cover
Contact Name
Muhammad Yunus
Contact Email
puslitbang.siap@gmail.com
Phone
+628123216803
Journal Mail Official
comphijournal@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl. Simpang Dirgantara II B3/13 Malang u.p. Dr. dr. Febri Endra Budi Setyawan, M.Kes., FISPH., FISCM
Location
Kota malang,
Jawa timur
INDONESIA
CoMPHI Journal : Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27228169     DOI : https://doi.org/10.37148/comphijournal
Core Subject : Health,
CoMPHI Journal : Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal merupakan Jurnal Ilmiah bidang Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas dan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat yang dikelola dan diterbitkan oleh Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia. CoMPHI Journal terbit 3 (tiga) kali dalam 1 tahun yaitu setiap bulan Juni, Oktober dan Pebruari. Cakupan dan Fokus Jurnal ini pada Bidang Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas, Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat dan atau yang serumpun dengannya seperti Kedokteran Keluarga, Kedokteran Industri, Biostatistik, Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Epidemiologi, Gizi, Farmasi, Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja, Promosi Kesehatan, Rekam Medik dan lainnya yang masih serumpun dengan bidang Ilmu Kesehatan.
Articles 25 Documents
Analisis Determinan Perilaku dan Lingkungan Terhadap Kejadian Gastritis pada Pelajar Febri Endra Budi Setyawan; Laily Ira Fauziyyah
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (518.043 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.2

Abstract

Introduction: Gastritis is an inflamed gastric mucosa that can occur in a short, monthly, or even a year. Theincidence of gastritis in senior high school students were currently the second highest disease under ISPA. Thecondition of gastritis will indirectly disrupt the learning process and can affect the concentration of learning fromsenior high school students. The most influential determinant factors are behavior and environment. Aim of study:This study was to analyze the determinants of the incidence of gastritis in senior high school students. Method: Thedesign used in this study was observational analytic with cross sectional design. Samples of 148 senior high schoolstudents were selected using the stratified simple random sampling method. The research instrument used aquestionnaire that was distributed directly to selected samples with a nominal data scale. The data obtained werecarried out by the Lambda hypothesis test and logistic regression. Results and Discussion: The results showed thatthe determinants of behavior and environment had a weak influence (r = 0.348) on the incidence of gastritis in highschool students. The logistic regression test results showed that the determinant of behavior has an OR = 5.2 withan influential breakfast habit factor and an environmental factor having an OR = 4.4 with a study load factor thatgives an influence. Conclusion: The conclusion that can be drawn was that the behavioral factors, especially thehabit of not eating breakfast and environmental factors, are related to the burden of studies that affect senior highschool students causing gastritis. These two factors can basically be controlled by increasing promotive efforts forstudents at the senior high school so that gastritis cases can be prevented.
Relasi, Interaksi dan Komunikasi Interpersonal Dokter-Pasien dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan Joko Febriantoro
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (582.439 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.3

Abstract

Introduction: The doctor-patient relationship is based on good quality of communication and interaction with thepatient, so that it not only can help speed up the healing process, but also make the patient feel comfortable sincethe first visit to the health service. When dealing with pediatric patients, the ability to build a relationship of mutualtrust is done with a more open, honest attitude and understanding what they are feeling. Aim of study: This studyaims to see a real picture of the relationships, interactions and interpersonal communication between doctors andpatients in health care. Method: This study uses a qualitative descriptive study where data is obtained throughinterview transcripts, field observation data notes and photo documentation. A total of 7 participants were obtainedthrough a purposive sampling technique on pediatricians who are accustomed to engaging in effective relationships,interactions and communication with pediatric patients, families and introductors. Data were then analyzed usingthe Miles and Huberman method. Results and Discussions: The results showed three important aspects related torelations, interactions and interpersonal communication between patient physicians in terms of educating,providing entertainment and strengthening patient motivation while in health care. Conclusions: Effectiveinterpersonal communication requires the optimal role of the doctor as a communicator to deliver messages to thepatient or family or patient introduction. In addition, the communication relationship between doctor and patientshould be therapeutic, especially in patients who are still children so that they do not feel scared while in healthcare, which in turn has an impact on the development of patient recovery.
Studi Tingkat Pengetahuan Mengenai Vitamin D pada Pengemudi Becak di Surabaya Rivan Virlando Suryadinata; Amelia Lorensia; Dwi Wahyuningtyas
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (492.591 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.4

