cover
Contact Name
Jufriadif Na`am
Contact Email
jufriadifnaam@upiyptk.ac.id
Phone
+6287895670026
Journal Mail Official
jufriadifnaam@upiyptk.ac.id
Editorial Address
Blok D2/07/12 Komplek UNAND Lubuk Kilangan
Location
Kota padang,
Sumatera barat
INDONESIA
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment)
ISSN : 25810405     EISSN : 25810405     DOI : 0.29165
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy, and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects. AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) is a peer-reviewed journal that is published by Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network). The objective of AJARCDE is to provide a forum for the study and applied research in the areas of community development and empowerment studies. This unique interdisciplinary journal covers a range of research methods, including • Case studies • Comparative studies • Community based participatory or action research • Examine community problem • Policy analysis • Program evaluation • Survey research • Theory and model development
Articles 81 Documents
Training of Implementation of Simple Financial Statements on Waste Bank Group in West Jakarta Helsinawati, Helsinawati
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v1i1.1

Abstract

Regulation of the Minister of Environment No 13 of 2012 on the implementation of Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle (Ministry of Environment, 2012) is to manage waste through 3R principles (Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle). This regulation drives the community to establish a waste bank. Community Service on Training on Implementation Simple financial report on waste bank group aims to; provide theory, demonstration and practice about account code creation, document formats, and financial transaction processing on Member Savings Books / Waste customers. A waste bank is a concept of collecting and sorting dry waste, and has management like a bank but a savings is not of money but rubbish. Waste bank report, Purchase Report, Debt Report, Sales Report, Receivable Report and Cash and Cash Equivalent Report, Inventory Report, Journal, General Ledger, Trial Balance and Financial Statement (Balance Sheet, Income Statement and Cash Flow) Waste bank can monitor and control the source and the use of funds . The efficiency and accountability of revenue and expenditure of funds can be better so that profitability of business can increase. Training methods used (1) Lecture and Discussion, (2) Demonstration, and (3) Direct Practical Simple Finanvial Statement . Outcomes of this activity are the Improvement of knowledge, better understanding, skills of application of financial report recording from Waste Bank management.
The Application of Organic Liquid Fertilizer of Chromolaena Odorata on Rice Plants Jamilah, Jamilah
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v1i1.2

Abstract

Community service activities have been conducted in Ikur Lubuk Urban Village, Padang Panjang Timur Subdistrict, Padang Panjang City, in March-July 2016. Activities are demonstration plots (demplot) by planting rice that is given Liquid Organic Fertilizer (LOF) and pruning treatment. The purpose of the devotion is to socialize the demonstration plot so that the community can apply the pruning technology of HMT (forage and livestock feed) and the application of LOF Crocober to the paddy field of medium elevation area, Padang Panjang, so as to obtain HMT and optimal dried rice yield. Activities including the demplot establishment and LOF production. The results of the activity concluded that Crocober organic fertilizer product derived from Chromolaena odorata is the best LOF type and has a better quality than commercial LOF which is distributed in the market and already have PATENT approval. Pruning can help provide HMT for cattle to cope with the high imports of Indonesian meat. Treatment of pruning on paddy rice will be advantageous if pruning is done periodically with the pattern of rice cultivation which is named by salibu. Forage which is obtained in the area of 1 hectare of rice fields per year is able to meet the needs of 2 cows for 1 year.
The Application of Organic Plant Media Composition on Indian Mustard Crops (Brassica Juncea L) in Polybag Augustien, Nora; Indah, Pawana Nur; Arika , Purnawati; Irsyad, Irsyad; Suhardjono , Hadi
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v1i1.3

