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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Geography
ISSN : 00249521     EISSN : 23549114     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Indonesian Journal of Geography ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print) is an international journal of Geography published by the Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with The Indonesian Geographers Association. Our scope of publications includes physical geography, human geography, regional planning and development, cartography, remote sensing, and geographic information system. IJG publishes its issues three times a year in April, August, and December.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography" : 9 Documents clear
Characterization of Jos City Road Network, Nigeria Olumide Akinwumi Oluwole; Nwanret Gideon Daful
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.346 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.6078

Abstract

ἀe performance of road network depends on its topological characteristics which help to deḀne its connectiv-ity. ἀis paper analyses the topological characteristic of Jos city road network and its bearing on traᴀc ᰀow situations. Simple graph theoretic measures oᬀered the framework on which the problem was approached. ἀe study requires the abstraction and analysis of the topological structure by selection of certain variables relating to the road connectivity. ἀese include the Beta, Gamma and Alpha index, the PI, Cyclomatic number, and the spread and density of the network. Information on these variables was obtained through the use of vector data model to abstract the road network graph from the Quick-bird satellite imagery used for the study. Results of the Ḁndings reveal that, the road network of Jos City Centre as a whole have achieved an average level of connectivity, showing Beta index values of 1.4049, Gamma index value of 47.06%, Alpha index Value of 20.63%; and a pi and cyclomatic number of 24.74 and 165 respectively, the spread of the network is moderate exhibiting a value of 23, even though some areas have more concentration of roads than the others; and has a road density of 52 links per km2. Based on these Ḁndings, the need for construction of new roads is imperative so as to improve the eᴀciency of connectivity and accessibility within the city.
The Livelihood Analysis in Merapi Prone Area After 2010 Eruption Susy Nofrita; B.G.C.M. Bart Krol
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2720.24 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5790

Abstract

As stated in Regent Regulation No. 20 Year 2011 about Merapi Volcano Disaster-Prone Area, Merapi eruption in 2010 affected larger area than before included Kalitengah Lor, Kalitengah Kidul and Srunen hamlet which was now categorized as prone area zone III or the most dangerous area related to Merapi volcano hazard and was forbidden to live at. But its local people agreed to oppose the regulation and this area had been 100% reoccupied. This research examined about the existing livelihood condition in Kalitengah Lor, Kalitengah Kidul and Srunen that had been changed and degraded after 2010 great eruption. The grounded based information found that 80% of households sample were at the middle level of welfare status, meanwhile the high and low were at 13% and 7% respectively. Each status represented different livelihood strategy in facing the life in prone area with no one considered the Merapi hazard, but more economic motivation and assets preservation. The diversity in strategy was found in diversification of livelihood resources which were dominated by sand mining, farming and dairy farming.
Evaluating The Integrated Environmental Management Of Municipal Solid Waste In Osaka City, Japan Sintha Prima Widowati
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2035.567 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5788

Abstract

Many state-of-the-art concepts and technologies on managing MSW have been developed for years. However, in Indonesia, the practice may still be insufficient because of the institutional capacity issue. This study aimed to evaluate the integrated environmental management for municipal solid waste in Osaka City, Japan. Method in use was descriptive analysis by literature review using official document “Environmental Management in Osaka City for Fiscal Year 1999” by Osaka City Environmental Bureau. Result showed Osaka City was adopting and modifying the Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) suggested by Tchobanoglous et al. [1993] hierarchically using “Waste Reduction Principles” and establishing “Environmental Management Bureau” to handle the integrated solid waste management practice. More importantly, the implementation of ISWM was completely supported by the central government by law which was The Waste Disposal and Public Cleaning Law and by regulation which was the task distribution among central, prefectural and municipal government in managing the solid waste. These approaches were proven to be effectively implemented from top to bottom level thus should be recommended to the government of Indonesia.
An Examination of the Determinants of The Mode of Transport to Primary Health Facilities in A Developing Region Olayinka Otun; Adeolu Dina; Adeola Bamigboye
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (722.353 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5786

