cover
Contact Name
Tuty Handayani
Contact Email
tuty@uinjkt.ac.id
Phone
+6282227208677
Journal Mail Official
melsasing2023@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta. Jl. Tarumanegara, Pisangan, Ciputat, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15419
Location
Kota tangerang selatan,
Banten
INDONESIA
Muslim English Literature
ISSN : 29617502     EISSN : 29628199     DOI : -
Core Subject : Religion, Education,
Muslim English Literature specializes in Muslim World Literature including US-Muslim, British-Muslim, Asian-Muslim, and other Muslim cultures and literature; and is intended to communicate original research and current issues on the subject. This journal warmly welcomes contributions from scholars of related disciplines, including Linguistics and Cultural Studies related to the Muslim world.
Articles 18 Documents
Prison and Freedom in Nadia Hashimi’s A House Without Windows Muhammad Raihansyah Putratama; Inayatul Chusna
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i2.28357

Abstract

This research aims to analyse a prison where the characters achieve their freedom, while outside the prison they get oppressed by the men. This research uses the freedom concept by Jean-Paul Sartre because of the relevancy behind the theory and the story. The corpus of this research is Nadia Hashimi’s A House Without Windows (2016). The study uses the existentialism theories from Jean-Paul Sartre and Representation theory by Stuart Hall to support the analysis. The result of this research shows a great contrast between the women when they were out of prison and when they were in prison. Outside the prison, they continue to experience oppression from various parties, while when they are in prison, they live more freely than when they were outside the prison. For the inmate, the definition of freedom itself shifts from the common definition. To be able to get freedom is not only in an open space, but it can also be in a prison where the space for movement is limited, but not by their actions and speech.
Hybridity and Cultural Identity in Warga’s Novel Other Words for Home Siti Deviana Rahma Nurhusna
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 1 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i1.25638

Abstract

This research aims to show how Jude, as a Syrian character, interprets the notion of a home in Jasmine Warga’s Other Words for Home (2019) and how it explicitly opposes American Exceptionalism. The writer chooses the study of home in the novel to enhance the analysis of Other Words for Home, which generally focuses on the novel's Syrian character. This research uses postcolonial diasporic criticism, especially hybridity and cultural identity, as the theoretical framework for evaluating Warga’s Other Words for Home. The home is not only a place of immigrants for the diaspora but is related geographically and psychologically. For diasporas, the home has become a wounded concept that forces them to deal with scars, blisters and sores, and psychic traumas while on migration. Warga tells the story of Syrian immigrants who moved to America due to the political turmoil in Syria. She portrays racism, alienation, and prejudice as a black spectacle in which Jude becomes a victim. Jude is depicted as a teenager struggling to acculturate herself in the in-between spaces between homeland and host land. It creates a hybrid identity as Jude's identity is manifested by her use of mixed dialects in daily conversation, behaviour, and triumph. This study demonstrates that identity is a fluid concept. Thus, through this hybrid identity, Jude challenges the dominance of American Exceptionalism in the US and the world regarding Arab Muslims.
Hybrid Narratives: Exploring Cultural Fusion in The Goats in the Cemetery by Kanogpong Songsompun Amelia Gustiari; Sulastri Sulastri; Zurmailis Zurmailis
Muslim English Literature Vol 2, No 1 (2023): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v2i1.33023

Abstract

The short story "The Goats in the Cemetery" by Kanogpong Songsompun, a Buddhist writer from Southern Thailand, incorporated Islamic terminologies as its opening and closing lines, highlighting the presence of hybridity between Islam and Buddhism in the region. This research aimed to explore and analyze the depiction of hybridity between Islam and Buddhism in Southern Thailand, as observed in Songsompun's writing. The focus was on the coexistence and mutual respect between the majority Malay-Muslim villagers and the Thai-Buddhist capital holders in the face of a modernization program. This research employs Homi K. Bhabha's postcolonial theory. The analysis revealed that the short story effectively portrayed the villagers' anxiety caused by the modernization program. Despite the religious differences, with the villagers being predominantly Malay-Muslims and the capital holders being Thai-Buddhists, they lived harmoniously, demonstrating mutual respect and coexistence. Moreover, Songsompun's writing challenged the notion of Islam as a restricted religion by presenting it from a global perspective within the context of his work. The research findings emphasized the potential for hybridity to thrive when different religious communities respect and tolerate one another. This research contributes to a broader understanding of the manifestations of hybridity between Islam and Buddhism in societies that embrace multiple religions. It underscores the importance of mutual respect and coexistence, serving as a reminder of the possibilities for cultural hybridity and harmonious coexistence in diverse communities.
Misrepresentation of Religious Tenet in Syed Waliullah’s Tree Without Roots [Lal Shalu]: An Islamic Overview Mohammad Jashim Uddin
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i2.27479

