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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Geography
ISSN : 00249521     EISSN : 23549114     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Indonesian Journal of Geography ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print) is an international journal of Geography published by the Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with The Indonesian Geographers Association. Our scope of publications includes physical geography, human geography, regional planning and development, cartography, remote sensing, and geographic information system. IJG publishes its issues three times a year in April, August, and December.
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography" : 12 Documents clear
Assessing the Capability of Sentinel-2A Data for Mapping Seagrass Percent Cover in Jerowaru, East Lombok Muhammad Afif Fauzan; Ignatius S. W. Kumara; Rifka N. Yogyantoro; Satrio W. Suwardana; Nurul Fadhilah; Intansania Nurmalasari; Santi Apriyani; Pramaditya Wicaksono
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2087.045 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.28407

Abstract

Remote sensing technology has been widely used in various applications related to natural resources and environment monitoring. In this paper, we evaluated the capability of new Sentinel-2A image to map the distribution and percent cover of seagrass in optically shallow water of Jerowaru coastal area, East Lombok. Seagrass distribution map was produced from radiometrically and geometrically corrected Sentinel-2A image with overall accuracy of 61.9%. Using empirical model, seagrass percent cover was predicted with maximum coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.51 and standard error of estimate (SE) of 19.4%. The results suggest that Sentinel-2A image can be used to perform seagrass mapping time and cost-effectively and can be further improved by incorporating more robust empirical modeling technique.
Review on Tsunami Risk Reduction in Indonesia Based on Coastal and Settlement Typology Djati Mardiatno; M. Ngainul Malawani; Dandun Wacono; Despry Nur Annisa
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2661.532 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.28406

Abstract

This research aims to identify various coastal and settlement typology as the basis to determine action plan for reducing tsunami risk. The action plan were issued by referring to priority level of tsunami management. Comparative analysis was applied through comparing different coastal and settlement typology at the selected coastal area, considering the tsunami risk zones determined by National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB). The results show that mitigation strategies can be distinguished in various coastal and settlement typology for each priority area, i.e. in Mentawai megathrust, Sunda Strait and the southern part of Java, Bali region and Nusa Tenggara, and Papua region. The components of action plan should be conducted in accordance with the priority level of each region.
Assessing the Spatial-Temporal Land use Change and Encroachment Activities Due to Flood Hazard in North Coast of Central Java, Indonesia Imam Setyo Hartanto; Rini Rachmawati
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2232.469 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.28402

Abstract

Demak is known as the second largest region suffering land use change in Java’s North Coast. The topographic condition in downstream affects this area becomes susceptible with flood hazard. This research aims to assess the interactions between flooding, land use change and encroachment activities in Mijen and Wedung sub districts, Demak region, Central Java, Indonesia. This research combines the Driving Force, Pressure, State, Impact and Response (DPSIR) analysis. The supervised classification by Maximum Likelihood of time series Landsat images (2000, 2009 and 2014) was chosen for land cover analysis. The land use change shows that paddy field area descended almost 6%, mangrove forest fall 79% meanwhile settlement grown up almost double in 2000-2014. The result of overall accuracy assessment is 78.23%. The DPSIR result shows that land use change not too affect the flood events but floods influence land use pattern in north and south area of Mijen and Wedung.   
Geomaritime-Based Marine and Fishery Economic Development in Maluku Islands Atikah Nurhayati; Agus Heri Purnomo
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1650.176 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.27668

Abstract

The design of national economic development should never ignore three important aspects, namely integration, and sustainably and local contexts. Insufficient comprehension over these three aspects has caused delays of economic progress in several regions like Maluku. This region is characterized with archipelagic geo-profile where marine and fisheries resources are abundant but economic progress is sluggish. To catch up with the achievement shown by regions in the western part of the country, there must by effective efforts done in Maluku. This research is aimed at analyzing the three aspects mentioned above as related to acceleration of marine and fisheries economic development based on the region’s maritime geo-profile. In line with it, primary and secondary data were applied on a SWOT Analytical Approach. Based on the analysis, it was concluded that acceleration of marine and fisheries economic development in Maluku can be carried out through both local and national policies focused on facilitating prospective economic players in making massive investment in the marine and fisheries sector. Among others, this should be done by improving the capacity of Maluku marine ports and directing them to be local economic transmiters, through more effective functions as hubs for ships carrying commodities and products for both national and international markets. This research found that in line with it, a pre-requirement that has to be advanced by the government is detailed zoning of marine and fisheries resources, which is supported by a legal umbrella.
Pilot Implementation of Human-Centered Model in Disaster Management: A Report From Landslides Area in Semarang City Thomas Triadi Putranto; Novie Susanto
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2428.889 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.15943

Abstract

Semarang has a high potential of landslides occurrences in its almost area that should be noted by the stakeholders. Consider this fact, human as the part of the system should be used as a center of the disaster management system to reduce the risk caused by the disaster. An adapted model of human factor toolkits is developed to represent a specific phase of human-centered disaster management. This model presents four phases including major disaster scenario, human error analysis, safety critical task and performance influence factors (PIFs). As the preliminary implementation, this study takes the pilot implementation of each phase of the model to examine the reliability of the concept in the landslide cases, especially in Semarang city. The result shows that there is quite a high deviation between expected and observed behavior of the community and the government institution regarding the awareness states of the system. 
Heavy Metals Distribution in the Artisanal Gold Mining Area in Wonogiri Mohammad - Nurcholis; Dwi Fitri Yudiantoro; Darban - Haryanto; Abdurrachman - Mirzam
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (193.016 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.15321

