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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Geography
ISSN : 00249521     EISSN : 23549114     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Indonesian Journal of Geography ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print) is an international journal of Geography published by the Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with The Indonesian Geographers Association. Our scope of publications includes physical geography, human geography, regional planning and development, cartography, remote sensing, and geographic information system. IJG publishes its issues three times a year in April, August, and December.
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography" : 12 Documents clear
Use of Space and the Need for Planning in the Disaster-Prone Area of Code River, Yogyakarta, Indonesia Rini Rachmawati; Charina Vertinia Budiarti
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5522.869 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17633

Abstract

Abstract The Code Riverbank is prone to flooding from lahars due to the regular eruption of Mount Merapi. The study focuses on the affected areas in Danurejan, Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. The purpose of this study is 1) to identify and analyze the use of space after the disaster, and 2) to analyze the action as well as spatial planning needs after the disaster. Data were collected from secondary and primary data. The primary data were obtained through observation, in-depth interviews, and  focus group discussions. The results show that the utilization of space in the anticipation of the lahar flood disaster is still limited to the construction of an elevated levee. Research findings suggest attention should be brought to the utilization of space related to vulnerable groups. Also, public participation, preparation of design toward ecotourism and economic value, integration of risk analysis, and spatial distribution of risk should be aggregated into a detailed spatial plan. Abstrak Tepi Sungai Code merupakan daerah rawan terhadap banjir lahar yang disebabkan oleh erupsi Gunungapi Merapi. Penelitian ini menfokuskan pada daerah terdampak di Danurejan, Kota Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah 1) untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisa fungsi ruang setelah bencana, dan 2) untuk menganalisa tindakan perencanaan ruang yang dibutuhkan setelah bencana. Data dikumpulkan dari data sekunder dan primer. Data primer diperoleh melalui observasi, interview mendalam, dan diskusi kelompok terfokus. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan ruang dalam antisipasi dari bencana banjir lahar masih terbatas  untuk pembangunan peninggian tanggul. Temuan penelitian menyarankan perlunya perhatian terhadap pemanfaatan ruang untuk kelompok yang rentan. Selain itu juga perlunya partisipasi publik dalam pemanfaatan ruang, penyiapan design ekowisata dan kegiatan bernilai ekonomi. Selan itu juga perlu adanya integrasi analisis risiko dan distribusi spasial dari risiko yang  dituangkan dalam  rencana rinci tata ruang.  
Change Phenomena of Spatial Physical in the Dynamics of Development in Urban Fringe Area Batara Surya
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5856.882 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17631

Abstract

Abstract The study aims at analyzing change of spatial physical, spatial articulation, spatial structure, social and agglomeration and deagglomeration of function in the dynamics of development in the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata, Makassar City. Spatial physical changes are designated by the presence of new socio-economic functions that drive spatial structure changes, spatial articulation, social changes and agglomeration/deagglomeration of function in the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata. It applies quantitative and qualitative approaches (mixed method). Data is acquired from some sources and community informants living in the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata, Makassar City. Rapid and revolutionary spatial physical changes contribute positively to spatial structure changes, spatial pattern, agglomeration/ deagglomeration of area function. Spatial function change which had been dominated by commercial function becomes the determinant of social changes in the fringe area of Hertasning-Samata. Domination of mastery of reproduction of space by capitalism shows differences in mastery of reproduction of space significantly between space of capitalism and space of pre-capitalism. It sharpens economic stratum, status differences, between space of capitalism and space of pre-capitalism and socio-community classes. The dynamic of spatial physical change causes orientation shift to community activity which had run along dialetic of modernity and rationalization of action in local community.Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perubahan fisik spasial, artikulasi spasial, perubahan struktur ruang, perubahan sosial, aglomerasi fungsi dan dis-aglomerasi fungsi dalam dinamika pembangunan kawasan pinggiran Hertasning-Samata Kota Makassar. Perubahan fisik spasial ditandai dengan keberadaan fungsi-fungsi kegiatan sosial-ekonomi baru, mengondisikan perubahan struktur ruang, artikulasi spasial, perubahan sosial dan aglomerasi/dis-aglomerasi fungsi kawasan pinggiran Hertasning-Samata. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif (mixed method). Data diperoleh dari beberapa sumber dan informan komunitas yang mendiami kawasan pinggiran Hertasning-Samata Kota Makassar. Perubahan fisik spasial yang sangat cepat dan revolusioner berkonstribusi positif terhadap perubahan struktur ruang, pola ruang, aglomerasi/dis-aglomerasi fungsi kawasan. Perubahan fungsi ruang yang didominasi fungsi komersil menjadi determinan perubahan sosial pada kawasan pinggiran Hertasning-Samata. Dominasi penguasaan reproduksi ruang oleh kapitalisme menunjukkan perbedaan penguasaan reproduksi ruang yang sangat signifikan antara ruang kapitalisme dan ruang prakapitalisme, berdampak pada penajaman strata secara ekonomi, perbedaan status, dan kelas-kelas sosial komunitas. Dinamika perubahan fisik spasial menyebabkan pergeseran orientasi kegiatan komunitas yang berjalan sejajar dengan dialektika modernitas dan rasionalisasi tindakan dalam komunitas lokal.
Mode Choice of Undergraduates : A Case Study of Lecture Trips in Nigeria. Moses Olaniran Olawole; Olabisi Michael Olapoju
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3982.918 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17630

