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Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
ISSN : 27768457     EISSN : 27750760     DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.21111
ssues in the study of religions are increasingly interesting to discuss. For that, since Vol. 2. No. May 2, 2022, JCSR Journal of Comparative Study of Religions will focus on contemporary issues in religious studies. JCSR aims to publish original articles, book reviews, and review articles from researchers, academics, professionals, practitioners, and students. ️ JCSR is a semi-annual journal published in May and November by the Department of Comparative Study of Religions of Faculty of Ushuluddin, Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia. JCSR encompasses several topics of study as: ‎- Comparative studies in religion and politics ‎- History of religions ‎- Interfaith dialogue ‎- Philosophy of religion ‎- Psychology of religion ‎‎- Religion and art ‎- Religion and health ‎- Religion and linguistics ‎- Religion and literature ‎- Religion and media ‎- Religious anthropology ‎- Religious ethics ‎- Religious methodological research ‎- Religious phenomenology ‎‎- Religious sociology ‎- Religious tolerance ‎- Rituals on religion ‎- Role of religion in culture and society ‎- Sects ‎- Theology ‎‎- Thoughts, ideologies, and philosophies
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)" : 7 Documents clear
The Concept of Ruqyah in Islam and Exorcism in Catholicism Syamsul Hadi Untung; Abdul Muiz
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4976

Abstract

Ruqyah is commonly understood merely as an Islamic ritual used to expel demons or jinn that disturb the body of Muslims similar to Exorcism in Catholicism. However, there are a lot of things related to both which are inappropriately known and caused misunderstandings ended with shirk. This article will discuss the concept of ruqyah in Islam comparatively with exorcism in Catholicism, as ruqyah is not only a religious ritual used to repel demons or jinn but also a form of Islamic medicine inherited from the Prophet Muhammad. Ruqyah is also classified as the Thibbun Nabawi, making it considered as a part of Sunnah. As such, Exorcism is the teachings of Jesus to the 12 Apostles. Ruqyah is done using Qur’anic verses by every Muslim, as it can be an option for Muslims in dealing with disasters in the form of pain either physical or meta-physical injury derived from the interference of Satan or Jinn. While in Exorcism, the practice can only be done by a few who have obtained the legality of the local bishop, so that the authenticity of this practice can be justified. Even so, there are still many ordinary Muslims and Catholics who do not know and even look for other solutions to the problem and even do shirk.
Ellen G. White’s Prophecy According to Catholic Church View Asep Awaludin; Elzya Husana Anik
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4977

Abstract

The term "sect" is familiar to all religious communities. This term is known not only in Islam but also in Christianity, namely Advent (Seventh-day Adventist Church). A church that keeps the Sabbath day holy was pioneered by a woman named Ellen G. White. Its doctrine and teachings are believed to be a vision from God in conflict with his prophecies, because the prophecies taught contradict the doctrine of the Catholic papacy. This research is library research (library research), using several methods including descriptive methods and critical analysis methods. This study found that Ellen G. White's prophecy is a vision from God according to Adventists. But not so with Catholics, they are aggressively looking for evidence and accusing Ellen White of being a false prophet. His claims about visions begin with great experiences in childhood. Conjecture after conjecture emerged from various sects, including the Catholic Church. Some scientists claim that his vision was a mistake because of the suffering he experienced. Finally, this research can contribute to further discussion, so that it can be used to explore the importance of understanding the prophecies of Allah's messengers to stay away from wrong thinking.
Spirit of Vedanta Ushering Hinduism to The Idea of Universalism (Discourse on Swami Vivekananda’s Thought) Abdullah MuslichRizal Maulana; Sufratman Sufratman; Syafira Anisatul Izah
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4978

Abstract

In itsdevelopment, Hinduism experienced many changes to its modern era. Apart from all its traditions, Hinduism tries to introduce its existence on the world stage. Reformers of modern Hinduism such as Sri Ramakrishna, Rammohun Roy, and Swami Vivekananda themselves contributed greatly to this new idea with their respective models of practice. Departing from Swami Vivekananda attending the World Religious Parliament in Chicago in 1893, he brought the vision of his spiritual teacher Sri Ramakrishna about the Harmony of Religions are true. In the Parliament, he upheld his Vedanta teachings, which have been reinterpreted according to his Ideal concept, that Vedanta is the teaching of the future. Based on its Universal concept, Vedanta is able to take the World’s attention to its teaching in the West. In an effort to realize this idea, 1897, Swami Vivekananda disseminated the religious message of his teacher by establishing the Ramakrishna Mission, an organization to strengthen and expand the Vedanta idea. Since its inception, the Ramakrishna Mission has been dedicated to improving spiritually and social service, as well as developing religious teachings.
Mânûnjjâlînj Kâwûlâ Jûstî ‘Inda Râdîn Njâbîhî Rânjjâ Wârsîtû fî Risâlatî Wîrîd Hidâyat Jâtî fî Ta’lîmi Kîjâwîn (Kîbâtînân) fî Dhowi al-Tawhid al-Islâmiy. Kholid Karomi; Dyah Ayu Rejekiningtyas
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4979

