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INDONESIA
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27158780     DOI : https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC) is open access and peer-reviewed journal with e-ISSN (2715-8780), IJSOC is an international journal devoted to the study of science and technology in a social context. It focuses on the way in which advances in science and technology influence society and vice versa. It is a peer-reviewed journal that takes an interdisciplinary perspective, encouraging analyses whose approaches are drawn from a variety of disciplines such as History, Sociology, Economics, Political Science and International Relations, Technology Management, Environmental Studies, Health Science, etc. The journal publishes original full-length research papers in all areas related to Science, Technology, and Society. The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to that. The journal consciously endeavors to combine scholarly perspectives relevant to academic research and policy issues relating to development. Besides research articles, the journal encourages research-based country reports, commentaries, literature reviews, and book reviews.
Articles 35 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)" : 35 Documents clear
The Parents Stress Level in Facing Children Study From Home in the Early of COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia Susilowati, Ellya; Azzasyofia, Mira
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (723.616 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.117

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the stress level of parents facing children study from home at the early time of the enactment of COVID-19 social distance policy in Indonesia. The method was conducted using a survey through social media that was filled in by parents who had school-age children and were studying from home. The distribution and filling of questionnaires were conducted from March 31, 2020, to April 6, 2020. 236 respondents filled out the questionnaire, but after data cleaning processed only 223 respondents' data could be analyzed. The instrument used was the Perceived Stress Scale from Sheldon Cohen. The survey results indicate that the stress level of parents facing children study from home in the initial three weeks of social distance policy is 75.34 percent in the medium category, however there are 10.31 percent of respondents who have high-stress levels and 71.88 percent among them are women or mothers. High-stress levels are influenced, among others, by the inability of parents to guide learning, family health concerns, and family economic problems. This condition is likely to continue with the extension of the study from home period. For this reason, it is recommended that child social workers can provide online psychosocial services for parents who accompany children at home, such as family counseling, family therapy that parents and children can do, and increase family resiliency during the pandemic.
The Difference of Authority between Satpol PP and Polri in Creating General Involvement Suhartanto, Tri; Perwira, Indra
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.811 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.118

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the differences in law enforcement authority between Civil Service Police Unit (Satpol Pamong Praja/ Satpol PP) and Indonesian National Police (Polri) in creating public order and peace of society and how the differences could cause an overlap in their implementation. The research method used is normative juridical legal research using a statutory, conceptual, and comparative approach. The results showed that differences in law enforcement authority between Satpol PP and Polri are in creating public order and peace of society. Satpol PP has an authority to maintain public order, while the National Police is more concerned with maintaining domestic security; Meanwhile, in carrying out their duties, the Satpol PP often overlaps and clashes with other law enforcers, especially the National Police. It cannot be denied that it often happens that the National Police finally have to become a "fire brigade" when carrying out their duties. The Satpol PP has to clash with the community, which then arises an anarchic situation. When in situations that could lead to further disturbance in security and public order, the National Police finally intervened. What often happened was that the National Police collided with the community because of the anarchist situation that had developed too far.
Estimation of Resistance of Mine Results Using Ordinary Indicator Kriging Catani, Giorda
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (580.148 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.124

Abstract

Kriging is a geostatistical analysis of the data used to estimate the value that represents a no sample point based sample point in the surrounding by considering the spatial correlation in the data. Kriging is an interpolation method that generates unbiased predictions or estimations and has a minimum error. Indicator kriging is an estimation method that does not require the assumption of normality of data and can also be used to treat data that have a significant outlier. The indicator kriging that based on the principle of ordinary kriging also called ordinary indicator kriging. In this case study conducted Morowali estimated iron content in Central Sulawesi using ordinary indicator kriging method. The data used in the form of data coordinate point and iron content. The results obtained are presented probability value locations that fall within the zone of potential and non potential with the value the error variance. Based on the analysis to obtain a plot depicting the location of the entry in the zones of potential iron mine on the abscissa coordinate (7150–7210), the ordinate (54180–54540), and the depth ranges (440–500) meters and also the coordinates of the abscissa (7710–8130), the ordinate (54800–54960), and depths ranging from (327–342) meters.
Mother, Fetal and Disease History Factors as a Preeklampsia Risk in Asia and Africa: A Meta-Analysis Calini, Edoardo
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.921 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.125

Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia accounts for nearly 10 percent of maternal deaths in Asia and Africa. Therefore, it is important to detect signs and symptoms early on by knowing the factors that are at risk for a mother experiencing preeclampsia. Objective: To determine the risk factors for preeclampsia in Asia and Africa through the application of meta-analysis. Method: A systematic review was carried out on 26 case-control and cohort studies related to risk factors for preeclampsia from four databases (PubMed, BioMed Central, ProQuest, and Google Scholar). The pooled odds ratio was calculated with the fixed-effect and random-effect model using Review Manager 5.3. Result: A total of 20 studies consisting of 2,954,769 women were included in the meta-analysis. Risk factors for preeclampsia based on maternal factors were chronic hypertension=9.74(95% CI 1.69-56.04), gestational diabetes=9.28(95% CI 4, 49-19.19), pre-pregnancy body mass index=2.70(95% CI 2.08-3.50), maternal age during pregnancy=2.37(95% CI 2.29-2.46) and nulliparity=2.08(95% CI 1.44-3.01). The fetal factor was multiple pregnancy=4.24(95% CI 3.14-5.73). Four disease history factors were family history of preeclampsia=13.99(95% CI 6.91-28.33), history of chronic hypertension=8.28(95% CI 5.92- 11.59), history of preeclampsia=OR 6.90(95% CI 3.58-13.31) and family history of hypertension=2.81(95% CI 1.75-4.50). Conclusion: The results of a meta-analysis of 10 risk factors for preeclampsia could be used as a screening tool to determine the magnitude of risk and early diagnosis of preeclampsia that allows timely intervention.
Assertiveness Training Therapy to Adolescence Development Zhukov, Meinrat
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.529 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.126

Abstract

During adolescent age, the teenagers are struggling for their self identity. The obstacle of teenagers to gain their self identity to some extent can be manifested through their deviant behaviors. The purpose of this scientific paper was to explore the result of Assertiveness Training to improve adolescence growth and development. Teenagers with a difficulty of being assertive were given Assertiveness Training. This was a quasi-experimental research, using pre-post without control group. A number of 16 samples were recruited using purposive sampling technique. The results of these interventions showed the improvement particularl on diferrent aspects and developmental task of teenagers, especially in emotion and psychosocial aspecs. Assertiveness Training was recommended that this report would be utilized as a standard of mental health-psychiatric nursing specialized treatment and to be socialized at all community mental health care settings.
Relationship between Anxiety Rate with the Improvement of Blood Pressure in Patients of Elektif Properation are Surgery Barreiro, Pablo
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.583 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.127

Abstract

Preoperative nursing action is an action performed by the nurse in order to prepare the patient for surgical measures in order to ensure the safety of intraoperative patients. When faced with surgery actions that are not hypertensive patients may increase their blood pressure temporarily due to the two most common factors of pain, and anxiety. This study aims to determine the relationship of anxiety levels with increased blood pressure in elective preoperative patients. This research using cross sectional approach, accidental sampling sampling method. The sample of this study were 30 elective preoperative patients with no history of hypertension. Measurement of anxiety using Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and blood pressure using Spymomanometer. Chi square test results showed that there is a significant relationship between anxiety levels with an increase in blood pressure (pvalue = 0.023).
The Impact of Natural Disaster on Mental Health of Victims Lives: Systematic Review Novia , Kristia; Hariyanti, Tita; Yuliatun, Laily
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (716.321 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.128