Abstract

Abstract Travel behavior and determinants of mode choice of university students in Nigeria are neither well understood nor well represented in literature. This study model is modal choice of undergraduates, using data from students travel survey and logistic regression to determine factors influence modal choice of undergraduate students in Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The results indicate that walking dominate modes for on-campus and commercial bus for off-campus students, while motorcycles taxi is used by few of the sample. Mode choices are influenced by a combination of socio-economic and trip factors. A key finding is extent that these variables positively affect the odds of using walk and commercial bus modes especially with reference to student residence: on and off-campus.  The results suggest investment in pedestrian infrastructure and development of intermodal transport system as a means of making the university livable and attractive.Abstrak Kebiaasaan perjalanan dan penentu moda dari mahasiswa di Nigeria tidak juga dipahami dengan baik atau dijelaskan dalam literatur. Model penelitian ini adalah pemilihan moda mahasiswa menggunakan data dari survei perjalanan mahasiswa dan regresi logistik untuk menentukan faktor penyebab pilihan moda dari mahasiswa di Universitas Obafemi Awolowo, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Hasilnya menunjukkan berjalan mendominasi pilihan untuk ke kampus dan kendaraan bus umum untuk mahasiswa di luar kampus, sementara sepeda motor taksi digunakan oleh beberapa sample. Pilihan cara dipengaruhi oleh kombinasi dari sosial-ekonomi dan faktor kunjungan. Inti penelitian adalah luasnya variabel positif mempengaruhi peluang dari berjalan dan kendaraan bus umum terutama rujukan ke asrama mahasiswa, dalam maupun luar kampus. Hasil penelitian menyarankan investasi pada infrastruktur pejalan kaki dan pengembangan dari sistem transportasi antarmoda sebagai sarana membuat universitas layak huni dan menarik.
Quantitative Assessment of Remotely Sensed Data for Landcover Change and Environmental Management Innocent E. BELLO; Momoh L. RILWANI
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4572.861 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17629

Abstract

Abstract This paper examines the relevance and application of quantitative techniques in geographic study with emphasis on landcover change and environmental management in a typical urban city of Warri and its environs in Nigeria. It uses an experimental study that adopts Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Accuracy Assessment in reducing data dimensions and enhancing image visualization for onward classification into landcover classes using 1987 TM, 2002 ETM+ and ETM+ 2011. The 2011 ETM+ was later excluded due to scan line and cloud cover errors.  The PCA results show that 1987 Bands of 145 has variance of 834.71 (88.09% of total components) while the 2002 Bands of 147 has variance of 1287.21 (85.344% of total components). Supervised classification results show overall accuracy of 96.19% (for 1987) and 96.30% (for 2002) respectively. The study reveals that there was increase in urban landcover (17.2% to 34.93%) and swamp (10.11% to 11.61%). Correspondingly, light vegetation and thick vegetation decreased from 41.76% to 27.38% and 26.31% to 22.36% while water also reduced from 4.63% to 3.73%. The study indicates a higher demand for urban settlement which requires landuse control to avoid urban blight and environmental decay.  Abstrak Makalah ini membahas relevansi dan penerapan teknik kuantitatif dalam penelitian geografis dengan penekanan pada perubahan tutupan lahan dan pengelolaan lingkungan di kota urban khas Warri dan sekitarnya di Nigeria. Menggunakan studi eksperimental yang mengadopsi Principal Component Analysis (PCA) dan Penilaian Akurasi dalam mengurangi dimensi data dan meningkatkan visualisasi gambar untuk seterusnya klasifikasi ke dalam kelas tutupan lahan menggunakan 1987 TM 2002 ETM + dan ETM + 2011. 2011 ETM + kemudian dikeluarkan karena garis scan dan kesalahan awan. Hasil PCA menunjukkan bahwa 1.987 Bands dari 145 memiliki varians dari 834,71 (88,09% dari total komponen) sedangkan 2002 Bands dari 147 memiliki varians dari 1.287,21 (85,344% dari total komponen). Hasil klasifikasi diawasi menunjukkan akurasi keseluruhan masing-masing 96,19% (untuk 1987) dan 96,30% (tahun 2002). Penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa ada peningkatan tutupan lahan perkotaan (17,2% menjadi 34,93%) dan rawa (10.11% menjadi 11,61%). Sejalan dengan itu, vegetasi ringan dan vegetasi tebal menurun dari 41,76% menjadi 27,38% dan 26,31% untuk 22,36% sementara air juga berkurang dari 4,63% menjadi 3,73%. Studi ini menunjukkan permintaan yang lebih tinggi untuk pemukiman perkotaan yang membutuhkan kontrol penggunaan lahan untuk menghindari hawar perkotaan dan pembusukan lingkungan.
Contents IJG Contents IJG
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.661 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17625

