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International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27158780     DOI : https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1
International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC) is open access and peer-reviewed journal with e-ISSN (2715-8780), IJSOC is an international journal devoted to the study of science and technology in a social context. It focuses on the way in which advances in science and technology influence society and vice versa. It is a peer-reviewed journal that takes an interdisciplinary perspective, encouraging analyses whose approaches are drawn from a variety of disciplines such as History, Sociology, Economics, Political Science and International Relations, Technology Management, Environmental Studies, Health Science, etc. The journal publishes original full-length research papers in all areas related to Science, Technology, and Society. The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to that. The journal consciously endeavors to combine scholarly perspectives relevant to academic research and policy issues relating to development. Besides research articles, the journal encourages research-based country reports, commentaries, literature reviews, and book reviews.
Articles 33 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)" : 33 Documents clear
A Comparison Study of Fiscal Policy in Different Countries Regarding Plastic Waste Management in Supporting the Achievement of Sustainable Plastic Production and Consumption Patterns in Indonesia Setiabudi, Andang Wirawan; Gunadi; Rosdiana, Haula
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (367.235 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.410

Abstract

Nowadays, plastic waste management has become an international issue. Plastic waste that is not managed will end up in the ocean and cause dangerous pollution. Environmental issues were agreed to be one of the SDGs goals proclaimed in 2015 by all countries members of the United Nations. All countries, including Indonesia, have implemented various pro-environment policies. One of them is through fiscal policy. How to determine the right fiscal policy so that the management of plastic waste to realize a sustainable pattern of plastic production and consumption to be optimal is important. One of them is by conducting comparative studies on the fiscal policy of plastic waste management in various countries as a policy benchmark. It is what the author did. This research uses a qualitative approach with a comparative study method regarding the form of fiscal policy in various countries used to manage plastic waste. This research data was obtained through literature studies from various journals, articles, and reports on fiscal policy of plastic waste management in various countries and then concluded various similarities and differences. It is hoped that studying various forms of fiscal policy in various countries can provide input to the Indonesian government on the right form of fiscal policy to create a sustainable pattern of plastic production and consumption in accordance with the SDGs goals to be achieved by the Indonesian government.
La comparación de la efectividad de varias soluciones en la dilución de Cerumen Obturans in vitro Dario Cortez
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (885.243 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.411

Abstract

El cerumen obturante es una afección patológica que no pone en peligro la vida, pero puede causar molestias como sensación de oído lleno, dolor, pérdida de la audición y sordera, así como disminución de la calidad de vida. Este estudio tiene como objetivo determinar la comparación de la eficacia de seis disolventes, a saber, aquadest, solución de sal de NaCl al 0,9 %, aceite de coco, aceite de oliva, carboglicerina al 10 % y docusato de sodio al 0,5 % de cerumen obturans in vitro y conocer la duración del contacto más eficaz. tiempo de un solvente contra la solubilidad del suero. Esta investigación es un experimento de laboratorio utilizando 30 especímenes de cerumen obturado compactado con un peso de 40 mg cada uno. El nivel de solubilidad del suero se mide utilizando el espectrofotómetro Spectronic 21. Comparación de la eficacia del disolvente probado con el uso de la prueba One Way Anova con alfa <0,05. Los resultados muestran que la efectividad de los diferentes solventes es significativa a los 20, 25 y 30 minutos solo entre Aquadest y NaCl 0.9% aceite de coco y aceite de oliva usando un espectrofotómetro. El tiempo de contacto efectivo in vitro es ≥ 20 minutos y se inclina hacia el límite de 30 minutos. En los minutos 20 y 25, NaCl al 0,9% es el disolvente más efectivo, mientras que en el minuto 30 como máximo, la efectividad es máxima. El aceite de oliva y el aceite de coco son los disolventes de menor eficacia. Los solventes a base de agua son más efectivos que los solventes a base de grasa.
The Role of Indonesian Language Learning in Shaping the Character of Students Hoerudin, Cecep Wahyu
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.433 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.412

Abstract

The function of language, particularly Indonesian, in moulding the character of a student is critical, and this is true both orally and in writing. An Indonesian instructor must understand that learning the language is about developing language skills rather than mastering the grammar of the language. Because of this, this study emphasized the issue of improving the competence of Indonesian language teachers so that they can better serve their students. In order to uncover the subject of inquiry, this study employs a qualitative technique combined with descriptive methodologies. According to the findings of the study, learning the Indonesian language has a major impact on the development of students' personalities and character. It is possible to receive assistance by learning to read and write as well as speak and listen.
Utilización de la nanotecnología En el Desarrollo de Fertilizantes Orgánicos y Pesticidas Donato Hernandez
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (846.171 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.413

