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INDONESIA
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum
Published by Universitas Janabadra
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25982435     DOI : 10.37159
Core Subject : Social,
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Arjuna Subject : Ilmu Sosial - Hukum
Articles 121 Documents
PENJATUHAN PIDANA DI BAWAH MINIMAL KHUSUS TERHADAP PELAKU TINDAK PIDANA ASUSILA DENGAN ANAK SEBAGAI KORBAN DI PENGADILAN NEGERI PURWOREJO Sri Ari Astuti; Eko Nurharyanto
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 1, No 2 (2017): November
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.962 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v1i2.543

Abstract

This thesis discusses the issue criminal sentencing by a judge below the special minimum threshold under the Protective of Child Law in connection with the nulla poena sine lege principle. Based on the results of the research and discussion known that  The decision of a judge in the Purworejo District Court who impose a criminal under-special imprisonment on the perpetrator of an immoral crime with a child as a victim is not appropriate if it is linked to the principle of legality in which it contains the element of legal certainty and expressly states that any criminal sanction shall be regulated in the law. While the basis of judges' consideration in imposing criminal under special minimum penalty is for the realization of justice for the defendant and for society.  The imposition of a crime under a special minimum against a criminal offender against a child as a victim in the Purworejo District Court is based on the facts revealed in the trial and on the basis of justice principles. The factors that cause the judge to impose a criminal under special minimum penalty on the offender of immoral crime with the child as a victim are internal factors and external factors. These internal factors may include: the professional qualities of judges, judge intuitions and strong moral personality. The external factor is the guarantee of judicial freedom and independence of judges.
HUBUNGAN KEWENANGAN BALAI PEMASYARAKATAN KELAS II WONOSARI DAN UNIT PELAKSANA TEKNIS PERLINDUNGAN PEREMPUAN DAN ANAK KABUPATEN GUNUNGKIDUL DALAM PENDAMPINGAN ANAK BERHADAPAN DENGAN HUKUM Puri Aprimardianti; Suryawan Raharjo
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 4, No 2 (2020): November
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.857 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v4i2.1748

Abstract

Anak merupakan generasi penerus cita-cita perjuangan bangsa yang memiliki peran strategis dalam kelangsungan eksistensi bangsa dan negara di masa yang akan datang. Agar anak mampu bertanggung jawab, perlu mendapat kesempatan yang seluas-luasnya untuk dapat tumbuh dan berkembang secara optimal, perlu diwujudkan upaya perlindungan dan terwujudnya kesejahteraan anak dengan jaminan pemenuhan hak-hak anak. tanpa diskriminasi. Perlindungan anak merupakan upaya untuk menciptakan kondisi dimana ia dapat melaksanakan hak dan kewajibannya menurut hukum yang berlaku di Indonesia. Anak dalam keadaan apapun harus tetap tumbuh dan berkembang sebagaimana mestinya dan bagi anak yang berhadapan dengan hukum harus memperoleh keadilan filosofis termasuk menggeser pendekatan hukum retributif ke arah restoratif.Jenis penelitian ini adalah yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kasus. Pengumpulan data dilakukan terutama dan sekunder sehingga analisis kualitatif dapat dilakukan dengan disajikan dari data yang diperoleh dalam bentuk kalimat yang rinci dan jelas.Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa Balai Pemasyarakatan Kelas II Wonosari dan Unit Pelaksana Teknis Perlindungan Perempuan dan Anak wilayah Gunungkidul perlu mengadakan Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) dan menyusun Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) sehingga dapat bekerjasama secara optimal untuk mewujudkan keadilan restoratif.
EFEKTIVITAS PEMBINAAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP NARAPIDANA TERHADAP UPAYA PENGURANGAN TINGKAT RESIDIVIS DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN PEREMPUAN YOGYAKARTA Dina Andriyana; Yanto Yanto; Eko Nurharyanto
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.896 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v2i1.580