Abstract

AbstractSyed Waliullah is one of the most versatile Muslim novelists in Bangladesh. Social reformation, awakening people about religion and satire against corruption are his main themes. He also identifies the peripheral community in his writings. His Tree Without Roots originally Lal Shalu in Bangla is the most popular novel for its multilevel portrayal of the Bengali Muslim community. The paper aims at focusing on how Islam and its followers are portrayed wrongly in Tree Without Roots because the novelist through the activities of Majeed wants to divert the mass Muslims from the Qur’anic guidelines to the man-made path for worldly benefits. It concentrates on the controversial protagonist Abdul Majeed who grasps the rural people especially the simple and innocent like women for his greater projection of power and hunger. As a part of his prosperity, Majeed deeply feels inside himself that women can be the most flexible and reliable field for smooth cultivation and experimental adventure. This paper has also traced the sources of the power of Majeed—the protagonist, that he uses to manipulate the villagers and to claim his influential position in Mahabbatpur – a fictional village of Bangladesh which was then East Pakistan. It has focused on the activities of the characters from an Islamic perspective. The paper believes that every Muslim should follow the instructions of Allah reviled in the Qur’an and the path shown in the Hadith by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Finally, the paper has found some ways the author has misrepresented Islam in his writing from a modernist perspective.
Muslim Refugee Girls in Malala Yousafzai’s We Are Displaced Dahlan Dahlan; Jumharia Djamereng; Sindi klaudiya
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i2.27509

Abstract

The research intends to find out the kinds of discrimination faced by the refugee girls and also life experiences of the refugee girls that related to the author’s life. Malala as the writer of the memoir We Are Displaced describes her experiences as a Muslim woman who is often treated unfairly both in the homeland and in the host land. As Malala had seen many discriminations in many places, she was inspired to write all discrimination as the movement against that discrimination. Therefore, feminism is a study of efforts to change gender roles, sexist practices, and sexual norms that often limit personal development. This research uses content analysis, especially close textual analysis. The results of this research show that there are 3 kinds of discrimination of the refugee girls. They are: 1) Racial Discrimination, 2) Gender Discrimination, and 3) Social Class Discrimination. This research also shows that some of the refugee girls have the same life experience as the author based on educational value, they are: 1) Independence value, 2) Creativity value, 3) Social Concern value. 
Gender and Fundamentalism in Khaled Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns Nanda Nabilla Hamzah
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 1 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i1.26261

Abstract

This paper aims to challenge the reductionist views of Islam and Muslim women in Khaled Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns (2017). In doing so, this paper explores the connection of gender discourse with the Islamic political movement in Hosseini's novel. It also seeks to challenge the gendered bias in the novel by using Amina Wadud's concept of Islamic Feminism. Through the subjugated life of women's characters, the concept of hegemonic masculinity is applied to give an in-depth analysis of gender relations and fundamentalism in the novel. The research focuses on understanding misogynist attempts that marginalized women and legitimized gender inequality. The findings indicate that hegemonic masculinity is unquestionably backed up under the fundamentalist's reign of the Mujahideen and the Taliban with their implementation of Sharia law. Furthermore, the characters have shown dissimilar attitudes in facing the situations. As the main male character, Rasheed is depicted as a manifestation of the misogynistic setting created by both regimes. Meanwhile, the two main female characters show strength, resistance, and resilience in facing the unequal systems. However, while the fundamentalist justifies their action by using Islam as their shield, it is written in the Quran that Islam never discriminates against women but encourages their fundamental rights. Thus, Hosseini's novel complicates the ideas of gender, fundamentalism, and masculinity through the complex relationships of his characters within their families and societies. However, these complex societies do not represent Islam or the Muslim communities as the Muslim world is not only in Afghanistan, but many countries, such as Egypt, Pakistan, and Indonesia, practice Islam in a very different way from those in Afghanistan Hosseini's novel. 
Love Expressions in Children's Poems before and after 2000 Syahruni Junaid; Aan Mujizat; Sumarni Sumarni
Muslim English Literature Vol 2, No 1 (2023): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v2i1.31719

