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International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27158780     DOI : https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC) is open access and peer-reviewed journal with e-ISSN (2715-8780), IJSOC is an international journal devoted to the study of science and technology in a social context. It focuses on the way in which advances in science and technology influence society and vice versa. It is a peer-reviewed journal that takes an interdisciplinary perspective, encouraging analyses whose approaches are drawn from a variety of disciplines such as History, Sociology, Economics, Political Science and International Relations, Technology Management, Environmental Studies, Health Science, etc. The journal publishes original full-length research papers in all areas related to Science, Technology, and Society. The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to that. The journal consciously endeavors to combine scholarly perspectives relevant to academic research and policy issues relating to development. Besides research articles, the journal encourages research-based country reports, commentaries, literature reviews, and book reviews.
Articles 34 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)" : 34 Documents clear
Venezuelan Strategy for Agreeing on ALBA in Facing Trade Expansion United States of Latin America Martines, Elia Beatriz
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.937 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.86

Abstract

In 2004 Venezuela and Cuba have agreed on a regional collaboration in Latin America called Alternative Bolivarian Las Americas and abbreviated ALBA. This collaboration is formed as a resistance facing U.S. trade expansion to bring a mission neoliberalism. With the formation of ALBA, Venezuela is the regional co-operation leaders making strategic measures to face Neoliberalism. In 2010 ALBA has had a total of 10 member countries. As a counter hegemony, ALBA also worked in three spaces. In the space of ideas, countries members need complementary principles of solidarity and cooperation to achieve prosperity and equitable regional development. At the institutional space, the idea is then integrated into ALBA.
The Impact of the 2016 Turkish Military Coup on Politics in Turkey Adsay, Ismail
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.408 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.87

Abstract

On July 15, 2016, a Military Coup took place in Turkey to overthrow President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government. Although the coup failed, certainly not an advantage for Turkey, which is the government trying to increase political, economic and social stability in Turkey. This paper examines the impact of the 2016 Turkish military coup on Turkish politics by focusing on its impact on domestic politics in Turkey. The approach in research uses literature review. The data collection technique of this research is literature study using secondary data with descriptive analysis. The results of this study describe that domestic politics, the coup has an impact on government relations with opposition parties, the democratic climate, political policy and military bureaucracy.
Finland Education System Federick, Ashok
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (413.071 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.88

Abstract

If viewed from a geographical perspective, Finland is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. A quarter of its territory falls within the Arctic Arctic Ocean Circle. Therefore, the population of this small country must be able to maximize the use of all its psychological and physical potential to maintain and prosper their lives. The country has an area of ​​338,145 km with a population of around 5,518,371 inhabitants and adheres to the socialist (Luthrean-communist) philosophy. Before 1990 Finland relied on the country's income in the agricultural sector, but now Finland is famous as one of the world's technology centers. Finland is able to produce students who are superior compared to students in America in the fields of Science and Mathematics. Like other countries in Europe Finland also adheres to pragmaticism. Religious education is the responsibility of each parent. The Finnish government does not charge tuition fees to its citizens. The core curriculum is handled by tripartite training committees (government, industry and education and training providers). The change of leadership of the state does not change the education policy, so that what was previously programmed by the holders of authority on education policy can continue. The result is that in just 14 years Finland has become the number one education country in the world. In one class there are three teachers (two teachers who focus on delivering the material, one teacher accompanying students who are still lagging behind in the lesson). All teachers must have a master's degree. Undergraduate students are no longer allowed to become teachers even in primary school. Prospective teachers come from the top 10 students on campus who will still be screened more closely. In the evaluation of the Finnish education system there are no Minimum Mastery Criteria (KKM) as in Indonesia, and also no national examination (UAN), but they adhere to policies. "Automatic promotion", move up the class automatically. The teacher is always ready to help students who are left behind so that all go up to class. Their motto is "Test Less Learn More" (reduce the test multiply learning). The measure of educational progress according to them is the character of the population not national income, technological advances and military strength. The Finnish government provides a budget of 5,200 Euros per year per student.
The Role of Ethics and Religion to Reduce The Corruption Level in Indonesia, Moderated by The Government Internal Control System Muslih, Mochamad; Umar, Haryono
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (562.361 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.90

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to study the effect of ethics and religion on reducing corruption, moderated by the government’s internal control system. This study used quantitative method. The population is Indonesian society. The research sample is the academic community and auditors. The sample selection is done purposively. The data used is primary data. Data collection was carried out using an online questionnaire. A total of 108 respondents filled out a questionnaire created using Google forms. The results showed that ethics had no significant effect on reducing corruption, religion had no significant effect on reducing corruption, moderating government internal control systems on ethical influence on reducing corruption was not significant, and moderating government internal control systems (SPIP) on religious influence on reducing corruption was not significant. Subsequent researchers are advised to use cultural variables as one of the independent variables.
Sunni-Shiah Conflict Post Arabic Spring: Searching The Political Motives Behind The War on Sustainable War in Syria Samer, Rachik
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.23 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.91

