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Contact Name
Jufriadif Na`am
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jufriadifnaam@upiyptk.ac.id
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+6287895670026
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Sumatera barat
INDONESIA
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment)
ISSN : 25810405     EISSN : 25810405     DOI : 0.29165
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) publishes papers on innovative applications, development of new technologies and efficient solutions in agriculture, engineering, computing, social, information technology, food, energy, and scientific research to improve knowledge and practice in the field of purposive community change: Rural and community development, geography and regional planning, rural cooperatives, community health; capacity building, social work, community empowerment, sustainable development, human resource development; social capital, economic development, urban studies, student community service activities, and relevant subjects. AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) is a peer-reviewed journal that is published by Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network). The objective of AJARCDE is to provide a forum for the study and applied research in the areas of community development and empowerment studies. This unique interdisciplinary journal covers a range of research methods, including • Case studies • Comparative studies • Community based participatory or action research • Examine community problem • Policy analysis • Program evaluation • Survey research • Theory and model development
Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul" : 16 Documents clear
Appropriate guidelines of Waste Management for Keudchang Sub-district, Maetang District, Chiangmai province, Thailand Sawetrattanakul, S; Jansri, S. N.; Tantranont, N; Setthapun, W
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (369.637 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.10

Abstract

Waste management is one of the major problems around the world. Governments and global organizations are starting to pay attention to the amount of waste left behind. Thai government drafted the National policies of waste management to manage waste in sustainable ways. Keudchang Sub-district confronts waste management problems due to the increase in the amount of waste, insufficient area for disposal, roadside and riverside litters, an illegal dump of rubbish in forests, and air pollution from waste incineration. The purposes of this research were to study the amount of waste and waste composition in 8 villages of Keudchang Community (KC), and develop appropriate guidelines of waste management. This participatory research collects data from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data sources include interviews and set up a public hearing stage with stakeholders in KC. Secondary data include a documentary of community context, meeting minutes, and other related documents. Qualitative data were analyzed with the content analysis method. The results showed that the KC produce an average of waste to 4,062.02 kg/day. These wastes could be classified into 4 types including organic waste (45.83%), recycle waste (28.01%), general waste (15.55%), and hazardous waste (10.60%) respectively. An individual person at KC produces an average of waste at 0.98 kg/day. Additionally, the results from conducting a public hearing stage of 8 villages revealed community awareness and solutions for waste management. All people in KC need to sort their wastes properly before disposal in 4 ways. First, organic waste. Each household needs to dig a hole and dump the organic wastes into it. The organic wastes should be managed and separated from other wastes. Second, recycle waste. Various approaches to recycle waste include waste credit bank (WCB), waste volunteer, monthly fee, and self-management. The WCB would be a hub for the communities to make profits and reduce landfill wastes. A waste volunteer would be a volunteer person who buys community wastes and sell them to outsiders. The monthly fee would be an approach where each household pays 70 baht/month to a garbage collector. Self-management would be another approach where households sort out, eliminate, sell, and manage wastes by themselves. Third, general waste. General waste could be divided into 2 groups as profitable waste and community dumping ground. Profitable waste could be sold to WCB or waste stores by each household. Community dumping ground would be an area allocated to all households for waste disposal. All households would not allow to throw garbage or wastes into other areas, but community dumping ground. Finally, hazardous waste. Hazardous waste would need to dispose of carefully in the trash can located at the office of the village headman. The findings from this study suggested setting up a waste management committee (WMC), as well as defining their roles and responsibilities. Local administrative organizations and community leaders also need to support, supervise, and control community waste management for resource-efficient and sustainable societies
Determinants of Chinese SMEs’ Entry to ASEAN Renewable Energy Market Luo, W; Jansri, S. N.; Rakwichian, W; Setthapun, W
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.115 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.11

Abstract

ASEAN communities seek such resources as technologies and products from other countries to develop solar energy for sustainable development. In response to that, major renewable-utilization advanced countries including China has introduced funds, technology, and products into ASEAN. Despite the fact that China SMEs have a strong willingness to enter ASEAN solar energy market and ASEAN has demanded to develop the solar energy industry, only a few of them have succeeded in operation in the long-run. Introducing renewable energy technology and products from one place to another or bringing them from laboratory into community is not just a process of capital equipment supply from one firm to another but also includes the transfer of skills and know-how for operating and maintaining technology hardware, and knowledge for understanding this technology so that further independent innovation is possible by recipient. The purpose of this research was to determine the dynamic elements for China SMEs entering into the solar energy market of middle-income ASEAN member states. This participatory research collects data from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data sources include a questionnaire for 408 respondents of whom background across government officials, research personnel and industry, and interviews for 24 of them. Secondary data include reports from the Asian Development Bank, ASEAN Centre for Energy and other related documents from ASEAN governments. Data collected from the questionnaire were firstly analyzed through quantitative way: the value of Mean, Standard Error of Mean, Median, Standard Deviation (Std.) and Variance of each element were calculated. Information collected from interviews were then analyzed through the qualitative way. The results showed that policy environment, level of industrial and economic development, people’s willingness to cooperate, correct policy interpretation, capacity building and the presence of a third-party intermediary agency are the determinants of Chinese SME's successful entry to ASEAN renewable energy market. The mature policy environment of the ASEAN, need of industrial upgrading and sound economic development would facilitate the development of renewable energy industry, meanwhile, the strong willingness to cooperate, correct policy interpretation on preferential policies, well capacity building of both cooperative sides and the presence of a third-party intermediary agency would promote the cooperation between Chinese SMEs and relevant partners of ASEAN and the sustainable operation of Chinese SMEs in ASEAN.
The Combustion Characteristics of Biomass Stove with Preheated-Air by Porous Medium Laodee , P; Setthapun, W; Sawatdeenarunat, C
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.984 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.13