Abstract

Introduction: Lack of vitamin D in the body is often associated with various diseases, especially against respiratorydiseases. This can be exacerbated by conditions of air pollution and smoking. In addition, the level of education andchanges in lifestyle patterns in the community such as food processing, consumption, lack of physical activity andsocial environment further aggravate the risk of vitamin D deficiency. One of the livelihoods at risk of experiencingvitamin D deficiency is a pedicab driver. Knowledge of the importance of the role of vitamin D in risk groups isneeded to increase awareness, provide prevention independently. Prevention can be carried out independently, ifthe community has the correct understanding and knowledge of vitamin D. Aim of the study: The purpose of thisstudy is to determine the level of knowledge of the importance of vitamin D in pedicap drivers in Surabaya. Method:This research is an observational study with cross sectional method through the filling of the vitamin D. knowledgequestionnaire. Results and Discussions: The results of the research that have been obtained will be describeddescriptively to see the description of the knowledge of pedicap drivers in Surabaya. The sampling technique in thisstudy used purposive sampling. The sample used was 150 pedicap drivers in Surabaya. The results showed thatpedicab drivers have a low level of knowledge about the importance of vitamin D to health. Conclusion:Conclusions of various factors can influence the level of vitamin D knowledge of pedicab drivers, so that the rightintervention is needed.
Pengaruh APGAR Family Terhadap Quality of Life Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Feny Tunjungsari; Isbandiyah; Farajihan
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.511 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.5

Abstract

Introduction: Indonesia was a country from 10 countries that possesses the most dm prevalence of diabetes mellitus(DM) in urban areas amounting to 5.7 %. According to data center and health of the republic of indonesia, that theproportion of diabetes mellitus in the city of malang 2,3 %. The high number of diabetes mellitus in the city ofmalang is because the lack of the application of the family function well in people with DM type 2. Obstacles arisingthat is the majority of the community ignore this metabolic types of disease so that it cannot be detected earlier .Therole of family in aim diabetics mellitus type 2 believed to have the effect on the quality of life of sufferers DM. Aim ofstudy: This study aimed toanalyze function offamilies according to familyAPGAR to quality of life dm patients type2. Method: this study used an observational analytic with cross the sectional approach, 95 subjects were werechosen by simple random sampling. Data was analyzed using Spearman test. Results and Discussions: the resultsshowed a value of significance APGAR against quality of life as much as 0.000, which means there were asignificant relation exists (p < 0.05). A correlation coefficient APGAR against quality of life as much as 0.93, whichmeans of the nature of the strength of the relations is very strong. Conclusions: It can be concluded that there is avery strong influence (0.000) between APGAR family against quality of life the patient DMtype 2.
Status Gizi, Perilaku Merokok di Dalam Rumah dengan Kejadian Pneumonia Siti Rafidah Yunus; Maria Ekawati; Pritha Maya Savitri
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.649 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.6

Abstract

Introduction: The doctor-patient relationship is based on good quality of communication and interaction with thepatient, so that it not only can help speed up the healing process, but also make the patient feel comfortable sincethe first visit to the health service. When dealing with pediatric patients, the ability to build a relationship of mutualtrust is done with a more open, honest attitude and understanding what they are feeling. Aim of study: This studyaims to see a real picture of the relationships, interactions and interpersonal communication between doctors andpatients in health care. Method: This study uses a qualitative descriptive study where data is obtained throughinterview transcripts, field observation data notes and photo documentation. A total of 7 participants were obtainedthrough a purposive sampling technique on pediatricians who are accustomed to engaging in effective relationships,interactions and communication with pediatric patients, families and introductors. Data were then analyzed usingthe Miles and Huberman method. Results and Discussions: The results of this study indicate 66.67% of parents orfamily members have smoking habits around children and 66.67% smoke when gathering with family. Most parentsor family members have the habit of opening windows as much as 75.76% of people. The results of bivariateanalysis showed that there was no relationship between nutritional status and the incidence of unde r-fivepneumonia (p = 0.732) and there was a relationship between smoking behavior and under-five pneumonia events (p= 0.021). Besides, smoking behavior at home can increase the incidence of pneumonia in toddlers. Conclusions:Therefore it is necessary to increase family awareness so as not to smoke near children.
Pengaruh Illness Perception Terhadap Fungsi Paru Pasien Asma Rawat Jalan Amelia Lorensia; Rivan Virlando Suryadinata; M Budi Indra Sudaryatmono
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (804.214 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.7