Abstract

Indian mustard plants are the main vegetable crops consumed by urban communities. The need for this vegetable increases along with the increase in culinary tourism in each region and the government's appeal on sustainable food home. One effort made to meet the needs of vegetable mustard in urban areas can be cultivated using polybags. The main problem of vegetable cultivation on polybags is the availability of soil media. To overcome the limitations of soil media it is attempted to substitute it with organic litter enriched with MOL (local microorganisms). The purpose of research is to find the right combination of planting media for mustard plants. The results showed that the composition of K7 = soil: compost: litter of hay: litter of maize (2: 1: 1: 1) best on plant length, number of leaves, length of root leaves and number of roots while the wet weight of mustard plant (g) K7 = soil: compost: litter of maize: litter of corn (2: 1: 1: 1) and K8 = soil: compost: litter of maize: litter of maize: cocopeat (2: 1: 1: 1: 1) or soil: compost + urea. Increased weights of wet mustard by 63% compared to soil media and 20% compared to soil composition: compost + urea. Organic straw in the form of straw: litter of corn stalk: cocopeat enriched with MOL are able to become ready-made planting media on the cultivation of indian mustard plants in polybags.
Community Partnership Program on Business of Food Processed Based on Cocoa Commodity Indah, Pawana Nur; Widayanti, Sri; Radiyanto, Indriya
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v2i1.4

Abstract

The purpose of Community Partnership Program (CPP) by the team from UPN "Veteran" East Java is to give a touch of science and technology on community activities. This CPP is intended to accelerate the creative economic activities of the community, by providing skills training in producing various cocoa-based foods and beverages. The method used in facilitating the improvement of skills of farmers community in micro enterprises in the processing of local products in the form of cocoa powder and fat is to conduct training Lecture and practice method is the basic theory in the operation of post harvest equipment of cocoa beans. In addition, the materials used in producing foods and drinks based on the hygiene of cocoa, nutritional value and the acceptable to the community and have an economical added value. It also provides mentoring with simple management materials and marketing to foster an understanding of entrepreneurship and the sustainability of business activities and the marketing of results. Based on the above facts, the purpose of the community service program that has been implemented is expected to increase the selling value of cocoa products, and the people's income in the region
The Empowerment of Village Unit Cooperation for Rejuvenation of Oil Palm Plantation in Dharmasraya Regency, West Sumatera Province Noer, Melinda; Syarfi, Ira Wahyuni; Azhari, Rafnel
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v2i1.5

Abstract

The cooperation has long been a pillar of the national economy in Indonesia, especially in developing the economy in rural areas. The Village Unit Cooperation (KUD) was developed to accelerate agricultural development, aimed at improving the farmers 'and peasants' farming in rural areas. KUD has also assisted in the success of regional development programs based on the agricultural sector, one of the plantation sub-sector, which is a partner of the plasma of palm oil farmer group of People’s Core Plantation (PIR) program throughout Indonesia. In the province of West Sumatra, the PIR of palm oil plantations began in the 1980s as a base of regional development, and now the age of harvest has made the age of plants unproductive. Accordingly, KUD Bukit Jaya in Dharmasraya District, one of the KUDs who wishes to apply replanting to farmer groups whose members,t found some obstacles in the implementation. This activity aims to facilitate KUD Bukit Jaya in order to realize the replanting activities in its working area. This action research is conducted using four stages of approach, namely: [1] introduction of problems with dialogical approaches, using interview techniques and discussions with cooperative managers as well as farmers whose gardens have to implement replanting; [2] the team analyzes the problems found and contacts the parties related to issues conveyed by cooperatives and farmers; the parties are insurance companies, bappeda as coordinator of cooperative technical service; [3] holding discussions and discussions with the cooperation, farmer groups and involved parties (insurance companies, cooperative agencies, and district government); [4] agreed on assistance for the preparation of cooperative and peasant group work plans for the preparation and implementation of replanting
Biopesticides And Biofertigation Practice to Overcome Land Fertility and Plants Cultivation Problems in Magetan District Radiyanto, Indriya; Siswanto, Siswanto; Amir, Indra Tjahaya
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v2i1.6

