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Contact Name
Ricko Dharmadi Utama
Contact Email
apinaga53@gmail.com
Phone
+628125173861
Journal Mail Official
thmreditor@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl. Kenari 1 RT.8 No.8g Bumi Lingkar Basirih, Banjarmasin, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia
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INDONESIA
Tropical Health and Medical Research Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2684740X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.35916/thmr.v1i1
Tropical Health and Medical Research is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishing only original research on all aspects of tropical medicine and global health especially health related to the Muslim community. Journal content including viral, bacterial and parasitic infectious diseases, Vectors, Noncommunicable diseases, Epidemiology and population health, Drug, vaccine and diagnostic tool development, Other health issues related to the Muslim community
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research" : 7 Documents clear
Predictors of Unintended Pregnancy and Sexual Reproductive Health Conditions in Survivors of Violence Sarah Ahmad Majed Al-Aitan; Osama Suleiman Samawi; Ibrahim Said Aqel; Hussein Mohammad Al-Salem; Hassan Mohammad Banat; Saad Ahmad Al-Etan
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.81

Abstract

The effect of violence on women's sexual reproductive health is of significant importance; this study aimed to study the association between gender-based violence with unintended pregnancy and common sexual reproductive health conditions. The size of the study sample was 102, who were survivors of violence. Direct interviews collected the data, and the researchers used a structured 30-question questionnaire. Results showed that early marriage was significantly associated with unintended pregnancy. The mean of unintended pregnancy for the marriage age group <=18 years was 1.79, which is higher than the mean of the>18 years marriage age group. The t-value is 2.616, and the significance value is 0.010, meaning there are statistically significant differences in unintended pregnancy in favour of the age group <=18 years. Results also indicated the prevalence of unmet needs for contraception in the study sample was 55% among survivors. 26% of women received inadequate antenatal visits primarily due to financial reasons, and almost half (47%) of births were delivered by the Cesarian section; the most popular method is IUD. In conclusion, gender-based violence is a consistent and strong risk factor for unintended pregnancy, especially in the child marriage age group, so it's necessary to overlook sexual reproductive health among survivors of violence as it might be threatened.
The Analysis between the Diagnose of Preeclampsia and Eclampsia to Treatment at Dr. H. Jusuf SK Hospital Indonesia Shafira Aisyah Azizah; Sari Wijayanti; Syuhada Syuhada; Doris Noviani
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.86

Abstract

Preeclampsia and eclampsia are types of gestational hypertension that are considered causes of maternal and perinatal death. Preeclampsia in severe conditions will result in eclampsia accompanied by symptoms of seizures or decreased consciousness. In the condition of preeclampsia, antihypertensive therapy is needed. The use of antihypertensives in patients with Preeclampsia and Eclampsia, namely methyldopa and labetalol, is the first line, and hydralazine, nifedipine, prazosin, and clonidine are the second line. The design of this study is a descriptive cross-sectional study to see the relationship between diagnoses and types of treatment. This research was conducted at Dr.H.Jusuf SK Hospital, Tarakan City, North Kalimantan Province, with secondary data from medical records as research data. The research subjects were pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia and eclampsia without accompanying comorbid diseases, with a sample of 49 respondents using a total sampling system. The results of this study found that one patient was diagnosed with Mild Preeclampsia with a single therapy, 45 patients were diagnosed with Severe Preeclampsia with a single therapy, a combination of 2 drugs and a combination of 3 drugs, and three patients were diagnosed with eclampsia with single therapy and a combination of 4 drugs. The data from this study showed a relationship between diagnosis and the type of treatment therapy with a significant value of 0.004 (p<0.05). The findings of this study can be used as a guide for medical therapy by healthcare professionals.
Antibiotic-Prescribed Infections in Patients Receiving Home Care Services Burcu Aykanat Yurtsever; Ceyhun Yurtsever; Volkan Atasoy; Ayşenur Hacısalihoğlu
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.87

Abstract

In our study, it was aimed to examine "antibiotic (AB) prescribed infections" (ABPI) in patients receiving home care service (HCS) in the last year. Patients receiving HCS from a tertiary hospital were evaluated (n=176). In addition to descriptive information such as demographics, devices used and chronic diseases, ABs prescribed to patients in the last year and infections that were the reason for their prescription were screened retrospectively. It was determined that 138 patients had been prescribed AB at least once. In total, 691 ABs were used in 550 prescriptions. It was observed that the most common ABPI was urinary tract infection (44.9%), and the most commonly prescribed AB was amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (n=123). Using assistive devices for breathing and lung disease increased the risk of lower respiratory tract infection, for which ABs were prescribed at least once. These predictive factors were feeding with a nasogastric catheter or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy for upper respiratory tract infections and using a urinary catheter for urinary tract infections. Our study revealed the most common ABPI in patients receiving HCS and the factors predicting them. These findings will shed light on the planning and management of HCS.
Analysis of the Role of Family Support in Treatment Compliance of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients Sugiyanto Sugiyanto; Aprianti Sigala
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i2.89

Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a deadly infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is very easily resistant to drugs, so treating it takes a long time. In the process of treatment, the role of the family is needed as the closest unit to the patient to supervise. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the part of family support and adherence to treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis clients. The research design used was analytic descriptive research with a cross-sectional study approach. The sample in this study was 30 people, who were taken using the total sampling technique—data analysis using Chi-square on SPSS. The results showed that the role of a good family was 53.3% and less was 46.7%. The frequency of client compliance is 80% and 20% non-compliant. The results of the statistical test showed that the p-value was smaller than the ? value, which meant that there was a relationship between the role of family support and adherence to treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis clients in the working area of ??the Wara Public Health Center, Palopo City, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The long process of treating pulmonary TB will result in boredom and boredom in patients. Therefore, the family has an important role in monitoring and increasing the motivation of pulmonary TB patients to remain consistent in the treatment process. As the frontline in disease prevention and rehabilitation, health workers must always be active in providing health education to the community, especially to families of pulmonary TB sufferers, about the importance of family support in the patient's treatment process.
Confirmation of Soil-Transmitted-Helminths Infection Prevalence by Kato-Katz Kit Diagnostic in Elementary School Children in West Martapura River Banks, South Kalimantan Indonesia Rifqoh Rifqoh; Jujuk Anton Cahyono; Yayuk Kustiningsih
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.90

Abstract

Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) infections are the most widespread neglected tropical diseases, primarily affecting morbidity in School Age Children (SAC). STH infection in SAC remains a public health problem in Martapura River Banks. Early and accurate STH detection is essential to determine an effective treatment for reducing morbidity. The Health Department recommends detecting STH infection by Kato Katz (KK) but in public health centers only by the direct method. This research objective is to confirm STH infection prevalence by Kato-Katz (KK) in elementary school children in West Martapura River Banks, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, against the direct method. The modified KK templates were developed from acrylic material. A total number of 253 children 7-12 years old in four West Martapura elementary schools were examined for STHs eggs using both microscopies modified KK against direct method by two trained laboratory technicians. STHs infection prevalence was 50 (19.76%), interpreted as low prevalence by direct and 78 (30.83%), moderate by KK. The concordance between both methods was significantly based on Cohen’s kappa (?=0.682). Even though the concordance of both methods was strong, the prevalence of STHs by modified KK was 30.08% higher than by Direct, which was only 20.33% positive. This study recommended using the KK for STHs diagnostic for prevalence measurement in low STHs infection.
Analysis of Urea Levels of Banjarmasin Ministry of Health Polytechnic Students Survivors of Covid 19 Siti Nur Shalehah Hasanah; Anny Thuraidah; Haitami Haitami
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.97

Abstract

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) is an infection caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Drug therapy for Covid-19 patients currently uses broad-spectrum antivirals such as Remdesivir, Favipiravir, and Oseltamivir, which have side effects of impaired kidney function with a marked increase in serum urea levels. The study aims to analyze the relationship between antiviral administration and serum urea levels of Covid-19 survivors with student respondents from the Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Banjarmasin, Indonesia. The research method is an analytic survey with a case-control design. Samples were taken using the purposive sampling method and obtained from 10 respondents who were confirmed positive for Covid-19 who consumed antivirals, ten respondents who were confirmed positive for Covid-19 did not consume antivirals, and ten respondents who were not confirmed positive for Covid-19. The Urea test method uses the Rayto Chemray 120 Clinical Analyzer. The results showed that the average urea level of respondents who confirmed positive for Covid-19 who consumed antivirals was 37.35 mg/dl, and respondents who confirmed positive for Covid-19 who did not consume antivirals was 30.70 mg/dl. Respondents who were not confirmed for Covid-19 19 are 30.97 mg/dl. The study's conclusion showed a relationship between the administration of antivirals and serum urea levels of Covid-19 survivors. Suggestions for further research are to use different parameters in assessing the kidney function of Covid 19 survivors, such as creatinine and blood urea nitrogen.
Effect of Black Garlic Extract in Feminine Liquid Soap as Antibacterial (Escherichia coli): Effect of Black Garlic Extract in Feminine Liquid Soap as Antibacterial (Escherichia coli) Putu Arik Herliawati; Ni Putu Wintariani; Brigita Olivia; Rezha Alivia Hildayanti; Nanda Agnesia Jati Pratiwi
Tropical Health and Medical Research Vol. 5 No. 2 (2023): Tropical Health And Medical Research
Publisher : Baiman Bauntung Batuah Center

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35916/thmr.v5i1.100

Abstract

One of the causes of infection is pathological vaginal discharge caused by Escherichia coli. Handling of this infectious disease is still limited to giving antibiotics. So, an alternative therapy is needed using herbs. Black garlic is a fermented product that has stronger antibacterial properties. Based on this, it is necessary to test the potential of liquid soap with black garlic extract as antibacterial as scientific evidence. Research Objectives: To analyze the effect of black garlic extract on women's liquid soap on the growth of Escherichia coli. This research is quantitative research with an experimental research design. In this study, the intervention given was giving black garlic extract in feminism hygiene liquid soap preparations with various doses for bacteria Escherichia coli with disc diffusion technique. Black garlic extract was tested for phytochemicals to determine the content of active compounds. The results showed that black garlic extract in feminine hygiene liquid soap inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli bacteria; at a concentration of 40%, black garlic had the highest antibacterial activity with an average inhibition zone of 12.7mm. Therefore, it is proven that black garlic extract is effective as an antibacterial Escherichia coli in the formulation of feminine hygiene liquid soap.

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