Abstract

Introduction: Illness perception is one of the factors of self-management, which can affect the outcome of asthmatreatment. Pulmonary function is more objective than clinical symptoms in asthma monitoring. Aim of study: Thepurpose of this study was to determine the effect of illness perception on lung function in outpatient asthmapatients. Method: The design that will be used in this study is the observational method. This research wasconducted in November 2018-January 2019. The independent variable used in this study was Illness perception ,while the dependent variable was lung function by measuring the FEV1 / FVC ratio using data collection techniqueswith a questionnaire to measure respondents' perception of illness and measurement of lung function withspirometry. Data analysis in this study used the chi-square test to determine the effect of illness perception on lungfunction values. This study involved 40 people, consisting of 5 respondents with disorders and 35 without lungfunction disorders. Results and Discussion: Illness perception based on asthma symptoms for symptoms ofshortness of breath affects lung function. Respondent's pain perception about identity, consequences, personalcontrol, treatment control, cyclical timeline, emotion, causal representation is correct, where the respondent knowsthe real symptoms experienced by asthmatics. As for the Illness coherence, and the timeline is still lacking, whererespondents do not know the real cause of asthma, uncontrolled asthma suffered because respondents said theywere doubtful or suddenly their asthma appeared besides that many respondents did not know that asthma would beexperienced for a lifetime. Conclusion: Therefore, in monitoring asthma treatment, we must pay attention to illnessperception because it can also affect the lung function of asthma patients.
Hubungan Kejadian Laten Tuberkulosis dengan Kontak pada Pasien Tuberkulosis Hadiyanto
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Juni
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.943 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i1.8

Abstract

Introduction: Latent TB is still a problem in Indonesia, the absence of symptoms in patients with latent TB makespatients feel they don't need treatment. Aim of study: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship oflatent TB incidence with TB contact patients. Method: This study uses research data on the role of gammainterferon as a marker of the effectiveness of the BCG vaccine, the sample in this study has a complete examinationrecord, especially IGRA examination, then the data are analyzed by the Chi squre method. The total sample was 421respondents. Results and Discussion: Based on the results of the study of female respondents was 265 (62.9%), withan age range of 21-40 were 186 (44.2%) respondents, Positive IGRA 123 (29.2%) respodents, patient contact withTB patients was 105 people, and no contact history with TB patients was 316 people. The prevalence of latent TBwas 29 percent, while respondents who have a history of contact with tuberculosis patients about 33.3 percent andwithout a contact history of 27.8 percent. Conclusion: From the results of the analysis, there was no significantrelationship between latent tuberculosis events and contact history with tuberculosis patients (P value 0.284).Therefore, further research needs to be done to include variables that have not been included in the beginning suchas economic factors, respondent nutrition, and conduct a re-examination to determine the current health status ofrespondents.
Hubungan Perilaku Merokok dengan Angka Kejadian Tuberkulosis Paru di Puskesmas Kenjeran Surabaya Auliadina Tetrania Darmastuti; Judya Sukmana; Nita Pranitasari
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Oktober
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.151 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i2.9

