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Contact Name
Eko Didik Widianto
Contact Email
rumah.jurnal@live.undip.ac.id
Phone
+6224-7460044
Journal Mail Official
martini@live.undip.ac.id
Editorial Address
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang
Location
Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat is a scientific journal article that presents the results of research and review of the literature on the development of science that includes the study of Public Health Epidemiology, Administration & Policy Health, Health Promotion, and Behavior, Biostatistics and Demography, Environmental Health, Public Health Nutrition, and Health & Safety work. The appropriate reviewer partners in the field will review each manuscript submitted to Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat.
Articles 24 Documents
Daya Tetas Telur Aedes aegypti pada Berbagai PH Air Limbah Domestik I Gede Dedy Suwartawan; Retno Hestiningsih; Martini Martini; Ari Udijono; Siswi Jayanti
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2021): Juli 2021
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Abstract

Vector control of the Aedes aegypti mosquito in the pre-imago stage is strategy to reduce dengue infection. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference domestic sewage water pH to the hatchability of Ae. aegypti. This was an experimental study with a posttest only control group design. Independent variables  were domestic sewage water media with pH of 6.5, pH of 7.5, pH of 8.5, and pH of 9.5 and dependent variable was egg hatchability of Ae. aegypti. The results showed that the most average number of Ae. aegypti eggs hatched into larvae was at pH 7.5 with  40.68% and the lowest at pH 5,5 with 0%. The results of the Kruskal Wallis test showed that there were differences in the pH of domestic sewage water to the hatchability of eggs of Ae. aegypti (p = 0.001). The results of the Mann–Whitney U test showed that there was a significant difference between the number of egg hatched in the pH of domestic sewage water at pH of 5,5. Research proves that the eggs of Ae. aegypti is able to hatch in domestic liquid waste media with  pH range at pH of 6,5 – pH of 9,5. In the future Aedes aegypti mosquito control program is not only focus on clean water container water but also on the environment, especially drainage which has the potential to become a breeding place for Ae aegyptiKeyword : Hatchability, Ae. aegypti, Domestic Sewage Water
Analisis Determinan Kejadian Stres Kerja pada Pegawai Rumah Sakit Nasional Diponegoro Semarang Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Marcheda Rahma Rosalia; Sutopo Patria Jati; Rani Tyas Budiyanti
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 2 (2022): April 2022
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Abstract

Hospital is one form of health facilities, organized by the community to carry out basic health efforts or health referrals and supporting health efforts. Nurses and employees as one of the professions in the hospital have an important role in the implementation of health services. The main task of a hospital employee is to serve and care for patients to speed up the healing process. Because of its dynamic work, a nurse and employee need to have good body condition, healthy, and have enough energy. Unfavorable body conditions result in a nurse easily discouraged when while working he experienced physical fatigue, emotional exhaustion, and mental fatigue.. Work stress is an emotional and physical response that is disturbing or detrimental that occurs when the demands of the task are not in accordance with the ability, resources, or desires of the worker. The purpose of this study was to look at factors related to work stress events such as workload, work shifts, social support, and out-of-work activities at employees of Diponegoro National Hospital Semarang during the Covid-19 Pandemic. This research uses this type of analytical survey research with cross sectional methods. The population in this study was 83 employees. The total sample size is 83 employees. Data analysis using Chi square correlation test with significance level of 0.05. The results showed that the characteristics of respondents in this study were the majority of respondents with female gender (67.5%), young adulthood (24 - 29 years), Poly Outpatient work (12%), and working life 0-4 years (48.2%). There is a relationship between work stress and workload and work stress with work, while variable social support, and activities outside of work have no significant relationship with work stress in employees of Diponegoro National Hospital Semarang during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Deteksi Dini COVID-19 di Bandara pada Petugas Kantor Kesehatan Pelabuhan Kelas IV Yogyakarta Mutia Iriyanti; Martini Martini; Sri Yuliawati; Lintang Dian Saraswati
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 1 (2022): Januari 2022
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Abstract

Disease prevention activities at the entrance are a form of implementing IHR 2005. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased disease surveillance at airports to prevent disease from spreading in the region, one of which is early detection. In carrying out these activities, the knowledge of officers is very important, especially regarding the early detection of COVID-19 at the airport. The purpose of the study was to describe the level of knowledge of early detection of COVID-19 at the airport for the Port Health Office Class IV Yogyakarta officers. This study uses a descriptive observational method with a cross sectional design. The research population is Port Health Office Class IV Yogyakarta officers who duty at the airport, based on criteria the number of samples was 40 respondents. Data were collected using a questionnaire, which was then analyzed using a cross table. Port Health Office Class IV Yogyakarta officers who duty at the airport have less knowledge about the early detection of COVID-19 as many as 27 people (67.5%). Officers with a low level of knowledge about the early detection of COVID-19 are in the early adult age group (21-40 years), female, undergraduate / diploma IV, and working period < 3 years. Regular training is needed to improve the knowledge and skills of officers. Keywords: Knowledge, early detection of COVID-19, Airports, Port Health Officer
Faktor Pendukung dan Penghambat Program Stop Buang Air Besar Sembarangan (BABS) di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Maronggela Kecamatan Riung Barat Kabupaten Ngada Yohanes Emanuel Ruba; Tri Joko; Budiyono Budiyono
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Oktober 2021
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Abstract

