as compared to β-carotene, so it can protect β-carotene degradation from light and oxygen. Therefore curcumin has higher antioxidant activity as well. Theresearch was conducted by mixing curcumin and β-carotene in several molarity ratios followed by iradiation usingvolpi lamp for 0, 10, 30, 60, and 90 minutes. The result shows that curcumin has photoprotection effect because itcan protect photooxidation of β-carotene. Mixing of curcumin and β-carotene 1:1 was the most stable ratio forprotecting β-carotene.
Isolasi dan Identifikasi Bakteri Asam Laktat Proteolitik dari Susu Kedelai yang Terfermentasi Spontan Yusmarini, Yusmarini; Indrati, Retno; Utami, Tyas; Marsono, Yustinus
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.878 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.28-33

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria is a group of bacteria with proteolytic activities enambling to grow on protein rich substratesuch as soymilk. This research was aim to isolate and identify lactic acid bacteria with have proteolytic activityfrom spontaneous fermented soy milk. Sixteen isolates out of 26 colonies isolated from fermented soymilk arepresumed as lactic acid bacteria. Among these 16 isolates, only 3 of them showed proteolytic activity. These threeisolates were further identify morphologically and only two isolates identified as Lactic Acid Bacteria, namelyR.1.3.2 and R.11.1.2. The ability of these isolates to produce acid and protease were observed. The results showedthat isolate R 1.2.3 higher ability in producing protease.
Pengaruh CdCl2 terhadap Produksi Eksopolisakarida dan Daya Hidup Azotobacter Hindersah, Reginawanti; Arief, Dedeh Hudaya; Soemitro, Soetijoso; Gunarto, Lukman
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.62 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.34-37

Abstract

The contamination of toxic heavy metal Cadmium (Cd) in soils will be endanger the human health because it ismore available comparing to another toxic heavy metals. One method of Cd-contaminated soil bioremediation isusing exopolysachharide-producing bacteria Azotobacter. Exopolysachharides (EPS) can mobilize Cd through theformation of complex Cd-EPS which sequentially can increase the availability of Cd for plants uptake. A laboratoryexperiment has been done to study the EPS production and the viability of six Azotobacter isolates in the liquidculture containing 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mM CdCl2. The bacteria were cultured in liquid medium with and without CdCl2 for72 hours at room temperature. The EPS production was determined by gravimetric method after precipitationusing acetone and centrifugation at 7000 rpm. The result was that all of Azotobacter isolates produce EPS in thepresence of CdCl2. In the culture with 1 mM CdCl2, the density of Azotobacter sp. isolate BS3, LK5, LKM6 increasedsignificantly, and that of isolate LH16 decreased. No significant effect of CdCl2 on the density of isolate BS2 andLH15. This research suggested that some Azotobacter isolates were relatively resistence to the Cd and could bedeveloped as biological agents in Cd-contaminated soil bioremediation.
Senyawa Antibakteri Escherichia coli ATCC 35218 dan Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 dari Kapang Endofit Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Melliawati, Ruth; Harni, Harni
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.739 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.21-27

Abstract

Endophytic fungus is a microorganism which live in the interstitial spaces healthy tissues of the host plant, andhas capability to produce secondary metabolite such as micotoxin, antibiotic and antiviral. This research wasaimed to find out the isolates of endophytic fungus produce antibacterial compounds to inhibit Escerichia coliATCC 35218 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and to investigate the Retention time (Rt) of the antibacterialcompounds produced by endophytic fungus with High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) methods.Diffusion Agar Plate Method was used to examine the antibacterial compounds on Escerichia coli ATCC 35218 andStaphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. While the antibacterial compounds were examined with Thin LayerChromatography (TLC) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) methods, and the result werecompared with Chloramphenicol and Ampicillin antibiotic standart. Two isolates of endophytic fungus namelyHl.46F.211 and HL.57F.258 were inhibited the growth Escherichia coli ATCC 35218 and three isolates namelyHL.48F217, HL.53F.243 and HL.57F.258 showed antagonistic action against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923.The results of TLC and HPLC analysing method show that antibacterial compounds produced by endophytic fungusHL.46F.211 had Rt (Retention Time) rate similar with antibiotic Chloramphenicol at 2,796 (at water fraction) and Rtantibiotic Amphycillin at 2,662 (at Chloroform fraction). While antibacterial compounds produced by endophyticfungus HL.57F.258 had Rt rate similar with antibiotic Amphycillin at 2,650 (at Chloroform fraction).
Cyclodextrin Formation Initiated by Enzyme Debranching Reaction On Amylopectin Branch Chain Of Tapioka Laga, Amran
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.093 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.15-20