Abstract

Introduction: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and has infected one-third of all human populations around the world, so it has been a global problem. Smoking is one of the risk factors that cause a high mortality rate in TB sufferers. Aim of study: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between smoking behaviur and the incidence of Pulmonary TB in the Kenjeran’s Primary Health Center 2017-2018. Method: This study is observative analytic research with a cross-sectional design. The population in this study were Pulmonary TB in the medical record of the Kenjeran Health Center in 2017-2018. The sample was taken based on the purposive sampling method. 71 people were suffered from pulmonary TB obtained as samples. Results and Discussions: The results of the statistical analytic stated that there was no significant correlation between smoking and the incidence of pulmonary TB, the p-value was 0,601 found in the data analysis (p > 0,05). From 71 respondents, 56 respondents (80,3%) were BTA + patients and 15 respondents (19,7%) were BTA - patients. Based on smoking behavior, there were 56 respondents (78,9%) non-smokers. Based on most sexes, 50 respondents were male. Based on the age group, most of them were in the 17-35 years, amounting to 44 respondents (62%). Conclusions: The conclusion of this research is that there is no relationship between smoking behavior and the incidence of pulmonary TB in the Kenjeran Primary Health Center in 2017-2018.
Karakteristik Masyarakat Desa Jatirejoyoso Mengenai Perilaku Buang Air Besar Sembarangan Lustyafa Inassani Alifia
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Oktober
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.276 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i2.10

Abstract

Introduction: The proportion of open defecation behavior in Indonesia ranks second highest after India. Stop open defecation is the first pillar of the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) program as the main focus. Disposing feces that not eligible with sanitation requirements can cause soil pollution, the provision of clean water, and trigger the disease vectors. Aim of study: This study describes the characteristics of the people in Jatirejoyoso Village, Kepanjen District, Malang Regency regarding the ownership of healthy latrines, and the behavior of open defecation. This research sample was taken using a purposive sampling method of 46 households. Results and Discussion: The results showed 42 respondents (91.3%) understood the importance of healthy latrines. Meanwhile, 32 respondents (69.56%) behaved defecate in the river, and 14 (30.44%) of respondents conducted defecation in a neighbor's toilet. Residents who don’t have latrines because of the cost factor, as many as 40 respondents (86.96%), and the remaining 6 respondents due to lack of house land. 28 respondents (60.86%) experienced diarrhea within 1 year. All respondents (100%) claimed to have received information about BABS and PHBS from health workers in the village. Conclusion: The conclusion that can be drawn is the knowledge of the people of Jatirejoyoso Village about the importance of good healthy latrines, but the cost and land constraints are a factor for residents not to have private healthy latrines.
Pornografi Internet dan Perilaku Seksual Pranikah Pada Remaja: Literature Review Fransiska Imavike Fevriasanty
CoMPHI Journal: Community Medicine and Public Health of Indonesia Journal Vol. 1 No. 2 (2020): Oktober
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Kedokteran Komunitas dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (PDK3MI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.421 KB) | DOI: 10.37148/comphijournal.v1i2.11

Abstract

Introduction: The digital era of information requires teenagers to find information via the internet where easy internet access is not without risks. Coupled with a great sense of curiosity in teenagers, it will encourage them to open pornographic sites when they are overwhelmed by feelings of loneliness and boredom with complicated conditions in the family or incompatibility in friendship. Aim of study: This article aims to discuss the antecedents of internet pornography behavior and premarital sexual behavior among adolescents. Method: The research method is to use literature study techniques on 25 articles from the Google Scholar and Proquest databases. Results and Discussion: The literature study shows that addiction to internet pornography can lead to deviant behavior such as premarital sexual behavior. Premarital sexual behavior in adolescents can occur when adolescents want to try what they see on pornographic sites to be practiced on their friends of the opposite sex or to their partners. The situation in which premarital sexual behavior is a trend among adolescents will ultimately create social disease in the society which has an impact on the mental damage of the nation's future generations. Conclusion: The conclusion from this literature study is that premarital sexual behavior in adolescents will increase the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV / AIDS. So it is hoped that health workers, the community, and related parties will get the same understanding considering that adolescents are very vulnerable to the negative influence of the internet without neglecting its positive effects on adolescent psychosocial development and academic achievement.

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