Abstract

No se puede negar que el desarrollo de la tecnología y su utilización está íntimamente relacionado con el aumento de la competitividad de la industria de un país. Se necesita un mayor conocimiento y dominio de las nuevas tecnologías para ganar la competencia en la era del comercio global tanto por parte del gobierno como de la industria. Un ejemplo de tecnología que se está discutiendo es la nanotecnología. El uso de la nanotecnología es bien conocido, incluso en los campos de la salud, la cosmética y la agricultura. Básicamente, el principio del descubrimiento de la nanotecnología es maximizar el rendimiento o la producción de cultivos minimizando el uso de fertilizantes, pesticidas y otras necesidades al monitorear las condiciones del suelo, como las raíces, y aplicarlas directamente al objetivo para que nada se desperdicie. Para pesticidas, si esto se aplica, podrá minimizar el uso de pesticidas en las plantas porque solo los insectos objetivo se ven afectados. El uso de la nanotecnología en los fertilizantes permitirá que se pueda controlar la liberación de los nutrientes contenidos en el fertilizante. Por lo tanto, solo se liberan los nutrientes que realmente serán absorbidos por las plantas, por lo que no hay pérdida de nutrientes, hay objetivos indeseables como el suelo, el agua y los microorganismos. En los nanofertilizantes, los nutrientes pueden estar en forma de encapsulación de nanomateriales, recubiertos por una fina capa protectora o liberados en forma de emulsión a partir de nanopartículas.
Analysis of Salt Production, Consumption and Import in Indonesia Mardoni, Ziecky
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (650.393 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.414

Abstract

This study aims to analyze and determine the effect of (1) consumption, capital, and labor on salt production in Indonesia (2) production, salt prices, imports, and Gross Domestic Product on salt consumption in Indonesia (3) consumption, exchange rates, and Gross Domestic Product on imports salt in Indonesia. This type of research is descriptive and associative. While this type of data is documentary data, the source of information is secondary data and data in the form of time series from 1986 - 2018. Simultaneous equation model analysis tools with the Two Stages Least Squared (TSLS) method. This study concludes that consumption of salt, capital, and labor has a significant influence on salt production in Indonesia. Salt production, salt prices, salt imports, and Gross Domestic Product significantly influence salt intake. Salt consumption and Gross Domestic Product have a significant effect on salt imports in Indonesia. Based on these results, the policy suggested is that the Government, through the Ministry of Agriculture, must issue a policy to encourage capital increase for salt production activities. In addition, the Government is also expected to increase the quantity and quality of workers who work in the industry so that the production of salt itself can be improved.
The Role of Community Learning Activity Centers (PKBM) in the Context of Changing the Social Behavior of Street Children Hikmat
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.836 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.415

Abstract

This study aims to determine the role of the Community Learning Activity Center (PKBM) in changing the social behavior of street children. The learning model carried out in this study is about handling, the approach process action, and the form of socialization carried out by the Management and Experts at the Community Learning Activity Center for street children on the streets. It is hoped that with the guidance of street children in PKBM, it is expected that changes in the attitudes and social behavior of street children can be seen. The method used by the author in this study is qualitative. The data collection techniques used in this research are interview, observation, and literature study, including documentation. The results showed that the role of the Learning Activity Center in helping to change the social behavior of street children was perfect. However, here and there, there were still some shortcomings such as lack of discipline, self-confidence, and lack of care for the surrounding environment. The empowerment carried out by PKBM includes the development of life skills, academic activities, and religious activities.
The Influence of the Number of Board of Commissioners, Company Size, Risk Monitoring Committee, and Financial Performance on Earnings Management Hermanto; Berutu, Ratna Sari Natalia
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (456.014 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.416