Abstract

Magetan Regency is one of the leading fruit production centers (Pamelo Oranges) and vegetables in East Java. Production of Pamelo orange as a superior product of Magetan regency, during the last 10 years tends to decrease both in terms of quantity and quality. This is as a result of fruit fly pest attack is quite massive and viral; as well as vegetable crops that still depends on pesticide and chemical fertilizers. Quantity and quality of fruit and vegetable products are still not optimal because: 1). There are still pests and diseases that can not be controlled in an environmentally friendly manner, 2) The cultivation of pamelo and vegetable plants in Magetan regency has not been fully applied organic fertilizer intake, 3). Gardening irrigation technology still relies on rain water and semi-technical irrigation. The objective of the action research through Community Partnership Program (CPP) is to provide a touch of science and technology that is expected to accelerate the creative economic activities of the community by providing skills training based on organic materials including: 1. The utilization of yard land by planting vegetables; 2. The production soil enhancer; 3. Production of urine-based biopesticide ; 4. Simple book keeping practice in small-medium scale agriculture, and 5. Production of Pamelo orange-based food. The methods used in facilitating the improvement of skills of farmers and dairy farmers joined in micro small and medium enterprises including lecture, field practice and mentoring. The result of activities is expected to be able to: a). improve farmers skills in good plant care through integrated pest and disease control and organic based fertilization through fertigation. b). Make environmentally friendly fertilizers and pesticides independently. c). Increasing the production and quality of agricultural products. d). Innovative organic biofertilizers products.
Community Empowering through Tubers Crop Cultivation with its Compost Applications And Its Processing Technology Warnita, Warnita; Rozen, Nalwida; Aisman, Aisman
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v2i1.7

Abstract

Tuber crops (cassava and sweet potato) are potential sources of food that are widely used by the community. The demand for large quantities of potatoes increases every year. Therefore,we need to increase productivity. The purpose of this action research is to encourage student empathy to contribute and solve the problem in society by applying research results to improve the yield of tubers (cassava and sweet potato) through community service program which is named KKN-PPM. The methods applied by encouraging and motivating farmer groups, community leaders and small-processing industries. The activities are: 1) counseling, 2) training and 3) demonstration of compost application on sweet potato cultivation and cassava in farmer's land 4) manufacturing of various cassava processed products and 5) the application of packaging to products. The results of this KKN-PPM program are: 1) Increased awareness and empathy of students on economic, social and cultural issues so as to increase the income of the people; 2) The occurrence of partnerships between students who have various skills and technology so that can be realized a good cooperation to empower the community in cultivation of tubers and its processing; 3. increasing knowledge and technology among the cultivators and processors of tuber crops and packaging improvements so as to increase the selling price. 4. Positive response which is given by the community in the form of active participation and enthusiasm in following the activity from the beginning to end of the implementation.
Appropriate guidelines of Waste Management for Keudchang Sub-district, Maetang District, Chiangmai province, Thailand Sawetrattanakul, S; Jansri, S. N.; Tantranont, N; Setthapun, W
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (369.637 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.10

Abstract

Waste management is one of the major problems around the world. Governments and global organizations are starting to pay attention to the amount of waste left behind. Thai government drafted the National policies of waste management to manage waste in sustainable ways. Keudchang Sub-district confronts waste management problems due to the increase in the amount of waste, insufficient area for disposal, roadside and riverside litters, an illegal dump of rubbish in forests, and air pollution from waste incineration. The purposes of this research were to study the amount of waste and waste composition in 8 villages of Keudchang Community (KC), and develop appropriate guidelines of waste management. This participatory research collects data from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data sources include interviews and set up a public hearing stage with stakeholders in KC. Secondary data include a documentary of community context, meeting minutes, and other related documents. Qualitative data were analyzed with the content analysis method. The results showed that the KC produce an average of waste to 4,062.02 kg/day. These wastes could be classified into 4 types including organic waste (45.83%), recycle waste (28.01%), general waste (15.55%), and hazardous waste (10.60%) respectively. An individual person at KC produces an average of waste at 0.98 kg/day. Additionally, the results from conducting a public hearing stage of 8 villages revealed community awareness and solutions for waste management. All people in KC need to sort their wastes properly before disposal in 4 ways. First, organic waste. Each household needs to dig a hole and dump the organic wastes into it. The organic wastes should be managed and separated from other wastes. Second, recycle waste. Various approaches to recycle waste include waste credit bank (WCB), waste volunteer, monthly fee, and self-management. The WCB would be a hub for the communities to make profits and reduce landfill wastes. A waste volunteer would be a volunteer person who buys community wastes and sell them to outsiders. The monthly fee would be an approach where each household pays 70 baht/month to a garbage collector. Self-management would be another approach where households sort out, eliminate, sell, and manage wastes by themselves. Third, general waste. General waste could be divided into 2 groups as profitable waste and community dumping ground. Profitable waste could be sold to WCB or waste stores by each household. Community dumping ground would be an area allocated to all households for waste disposal. All households would not allow to throw garbage or wastes into other areas, but community dumping ground. Finally, hazardous waste. Hazardous waste would need to dispose of carefully in the trash can located at the office of the village headman. The findings from this study suggested setting up a waste management committee (WMC), as well as defining their roles and responsibilities. Local administrative organizations and community leaders also need to support, supervise, and control community waste management for resource-efficient and sustainable societies
Determinants of Chinese SMEs’ Entry to ASEAN Renewable Energy Market Luo, W; Jansri, S. N.; Rakwichian, W; Setthapun, W
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.115 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.11