Abstract

Degradation of starch by the glucosyltransferase enzyme (CGTase) to produce the primary product of chainsplitting undergoes an intramolecular reaction without the participation of water molecule. From this process, α-1,4-Linked cyclic product, known as cyclodextrins, are formed. The aim of the research was to cut amylopectinbranch in order to produce one straight chain, to optimize cyclic reaction formation cyclodextrin by CGTase. Theresearch was devided into 3 stages; (1) debranching enzyme concentration estimation (5,10,15,20, and 25 unit/gram) and the length of otimum reaction to produce straight chain for 5 hours which sample was taken each hour,(2) reaction length time estimation to form cyclodextrin in order to use debranching products (straight chain) assubstrates, the reaction length for 360 minutes and sample taken each for 30 minutes, and (3) the best substrateconcentration for straight chain (20-40% w/v) to produce cyclodextrin. The result showed that enzyme concentrationtreatment and optimal length reaction will produce straight chain with enzyme concentration of 14 units/gram for3 hours and straight chain product of 20 units/gram for 1 hour with straight chain product of 83.5%. The optimumlength of reaction for cyclodextrin formation from amylose produced from the de-branching process was 240minutes. The amount of cyclodextrin produced was 143.45 g/L with conversion value of 47.81% at 30% (w/v)substrate concentration. Highest yield of cyclodextrin (154,28 g/L) and conversion value of 44.08% was obtained at35% (w/v) substrate concentration
Biomassa Kerang Anadara granosa pada Perairan Pantai Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir Nasution, Syafruddin
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.34 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.61-66

Abstract

The present study was carried out to investigate the biomass of cockle (Anadara granosa) from coastal waters ofSouth Indragiri District, Riau Province. The biomass was investigated by quadrad sampling method in the intertidalarea along the Concong beach, where fishing of cockles mainly occured. The first station was near by the Concongestuary, while the second station was about 3 miles away from the fisrt one. Samples were collected from threedifferent portions of the intertidal zone that of High Intertidal Mid-Intertidal, and Low Intertidal. The result showedthat the highest biomass was found at the lower partion of the intertidal zone. Soft tissue of A. granosa was about24.8% of total wet-weight and 7.2 % of dry-weight. While material organic was about 85 % of soft tissue dry-weight.Water qualities of the sampling station showed that the overall water qualities were still in normal condition.
ji Bioaktivitas Senyawa Glikosida dari Biji Keben (Barringtonia asiatica L. Kurz) Bustanussalam, Bustanussalam; Simanjuntak, Partomuan
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.273 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.12.1.9-14

Abstract

The fruits or seeds of Keben (Barringtonia asiatica L. Kurz) were used traditionally for fish poisons, to curvestomach and headeach. The aim of this research was to isolate and identify bioactive compound of n-butanolfraction of active compound against Artemia salina Leach larvae. Isolation and purification of n-butanol fractionwere carried out by column chomatography (SiO2, CHCl3-MeOH) and high pressure liquid chromatography (RP,MeOH). The result of purification was than tested using BSLT methode. The test showed that, BABU-2.4 had thehighest activity with LC 50 value was 30.19 ppm. BABU-2.4 was identified with FT-IR spectrophotometer and NMR(proton and carbon) spectrophotometer as derivate of glicoside.

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 15