Abstract

This study aims to characterize the combustion of the biomass stove filled with a porous medium for air pre-heating to enhance the biomass decomposition. An equivalence ratio, one of the important parameters for the combustion, was investigated to evaluate the completeness of the combustion process. Thermal efficiency was used as the indicator to reflect the performance of the biomass stove. Which was divided into two parts namely the pre-combustion (PCC) and the combustion chamber (CC). The CC volume was 28 liters for fuel storage, and it was insulated for reducing heat loss. The stove was made of 2 mm steel plate and the porous medium was a round-shape ceramic with a diameter of 10 mm. The boiling test was performed using corn cobs as a single solid fuel to boil water in the vessel. The temperature of the stove was measured using a thermocouple Type-K and a data recorder was used to collect the experimental data. The airflow rate was determined using an airflow meter and the fuel consumption rate was calculated using the aforementioned experimental data. Finally, the designed biomass stove will be demonstrated at the community to simultaneously enhance the community-scale energy and reduce the environmental issues.
Energy Potential of Elephant Camp: The Preliminary Study of Maewin sub district, Chiang Mai, Thailand Pooya, Tidarak; Pan-in, Sopee; Sintuya, Hathaithip; Sawatdeenarunat , Chayanon
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.588 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.14

Abstract

This research aims to examine the energy potential of the elephant camps located in Tumbon Maewin, Apmphoe Maewang, Chiang Mai, Thailand.A questionnaire survey was given to the research participants. The questions mainly focused on the energy consumption, monthly budget for buying energy, and their understanding on energy. The results from the participants in 16 elephant camps, handling 133 animals, indicated that the camps paid more than 3000, 10000, and 400 baths in average monthly for electricity, fuel oil, and cooking gas, respectively. However, the generated elephant dung of 4 tons per day has the gross and net heating values of 63600 and 58600 MJ which can be used as a renewable resource to produce renewable energy for replacing the fossil fuels serving the elephant camp activities.
The effect of space utilization under the ground-mounted solar farm on power generation Kumpanalaisatit , M; Jankasorn , A; Setthapun, W; Sintuya, H; Jansri, SN
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.975 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.15

Abstract

The ground-mounted solar farms are the most common type of Thailand solar power plant. Presently, the area under the solar panels in Thailand had not been utilized. This work was to investigate a suitable configuration for space utilization under the PV panels which could promote power production. The effect of space utilization was investigated for 3 configurations: a water pond, chili cultivation, and a grass plantation. Under the first PV string, the pond sizing 2.4 × 15 meter was created. Under the 2nd PV string, 60 chilies samples were planted. Moreover, the grass was planted under the third string. The intensity of solar radiation (W/m2), temperature, voltage and current of solar panels were also monitoring. The impact of all configurations on the power generation was evaluated and compared with a control. Results indicated that the space utilization of the first string (the pond) and of the second string (the chili cultivation) generated electricity at 1.6 kW. Both configurations could generate more power than control. The pond and the vegetable plantation were suitable configurations for promoting power production.
Economic Analysis of Applying Biomass Stove to Produce Hot Water Serving Child Development Center: The Case Study Of Omkoi District, Chiangmai, Thailand Chulasak, R; Phothachareon, W; Sawatdeenarunat, C
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.811 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.16

Abstract

This research aims to perform the techno-economic feasibility of the applied hybrid biomass stove to produce hot water for serving Child Development Center (CDC) in Omkoi District, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The hot water generated from the stove could help to decrease LPG usage and enhance household economics. Many activities in CDC (i.e., children showering during the winter season, cloth washing, and utensils cleaning among others) require hot water to prevent the contamination of harmful germs which could cause many diseases such as diarrhea in young children. Presently, Asian Development College for Community Economy and Technology, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University (adiCET) has installed the hybrid stove to the in Omkoi district. The biomass stove could generate 90 °C hot water using plant/agriculture waste as the fuel. However, the economical parameters (i.e., Payback Period, Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return) could strengthen the technology. The results from this study could be used as one of the guidelines for policymakers to design the appropriate programs for enhancing the CDC using the waste-to-energy concept.
Household Biomass Gas Stove Performance and Exhaust Gas Emission Jansri, S N; Kumpanalaisatit, M; Sataklang, T
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.265 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.17