Abstract

Back Cover Indonesian Journal of Geography, Vol 48 No 2 December 2016 back cover
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (496.953 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17627

Abstract

Subjek Index Subjek Index
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (259.758 KB)

Abstract

USLE Estimation for Potential Erosion at Wae Heru Watershed and Wae Tonahitu Watershed, Ambon Island, Indonesia Halvina Grasela Saiya; Suprapto Dibyosaputro; Sigit Herumurti Budi Santosa
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5106.717 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17619

Abstract

Abstract Calculate the potential erosion at Wae Heru and Wae Tonahitu Watershed aims to map and assess the potential erosion, in order to be a scientific consideration for exploration and development. The method is a field survey to determine the forms of land use and other forms of conservation efforts; secondary data collection, i.e. soil data, rainfall data, slopes data and data interpretation from Geo Eye satellite imagery in 2012. Further data processing used USLE formula with ArcGIS program. The results showed that the potential erosion of Wae Heru Watershed and Wae Tonahitu Watershed are in very light potential class. This is because the conditions in the upstream are still forested largely. However, at the downstream potential for erosion is vary, i.e. light class, moderate class, heavy class and very heavy class. This is because the conditions in the downstream undergo conversion into settlement, moor, garden, open land and sand mining. Abstrak Menghitung potensi erosi di Wae Heru dan Wae Tonahitu Daerah Aliran Sungai bertujuan untuk memetakan dan menilai potensi erosi, agar menjadi pertimbangan ilmiah untuk eksplorasi dan pengembangan. Metode ini adalah survei lapangan untuk menentukan bentuk penggunaan lahan dan bentuk lain dari upaya konservasi; pengumpulan data sekunder, data tanah yaitu, data curah hujan, data yang lereng dan interpretasi data dari citra satelit Geo Eye pada tahun 2012. pengolahan data lebih lanjut digunakan rumus USLE program ArcGIS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa erosi potensi Wae Heru DAS dan Wae Tonahitu Daerah Aliran Sungai di kelas potensial sangat ringan. Hal ini karena kondisi di hulu masih berhutan sebagian besar. Namun, pada potensi hilir erosi adalah bervariasi, yaitu kelas ringan, kelas menengah, kelas berat dan kelas yang sangat berat. Hal ini karena kondisi di hilir mengalami konversi menjadi pemukiman, tegalan, kebun, lahan terbuka dan penambangan pasir. 
Water Quality Characteristics of Jonge Telaga (Doline Pond) as Water Resources for the People of Semanu District Gunungkidul Regency M. Widyastuti; Eko Haryono
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1676.469 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17595

