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Contact Name
Ray Wagiu Basrowi MKK
Contact Email
ray.basrowi@gmail.com
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+628119621313
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Editorial Address
Sekretariat ILUNI MKK FKUI dan Program Studi Magister Kedokteran Kerja (MKK) Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia Jl. Pegangsaan Timur No.16, RT.1/RW.1, Pegangsaan, Kec. Menteng, Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 10310
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Kota depok,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
IJCOM
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2798723X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.53773/ijcom.v1i2
Core Subject : Health,
IJCOM publishes original research articles, expert opinion, consensus, literature and systematic review as well as commentary focusing on various streams of community health sciences and occupational medicine including health and safety sciences and researches, community and occupational nutrition, community and public health, clinical epidemiology, marine and aviation medicine, public health administration, health management, health economics, health promotion, medical sociology/anthropology, social and family medicine. IJCOM also open for special edition and supplement volume publication
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom" : 9 Documents clear
The Impact of COVID-19 Among HIV Key Population as Informal Workers Thomas, Caroline; Thomas, Catherine; Mone Iye, Claudius Novchovick
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.27.137-45

Abstract

Background: HIV cases are still increasing in Indonesia. With the spread of COVID-19, HIV key populations are experiencing undesirable outcomes in social, financial, access to health and food resources. The study aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 among key populations & PLHIV in Indonesia. Method: Yayasan Peduli Hati Bangsa conducted a participatory research in October to December 2020 to capture and assess the impact of Covid-19, combining and adapting the formats of a ‘Citizen’s report card’, a ‘Community assessment’, and a qualitative survey. Results: Out of 15 participants who were PLHIV and key populations, mostly perceived that COVID-19 had impacted them financially, especially for those who work in informal sectors. Food assistance from the Government was provided at least once a month and the nutritional value was perceived as substandard. Having said that, participants did not consider the nutrition as crucial, as long as they had something to eat. Most of the participants observed that mental health issues were related to their physical health and financial adequacy. Additionally, sources of anxiety arose from the uncertainty in financial income. Lastly, the government was perceived as overly prioritizing COVID-19 while neglecting other health services.Conclusion: Participants in this study wished that government would improve the healthcare and assistance programs for the vulnerable ones affected by COVID-19. Equal and well-targeted distribution of assistance, as well as provision of access to jobs, were the ones that need to be majorly improved by the government.
Literature Review: Cancers Among Workers Exposed To Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) Jahja, Felicia Erika; Ilyas, Muhammad
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.28.179-88

Abstract

Introduction: Cancer is a disease with a high mortality rate in Indonesia. One of the chemical exposures that can cause cancer is perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride/perfluoro octane sulphonate (PFOS). PFOS is a chemical that is widely used due to its diverse functions, including use in fire extinguishers, waterproof materials in food boxes and furniture, and household hygiene products. Long-term exposure to workers affected by PFOS is suspected to be one of the risk factors for cancer. Methods: The author conducted a literature search of online search engines in 3 sources PubMed, Google Scholar, and JSTOR databases. The inclusion criteria in this study are articles in English, full text available, and conducted on the working population. The author has not restricted search within the last 5 years due to the limited reference of the topic. Results: Out of a total of 5 articles examined, the authors found the incidence of bladder cancer in workers as much as 1.28 times, there was even a death rate of 12.77 times in workers with PFOS exposure due to bladder cancer, although the results did not statistically significantly. Other studies have shown increased levels of PFOS in the blood but were not associated with changes in other laboratory examinations associated with health problems in workers. Conclusions: The results of the literature study found no significant association in cancer occurrence based on the length of PFOS exposure in workers. The literature search results also found no direct association between PFOS exposure to possible health problems.
Chronic Lower Back Pain and Its Relationship with Vibration Exposure and Sitting Duration; A Cross-Sectional Study Among Commercial Motorcycle Driver Siagian, Bernath; Roestam, Ambar W; Soemarko, Dewi S; Hirawan, Sudadi; Widyahening, Indah S; Wibowo, Suryo
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.30.154-61