Abstract

The Syrian War is one of a long-standing conflict that has lasted for eight years. The difficulty of finding a peaceful spot is the cause of the conflict eradication efforts in the country. This study aims to explore the motives behind the war in Syria using the Historical approach. The results of the study and analysis found that Syria as a secular state, separating between state and religious life, besides that Syria is also a peaceful ethnoreligious state before the war-damaged the joints of life there. Bashar al Assad as Syrian president embraced the Shia teachings of the Awali sect which is a minority sect in Syria, his appointment as well as his father were supported by most of the military figures who were Sunni schools. The above explanation clearly shows that the differences in schools between Sunnis and Shiites in Syria are not the main cause of a long war. Deeper, the results of the analysis show that there are various conflicting groups in the country, namely the Syrian Government, the Syrian Democratic Forces (Rojava, SDF, QFD), the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS), Jabhat al-Nusra, and the Syrian Opposition. Difficult resolution of conflicts that occur is not only caused by the many internal warring groups that have their own goals and interests, but this is also made worse by the involvement of other countries such as Russia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Israel, Turkey, America, Britain and France that carry a variety of motives and interests, this is what makes it difficult to create a consensus that leads to peace in Syria.
Empowerment of Indonesian Workers Who Will Work Abroad to Support Economic Resilience: A Case Study of East Java Province Silitonga, Tatar Bonar; Midhio, I Wayan; Madjid, M. Adnan
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.852 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.92

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the implementation of empowerment carried out for prospective migrant workers who will work abroad in order to support economic security. This research was conducted in Malang and Blitar districts in East Java Province using a qualitative approach. Data collection through interviews, document studies, and focus group discussions (FGD). The findings of this study are, first, the factors underlying migrant workers working abroad on the basis of their own initiative, economic drive, level of education, market demand, and psychosocial factors. Second, the benefits of the existence of migrant workers for local residents from migrant workers are as economic drivers and the development of the character of the community work ethic. Third, the problems most felt by migrant workers and their families include aspects of the lack of certainty in the time of departure, work and treatment that is not in accordance with the work contract, bear the family's longing, as well as the prejudice and potential divorce after returning to the homeland. Fourth, the implementation of pre-placement, placement, and post-placement of migrant workers working abroad that involves the role of government, companies, users / agents of partners, but in its implementation is still not optimal. Fifth, the implementation of the preparation of migrant workers to work abroad has positive implications in the form of protection of the rights and readiness of migrant workers to carry out work activities abroad, but on the other hand also has negative implications because the empowerment of the government is still not optimal can disrupt the process of support for efforts to achieve economic security.
Analysis Two Dimension Heat Conduction in Functionally Graded Materials Using Finite Element Methods Ruzuqi, Rezza
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1627.576 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.96

Abstract

Along with the progress of the industrial world, both the aviation industry, the health industry, the chemical industry, the electronics industry, and so on, the need for composite materials is increasing to meet market demand. Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) are an advanced material class of composite materials that have material properties that vary from one point to another. In this study, two-dimensional heat conduction analysis will be conducted in FGM using the Finite Element Method (FEM). Three models gradation FGMs properties examined in the study, namely polynomial, Trigonometry, and Exponential. The response temperature of FGMs using gradation three models compared and analyzed. The optimum temperature distribution of four models built with the ANSYS software. The result is that heat conduction in trigonometric variations is very good, resulting in low-temperature values when compared to both of them. Then, the performance and efficiency obtained using FEM to analyze two-dimensional heat conductivity in FGMs is also very good.
India's Role in the Context of the International Political and Security System as a Regional Hegemony in South Asia Sen, Anjan Ananda
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (373.278 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.100

Abstract

This paper discusses the author's argument regarding India's strategy to become a regional hegemony in the South Asian region. As a country with fairly high economic growth, and superior defense and political stability capabilities compared to other countries in South Asia, the authors describe the capabilities of India as a dominant actor in the region by using the Regional Hegemony theory proposed by John Mearsheimer, and the concept of Foreign Policy The land of Robert Keohan
Resistance of Islamic Economic Systems in the World Economy Khalil, Shaaban
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.52 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.101

Abstract

Goals to be achieved in the activities of this paper to see toughness Islamic economics in the world economy. Due to bad the world economy today which is easy to be swayed by speculators. The study of literature is a major source, regarding various provisions of the studies that have been done before, and is supported by a study published by various agencies in the form of journals and other scientific studies. Islamic economics is a solution for mankind to come out of the crisis and prosper, besides that Islamic economics offers an Islamic economic system built on the foundation of the Islamic faith.
The rise of China in economic cooperation International in the East Asia Region Sultansoy, Ismail
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 2 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (694.338 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i2.102

Abstract

East Asian economic characteristics that involve the role of the state as well as the development of the industry, has been relatively creates confidence in the market so that the flow of capital, goods, and services began to lead to the region since the late 20th century. The excess of the advance of China as the new political economic power is also growing wider market in Southeast Asia. The emergence of China as the dominant country in the world political economy are not purely derived from the ability of domestic governance, but also factor disclosure strategy in East Asian economies led by the extractive industry transformation towards manufacturing industry. This expansion translates into core industry sectors in East Asia.This article is intended as a preliminary study on the degree of China's industrial sector expansion in East Asia, as well as identifying the internal factors in the expansion of China's influence. By using the approach as well as the extended behavioralism regionalism as a tool of analysis , this article finds that China is a state actor who is more emphasis on manufacturing and trade sectors of consumer goods as a strategy into an economic hegemon in its own region , formerly controlled by Japan

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