Abstract

Abstract Doline ponds (telaga) have an important role as one of water resources in karst areas, especially during dry seasons in Gunungkidul. Recently, the doline ponds are facing various environmental problems, i.e. steadily decreasing water storage, water loss, and degrading water quality. The research aims to determine the characteristics of Jonge Telaga which include the continuity of flow, utilization, pollution sources, physical water quality (temperature, EC,TDS, TSS, and turbidity), chemical water quality (pH , NO2, NO3, NH4, PO4, BOD , COD, and detergent), and biological water quality (total coliform). In order to determine the characteristics of Jonge Telaga, the research was conducted using a survey method, i.e., observing the continuity of flow and measuring physical, chemical, and biological water quality. Initially, the water was sampled purposively based on the area and the depth of this doline pond. The qualitative description of the results shows that Jonge Telaga is a closed perennial doline pond, whose main pollution source comes from domestic activities, such as bathing and washing. According to the Governor Regulation of the Special Region of Yogyakarta Number 20 Year 2008 on Water Quality Standards, Jonge Telaga meets all of the water quality criteria, except the temperature and detergent, for a Class II water.Abstrak Telaga mempunyai peran penting sebagai salah satu sumberdaya air di daerah karst, khususnya pada musim kemarau di Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Pada saat ini telaga menghadapi berbagai permasalahan lingkungan yaitu simpanan air yang terus berkurang, air yang cepat hilang, dan penurunan kualitas air. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik telaga yang meliputi kontiyuitas aliran, pemanfaatan, sumber pencemar, kualitas fisik air telaga (TDS, TSS, suhu, kekeruhan, DHL), kimia air (pH, NH4, PO4, NO2, NO3, BOD, COD, deterjen) dan biologi air (coliform total).  Penelitian ini dilaksanakan berdasarkan metode survei. Untuk mengetahui karakteristik telaga dilakukan pengamatan kontinyuitas aliran, pengukuran kualitas air secara fisik, kimia dan biologi. Pengambilan sampel air dilakukan secara purposive mendasarkan pada luasan dan kedalaman telaga. Analisis hasil dilakukan secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Telaga Jonge merupakan telaga yang tertutup dengan ketersediaan air menerus sepanjang tahun. Sumber pencemar utama telaga adalah kegiatan domestik (mandi dan cuci). Kualitas air Telaga Jonge menurut baku mutu air kelas II PERGUB DIY Nomor 20 Tahun 2008 masih di bawah ambang batas kecuali suhu dan deterjen.
Application of Geographically Weighted Regression for Vulnerable Area Mapping of Leptospirosis in Bantul District Prima Widayani; Totok Gunawan; Projo Danoedoro; Sugeng Juwono Mardihusodo
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 48, No 2 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3239.139 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.17601

Abstract

Abstract Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) is regression model that developed for data modeling with continuous respond variable and considering the spatial or location aspect. Leptospirosis case happened in some regions in Indonesia, including in Bantul District, Special Region of Yogyakarta. The purpose of this study are to determine local and global variable in making vulnerable area model of Leptospirosis disease, determine the best type of weighting function and make vulnerable area map of Leptospirosis. Alos satelite imagery as primary data to get settlement and paddy fields area. The others variable are the percentage of population’s age, flood risk, and the number of health facility that obtained from secondary data. Determinant variables that affect locally are flood risk, health facility, percentage of age 25-50 years old and the percentage of settlement area. Meanwhile, independent variable that affects globally is the percentage of paddy fields area. Vulnerability map of Leptospirosis disease resulted from the best GWR model which used weighting function Fixed Bisquare. There are 3 vulnerable area of Leptospirosis disease, high vulnerability area located in the middle of Bantul District, meanwhile the medium and low vulnerability area showed clustered pattern in the side of Bantul District. Abstrak Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) adalah model regresi yang dikembangkan untuk memodelkan data dengan variabel respon yang bersifat kontinu dan mempertimbangkan aspek spasial atau lokasi.  Kejadian Leptospirosis terjadi di beberapa wilayah di Indonesia termasuk di wilayah Kabupaten Bantul Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan variabel lokal dan global dalam membuat model  kerentanan Leptospirosis dan menentukan jenis fungsi pembobot yang terbaik serta membuat peta kerentanan wilayah Leptospirosis menggunakan aplikasi GWR. Citra Satelit Alos digunakan untuk mendapatkan data penggunaan lahan, yang selanjutnya diturunkan menjadi prosentase luas permukiman dan sawah. Parameter lainya adalah prosentase umur penduduk, resiko banjir dan jumlah fasilitas kesehatan yang diperoleh dari data sekunder. Variabel yang berpengaruh secara lokal adalah  Risiko Banjir, Fasilitas Kesehatan Presentase Usia 25-50 tahun, Prosentase Luas Pemukiman, sedangkan variabel independen yang bepengaruh secara global adalah Presentase Luas Sawah.  Peta kerentanan Leptospirosis yang dihasilkan dari model GWR terbaik yaitu menggunakan fungsi pembobot  Fixed Bisquare. Terdapat 3 kelas kerentanan Leptospirosis yaitu kelas kerentanan tinggi berada di desa-desa di tengah Kabupaten Bantul, sedangkan kelas sedang dan rendah menunjukkan pola menggelompok di wilayah pinggiran Kabupaten Bantul

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