Abstract

Background: Lower back pain (LBP) complaints are a health issue that may lead to restrictions on work activities. Motorcycles vibrations and long sitting duration on the motorcycles can cause chronic lower back pain complaints. Base motorcycles drivers receive motorcycles vibration exposure while riding a motorcycle. With the large number of base motorcycles drivers in Indonesia, the specific health problems (LBP complaints) in this group need to be examined.Methods: This research method uses a cross sectional study design to examine the relationship of motor vibration exposure and length of sitting to chronic low back pain with sampling technique used is Consecutive sampling. Consecutive sampling is a way of taking samples by selecting samples that meet the inclusion criteria until a certain time period so that the number of samples is met. The sampling period in this study is 2 days. The variables that measured were chronic lower back pain complaints, vibration, long sitting time, age, IMT, smoking, and working time. Data analysis using SPSS Statistics version 25.0. Results: A total of 95 subjects were included in this study. Based on Fisher’s test, the result of the correlation of chronic lower back pain complaints with motor vibrations > 0.5 m/s2 was obtained p = 0.102; OR = N / A). While for long sitting time of >4 hours result in p = 0.717; OR 0.85; CI 95% = 0.34-2.09. There is no difference in age-related chronic lower back pain complaints. At age> 35 years of age p = 0.722; OR 1.57; CI 95% = 0.31-7,9. No significant association between IMT and chronic lower back pain was found. In the IMT group> 25, p = 0.103 was obtained; OR 2.14; 95% CI = 0.85-5.36. There was no significant difference in chronic lower back pain complaints based on smoking status, where smoking group had p = 0.451; OR 1,45; CI 95% = 0.55-3.78. According to the Fisher test, there was no difference in chronic lower back pain complaints based on working age, where groups with> 4 years of work had a p = 0.908 value; OR 1.07; CI 95% = 0.31-3.91. Conclusion: In this study the hypothesis was rejected. There is no association between motorcycles vibration exposure and the occurrence of chronic lower back pain complaints in the base motorcycles driver in Bekasi city. There is no association long sitting time with the occurrence of chronic lower back pain complaints in the base motorcycles driver in Bekasi city.
COVID-19 Pandemic Management in Oil and Gas Company, a Corporate Office Experience Based Hidayat, Boy; Purwito Adi, Nuri; Yuanita, Cinthya
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.32.174-8

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a human tragedy that has played out across the globe. People are experiencing unprecedented levels of disruption in their homes and communities, as well as in their jobs. Office worker of an international oil and gas company located in Jakarta was also had the impact of COVID-19 pandemic. The company must establish system to protect their worker to perform their work safely and avoid COVID-19 exposure.Objective: To describe COVID-19 statistic period 2020 – November 2021 and how company address the system to prevent outbreak and the re-occurrence.Methods: A case study based on company record and performance on tackling COVID-19 problem during 2020 – 2021.Result: Two cases started in March 2020 and total were up to 111 of 800’s workers until Nov 2021. 56% were asymptomatic, 39% were 50 yo or above. 74% did not have co morbid. 46% were domestic cluster. Cases trend were like local and national cases statistic trend.Conclusion: COVID-19 had also impact to corporate office workers which potentially lead to business disruption. The company set dedicated health system to prevent and control COVID-19 system. Principally, it must be set higher than local government standard other than 3M as follows: WFH policy, lowered body temperature identification to min 370C for COVID-19 testing, applied mobile application for health monitoring and tracing, biweekly COVID-19 screening test prior to work at office and included COVID-19 prevention behavior into individual key performance indicator.
The Association between Heat Exposure and Hydration Status Among Production Workers in Fish Processing Company Sutarto, Tenny; Soemarko, Dewi S; Ichsan, Slamet
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.33.146-53

Abstract

Background: Hot work environment can cause various subjective and objective complaints for workers. When workers perform activities under hot work environment, their body will react by balancing the amount of heat received by the body from outside the body and the loss of water in the body. Hydration status is the condition achieving the balance between water intake and water discharge from the body. Bad hydration status or de-hydration can cause various changes in the body physiological functions. This study was intended to see the association between heat exposure and hydration among production workers in Fish Processing Company Sawangan, Depok.Method : A cross sectional study with 88 respondents, selected as a total sampling. The study was conducted on November 2017 until January 2018. Data analysis were used by SPSS version 20.0.Result: There is no significant difference between the specific gravity of urine before and after working (p=0.076). However, 37.5% of the workers had dehydration. There is a significant association between the work environment temperature and hydration status (p=0.002), and also between water intake and status of hydration (p=0.013). Work environment temperature is the most dominant risk factor to influence dehydration (p=0.000; OR= 9.305; 95%CI=2.727-31.748)Conclusions: There is a significant association between heat exposure and hydration status (p=0.000; OR=9.305). The number of workers that were exposed to heat and experienced dehydration is 33 people (37.5%). Water intake turns to be the individual factor that influences the status of hydration of the workers exposed to heat. The work factor that influences the hydration status of the workers is the work environment temperature.
Association between Occupational Stress and Psychopathological Symptoms Among Nurses in Cardiovascular Hospital During COVID-19 Pandemic Munawaroh, Ayu; Herqutanto; Malik, Khamelia; Roestam, Ambar W.; Sulistomo, Astrid B.
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.34.129-36

