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Contact Name
Anneke Pesik
Contact Email
rumphiusbiojournal@gmail.com
Phone
+628128416212
Journal Mail Official
rumphiusbiojournal@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Department of Biology Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Pattimura Jl. dr. J. Leimena, Kampus Poka, Kota Ambon, Post-code 97233
Location
Kota ambon,
Maluku
INDONESIA
Rumphius Pattimura Biological Journal
Published by Universitas Pattimura
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2684804X     DOI : https://doi.org/10.30598/rumphiusv5i1y2023
Rumphius Pattimura Biological Journal membuka kesempatan untuk mempublikasikan tulisan ilmiah dalam bentuk artikel penelitian terbaru, short communication, maupun review terhadap artikel dari berbagai bidang biologi, dan cabang ilmunya seperti biodiversitas, mikrobiologi, ekologi, zoologi, botani, genetika, molekuler, bioteknologi, biosistematika, parasitologi, perilaku, pertanian, dan kehutanan. RPBJ diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Biologi û Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Pattimura. Dalam 1 tahun RPBJ memiliki 1 Volume dan 2 Issue. Dewan editor kami berasal dari berbagai rumpun ilmu biologi yang aktif dalam publikasi ilmiah skala Nasional dan Internasional, sehingga mampu melakukan proses review dengan adil dan profesional. Artikel yang diterima akan diterbitkan sesuai dengan waktu yang ditentukan yaitu di bulan Maret dan bulan September, dan akan tersedia gratis bagi pembaca
Articles 58 Documents
ESTRUS CYCLE OF Rattus norvegicus EXPOSED TO CIGARETTE SMOKE AFTER TREATMENT ETHANOL EXTRACT OF GRASS (Biophytum petersianum Klotzsch) Anniestasya Z Simatauw; Adrien Jems Akiles Unitly
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p001-007

Abstract

Kebar grass is a plant that contains phytoestrogens which have the same effect as endogenous estrogens which are thought to be able to increase endogenous estrogen levels in the blood due to the adverse effects of free radicals in the form of cigarette smoke. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the ethanol extract of kebar grass (Biophytum petersianum Klotzsch) on the length of the estrous cycle of Rattus norvegicus rats exposed to cigarette smoke. The research used an experimental method, namely a completely randomized design with four treatment groups and three replications. Rats the negative group was fed normally, the positive control group was exposed to cigarette smoke for 28 days, while the rats in the Kebar grass ethanol extract dosed group were given cigarette smoke exposure for 28 days, and were gived Kebar grass ethanol extract for 28 days. Vaginal smears were taken in the morning with a span of 24 hours for 28 days. Changes in the vaginal epithelium are examined to determine the phase of the estrous cycle using a microscope. The data obtained were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)-SPSS version 16.0 followed by Duncan test with a 95% confidence interval (α=0.05). The results showed that administration of Kebar grass ethanol extract was able to extend the estrous cycle time at a dose of 0.135 mg/head/day due to prolongation of the proestrus and estrus phases.
THE STUDY OF ADMINISTRATION EXTRACT KEBAR GRASS ON NUMBER LEYDIG CELLS AND SERTOLI CELLS IN RAT (Rattus norvegicus) THAT EXPOSED WITH CIGARETTE SMOKE Adrien Jems Akiles Unitly
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p008-011

Abstract

This research aimed to study on the microscopic changes of number leydig cells and sertoli cells. A factorial CRD with periode of treatment and sample collection was applied in this study. An exposure of cigarette smoke was carried out at 10 cigarettes/rat/day for 2.5 hours in a smoking chamber. Extract kebar’s grass given was 0.0945 mg/g body weight/day. Twenty seven (27) of male rats were divided into four groups. N group was untreated animals, 20h group is group that was expose to cigarette smoke for 20 days then given administration extract kebar’s grass for 20 days and stopping treatment for 20 days and 60h group is group that was expose to cigarette smoke for 60 days then given administration extract kebar’s grass 60 days and stopping treatment for 60 days. Data collection was carried out at twice that after cigarette smoke exposure (T0), second after administration extract kebar’s grass (T1) and third after stopping treatment (T2). The parameters measured were the number of leydig cells and sertoli cells. That increasing number leydig cells and sertoli cells of rat exposed to cigarette smoke after gived seaweed extract kebar’s grass for 20 days and
BIOLARVACIDE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF KEDONDONG STEM (Spondias pinnata) AGAINST Aedes aegypti Debby D Moniharapon; Abdul Mahid Ukratalo; Bayu Wisnanda
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p012-017

Abstract

Aedes aegypti mosquito is a vector for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. One effort to prevent the spread of the disease is vector control. The use of insecticides is a form of vector control in an effort to control DHF. There are two broad categories of insecticides that are often used as household insecticides, namely insecticides that function to kill insects and insecticides that function to repel insects. Kedondong (Spondias pinnata) which is a family of anacardiaceae which generally grows well in tropical climates. Kedondong bark contains saponins, alkaloids, and flavonoids which are secondary metabolites involved in defense mechanisms against attack by many microorganisms. This study aims to determine the biolarvicidal activity of the ethanol extract of kedondong stem bark in killing Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. This study used 5 treatments and 3 replications. Each treatment contained 20 Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. Observations were made for 24 hours with observation times of 0 hours, 6 hours, 12 hours, 18 hours and 24 hours. The time calculation starts after the larvae are inserted into the experimental bottle. The results showed that kedondong bark extract was able to kill Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. The effective dose of ethanol extract of kedondong stem bark in killing Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae is 20 mg/mL.
EFFECTIVENESS OF FINGER LEAF INFUSION (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC) ON THE MALARIA MODEL OF RATS (Rattus norvegicus) Martha Kaihena; Efraim Samson
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p025-032