Abstract

Access to primary health facilities is a key determinant of the overall well being of the population in an area.   In rural regions were distances to public facilities are usually longer compared to urban areas, it is not clear if people are still willing to walk to use these facilities. It is pertinent therefore to clarify such uncertainty since walking distance is a standard measure used to plan such public facilities particularly in rural regions. The objective  of this study therefore is to provide a framework to determine the factors that will influence a health care service seeker in a developing region to walk or use other means of transport to a primary health facility.  The case study for this research is Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun state made up of eleven urban and rural wards. One hundred and fifty households were selected at random for interview. Logit regression was used to describe how some predictor variables were used to explain the likelihood of a particular household walking to a primary health facility. The predicting model  in this study was able to classify 80.0% of the cases correctly.   This simply shows that the predictors (independent variables) contribute to the predicting power of the logistic regression model.   The  pseudo R-squares of Cox and Snell’s R-square and Nagelkerke’s R also show that our logistic model is relevant to predicting whether a household will walk or use a vehicle while attending a health facility.   In our study, we noted that settlement status (p=0.00)  and transport cost to health facility (p=0.00) contributed significantly to the prediction.  This study also reveals that the odds for household members in an urban area to walk to the health facility often used  is 88.1%  lower than the odds for a household in a rural area.   It was revealed that households that are poor are 49% times more likely to walk to the health facility they frequently used. The knowledge of the factors that will determine whether health care service seekers in a developing region will want to walk or not will assist government in the planning and provision of health facilities.
Agricultural Loss Caused by 2007 Sidoharjo’s Flood and its House-hold Impact Leo Agung Widiarto; Nanette Kingma
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6042.431 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5785

Abstract

Flood is an undeniable reality that threaten Sidoharjo Village, as part of Sragen District. It is affected by the presence of Mungkung River, the tributary of Solo River, which crosses in the area. It is certainly going to be one of the factors inhibiting the development and economic growth in the region, given the agricultural sector is one of the backbones of the economy potentially disturbed by the flood. The information about the flood and its impacts specifically related to agriculture are needed to determine the precise policies. The research focuses on 2007-flood mapping, agricultural production loss assessment, and farmer resilience, as expressed in their ability to continue the next cropping after being hitten by the 2007-flood. The flood map was built by integrating the local knowledge and the Digital Terrain Model (DTM). The information about 2007 flood was collected by interviewing the local people. The DTM was built by interpolating the detailed spot height directly measured in the field. As the result of the integration, the depth of the flood immersing the paddy fields reaches approximately 3 meters.  Beside the flood depth, the growth stage of rice also determines the paddy vulnerability. It refers to the plant height and the sensitivity to the water immersion.  There are three stages i.e. vegetative, generative, and graining phases. The vulnerabilities were constructed based on the synthetic data obtained via Focus Group Discussion (FGD).  The production loss of paddy of the research area was counted based on the vulnerability. A grid-based GIS method is used in the loss calculation which produces a value of Rp. 1,137,350,000.00 (about USD 100,000.00). The losses influence the farmer ability to continue the cultivation in the next season, which in this study is defined as farmer resilience. To investigate the resilience level, 32 respondents were proportionally randomized to each flood zone. There are three zones created based on the flood depth. The influencing factors and their weights and scores were determined by the farmer representatives via FGD. Meanwhile, the socioeconomic data were collected by using the questionnaires. The results show that most of the farmers in the area (56.3%) are categorized in moderate resilience level.
Analysis Community’s Coping Strategies and Local Risk Governance Framework in Relation to Landslide Heru Setiawan; Nanette C. Kingma; C.J. van Westen
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1290.461 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5784

Abstract

Analysis of people perception and analysis of the coping strategy to landslides are the two elements that are es-sential to determine the level of preparedness of communities to landslides. To know the preparedness of government and other stakeholders in facing landslide, the analysis risk governance framework was required. A survey using questionnaires with random sampling was applied to assess the level of people perception and people coping strategy related to landslide. Analysis of risk governance frame work was done at the district and sub-district level. ἀe study found that people perception related with landslide dominated by high and moderate level. Age and education are two factors that inḀuence the people’s perception to landslide. Local people applied four types coping strategy, which are: economic, structural, social and cultural coping strategy. Totally, 51.6% respondents have high level, 33.3% have moderate level and only 15.1% respondents that have low level of coping strategy. ἀe factors that inḀuence the level of coping strategy are education, income and building type.  Analysis of risk governance framework is limited to the three components including stakeholder involvement, risk management and risk communication. Based on the data analysis, the level of stakeholder involvement at the district scope was categorized on the moderate till high and the level of stakeholder involvement at sub-district level was categorized on the high level. Generally, the risk management of Karanganyar was categorized on the moderate level and high level and the risk management in Tawangmangu was categorized on the moderate level. ἀere are some elements must be improved on the risk governance framework, those are data management, the pattern of relationships among stakeholders, increased participation of NGOs, constructed and updated landslide risk map, enhancement of microᴀnance role in helping the com-munity when disaster strikes and  dissemination of information about the landslide to the local community.
Determination of Coastal Belt in the Disaster Prone Area: A case study in the Coastal area of Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Arief Widianto; Michiel Damen
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6526.069 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5782