Abstract

This work focuses on the design of the household biomass gas stove which is suitable for the lifestyle of the Thai northern people. In addition, the performance and exhaust emission of the stove - updraft gasifier - was design per the community requirement were evaluated. The stove consists of a combustion chamber – a primary chamber - and a secondary chamber with the primary and secondary air inlet of 0.016 and 0.002 m2, respectively. Moreover, the flow rate of primary air and secondary air was 0.456 and 1.340 kg/s, respectively. The performance of the stove was analyzed by the water boiling test technique and the emission of exhaust gas was evaluated with a fuel gas analyzer. The result indicated that the thermal efficiency of the stove was 44.84%. The specific fuel consumption was 0.029 kg/kg of water. Comparing the designed stove with the traditional clay brazier stove, the performance of the designed stove was higher than the traditional stove. The emission comparison between the designed household biomass gas stove, the traditional stove and the Thai exhaust gas emission standard indicated that both stoves released NOx and SO2 which are less than the standard whereas CO emission of the designed stove conformed to the standard. This work confirmed that the efficiency and the exhaust gas emission of the designed stove are better than the traditional stove. Therefore, this household biomass gas stove could replace the conventional stove
Anaerobic Digestion of Starch Wastewater: the Effect of pH and Oxidation Reduction Potential on the Reactor Performance Sang, Zangta; Sawatdeenarunat, Chayanon; Suaisom, Pitchaya
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.492 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.18

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion (AD) of starch wastewater for biogas production has been widely installed in Thailand for a decade. Unfortunately, this specific waste stream contains low alkalinity (Alk) and high volatile fatty acids (VFAs) which could easily lead to system instability. The appropriate monitoring indicators could help to decrease chance of reactor failure. The aim of this study is to investigate the performance of the AD system and the effect of operating parameters i.e. oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) and pH on the system in a continuous stirred tank reactor operated in semi-continuous mode at organic loading rate (OLR) of 1.0 kg COD/m3.day. The temperature was controlled at a mesophilic condition (35±2°C) for the whole experiment. The results showed that the average ORP and pH were -400 ±50 mV and 7.0 ± 0.2, respectively. The average biogas and methane yields were 0.901±0.128 NL/g VS added and 0.528±0.076 NL/g VS added, respectively. The methane composition was 58.43±4.76 %. The total COD and filtrated COD removal efficiencies were 94.75±1.42% and 97.88±0.53%, respectively. It could be concluded that at the low OLR (i.e. 1.0 kg COD/m3.day), pH and ORP was stable and fell within the recommended range for AD and indicated the stability of the system.
Effect of Variation of Catalyst Concentration in the Producing of Biodiesel from Crude Palm Oil using Induction Heater Yunsari, Sandhy; Husaini, A; Rusdianasari, R
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (483.097 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.19

Abstract

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines produced by transesterification and esterification of vegetable oils or animal fats with short-chain alcohols such as methanol. The reaction requires a catalyst, which is generally a strong base, thus producing a new chemical compound called methyl ester. One of the most common sources of biodiesel feedstock is CPO (Crude Palm Oil). CPO production in Indonesia is very high at 30.2 million tons in 2016, but CPO prices are low. Biodiesel can be produced using conventional methods, this method is less efficient because of its very slow and inefficient heating resulting from the transfer of energy to materials that depend on the convection currents and the thermal conductivity of the reaction mixture) which causes researchers to use new methods of producing Biodiesel, that is by using induction heating method. An induction heater is a technology that has been applied both in industry and households. The weight of the catalyst used uses variations of 0.6; 0.8; 1.0; 1.2; 1.4 %. The analysis showed that for optimal catalyst weight of 1.4%, yield biodiesel of 83.94%, density of 0.875 gr/cm3, the viscosity of 5.78 cSt, and flash point >100 oC. The use of 1.4% catalyst concentration produced biodiesel product that has a high yield and according to SNI 7128: 2015
Effects of Co-substrate Concentrations on the Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Common Reed and Cow Dung Van Tran, Giang; Unpaprom, Yuwalee; Ramaraj, Rameshprabu
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2019): Special Issue for Proceeding of International Conference on Sustainable Agricul
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (419.693 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v3i1.20

Abstract

The biochemical methane potentials for common reed (Phragmites australis) and cow dung from northern Thailand, Chiang Mai city were investigated. This study aims to evaluate optimal parameters for the substrate of common reed and cow dung with different ratios (i.e. 1:1, 2:1 and 1:2) for improving the quality of methane content and biogas production. The effect of the co-substrate mixture was carried out in a batch reactor operated under room temperature and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 45 days. The experiments were conducted in the fermenter with a working volume of 2.5 L and a total volume of 3L. The substrate was containing 15% of total solids (TS) and fermentation at initial pH 7. Biodegradation of substrate stated that chemical oxidation demand (COD) removal was 52.38%, the utilization of volatile solid was 75.46%. The results were achieved at ratio 2:1 (common reed and cow dung) reached the highest methane content and total biogas yield are 70% and 20,015 ml, respectively. Consequently, the results of this study suggested that mixing ratios of influence on the fermentation process and monitoring parameters were significant for further scale up or large-scale design of enriched methane content and biogas production.

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