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Contact Name
Titania T Nugroho
Contact Email
titania.nugroho@lecturer.unri.ac.id
Phone
+62811764031
Journal Mail Official
natur@ejournal.unri.ac.id
Editorial Address
Gedung LPPM Universitas Riau Jl. HR Subrantas Km 12,5 Pekanbaru 28293
Location
Kota pekanbaru,
Riau
INDONESIA
Jurnal Natur Indonesia
Published by Universitas Riau
ISSN : 14109379     EISSN : 25030345     DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/jnat
JURNAL NATUR INDONESIA terbit sejak tahun 1998, merupakan jurnal ilmu sains yang menyajikan artikel mengenai hasil penelitian, pemikiran dan pandangan dari peneliti dan pakar dalam bidang biosains (ilmu dasar), meliputi biologi, fisika, kimia dan matematika. Jurnal Natur Indonesia melibatkan mitra bestari yang menelaah setiap artikel sesuai dengan bidang ilmunya. Nama dan asal institusi mitra bestari tersebut tercantum pada halaman bagian normor 2 dari setiap volume penerbitan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan setahun dua kali, pada bulan April dan Oktober.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 14, No 3 (2012)" : 10 Documents clear
Produksi Xilanase dari Isolat Sumber Air Panas Sonai, Sulawesi Tenggara, menggunakan Limbah Pertanian Susilowati, Prima Endang; Raharjo, Sapto; Kurniawati, Desi; Rahim, Rahmawati; Sumarlin, Sumarlin; Ardiansyah, Ardiansyah
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.469 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.199-204

Abstract

Xylanase is the enzyme with prospec for hydrolysis hemicellulases. Many industry use xylanase thermostable. This processes require enzymes which are operationally stable at high temperature thus allowing e.g. easy mixing, better substrate solubility, high mass transfer rate, and lower risk of contamination. Thermophiles have often been proposed as sources of industrially relevant thermostable enzymes. Thermophilic bacteria, live at hot-springs, are can produced thermostable enzymes. In this work, we studied the bacteria strains isolated from water collected in the Sonai hot-springs of Southeast Sulawesi region and condition production enzyme. Screaning bacteria xylanolitic use semi-quantitative detection at agar plate with xilan, and quantitative detection activity enzyme. Result experinces in the 28 isolates screened, isolat IIA-3 (Pseudomonas sp.) showed the highest xylanase production. Organism efficiently used 2% rice straw as substrates. Pseudomonas sp. was used to hydrolyses rice straw at 50oC, agitation 150 rpm and pH 9.
Pertumbuhan Jaringan Stipe dari Jamur Sagu (Volvariella sp) Endemik Papua dalam Kultur in vitro Abbas, Barahima; Listyorini, Florentina Heningtyas; Martanto, Eko Agus; Renwarin, Yanuarius
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.904 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.184-190

Abstract

Sago mushrooms are edible fungus which it grew naturally on decaying sago pith. The objectives of the research were defined an appropriate formulation medium for growth and development of stipe tissue of sago mushroom in order to result spawn stages. The parent of the tissues used as explants were selected from the best performance of sago mushroom which grew naturally. The research divided into three experiments: 1) Initiation of growth hyphae from stipe tissue; 2) hyphae proliferation; and 3) spawn formation. Murashige and Skoog (MS) and Knudson-C (KN) medium enriched 15 and 30% coconut water are the best medium for growth initiation and proliferation of hyphae. Both of these medium induced the explant grew rapidly and resulted vigorous hyphae. No different effect among concentration treatment of coconut water was observed for initiation and proliferation hyphae. The fact that all of the formulation medium used for spawn formation were able to induce spawn development become spawn stage. Even so, the best mediums for spawn formation were medium formulation 9 and 10.
Syarat Perlu dan Cukup untuk Keterbatasan Potensial Riesz di Ruang Morrey Klasik Utoyo, Mohammad Imam; Widodo, Basuki; Nusantara, Toto; Suhariningsih, Suhariningsih
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.722 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.227-229

Abstract

This script was aimed to determine the necessary conditions for boundedness of Riesz potential in the classical Morrey space. If these results are combined with previous research results will be obtained the necessary and sufficient condition for boundedness of Riesz potential. This necessary condition is obtained through the use of characteristic function as one member of the classical Morrey space.
Sintesis dan Uji Antibakteri Senyawa Bromo Kalkon Piridin Jasril, Jasril; Teruna, Hilwan Yuda; Zamri, Adel; Alfatos, Darian; Yuslinda, Elka; Nurulita, Yuana
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (95.23 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.172-175