Abstract

Artisanal and small gold mining activity in Wonogiri Regency has long been done with problems on environmental quality. This study was aimed to analyze the levels and spatial distribution of heavy metals in the mining area. Survey of  mining and amalgamation sites, sampling the soil and tailings had been conducted. There were 66 samples of soil and tailing were collected, analysis of heavy Fe, Mn, Pb, Hg, As and Co, using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Normal distribution test of data was conducted using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro Wilk.  The spatial distribution of heavy metals was described using Krigging method. Contents of most heavy metals in the area studied were high, except for Co. According to the distribution pattern of heavy metals indicated that the contamination caused by the mining.
Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Urban Crime Pattern and its Implication for Abuja Municipal Area Council, Nigeria Taiye Oluwafemi Adewuyi; Patrick Ali Eneji; Anthonia Silas Baduku; Emmanuel Ajayi Olofin
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3431.866 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.15341

Abstract

This study examined the spatio-temporal analysis of urban crime pattern and its implication for Abuja Municipal Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria; it has the aim of using Geographical Information System to improve criminal justice system. The aim was achieved by establishing crime incident spots, types of crime committed, the time it occurred and factors responsible for prevailing crime. The methods for data collection involved Geoinformatics through the use of remote sensing and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for spatial data. Questionnaires were administered for other attribute information required. The analysis carried out in a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment especially for mapping and the establishment of spatial patterns.  The results indicated that the main types of crime committed were theft and house breaking (42.9%), followed by assault (12.4%), mischief (11.3%), forgery (10.5%), car snatching (9.05%), armed robbery (8.5%), trespass (5.2%) and culpable homicide (0.2%). In terms of hot spots the districts recorded the following: Garki (27.62%), Maitama (25.7%), Utako (24.3%), Wuse (20.9%) and Asokoro district (1.4%) respectively with most of the crime committed during the day time. Many attributed the crimes to mainly high rate of unemployment and poverty (79.1%). Consequently to reduce the crime rate, the socio-economic situation of the city must be improved through properly constructed interventions scheme in areas known to quickly generate employment such as agriculture, small and medium scale enterprises, mining and tourism. 
Urbanization and Regional Imbalances in Indonesia Saratri Wilonoyudho; R. Rijanta; Yeremias T. Keban; Bakti Setiawan
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.369 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.13039

Abstract

The level of urbanization that occurred in Indonesia at this time is remarkable that causes the growth of cities very rapidly. The growth of cities is mainly due to various reasons such as the capitalization process, regional enlargement/reclassification, as well as migration from rural to urban. The growth of cities leads a lot of problems like environmental degradation, traffic congestion, poverty, crime and other social conflicts. Such a rapid rate of urbanization is a reflection of the inequity between rural and urban development. Lack of employment opportunities in the village causes the population to go into town to find work. The imbalance of development that occurs is a result of implementing a liberal economic system that only emphasizes growth, while on the other side of the agricultural sector is not paid any appropriate attention. The farmers are at a very weak and do not have a good bargaining position, with the exchange rate is very lame. Even regarding with the foodstuffs such as rice, wheat, sugar, salt, etc., Indonesia has to import from abroad. The imbalances of development do not only occur between rural and urban, but also between Java and the outside of Java, and between western and eastern Indonesia regions. This imbalance should be found a solution, with good management and equitable development, including the political will to reform the economic system in favor of the Indonesian people.
Geoecology Identification Using Landsat 8 for Spatial Planning in North Sulawesi Coastal Edwin Maulana; Th. Retno Wulan; Dwi Sri Wahyunungsih; Farid Ibrahim; Anggara Setyabawana Putra; Mega Dharma Putra
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2606.111 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.13189

Abstract

Abstract Geoecology is a landscape study combined with the social and environmental aspect. The study aims to identify Geoecology of coastal Manado, North Sulawesi. Identification of coastal Geoecology using Landsat 8 supported by SRTM. Data was collected by field survey and taking aerial photo using UAVs. The field survey was conducted to capture the documentation and in-depth interviews. The research method is the interpretation of remote sensing imagery. Data from image interpretation collaborated with field survey data. The results showed that there are three types of coastal that is sandy, rocky and muddy. The sandy comes from karst hills and volcanoes. The rocky and karst hills come from volcanic material that has the character of a big wave. The muddy affected by the presence of the river that carries materials from structural hills. Geoecology based coastal area management is expected to be instrumental in structuring regional integrated and planned.Key words: Geoecology, Landsat, Coastal, North Sulawesi
Applying Remote Sensing Technology and Geographic Information System in Batu, East Java Rudi Hartono; Nasikh Nasikh
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 49, No 2 (2017): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.926 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.12842

Abstract

This research is aimed to map potential landslide areas, identify types of the landslide, and draw a map of potential landslide level. This research was carried out in Batu, East Java. The research design that was used in the study was image interpretation of Landsat 7 Band 432 Satellite and primary data of the landslide causes (the data of soil and rocks, map interpretation, and variable scoring of the landslide. ArcGIS 9.3 and ArcView 3.2 software was used for map analysis. The researcher also analyzed the soil texture, permeability and land plasticity index, bedding, weathering level, the density of joints, the depth of weathering, the existence of springs, slopes, and slope cutting. The research findings showed that the image of Landsat 7 Bands 432 in 1:11.000 – 1:15.000 scale could be used to interpret land use and land cover. Interpreted land use included housing, bare soil, irrigated rice field, rain-fed rice field, moor, nursery area, garden, slope failure, natural forest, sengon forest, pine forest, and agroforestry.

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