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Avid Leonardo Sari
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INDONESIA
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27158780     DOI : https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC) is open access and peer-reviewed journal with e-ISSN (2715-8780), IJSOC is an international journal devoted to the study of science and technology in a social context. It focuses on the way in which advances in science and technology influence society and vice versa. It is a peer-reviewed journal that takes an interdisciplinary perspective, encouraging analyses whose approaches are drawn from a variety of disciplines such as History, Sociology, Economics, Political Science and International Relations, Technology Management, Environmental Studies, Health Science, etc. The journal publishes original full-length research papers in all areas related to Science, Technology, and Society. The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to that. The journal consciously endeavors to combine scholarly perspectives relevant to academic research and policy issues relating to development. Besides research articles, the journal encourages research-based country reports, commentaries, literature reviews, and book reviews.
Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)" : 20 Documents clear
Analysis of Community Tradition and Knowledge with Covid-19 Prevention Efforts Sigalingging, Ganda; Nasution, Zulkarnain; Ginting, Magdalena; Simanullang, Poniyah; Yemima
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.647 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.388

Abstract

The application of health protocols to prevent the transmission of covid 19 is still relatively low, as is the case in Kabil Village, Batam City, which is still far from expected. Many factors can influence it, including the socio-cultural community, in this case, the inherent traditions/customs. The aim is to analyze the socio-cultural relationship with efforts to prevent Covid-19 in Kabil Village, Batam City. This research is a descriptive correlation with a cross-sectional approach involving 90 respondents, namely the people of Kabil Village in RW 015 and RW 016. The sampling technique is done by simple random sampling. Data were collected by interview using a questionnaire—data analysis using Chi Square test at 95% confidence level. A socio-cultural society based on tradition is more supportive; 53 respondents (58.9%) do not do prevention, as many as 37 respondents (41.1%). Statistical test results show that there is a relationship between tradition and efforts to prevent Covid-19 with a p-value of 0.012 (α < 0.05), good knowledge 37 people (41.1%) made prevention efforts as many as 22 people (24.3%). The statistical test results show a significant relationship between tradition/habits and knowledge with measures to prevent COVID-19 in Kabil Village, Batam City, with a p-value of 0.012 and knowledge with a p-value of 0.002.
Characteristics of Bioethanol from Musa Salaccensis ZOLL Sulaiman, Dady; Syahdan, St; Ulva, Siti Maria
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.872 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.389

Abstract

The high increase in energy use causes renewable energy solutions such as wind energy, geothermal energy, biomass and others. Biomass is one solution for Indonesia to obtain energy, because Indonesia has the potential for biomass, both biodiesel and bioethanol. The biomass to be studied is Bioethanol. Forest banana is a type of wild plant that grows in the forests of North Kalimantan and is not consumed by residents because there are many seeds in the banana. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of bioethanol from forest bananas. The stages of the research method that will be carried out include several stages, namely 1) making bioethanol, 2) measuring ethanol content, and 3) testing the characteristics of bioethanol. The stages of bioethanol testing carried out characteristic tests including: 1) Ethanol Content Analysis, 2) Moisture Content Analysis, 3) Density Analysis, 4) Specific Gravity and API Gravity Analysis, 5) Calorific Value Analysis. Based on the research results obtained, the quality of the bioethanol produced has a density value and specific gravity in accordance with the bioethanol quality standard, which is 0.46. The calorific value which has a close relationship with API Gravity is close to the maximum value in the bioethanol quality standard, which is 3702.30 kcal/kg. The value of ethanol content and water content still does not meet the quality standards, namely 24.8% and 86%. This is due to the lack of distillation process in this study.
L'effet de la motivation sur la tendance à cesser de fumer : une étude de terrain Elma Feray
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (557.02 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.390