Abstract

Introduction: Occupational stress is known to be one of the factors that are often found in nursing professionals. Occupational stress can affect a person both physically and mentally. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought additional workload for healthcare professionals, including nurses. This study aimed to analyze the association between occupational stress and psychopathological symptoms among nurses in Cardiovascular Hospital during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 108 nurses in Cardiovascular Hospital X. Samples were taken by simple random sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Occupational stress was assessed by Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS) and psychopathological symptoms were assessed by Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). Results: The mean ENSS total score was 88,17 ± 32,24 (maximum score of ENSS was 228). 19,4% of nurses had psychopathological symptoms. Somatization, obsessive-compulsive, and psychoticism had higher t-score values than other SCL-90 subscales. There was a strongly significant association between occupational stress and psychopathological symptoms (p<0,001). Conclusion: Its highly recommend early diagnosis and prompt treatment for psychopathological symptoms among nurses. Monitor and evaluation of occupational stress and psychopathology in nurses are recommended as periodic medical check-up program in hospital.
Naphthol as A Biological Monitoring on Naphthalene Exposure in Workers Sukadi, Arriz Akbar; Ilyas, Muhammad
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.38.189-98

Abstract

Introduction: Naphthalene is one of the chemicals that are widely used throughout the world, such as aircraft fuel, camphor, insecticides, and colouring agents in cosmetics. Exposure to naphthalene can cause health problems ranging from dermatitis and haemolytic anaemia to even the possibility of cancer of the respiratory tract, therefore it is necessary to carry out biological monitoring of workers at risk. The aim of this study is to find out which is the simplest and most reliable biomonitoring to use based on an evidence-based literature review. Methods: Literature search was conducted through electronic databases from PubMed, ProQuest, and Cochrane. The keywords used are worker, naphthalene, and biomonitoring. Initially, 273 articles were obtained, but after going through a selection process and manual search, seven articles were examined. Results: Based on the selected evidence-based literature, it was found that there was an increase in the level of naphthol in the urine in workers exposed to naphthalene who were examined during pre-shift and post-shift. Conclusion: Naphthol concentration in urine can be a non-invasive, easy, and reliable biomonitoring exposure of naphthalene. Although it is currently not possible to do this in Indonesia, this study shows the importance of biomonitoring to prevent occupational diseases due to this exposure.
Utilization of Predictive Models for Diagnosis of Occupational Diseases Suarthana, Eva; Yosia, Mikhael
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.39.125-8

Abstract

Predictive models have long been used to assist clinical decision-making in medicine. Predictive models are made to estimate how likely a person is to have a disease (diagnostic model) or will experience a disease (prognostic model). In the field of occupational health, for example, diagnostic models can be used to increase the efficiency of surveillance programs by identifying groups of workers with occupational diseases without using complex and expensive diagnostic tests.Work-related asthma (WRA) is the most common occupational lung disease in industrialized countries and the second most common in developing countries. Around the world, especially in developing countries, diagnosing WRA is still difficult due to the limitations of available diagnostic tests. Specific inhalation challenge (SIC), the best test for diagnosing occupational asthma, is only available in several research centres worldwide.Several questionnaire-based models have been developed to diagnose work-related asthma at both the primary (general practitioner) and secondary (specialist) levels of care. A recent model for diagnosing occupational asthma was developed using data from Canada and has been validated using data from several European countries. A collaboration has been initiated to assess the application of this model among Indonesian workers.
Implementation and Preliminary Assessment of Workplace Post-Natal and Breastfeeding Support for Working Mothers Cardoso, Francoise; Wasito, Erika; Sundjaya, Tonny; Basrowi, Ray Wagiu; Yosia, Mikhael
The Indonesian Journal of Community and Occupational Medicine Vol. 1 No. 3 (2022): ijcom
Publisher : ILUNI MKK FKUI and PRODI MKK FKUI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53773/ijcom.v1i3.40.162-73

Abstract

Breastfeeding is undoubtedly the best nutrition for infants. Even throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, more pregnant mothers intend to breastfeed their babies. Despite this desire, not all of them succeed in initiating breastfeeding. One of the overlooked challenges in breastfeeding is that working mothers need to return to work, increasing hesitancy to continue breastfeeding due to numerous inconveniences, leading to full breastfeeding cessation. Systematic changes are needed following simple and practical changes: giving access to knowledge on breastfeeding while working, sharing advice and support from employers and colleagues, and providing a breastfeeding-friendly workplace, all of which can increase breastfeeding rates in many countries. Improvement in breastfeeding habits would also bring greater impact as increases in working mothers’ wellbeing will increase their work performance. Danone has done several breastfeeding initiatives and post-natal support in workplaces which has shown a positive impact through preliminary evaluation included in this study. The corporate world has not fully supported breastfeeding, but some best practices and learning points shed from this study could become an example that would lead to better commitments from other companies.

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