Abstract

Three pyridine chalcones including (Z)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (1), (Z)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3- (pyridin- 3-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (2) and (Z)-1-(4-bromophenyl)-3-(pyridin-4-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (3) were synthesized by aldol condensation reactions from pyridinecarbaldehyde with 4-bromoacetophenone. In antibacterial assay, compound 3 exhibited strong activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli with the inhibition zone of 19.9; 19.5, and 17.5 mm, respectively.
Keragaman Genetik berbagai Isolat Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) dan Virulensinya terhadap Crocidolomia pavonana Trizelia, Trizelia; Santoso, Teguh; Sosromarsono, Soemartono; Rauf, Aunu; Sudirman, Lisdar I
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.998 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.176-183

Abstract

The objectives of the research were to study the genetic variability of various Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. isolates andvirulence to Crocidolomia pavonana. Thirteen isolates of B. bassiana were isolated from Nilaparvata lugens (Stål),Leptocorisa oratorius (F.), Thrips sp., Hypothenemus hampei (Ferr.), Crocidolomia pavonana (F.), Spodoptera litura (F.),Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esp.), and Riptortus linearis (L.) pests from different geographical locations in Indonesia. Fourteendifferent random primers were used to amplify DNA. Clustering of isolates were obtained using Unweight Pair GroupMethod Avarage (UPGMA). The results showed that only OPA08 primer generated more polymorphic DNA fragments.Result of clustering analysis showed that B. bassiana isolates forms two groups having genetic similarity equal to 55%.Clustering of isolates does not correlate to host type nor geographic origin. Mortality of second instar C. pavonana larvaewas dependent on the fungal isolates. At a concentration of 108 conidia/ml, isolate Bb-La2 had the highest virulence whichcaused 65% mortality of 2nd instar larvae. Isolates of B. bassiana is virulent against C. pavonana larvae present in the samegenotype group.
Komposisi Mangrove pada Lahan Tercemar BTEX dan Logam Berat Indawan, Edyson; Ahmadi, Kgs.; Novitawati, Retno Ayu Dewi
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.258 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.212-218

Abstract

The study was aimed to gasp inventory an expired plant mangrove species characteristic respectively collection specimen land us function BTEX and heavy metal at growth environment. The study held from April through November 2007. Design with two classes, Rank I : survey activities and explored in land for quantity and identification, Rank II : Analysis totality solid matter petroleum level BTEX and heavy metal situ by research in location. The results of mangrove identification (main component, supporting component, and associated mangrove) showed there are 11 families and 25 species. BTEX parameter from soil sample was detected benzene intensive contamination on Andil river (16.30 ppm), Porangan river (81.30 ppm), Gombal river (56.90 ppm), Kacar river (36.90 ppm) but it was not detected on Krondo river. Toluene intensive contamination Porangan river (824 ppm) and Kacar river (896 ppm). BTEX parameter from water sample was detected benzene intensive contamination on Andil river (24.30 ppm), Porangan river (8.13 ppm), Gombal river (20.30 ppm), Kacar river (8.13 ppm), Krondo river (8.13 ppm), and Toluene contaminate slightly. Ethylbenzene and xilene were not detected by gas chromatography. Soil medium showed that contamination mainly Pb on Gombal river (5.98 mg/Kg), Kacar river (7.24 mg/Kg) and Krondo river (6.43 mg/Kg), where are Andil river and Porangan river were only slightly contaminated. The metal occurred on Cu for all, except Andil river (6.22 mg/Kg), whereas Zn and Cr did not contaminate, while Ag and Cd were not detected. Water medium was not contaminated by Pb, Cd, Cr, and Zn, furthermore Ag and Cu were not detected
Seksualitas dan Perkembangan Gamet Sponge Laut Aaptos aaptos Schmidt Haris, Abdul; Soedharma, Dedi; Zamani, Neviaty P.; Pariwono, John I.; Rachmaniar, Rachmaniar
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.347 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.205-211

Abstract

This research was aimed to know the characteristics of gamet development of marine sponge Aaptos aaptos living in tropical waters of Barrang Lompo Island, Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi. In order to know gamet development, it was conducted three periods of sample collection at each moon phase. After sample collection, the specimen were put into tissue cassette and then were removed to fixative solution of FAACC (for 100 mL = 10 mL formaldehyde solution of 37–40%: 5 mL glacial acetic acid: 1.3 g calcium chloride dihydrate: 85 mL destilate water) for +48 hours, and then were removed to 70% alcohol for temporary storage before doing histological preparation following standard procedure. Sexuality of marine sponge Aaptos aaptos living in Barrang Lompo Island is gonochoric. Spermatocyt developed in spermatic cyst, while oocyt developed in the mesohyl. Stage of male gamet development was divided into four phases i.e. spermatocyt I phase, spermatocyt II phase, spermatocyt III phase, and spermatocyt IV (spermatid) phase, similarly, female gamet develop- ment was divided into four phases i.e. oocyt I phase, oocyt II phase, oocyt III, oocyt IV phase. Each phase of gamet development had specific characterstics different from among each others.
Desain dan Analisis Pengukuran Viskositas dengan Metode Bola Jatuh Berbasis Sensor Optocoupler dan Sistem Akuisisinya pada Komputer Warsito, Warsito; Suciyati, Sri Wahyu; Isworo, Dyan
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.777 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.230-235