Abstract

Mitigation strategy development is needed for protecting coastal communities and preserving coastal resourc-es from the impact of coastal hazards. It is believed that coastal land use planning can be proposed to reduce impact of coastal hazards. ἀe coastal belt boundary development is one of the mitigation approach which is common use in many countries as an inexpensive solution compared to hard structure development. Our study was located in the coastal area of Bantul regency, a low lying coastal area and densely populated region, where some clustered people lives proximity to the sea. In this study, a new method for determining coastal belt boundary was developed in the study area. ἀe Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation (SMCE) tool of Ilwis plays as powerful tool for assessing coastal vulnerability in term of multi-hazard events. To calculate the width of the coastal belt boundary, the Ilwis-SMCE outcomes were employed. By apply-ing this method, there were three scenarios of the setbacks wide for both direct and pairwise method to be proposed. In general, the coastal area of Bantul Regency is dominated by high vulnerable area respectively impacted by multi-hazard events (tsunami, high wave and erosion-accretion), by incorporating some coastal features, such as topography, bio-physics, economic, and social-culture. ἀe results of the analysis are consistent with what was observed in the actual areas. Taken into account for hazard and vulnerability indices, the coastal belt boundary established in this area should wider than those already determined by existing regulations.
Impacts of land cover change on climate trend in Padang Indonesia Dedi Hermon
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1157.348 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5783

Abstract

ἀe purpose of this study was to analyze the trend of climate change through changes in the elements of Green House Gases (GHGs),   includes the trend of CO2, N2O, and CH4. ἀe change of the  extreme rainfall and temperature  indices due to land cover change into developed area in Padang. IdentiḀcation and analysis trends of climate change and extreme climatic events were analyzed by using RclimDex the Expert Team for Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDMI) technique. Where as the analysis and interpretation of  land cover changes  into developed area used Landsat TM 5 and Landsat 1985 7 ETM +  of 2011 by ERDAS 9.2 GIS with the supervised classiḀcation method and GIS Matrix. ἀe results of the study provide informations of land cover changes into developed area at forest land  (11,758.9 ha), shrub (3,337.3 ha), rice Ḁelds (5,977.1 ha), and garden (5,872.4 ha). It has an implication on increasing of  the ele-ments of GHGs concentration such as CO2 (14,1 ppm), N2O (5,4 ppb) and CH4 (24,8 ppb). ἀis condition lead to an extreme temperature and presipitation indexs trends in Padang.
Spatio Temporal Analysis of Land Use Change for Supporting Landslide Exposure Assessment Anung . Kurniawan; B.G.C.M (Bart) Krol
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 46, No 2 (2014): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9103.22 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.5781

Abstract

Located in landslide prone areas, Cipanas and Pacet sub-districts are placed in areas where land uses are very dynamic. Land use change analysis is needed in these sub-districts for assessing its pattern and the driving factors that caused the change. Moreover, the results from the analysis can be used as input for land use change modeling to predict land use in the future for supporting landslide exposure assessment. ἀe objective of this research is to assess spatio temporal dynamic of landslide exposure by integrating land use change modeling using CLUE-S and landslide exposure assessment. ἀe obtained Kappa value was classiḀed as high agreement. Future land use prediction was conducted by considering three scenarios, baseline scenario (no restriction), scenario 1 (restriction in conservation area), and scenario 3 (restriction in conservation area and landslide prone area). Result of future land use prediction year 2031 in baseline scenario dominated by settlement and infrastructure expansion and forest conversion into another land use. However, implementation of scenario 1 and 2 in the model, were successfully restricts forest conversion and development of settle-ment and infrastructure in landslide prone area. Landslide exposure assessment was conducted by combining weighted asset map and landslide susceptibility map. ἀere were two type of asset considered in this research, social and physical asset. Population density was applied as a factor for social asset, while land use was applied as a factor for physical asset. Weight of assets and their factors was determined based on experts opinion by using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach. ἀe result landslide exposure assessment shows that high and medium landslide exposure area follow pat-tern of settlement and infrastructure land use. Future landslide exposure assessment by considering baseline scenario resulted in the increasing of high landslide exposure area in year 2031. On the other hand, by applying restriction in scenario 1 and 2, high landslide exposure can be reduced.

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