Total sanitation is a condition when people do not open defecation. The impact of the Stop open defecation program is that it can trigger public awareness to change from poor sanitation conditions to better ones so that it can influence the community to improve sanitation conditions without assistance from the government. This study aims to determine the supporting and inhibiting factors of the Stop open defecation program in the working area of the Maronggela Health Center, Riung Barat District, Ngada Regency. Methods: The type of research used is observational research with a qualitative descriptive approach. The sampling technique was purposive sampling and conducted by interview. The number of samples in this study were 31 people consisting of sanitarians/facilitators, health workers, health cadres, community leaders, village officials, family heads and community members. This research was conducted in the working area of the Maronggela Health Center in April – May 2021. Results: The results showed that there were 8 supporting variables and 3 variables that did not support the implementation of the stop defecation program in the Maronggela Health Center work area. The supporting variables include resources, attitudes and beliefs, availability of facilities/facilities, the role of the head of the family, the role of health workers, the role of health cadres, the role of community leaders and the role of the village government, while the obstacles include knowledge, education level and economic status. Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the variables that support the implementation of the program are more than the variables that hinder it.
Analisis Ketidaksesuaian Penerapan Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (SMK3) di Isntitusi Pendidikan X Berdasarkan Hasil Audit SMK3 Dwi Retno Ayunita; Bima Kurniawan; Baju Widjasena
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2021): Juli 2021
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Abstract

Educational institutions are workplaces that can’t be separated from the risk of harm due to activities carried out by lecturers, employees, and / or laboratory officers in it. Occupational safety and health are implemented with the aim of reducing the risk of harm and increasing the productivity of teaching and learning activities. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the discrepancy in the application of occupational safety and health management system (SMK3) based on the results of SMK3 audits in educational institutions X. This research was a type of qualitative research with analytical observational design that used an in-depth interview approach. The method of data retrieval was conducted through in-depth interviews with 4 informants as well as using secondary data. The results showed that the level of application of SMK3 in educational institutions X has been obtaining of gold certificate of SMK3 audit results in accordance with PP 50 of 2012 in the initial level category. While some of the things that caused the finding in clauses 1.2.2, 1.2.5, and 1.4.3 which were minor categories because educational institution X has not conducted training and certification for the person in charge of the designated K3 experts and also the designated emergency officers, as well as the lack of communication with the relevant agencies related to the P2K3 enforcement decree. Overall, the cause of the findings were due to workplace inconsistencies in fulfilling the implementation of SMK3. Therefore, awareness is needed related to K3’s commitment to top management so that the existing regulations in the workplace support the fulfillment of K3 regulations.
Analisis Lima Aspek dalam Implementasi Kebijakan Membangun Budaya Keselamatan Pasien di RSUD RA. Kartini Kabupaten Jepara Nailil Izza Sofiyyah; Sutop Patria Jati; Rani Tiyas Budiyanti
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 2 (2022): April 2022
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Abstract

The efforts tobbuild patient safety culture is the first step forxachieving patient safety. RSUD RA Kartini should have implemented a good patient safety culture, because patient safety is relating to the hospital quality services. The purpose of this study is analysing the implementation of policies as effort to build patient safety culture at RSUD RA. Kartini. This study is axqualitative research with analyticalcdescriptive approach and purposive sampling technique with in-depthxinterview data collection method. Thexresearchxsubjects consisted of medical staff , Chair of the Quality and Patient Safety Committee (KMKP), Chairxof the Patient Safety Sub Committee, KMKP staff, and Head of Medical Services Division of RSUD RA. Kartini. The resultsxof the study indicate that there is no regulation or procedure of individual roles in handling incidents. Staff openness, mutual trust and awareness in reporting incidents are still low because there are some staff who do not understand the mechanism for reporting incidents. Decreasing concern among staff if an incident occurs so that are not reported. The follow-up to the patient safety incident report at the RA Kartini Hospital was not optimal because the supervision from the board office directors and KMKP, named Patient Safety Round program had not been carried out routinely. The policy implementation in building a patient safety culture at RSUD RA Kartini has not been maximal because there are several aspects that have not been implemented properly.
Kepadatan dan Tempat Potensial Perindukan Larva Aedes spp. di Tempat-tempat Umum di Kecamatan Mijen Kota Semarang Agnes Ajeung Dheandri; Sri Yuliawati; Retno Hestiningsih; Martini Martini; Siswi Jayanti
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2021): Juli 2021
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Abstract