Abstract

It has been designed and analyzed the low cost viscometer using falling ball method, the sample analyzed is glycerin fluid at 20oC. Two optocoupler circuits have been used as time measurement system of falling ball between two references point, light source used was infrared laser diode. The computer acquisition system use serial communication and it has been perfectly made and characterized. The velocity measurement system has 0.75 x 10-1 s resolution, but the resolution of integrated system both of hardware and acquisition software, is about 10-1 s. The theoretical viscosity value has been calculated and simulated to abtain the absolute viscosity value. This simulation results have been analyzed and compared with the experiment results. The correction factor for velocity calculation has been discussed and gave the optimum value of velocity correction factor (0.4425), regarding to the dimension of tube and ball used in this research. Based on the experiment, the viscosity of glycerin obtained was 1418.0309±1.6157 mPa.s., this value was with similar with the literatures and has a 0.57% of accuracy error (ε0).
Studi Etnobotani Dioscorea spp. (Dioscoreaceae) dan Kearifan Budaya Lokal Masyarakat di Sekitar Hutan Wonosadi Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta Purnomo, Purnomo; Daryono, Budi Setiadi; Rugayah, Rugayah; Sumardi, Issirep
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.947 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.191-198

Abstract

Dioscorea spp. were cultivated as alternative food in the garden and yard on dry season, and it’s planted by peoples in the villages. The objectives of the research are to identify the species, the tuber use, and the local wisdom to support the conservation of Dioscorea around Wonosadi forest. Samples and data collection was conducted in 15 villages around Wonosadi forest. Interview survey was done on peoples who are cultivate yam species (Dioscorea spp.) in their garden. Research were emphasized to tuber characteristic, traditional uses, and local wisdom to supporting yam conservation. Data was analyzed descriptively to illustrate the kind of local usage and local wisdom of connect with Dioscorea spp. The results showed that there were found species of gembili (D. esculenta (Lour.) Burk.), uwi (D. alata L.), and gadung (D. hispida dennst.) as cultivated plants, and tomboreso (D. pentaphylla L.), gembolo (D. bulbifera L.), and jebubuk (D. numularia Lamk.) as wild species in the forest. Tuber is raw material for many kind of food based on carbohydrate content. Gadung were used as fickle food with high diversification and insecticide for rice and corn. Peoples more consume gembili and uwi than gembolo and others species as rice substitute at dry season. The local wisdom were indicated that peoples still consume gembili and uwi as rice substitute, while tuber also used as sesaji in traditional concept jajan pasar or tukon pasar, and tuber of uwi was used as diet for diabetes complaint, and row material of uwi ungu tuber was used effectively for diarrhea complaint in the villages.
Konsentrasi Katalis dan Suhu Optimum pada Reaksi Esterifikasi menggunakan Katalis Zeolit Alam Aktif (ZAH) dalam Pembuatan Biodiesel dari Minyak Jelantah Kartika, Dwi; Widyaningsih, Senny
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.189 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.3.219-226

Abstract

Transesterification of waste cooking oil into biodiesel using KOH catalyst with and without esterification process usingactivated natural zeolite (ZAH) catalyst has been carried out. Activation of the zeolite was done by refluxing with HCl 6Mfor 30 min, followed calcining and oxydized at 500oC for 2 hours, consecutively. The transesterification without esterificationprocess were done using KOH catalyst 1% (w/w) from oil and methanol weight and oil/methanol molar ratio 1:6 at 60oC. Theesterification reaction was also done using ZAH catalyst then continued by transesterification using KOH catalyst inmethanol media. In order to study the effect of ZAH catalyst concentration at constant temperature, the catalysts werevaried, i.e. 0, 1, 2, and 3% (w/w). To investigate the effect of temperature, the experiments were done at various temperaturefrom 30, 45, 60, and 70oC at constant catalyst concentration. The conversion of biodiesel was determined by 1H-NMRspectrometer and physical properties of biodiesel were determined using ASTM standard methods. The results showedthat the transesterification using KOH catalyst without esterification produced biodiesel conversion of 53.29%. The optimumcondition of biodiesel synthesis via esterification process were reached at 60oC and concentration of ZAH catalyst of2% (w/w), that could give biodiesel conversion = 100.00%. The physical properties were conformed with biodiesel ASTM2003b and Directorate General of Oil and Gas 2006 specification.

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