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find determinants of profit management (Earnings Management) such as the number of board of commissioners, the size of the company, the risk monitoring committee, and the financial performance of a company. The current study uses banking sector financial statement data recorded at Bank Indonesia (BI) with selective sampling methods that meet survey criteria. Researchers examined a period of five years using a sample of 120 data from 24 banking sector entities. The study used several methods of linear analysis with secondary data types. This study shows that the size of the board of commissioners, the size of the company, and the risk monitoring committee, and the ROA jointly affect profit management. The size of the board of commissioners and the size of the company individually do not indicate any influence on profit management. Individual risk monitoring committees affect profit management and ROAs individually have a positive influence on profit management.
Development E-Insurance Based on the Provisions of the Insurance Policy for the Certainty of Evidentiary Civil Procedural Law in Indonesia Nurhakim, Lukman Ilman; Rohaini, Erni; Suriatmadja, Toto Tohir
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.578 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.417

Abstract

The development of E-Insurance in its match was a development of the Electronic Insurance Policy Agreement or Jo. E-Polis. The insurance agreement or written policy as stipulated by OJK Regulation on Insurance Products and Insurance Product Marketing as an rationing of the Code of Commercial as a special norm of the understanding of Insurance Policy. Unlike the Electronic Insurance Policy Agreement or E-Polis was accommodated by OJK Regulation on Insurance in 2015, E-Insurance developed as a result of insurance needs for electronic or e-commerce trading transactions that do not yet had special arrangements. This was because in E-Insurance, the business’ person did not make hardcopy either the Insurance Policy Agreement or the policy agreement to be further conveyed to the customer or the insured. Furthermore, the Evidentiary Power E-Insurance in the Civil Procedural Law could not be equated: as a means of proof of letter because the parties in the proof cannot show the original (hardcopy). At least judges under Article 10 of the Court of Justice Power Act could categorize E-Insurance as a means of proof of guessing, because the parties in the evidence could not show the original (hardcopy). Thus, a law-level rule was required a law that can accommodate E-Insurance related to proof of civil justice.
Propiedades Psicométricas de la Escala de Competencias de Trabajo Social Geriátrico II Sebastian Mylan
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.851 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.418

Abstract

Introducción: La Escala de Competencias del Trabajo Social Geriátrico II (GSWCS II) es considerada una referencia en la evaluación de las competencias de los Trabajadores Sociales Gero. El objetivo del estudio es examinar las propiedades psicométricas de GSWCS II en una muestra de trabajadores sociales portugueses que trabajan con personas mayores. Material y Métodos: El GSWCS II se administró junto con un cuestionario socioprofesional diseñado específicamente. Se entrevistó a un total de 543 trabajadores sociales, con una edad media de 33,05 (7,57 = DE), sexo femenino (96,1%) y en funciones directivas (72,5%). Resultados: Se verificó consistencia interna con valores altos en todas las dimensiones (α > .9). La escala tiene altas correlaciones con todas sus dimensiones (> .85). Para probar el modelo se utilizó el Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio, basado en una estructura de cinco dimensiones, la prueba de ajuste chi-cuadrado ( χ 2 / df ) = 3,129 presentó un índice de ajuste aceptable. Conclusión: La GSWCS II demostró ser una escala válida y confiable para esta población.
The Effects of Odd or Even Number of Options on The Variance of Item Validity in Environmental Personality (Big-Five Personality) Datau, Rahmirini; Putrawan, I Made; Rahayu, Wardani
International Journal of Science and Society Vol 4 No 1 (2022): International Journal of Science and Society (IJSOC)
Publisher : GoAcademica Research & Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.892 KB) | DOI: 10.54783/ijsoc.v4i1.419

Abstract

Validity is one of the important characteristics in any psychological measuring tool. Measurement tools in his research more generally include a variety of observations and usually include responses that aim to regulate and limit the choices available to respondents and assessments. There are many studies that have assessed how the number of response options on a scale affects validity and reliability, but fewer have discussed whether the midpoint should be included as a response option, or whether the scale is even. Regardless of where the response scale is in psychological measurements, the environmental personality (big-five personality) scale has been expanded and elaborated in various ways in previous research since the introduction of dreams. The big-five personality model is the most extensive model for measuring environmental personality. This study aims to determine whether there is a difference between the number of odd and even option scales on the validity variance of students' environmental personality (big-five personality) items, and to see which scale of the number of options is better or suitable for the environmental personality (big-five personality) instrument. The calculation data were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA method. The results of this study indicate that the scale of the number of odd options (five options) and the scale of the number of even options differ significantly in the variance of the validity of the environmental personality items (big-five Personality). The mean plot results show that the odd option scale higher than the even scale. This research can be carried out for further research in using the odd scale on the environmental personality measurement tool (Big-five Personality) with the expansion being studied.

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