Abstract

EFEKTIVITAS PEMBINAAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP NARAPIDANA TERHADAP UPAYA PENGURANGAN TINGKAT RESIDIVIS DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN PEREMPUAN YOGYAKARTA
PRISMATIC SOCIETY THEORY STUDY OF THE SOCIAL FUNCTION OF LAND RIGHTS IN INDONESIA Samun Ismaya
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 6, No 2 (2022): November
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (419.386 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v6i2.2281

Abstract

Studies related to interests become an interesting study in the field of legal science, because law science itself makes interest as one of the objects of its study. Broadly speaking, interests are divided into two, namely personal interests and social interests. This interest can be attached to both moving objects and fixed objects (land).Attachment of interests to fixed objects, especially land, it is not uncommon for conflicts of interest to occur because humans (people) as legal subjects, on the one hand, are guaranteed their personal / civil interests, but on the one hand, humans cannot be separated from the social life of society. This concrete conflict of interest case occurs when national development requires land owned by community members to carry out public interests. There is a tug of war between private interests and public interests which often results in land conflicts that have broad socio-economic aspects.On the basis of the conflict of interest phenomenon, it becomes an interesting study from the perspective of legal science, especially legal theory, to be able to explain the meaning and implementation of the basic principle that "all rights to land have a social function" as stipulated in Article 6 of the UUPA. The meaning and implementation of self-interest which is social in nature is an interesting problem, especially in Indonesia, with the conditions of heterogeneous / plural socio-cultural values that can be studied inter-disciplinary and multi-perspective.To answer this problem, a descriptive analytical research was conducted using legal theory analysis tools, especially the theory that discusses the dualism of interests and the implementation of interests in social life (Theory Of Prismatic Social). As a source of research material, library research methods are used and the results of the research will be analyzed descriptively qualitatively with legal theory analysis tools and doctrines as an effort to answer the question of the meaning and implementation of personal and social interests inherent in a land right.The results of this research are expected to be useful for the development of science, especially law science and more specifically Land Law. In addition, this research is also expected to provide input in the efforts of making government policies related to land acquisition for development purposes
Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Putusan Pengadilan Mengenai Tindak Pidana Perdagangan Orang dengan Modus Ekploitasi Seksual di Bantul Bambang Supriyanta; Sigit Herman Binaji
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.977 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v3i1.1008

Abstract

Human trafficking is recruitment, delivery, removal, gathering or admitting people by threatening,kidnaping,deceiving or using violence or other forms  of forcement, kidnaping, deceiving, lying or or abusing of power risky position or taking and giving payment or getting advabtages in order to get agreement from the authority of other persons for exploitation. And the action of human trafficing is an action or a series of actions which fulfil the aspects of crime in the the rules of law.The most prominent of human trafficking is the sexual exploitation. This situation is so terrifying in the Bantul region. The victims of human trafficking are women and children, at least, two cases have been brought to court in  the State Court of Bantul in the period of 2016 to 2017. They are the case of No.147 Pid.Sus 2016 PN.Btl and the case of No.148 Pid.Sus 2016 PN.Btl. Based on the facts, the questions arise are  how the juridical implementation to the human trafficking through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency is and what makes the cases of human trafficking through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency arise.The objectives of this research are 1. To give explanation of juridical study of adjudication to the human trafficking through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency, 2. To give explanation why the crime of human trafficking arise through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency.The result of this research is study of adjudication of the human trafficking through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency. It  includes, judges must consider the system of crime act provement. b judges must consider the principle of legality of the law. And the reasons of the human trafficking through sexual exploitation in Bantul regency are the factors of economic religion family  education and facilities in Bantul regency. 
Penyalahgunaan Narkotika ditinjau dari Viktimologi berdasarkan undang-undang nomor 35 tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Arinatha Fardian; Sigit Herman Binaji; Suryawan Rahardja
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 3, No 2 (2019): November
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.127 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v3i2.1195