Semarang city is one of the endemic areas of DHF disease in Central Java Province. Mijen District is the endemic area of DHF in Semarang City, with a spike in cases in 2020. One of the potential places of transmission of DHF is public places where people gather from various regions, so this place is at high risk of DHF transmission. The purpose of this study was to find out the density and potential place of the Aedes sp larvae. in public places Mijen District semarang city. The method used is observational analytics with cross sectional research design. The larva survey method uses the single larva method.  The sample of this study is 100 public places. The results of this study were mostly larvae found to be Aedes aegypti 30 (55.6%) and Aedes albopictus 24 (44.4%), the type of public places most larvae found was restaurant and bus station. Density of larvae Aedes sp. based on HI 54%, CI 26.47%, BI 63% so that density figure is in category 6-9 which means that the density of larvae is classified as high with a high risk of transmission of DHF disease caused by vectors. The larva-free index of 46% shows that it is still well below the national standard of ≥95%. The density of mosquito larvae should be controlled by conducting regular larval inspection by the janitor at the pulic places.
Gambaran Karakteristik Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Rawat Inap di Rumah Sakit Pertamina Cirebon Tahun 2019 Shavira Norma Ferlitasari; Moh Arie Wuryanto; Dwi Sutiningsih
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 1 (2022): Januari 2022
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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that occurs due to the unbalanced amount of insulin in the body. Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that is hidden before symptoms appear such as hunger, thirst, and frequent urination. Based on data from the Cirebon District Health Office, the number of diabetes mellitus cases in the inpatient hospital in 2015 ranked 10th as much as 1.5%. And in 2018 Pertamina Hospital Cirebon had a total of 250 cases of Diabetes Mellitus patients. The research objective was to describe the characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients hospitalized at Pertamina Cirebon Hospital. This type of research is a descriptive quantitative approach with a cross-sectional design. The sample size in this study used the Slovin formula and obtained 37 respondents. The results showed 94.6% of the patients were more than 39 years old, 54.1% were male, 43.2% had a high school education background, and 29.7% worked as housewives. As many as 51.4% of the patient's knowledge level was high, 78.3% had a bad patient behavior level, and 81.1% had high patient severity. There is a relationship between age, level of education, occupation, descent, and inpatient DM patients at Pertamina Hospital Cirebon.
Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) di Daerah Endemis Tinggi Kota Semarang Afifah Afanin Zulfa; Martini Martini; Ari Udijono; Retno Hestiningsih; Siswi Jayanti
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Oktober 2021
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Abstract

Abstrak:  Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a mosquito-borne transmitted disease which prevention is through 1 Jumantik 1 Home movement (1J1HM). 1J1HM is a program which included the activity of preventing Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), called Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN 3M Plus). The purpose of this study is to describe the actions in the implementation of 1J1HM and to find the factors correlate with the numbers of DHF case in the Sendangmulyo Village. The type of the research is descriptive observational, quantitative data with a cross-sectional approach. With 100 residents of Sendangmulyo Village as the sample,  using the sampling methode of purposive sampling. Data analysis used is chi-square test. The result shows that the number of respondents implementing 1J1HM in Sendangmulyo Village is only 35%. The result means not half of the samples are implementing the action of 1J1HM.  Bivariate analysis showed that there are correlations between the level of knowledge (p=0.012) POR 3.9 (CI 1.29-11.9) and attitude (p=0.000) POR 16.5 (CI 6.38-42.6) with the actions in 1J1HM in Kelurahan Sendangmulyo. And there are no correlations between age and education level with the action of 1J1HM. It is hoped that residents in Sendangmulyo village would be have better environmental hygiene and health, better understanding and increased in information. 
Pola Perilaku Pencegahan KTD dan Penularan IMS pada Anak Jalanan di Kota Semarang Ikhwanush Shofa; Zahroh Shaluhiyah; Besar Tirto Husodo; Syamsulhuda Budi Musthofa
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2021): Oktober 2021
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Abstract

Street children are children under the age of 18 who spend most of their time living on the streets or other public places. The lack of supervision and education of street children, especially at the age of teenagers, makes street children have a high risk of premarital sex. Premarital sex is a major risk factor for unwanted pregnancies and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. This study aims to determine how the behavior of street children in the city of Semarang in avoiding the impact of premarital sex behavior. This study uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach with the technique of taking research subjects using a questionnaire. The research subjects were 2 street children who were female and had had premarital sex. Triangulation research subjects were 2 people who were parents and caregivers of the research subjects. The research data was taken by in-depth interview technique. The results showed that the behavior of Unwanted Pregancies and STI prevention of research subjects was still poor. Both study subjects had experienced unwanted pregnancies. They never seek information about the impact of premarital sex and how to prevent it. They also never had a health professional consultation with health workers. To prevent contracting STIs, they are only being careful in choosing sex partner, choosing to be loyal to their boyfriend, or using condoms. To prevent pregnancy they use condoms or, preferably, interrupted intercourse. Unfortunately, these prevention technique was not carried out properly, causing the research subjects to experience unwanted pregnancies.

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