Abstract

Il existe de nombreux facteurs qui motivent les employés dans les organisations. En présence de ces facteurs, la performance de l'employé et donc la production augmentent. De plus, en raison du manque de motivation, de nombreuses conséquences se traduisent par des conséquences négatives. L'une de ces conséquences est de quitter le travail. En d'autres termes, on peut dire que les individus qui ne sont pas motivés quitteront leur emploi au fil du temps. On peut affirmer que la personne qui est motivée par son travail et son environnement sur le lieu de travail dépendra de son travail et ne pensera pas à quitter son travail. Compte tenu du temps et du coût d'embauche des salariés, il est important que les managers fassent preuve de la sensibilité nécessaire à la notion de motivation. Ainsi, on peut dire qu'il existe une corrélation entre le niveau de motivation et la tendance à arrêter de fumer. Dans cette étude, l'effet de la motivation sur la tendance à arrêter a été examiné et un cadre conceptuel a été formé en recherchant d'abord la littérature sur le sujet. Plus tard, l'étude sur le terrain a été expliquée et les résultats obtenus ont été présentés sous forme de tableaux et interprétés et les résultats obtenus ont été évalués.
Idéologie : Facteurs de conflit et d'échec au Moyen-Orient Ammar Asad
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.405 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.391

Abstract

L'article suivant explique comment l'idéologie occidentale est un facteur majeur dans la survenance des conflits et des défaillances de l'État au Moyen-Orient. Dans cet article, l'auteur examine la perspective de l'hégémonie idéologique. L'idéologie détruit le système politique et économique qui est à l'origine des inégalités sociales, accélérant ainsi l'éclatement du conflit au Moyen-Orient. L'auteur cite en exemple la Syrie et la Libye pour prouver les facteurs moteurs du conflit. L'auteur soutient que la cause principale du conflit au Moyen-Orient est l'influence de l'idéologie occidentale qui n'a pas été acceptée à la fois par les détenteurs du pouvoir et par la société, ce qui a conduit à des divisions et même à des guerres. La démocratie est un modèle accepté dans de nombreux pays qui ne peut être appliqué au Moyen-Orient. L'auteur critique également l'échec de la mise en œuvre de la démocratie et de l'économie libérale au Moyen-Orient.
The Influence of Learning Models on Scientific Literacy in Physics Course: A Meta-Analysis Research Apriyani, Yunika; Supriyati, Yetti; Margono, Gaguk
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (416.289 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.392

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the influence of learning models on students' scientific literacy skills. This research method is a meta-analysis with a sample of ten national and international journal articles. The results of this study indicate that the STEAM learning model, STEM, Problem Based Learning, Literacy Learning Model, E-learning, Project Based Learning or combination models have an influence on students' scientific literacy skills because they connect classroom learning activities with students' daily lives and motivate students to participate actively in the learning process.
Mechanism, Implementation, and Challenges in Independent Campus Education Policy in Indonesia Ishak, Deding
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.756 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.393

Abstract

The Independent Learning-Independent Campus Policy was issued by the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia, Nadiem Anwar Makarim. The policy aims to improve the competence of graduates, both soft skills and hard skills, to be more prepared and relevant to the needs of the times, to prepare graduates as future leaders of the nation with excellent and personalities. "Freedom of Learning, Independent Campus" policy includes the opening of new study programs, a higher education accreditation system, the freedom to become a PTN-BH, and the right to study for three semesters outside the study program. This policy of the Minister of Education and Culture deserves to be called a reasonably extreme change. This then raises some doubts in the minds of academics. The method used by the author in this study is a literature study approach. In this method, data is collected through a literature study, analyzed, and presented in the discussion. The study results show that the visionary policy of the Minister of Education and Culture deserves to be appreciated. Still, several problems arise from implementing the "Independent Learning, Independent Campus" policy that must be immediately resolved.
Cooperation of the Government of the Central African Republic and UNICEF in Handling Cases of Recruitment of Child Soldiers in the Central African Republic Adel Ayman
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (468.303 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.394