Abstract

Legal protection efforts for narcotics abuse victims are based on Law Number 35 of 2009 concerning Narcotics which can be in the form of sanctions for action. This study aims to determine victims of narcotics abusers in terms of victimization based on Law Number 35 Year 2009 and legal protection for victims of narcotics abusers and the obstacles they face. Data collected from the results of research, both library research and field research, are then analyzed descriptively qualitatively, namely the method of data analysis by grouping data and selecting data obtained from research according to its quality and truth, then linked to laws and theories obtained from the literature, so obtained answers to the problems studied. Victims of narcotics abusers in terms of victimization based on Law Number 35 Year 2009 are those who unintentionally use narcotics, because they are persuaded, tricked, tricked, forced, and / or threatened to use narcotics. However, in practice those who are considered victims are those who have just been first caught red-handed with evidence that does not exceed those stipulated in the Supreme Court Circular Letter Number 4 of 2010. Legal protection for victims of narcotics abusers is carried out through rehabilitation. There are two types of rehabilitation provided, namely medical rehabilitation and social rehabilitation. The victims of abusers who were caught red-handed by the National Narcotics Agency immediately carried out rehabilitation without due process. While those who were caught red-handed by the Police, even though the evidence was under the provisions of the Circular of the Supreme Court No. 4 of 2010, the legal process continued, after that it was only rehabilitated. 
Tinjauan kriminologis terhadap kejahatan penganiayaan yang dilakukan oleh anak klithih di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Zainuri Zainuri; Yanto Yanto; Hartanti Hartanti
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 3, No 2 (2019): November
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (622.283 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v3i2.1211

Abstract

This study aims to examine and analyze: the factors that led to the occurrence of crimes in the form of persecution Klithih in the Special Region of Yogyakarta and the efforts made by the Police to prevent and overcome the crimes committed by Pelaku Klithih in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. This study uses library research library research and field research. The nature of this research is descriptive. This study uses primary data and secondary data. Data collection is done by interview. Data analysis in this study used qualitative analysis. Based on the results of the study it was concluded that, the factors that caused the crime of abuse with random victims of persecution, among others, were family factors that were not harmonious for the perpetrators, because parents were divorced. Most children are raised by one of the parents only or taken care of by their grandparents, then the freedom or control of parents is lacking, especially in association after the learning process in the school, the influence of technology in the form of vehicles that are capable and easy to get, poorly controlled and negatively impacted communication tools, juvenile psychologists in the transitional period both biologically and socially, legal sanctions that do not cause a deterrent  shock therapy effect for child offenders, as well as Polri efforts in overcoming this crime, including involving persuasive, pre emptive efforts preventive and repressive form of punishment for cases of severe children. Forms of guidance to school schools in Yogyakarta, joining Ceremonial training every Monday, other counseling efforts, patrolling during school hours by targeting school children who are playing truant, hanging out during school hours, and investigating and investigating events that occur involving both child perpetrators and victims, with existing techniques and Standard Operating Procedure.
Analisis perlindungan hukum tindakan pencabutan konten secara Unilateral oleh Youtube berdasarkan Undang-undang Nomor 28 tahun 2014 tentang Hak Cipta Andhika Justisia; Dyah Permata Budi Asri
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (695.762 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v4i1.1228

Abstract

There are so many content creators that lost their video because of false claim using DMCA notice and takedown. When YouTube receive a report of copyright infringement using notice and takedown, YouTube must takedown that content video as soon as possible. There are three questions related to the problems. They are 1 How do the YouTube’s indicators related to copyright infringement look like reviewed using Undang-Undang Nomor 28 Tahun 2014 Tentang Hak Cipta 2 Are the content creators that lost their content video able to ask YouTube about the clarification of the copyright infringement 3 How is YouTube conduct reviewed using Undang-Undang Nomor 28 Tahun 2014 Tentang Hak Cipta. In order to answer those questions, the researcher used normative research as and secondary data sources. Then, the researcher explained the result of the research using qualitative descriptive. It showed that YouTube does not have copyright infringement indicators. When taking down a content video, YouTube is only using the description provided by the claimer. That conduct did not match the theory of legal certainty. For the content creators that lost their content videos can do an appeal by sending a counter notice and takedown and sending a restoration content request to YouTube. The opportunity that is given by YouTube to the content creators that lost their content was match with the theory of justice. Reviewed using Undang-Undang Nomor 28 Tahun 2014 Tentang Hak Cipta, YouTubes conduct is not violating any terms of that regulation.
IMPLIKASI PENITIPAN ANAK YANG BERKONFLIK DENGAN HUKUM DI BALAI PERLINDUNGAN DAN REHABILITASI SOSIAL REMAJA TERHADAP PUTUSAN HAKIM Genjah Pulung Jati; Fransisca Romana Harjiyatni
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 6, No 1 (2022): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (416.994 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v6i1.1683