Abstract

Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is the science of the high level of the Javanese to acquire the degree of perfection. In Kejawen, it is central to his teachings. However, in its history, the concept is not apart of the debate. It is said that Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is based to the teachings of the monistic and pantheistic. This teaching spreaded by Ranggawarsita, and write the complete fiber that discuss about Manunggaling Kawula Gusti. The fiber is Serat Wirid Hidayat Jati. He is a figure that represents a concept that is raised by the process of acculturation the two great major, the Islamic tradition and Kejawen tradition. Then, the pattern of Ranggawarsita thought influenced by the two traditions. This leads to not represent one of the tradition as a whole. The discussion aims to uncover Manunggaling Kawula Gusti according to Ranggawarsita in Serat Wirid Hidayat Jati, and the views of Islamic Monotheism against the doctrine. At the end of this discussion, will explain that the concept of Manunggaling Kawula Gusti teaches that the God is transcend with human, but His names and natures are close with human. That the meant of Manunggaling Kawula Gusti is Lord and servant is unity of creativity, taste and intention. Manunggaling Kawula Gusti may not be viewed as the teachings that deviate from monotheism, and instead, it is a form of the highest expression of the tawhid. This docrine teaches that there is no manifestation of the essential in addition to form of God.
Taqâlîd al-Zawâj fî al-I’tiqâd al-Jâwiy (al-Dirâsah al-Naqdiyyah). Adib Fuadi Nuriz; Azzamul Azhar
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4980

Abstract

This research focuses on solutions to the Javanese Muslim community in order to be able to carry out marriages with Javanese customs which are suitable with Islamic values and avoided from shirk. This research is a qualitative research with a cultural antrolopology approach. The data is taken from the library as library research, such as books and articles that explain the procedures for marriage with Javanese customs. By using descriptive-analytical method, the researcher analyzes the procedures of marriage with Javanese customs which are in accordance with Islam and which are contrary to Islamic sharia based on theory ‘urfin Islam. The results showed that there were six kinds of rituals and symbols that contained elements of shirk and violated the Islamic shari'a, those are 1) the ritual of determining the good day to carry out the marriage; 2) the ritual of choosing a mate by counting weton; 3) wear claw patterned fabric when installing tarub; 4) the splash ritual; 5) midodareni, and 6) betel throw.
Mu’jizatu Yasû’ ‘n al-‘Ilâj al-Jismâniy fî al-Kâtûlîkiyyah Jarman Arroisi; Dea Felaputri
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4981

Abstract

This article aims to examine non-medical healing as a miracle of Jesus. According to Christianity, non-medical healing is always being associate with miracles, also called divine healing which consists of healing physical and spiritual illness. Both are important parts of Christ's ministry. Jesus' ministry on earth, marked by healing, miracles, and miraculous signs. With descriptive and analysis methods, this study concludes that healing is a renewal of the body's condition to restore the strength of disease, and miracles are events that are difficult to reach by human reason. The relationship between Jesus' miracles and healing services in the Church is that there are several miracles of Jesus that have shown that faith and physical healing are interrelated. Healing from Jesus is not always instant because faith is a significant factor in getting healthy. One form of Jesus' healing is the law of touch and transmission, which is the means to make miracles. Not only that, but prayer is also a way to get healing from a distance. God wants the Church to fully operate on this earth as the empowered body of Jesus. For this to achieve, the gift and anointing of the Holy Spirit in believers must be activated. So that divine healing services can work in the Church along with traditional medicine while still being inseparable from the Christian faith.
Ibadah di Masa Wabah (Studi Kasus 3 Masjid di Dusun Mlangi Yogyakarta) Rizki Firmansyah
Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Comparative Study of Religions (JCSR)
Publisher : Departement of Comparative Study of Religions

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21111/jcsr.v1i1.4982

Abstract

The World Health Organization announced that COVID-19 has become the official name of this disease, the Director of the World Health Organization stated that it is a virus that has spread around the world and needs to be watched out. As a result of this virus, all aspects of human life have fallen apart, starting from the economy, education, and worship. With high concern, all public activities in Indonesia were immediately stopped to cut the spread of COVID-19. Everyone must follow health protocols and carry out all activities at home, whether studying, working, or worshiping. However, some people ignore the caution from the government and religious leaders so they still carry out their activities as usual. Such is the case in the Pesantren hamlet, Mlangi, Yogyakarta. Interviews were conducted with takmirs at 3 mosques in Mlangi village, Jogjakarta and to several community leaders. The results showed that the 3 mosques agreed to make faith and closeness to the god are their motivation to continue carrying out religious activities at the mosque during the pandemic.

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