Abstract

ASEAN communities seek such resources as technologies and products from other countries to develop solar energy for sustainable development. In response to that, major renewable-utilization advanced countries including China has introduced funds, technology, and products into ASEAN. Despite the fact that China SMEs have a strong willingness to enter ASEAN solar energy market and ASEAN has demanded to develop the solar energy industry, only a few of them have succeeded in operation in the long-run. Introducing renewable energy technology and products from one place to another or bringing them from laboratory into community is not just a process of capital equipment supply from one firm to another but also includes the transfer of skills and know-how for operating and maintaining technology hardware, and knowledge for understanding this technology so that further independent innovation is possible by recipient. The purpose of this research was to determine the dynamic elements for China SMEs entering into the solar energy market of middle-income ASEAN member states. This participatory research collects data from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data sources include a questionnaire for 408 respondents of whom background across government officials, research personnel and industry, and interviews for 24 of them. Secondary data include reports from the Asian Development Bank, ASEAN Centre for Energy and other related documents from ASEAN governments. Data collected from the questionnaire were firstly analyzed through quantitative way: the value of Mean, Standard Error of Mean, Median, Standard Deviation (Std.) and Variance of each element were calculated. Information collected from interviews were then analyzed through the qualitative way. The results showed that policy environment, level of industrial and economic development, people’s willingness to cooperate, correct policy interpretation, capacity building and the presence of a third-party intermediary agency are the determinants of Chinese SME's successful entry to ASEAN renewable energy market. The mature policy environment of the ASEAN, need of industrial upgrading and sound economic development would facilitate the development of renewable energy industry, meanwhile, the strong willingness to cooperate, correct policy interpretation on preferential policies, well capacity building of both cooperative sides and the presence of a third-party intermediary agency would promote the cooperation between Chinese SMEs and relevant partners of ASEAN and the sustainable operation of Chinese SMEs in ASEAN.
The Combustion Characteristics of Biomass Stove with Preheated-Air by Porous Medium Laodee , P; Setthapun, W; Sawatdeenarunat, C
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.984 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.13

Abstract

This study aims to characterize the combustion of the biomass stove filled with a porous medium for air pre-heating to enhance the biomass decomposition. An equivalence ratio, one of the important parameters for the combustion, was investigated to evaluate the completeness of the combustion process. Thermal efficiency was used as the indicator to reflect the performance of the biomass stove. Which was divided into two parts namely the pre-combustion (PCC) and the combustion chamber (CC). The CC volume was 28 liters for fuel storage, and it was insulated for reducing heat loss. The stove was made of 2 mm steel plate and the porous medium was a round-shape ceramic with a diameter of 10 mm. The boiling test was performed using corn cobs as a single solid fuel to boil water in the vessel. The temperature of the stove was measured using a thermocouple Type-K and a data recorder was used to collect the experimental data. The airflow rate was determined using an airflow meter and the fuel consumption rate was calculated using the aforementioned experimental data. Finally, the designed biomass stove will be demonstrated at the community to simultaneously enhance the community-scale energy and reduce the environmental issues.