Abstract

This thesis is the result of research on children who commit criminal acts, also known as children in conflict with the law, who are placed in the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center to serve their criminal period during the legal process. The legal process that must be followed takes a long time, ranging from four months to one year. The length of the legal process does not guarantee that the criminal sentence served by the child at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center after the judge's verdict will be reduced or not. The context of this study is children who have run afoul of the law and have been placed in the Youth Social and Rehabilitation Center after receiving a judge's judgment; some have received a cut, while others have not, during their criminal sentence at the Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center. Adolescents and the factors that judges evaluate when making decisions about who gets a reduction and who doesn't in their criminal period at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center. The goal of this research is to determine and assess the consequences of placing children in legal trouble at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center in opposition to a judge's decision.The results of the study revealed that the implication of placing children in conflict with the law at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center against the judge's decision is that in the judge's decision, there are children who receive a reduction and those who do not receive a reduction in the criminal period that has been served by the child judge at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center, The judge considers the law, indictments/legal facts, results of the Litmas Penitentiary (BAPAS), prosecutors' demands, pleas, and public figures' opinions when deciding related cases, namely reducing or not reducing the criminal period that has been served by children at the Youth Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center said. When it comes to deciding whether to reduce or not reduce the criminal time, children who are placed in the Juvenile Social Protection and Rehabilitation Center must have a clear status; if they are prisoners, they must be deducted formally under the Criminal Procedure Code. If the child is neither a prisoner or a law enforcement officer, the judge considers whether the child's care or placement restricts his or her freedom. The judge may consider lowering the time of care/placement if it restricts the child's independence. In terms of lowering the child's criminal period while at the Balai, this can be factored into the decision, specifically in the legal reasons for imposing sanctions and in mitigating circumstances.
FORMULASI KEBIJAKAN PENETAPAN UPAH MINIMUM BERDASARKAN PERATURAN PEMERINTAH NOMOR 78 TAHUN 2015 TENTANG PENGUPAHAN DILIHAT DARI ASPEK KEADILAN Sofyan Hidayat; Ishviati Joenaini Koenti
Kajian Hasil Penelitian Hukum Vol 5, No 1 (2021): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Janabadra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (251.996 KB) | DOI: 10.37159/jmih.v5i1.1723

Abstract

Hal yang paling mendesak dalam dunia perburuhan/ Industri di Indonesia adalah masalah pengupahan yang itu masalah serius yang bersifat nasional dan kompleks. Permasalahan pengupahan perlu diperhatikan oleh pemerintah dengan baik, apalagi disisi yang lain Indonesia sebagai negara hukum. Selama peluhan tahun pengupahan di Indonesia masih menjadi sebuah polemik yang besar di bangsa ini, sehingga perlu ada satu skema yang bisa menyelesaikan masalah pengupahan di Indonesia. Kemudian berdasarkan pada hasil penelitian dan analisa mengenai formulasi penetapan minimum Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 78 Tahun 2015 Tentang Pengupahan yang acuannya berdasarkan inflasi dan pertumbuhan ekonomi, yang berdasarkan prinsip dan upah bertentangan dengan Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan yang acuan formulasinya berdasarkan pada survei lapangan terkait dengan Komponen Kebutuhan Hidup Layak (KHL). Perbedaan dan pertentangan tersebut ada pada Pasal 43 dan Pasal 44 Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 78 Tahun 2015 dengan Pasal 88 dan Pasal 89 Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan

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