Abstract

Continous humanitarian crisises in the Central African Republic are instigated by the armed conflicts involving underage combatants also known as child soldiers. Set against this phenomenon, the Goverment of Central African Republic is trying to overcome the issue by initiating collaboration with UNICEF, hoping to put an end to the use and recruitment of said underage soldier operating and fighting throughout the territory of the Central African Republic. The objective of this research is to analyze the existing collaboration between the Republic of Central Africa and UNICEF by firstly, describing the conflict in the Central African Republic and then followed by tabling the factors that enable the recruitment of the children of the war, and as well providing anlayses on the UNICEF’s role in hattling the case of child soldier recruitment and the obstacles that the organization has to endure from its attempt of doing so in the region of Central African Republic. This research employs qualitative method by collecting data from books, NGO’s reports, and mass media. The explanation about the collaboration between UNICEF and the Central African Republic is given by utilizing the standpoint of Liberalism together with the perspectives of the concepts of Cooperation and International Organization, respectively. This research concludes that the presence of a number of obstacles in the collaborative work between UNICEF and the Goverment of Central African Republic has been the primary reason that made the collaboration between the two actors, arguably, has not been entirely and fully succesful.
Library Experiential Marketing Strategy as a Means of Increasing Library Satisfaction in the Use of E-Resources During the Covid-19 Pandemic Fatmawati, Endang
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.366 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.395

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the effects of library experiential marketing strategies on user satisfaction levels during the Covid-19 pandemic, using a quantitative approach. Data were collected through observation, questionnaires, and reviews of related literature. Based on the results obtained, experiential marketing is a suitable marketing concept for libraries. This strategy is bound to aid libraries in providing pleasant and unforgettable services. The priority of experiential marketing strategy during the Covid-19 pandemic is to observe the responses of users by testing the variables of sense, feel, think, act, and relate/linkage. These five independent variables have a positive and significant effect on user satisfaction, indicating the potential for libraries to improve user experience by connecting through real-life users. In conclusion, experiential marketing strategies can provide positive experiences for users and, consequently, improve the interest in optimizing the use of electronic information resources, even during the Covid-19 pandemic.
The Effect of Leadership and Motivation in Measuring Accountability Using the Calibrating Public Accountability Model (CPA Model) Kustinah, Siti; Anggionaldi, Muhammad
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (647.017 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.396

Abstract

The use of school aid funds (BOS) must be accounted for by the beneficiary schools. The performance of a school can be judged by how good the accountability of the school is. The principal plays an important role in realizing accountability in the school he leads. The principal's leadership and motivation are factors that can encourage the achievement of good school accountability. This study aims to determine the effect of leadership and motivation in measuring accountability using the CPA (Calibrating Public Accountability Model) measurement model. The research method used is quantitative verification. The population in this study were all school principals in West Bandung Regency and Cimahi City with the sample technique using a simple random technique. Data collection techniques using questionnaires. Data analysis technique using PLS. The results showed that there was an effect of leadership on accountability, while motivation had no effect on accountability. Simultaneously leadership and motivation affect accountability.
The Effect of Work Motivation and Commitment on Teacher Performance Anwar, Kasyful; Widyanti, Rahmi; Adawiah, Rabiatul; Triyuliadi, Unut
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 3 No 4 (2021): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (536.038 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v3i4.397

Abstract

Teacher performance needs to be continuously improved because it affects the quality of graduates and the quality of education. It is necessary to conduct research related to what factors can affect teacher performance to improve teacher performance. This study aims to analyze the effect of motivation and work commitment on teacher performance. This study uses a quantitative approach. The sampling technique used in this research is saturated sampling. All members of the population, amounting to 43 people, are used as samples. Data collection was done by using a questionnaire technique. Before the instrument is used, the first instrument is tested to determine its validity and reliability. Technical analysis of the data using simple linear regression test and multiple linear regression using the SPSS version 22 application. From the research results, it is known that (1) motivation has a significant positive effect on teacher performance by 36.1%; (2) commitment has a significant positive effect on teacher performance by 41.0%; (3) simultaneously work motivation and commitment have a positive effect on teacher performance by 50.7%. The conclusion is that the two variables, individually or together, are a determining factor in improving teacher performance.

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