Abstract

This study explores the expressions of love in children's poems before and after the year 2000. Seeing the differences in the characteristics of the generation of children before and after 2000, this study aims to find out the children's love expressions to their parents through imagery used in poems as a reflection of Birrul Walidain. This research applies the technique analysis from Miles and Huberman, started with data reduction and presentation to finally come to one conclusion. Furthermore, the result of this research found that there is a distinction between love expressions in two different eras. During the era before 2000, the children expressed their gratitude primarily to their parents for their direct emotional bonding. Furthermore, during the era after 2000, the children tended to deliver their hope and pray for their parents, which portrays that the children missed the direct physical connection with their parents because there are almost no narratives that indicated the use of a physical indicator of imagery; however, they still expressed their loves by writing their wishes in their poems.
Islamic Values and Education in Sufiya Ahmed’s Secrets of the Henna Girl Annisa Nur Chaliza; Hasnul Insani Djohar
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i2.27914

Abstract

This research examines how Sufiya Ahmed’s Secrets of Henna Girl challenges patriarchal practices by depicting the female character as struggling to fight for their rights through Islamic values and education. By using qualitative methods and close textual analysis, this research examines how the novel opposes to patriarchal culture and the misconception of Islam as a religion that supports discrimination against women. Indeed, the novel uses literary devices to portray patriarchal culture with the following aspects: the female characters experience patriarchal abuse by depicting men as Tiger King represents powerful men. Secondly, the female characters deal with patriarchal system by depicting women as witches representing powerful women. Thirdly, women experienced patriarchal abuse are depicted through the metaphor of glass vases and sacrificed lambs. Fourthly, the characters are depicted as a drama queen if they pursue their educations and careers. Although this novel is seemingly depicted women as the victims of patriarchal system, they are able to resist this system by using Islamic tenets and values, especially the Quran and hadiths. Furthermore, it is found that even though the female characters receive so many patriarchal practices, the novel can depict them as resisting patriarchy through education and Islamic values. Thus, the novel uses Qur’an, hadith, and Islamic teachings as a way to resist the misconception of Islam as a religion that supports discrimination against women.
Gender and Power Relations in Aisha Saeed’s Amal Unbound Albi Fahri; Ida Rosida
Muslim English Literature Vol 2, No 1 (2023): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v2i1.29294

Abstract

This paper discusses the power relation and gender in the novel Amal Unbound by Aisha Saeed (2018). This study focuses on the four main characters, Amal, Abu, Jawad, and Baji, in which  Abu, Amal ‘s father, has a relationship that puts her as a subordinate one as well as Jawad, who has the power from his economic aspect. The restriction experienced by a female character, Amal, became a gender issue regarding the oppression of women, which must be surrendered to certain power circumstances. This research explores the power relations between female and male characters and their effect on gender. This study uses a qualitative method and applies Michel Foucault's theory of power relations and the concept of gender. The results show that Amal’s resistance is echoed in the desire to destroy the power structure that put Jawad as the highest authority holder. Amal prioritizes resistance to free her choice in her gender identity, and power relations are obliged to change with the resistance. Power in this discourse installs itself and produces real material effects, which social power structure and the prescribed gender norms also affect the relationship between characters. Power relations exist as the main female character, Amal has a certain relationship with the other main male characters and another female character. The power comes from the relation then brings oppression toward women. Power is compiled, established, and realized through certain knowledge and discourse. In addition, Amal’s appearance, which represents her gender identity, also indicates resistance toward the oppression she experienced. To conclude, subordination and oppression toward women are undeniable, as men are socially and culturally designed to be powerful. Meanwhile, women are powerless. 
Islamic Tenets and Values in Laila Lalami’s The Other Americans Fitri Febrina
Muslim English Literature Vol 1, No 1 (2022): Muslim English Literature
Publisher : UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/mel.v1i1.26303

Abstract

After 9/11, the stereotypes and generalizations against Muslims are exacerbated. By examining Lalami’s The Other Americans, this paper aims to challenge the prejudice and orientalist perceptions towards Muslims and US-Muslims through the aesthetic strategies that the author uses: Islamic tenets and values. The method used for this analysis is a Critical Textual Analysis and engages with Postcolonial Studies, particularly Edward Said's concept of the Othering. The analysis found that prejudicial perception is a challenge through Islamic tenets such as the practice of Qur'an recital and fasting (sawm) which promotes Islam as consolation and peace. The novel also challenges the image of savagery and backwardness in the orientalist views through Islamic values that reflect the qualities of the Prophet Muhammad by depicting the values of perseverance (istiqamah), compassion, and innovation through embracing entrepreneurship. The findings reveal that the prejudiced views of Islam that are maintained by insularity and ignorance are countered by the Islamic tenets and values that are promoted in Islam and practiced by its believers. Thus, Lalami’s novel undermines anti-Muslim racism by exploring Islamic tenets and values, including the Quran and hadiths, practiced by Lalami’s characters who have suffered from the exclusion of U.S. belonging for centuries. 

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