Abstract

Natural disasters are still a matter of the world until today. The events pose not only physical impact but also psychological impacts that leave deep sorrow and fear. The survivors of the disaster felt they were at a very unsettled condition, felt very fearful, felt agitated for uncertain circumstances, and became very easily panicked until they could experience anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This systematic review aims to identify the impact–effects often posed by natural disasters on the soul health of survivors. Data searching is done on the Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Sage, and Scopus databases that were converged in the 2013 to 2019 ranges. The psychological impact experienced by the victims after natural disaster events are depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), fear, suicide experiments, and other mental health disorders such as mood changes and a loss of interest in an activity. Natural disasters can hurt the mental health of the victims. If the psychological problems that occur to the victims are not immediately addressed, the victims will fall on more mental severe disorder conditions.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Preventing Residivitism in Pedophilia: A Systematic Review P, Merry; Muslihah, Nurul; Titin Andri Wihastuti
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (938.722 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.129

Abstract

Pedophilia is a personality disorder of sexual behavior deviations that have such great sexual desire in children. The intervention has given actively determines the success in the prevention of pedophilic perpetrators, the guidance of imprisonment is necessary to change the behavior of sexual deviations on pedophilia perpetrators, so it is expected that the effective cognitive-behavioral therapy is given to change the negative mindset towards the positive because a positive mindset can influence one's emotional condition and behavior. Systematic review aims to review rehabilitation programs through a therapeutic approach that has been designed to prevent recidivism in pedophilic practitioners. A systematic review through journal review on Nursing therapy on Pedophilia perpetrators. The systematic review began by regularly identifying on several scientific articles that had been published from 2014 to 2019 in the international database of PubMed, ProQuest, Science Direct. Selection is done using the PRISMA flow diagram and criticized using JBI Tools. After that, 28 articles were considered relevant to be conducted in the analysis of the Sitematics review. In a systematic review, it showed that cognitive therapy is a very effective therapy administered by pedophilia inmates to prevent recidivism. Rehabilitation with the therapeutic approach of an active cognitive behavior is given to pedophilia inmates in preventing recidivism so that the application development is needed to avoid sexual violence in children.
Family Psychoeducation in Reducing the Occurrence of Depression in Elderly: A Systematic Review Cece Indriani; Yati Sri Hayati; Titin Andri Wihastuti
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (584.28 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.130

Abstract

Depression is a chronic prevalence and recurrence disturbance. Depression in the elderly characterized by sadness, low interested in doing activity, and inability to feel happiness. But most families ignore it because they think it is a common problem in the elderly. Family psychoeducation therapy is one of the elements of family mental health care programs by providing information, education through therapeutic communication to reduce the scale of depression in the elderly. This systematic review aimed to determine family psychoeducation in reducing the occurrence of depression in the elderly.This systematic review begins with a question in advance and specify the destination, then search for the exact keyword searching to identify the data required in accordance with the purpose of the method of "AND" and "OR". After getting data from the searching results from 2005 to 2019 using proquest international databases, PubMed, science direct, and then proceed with the selection of DOAJ PRISMA flow diagram and criticism JBI tool to obtain the relevant article 23 to be analyzed into a systematic review. Family psychoeducation can improve cognitive abilities because in therapy contains elements that can improve family knowledge about the disease, teach techniques that can help families to know the symptoms of deviant behavior, as well as increased support for the family members themselves. This therapy can also reduce the scale of depression in the elderly. Family psychoeducation therapy can improve cognitive and psychomotor abilities significantly. Thus it can be used to improve the elderly and families coping itself. This therapy is not only used for people with schizophrenia, but also the patient's psychosocial, including depression in the elderly.
Development Of Pop-Up Book Learning Media On Earth Oil Materials Hazumi, Yoshiya
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 2 No 3 (2020): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.973 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v2i3.133

Abstract

The aimed of this study was to develop learning media called pop-up book of petroleum. The method was research and development (Research and Development) with the ADDIE model of which consisted of 5 steps: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. The data were collected using questionnaire for media validation. The results showed that pop-up book was found to be 92.67% valid (very decent), meant that the developed pop-up book could be study in terms of its effectiveness in learning

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