Abstract

Winged bean is a type of plant that is used as traditional medicine. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of winged bean leaf infusion (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus(L.) DC) against white rat (Rattus norvegicus) model of malaria. The method used in this research is completely randomized design with 4 treatment groups and 3 replications consisting of a control group without being given an infusion (P1), a group that was given an infusion of concentrations: 31.25 mg/mL (P2), 62.5 mg/ mL(P3), and 125 mg/mL (P4). This study used 20 male rats, of which 5 rats including as donor mice. Donor mice were infected with Plasmodium berghe and left until the parasitemia percentage reached> 20%. Then 4 groups of model mice were infected with Plasmodium berghei. Observations were made for 7 days, starting from day 0 (before treatment), 4 days during treatment and 2 days after treatment. The percentage of parasitemia was calculated starting from the day before administration of winged bean leaf infusion (IDK) until the 7th day. The results of this study indicate that IDK can inhibit parasite growth by reducing the level of parasitemia along with increasing concentrations, namely (P2) of 73.78%; (P3) of 89.33%; and (P4) of 93.69%. It can be concluded has potential in inhibiting the growth of Plasmodium berghei in the rat model of malaria with an effective concentration of 31.25 mg/mL.
THE RELATIONSHIP OF AQUATIC PHYSICAL CHEMICAL FACTORS WITH THE DIVERSITY OF SECUUMS (Holothuroidea) IN THE BEACH OF PIA VILLAGE MALUKU DISTRICT Rian S Souhoka; Sanita Suriani; Delly Wakano
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p033-037

Abstract

This study aims to determine the relationship between the physical and chemical factors of the waters (Temperature, Salinity, pH, Dissolved Oxygen) and the diversity of sea cucumbers (holothuroidae) in the coastal waters of Pia Hamlet. The method used is the Belt Transect method. Analysis of diversity data using the Shannon-Winner diversity index formula then to determine the functional relationship between sea cucumber diversity and physical and chemical factors of waters was carried out using simple linear regression and multiple linear regression. The results showed that 1 class, 2 orders, 2 families, 3 genera with 5 species, namely Holothuria atra, Holothuria leucopsilota, Holothuria scabra, Bohadschia argus and Synapta maculate. The diversity index value is low with an average value of 0.7214. The temperature measurement results ranged from 28.04°C-30.16°C. Salinity measurement results ranged from 31.21-32.26 ‰. The results of pH measurements ranged from 6.80-7.41. Dissolved oxygen measurement results ranged from 5.96-6.40 mg/L. The results of simple regression analysis showed that dissolved oxygen had a relationship and had a significant effect on sea cucumber diversity. The results of multiple regression analysis explained that salinity and dissolved oxygen, if tested together, had a strong relationship and had a significant effect on sea cucumber diversity.
DIURNAL BIRD COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AROUND THE WAILOI RIVER, OF HILA KAITETU (LEIHITU DISTRICT) MALUKU Risna Saman; Mechiavel Moniharapon; La Eddy
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 1 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i1p018-024

Abstract

Birds are very dynamic and are found almost everywhere. The purpose of this study was to determine the community structure of diurnal birds around the Wailoi Negeri Hila Kaitetu River, Leihitu District, Central Maluku Regency. The type of this research was quantitative descriptive in nature. The method used is the station line method combined with the count point. The results showed that in the Wailoi River, Negeri Hila Kaitetu, with 2 stations and 11 counting points, several species of diurnal birds were found, namely the type of Trinil beach (Actitis hypoleucos), Tiger Kestrel (Falco severus), Gray Flycatcher (Myagra galeata), Red- cheeked Lorike. (Geoffroyus geoffroyi), Terkukur common (Streptopelia chinensis), Wiwik Jungle (Cacomantis variolosus), Hornbill Irian (Rhyticeros plicatus), Nuri Maluku (Eos borneo), King Prawn Erasia (Alcedo atthis), Pacific Baza (Aviceda subcristata), Small perling (Aplonis minor), Lazuli Checkfish (Halcyon lazuli), Dotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta), Sriganti sunbird (Nectarinia jugularis), Asian Tuwur (Eudynamys cyanochepala), Black honey (Necterinia aspesia), Pergam tarut (Ducula concinna). The diversity index for the 2 stations was 1.74 and classified as moderate species diversity criteria. For the average dominance value of station I and station II, which is 0.24, it is included in the low dominance criteria. The evenness value of the two stations is 0.80 and is included in the criteria for a high level of evenness.
ANALYSIS OF QUALITY OF ACTIVATED CARBON (Myristica fragrans) SHELL AS ADSORPTIVE AGENT Hendro Hitijahubessy
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 2 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i2p038-041

Abstract

The activated carbon made in this study is activated carbon in the form of powder and granules (a mixture of the two) by a chemical activation process using calcium oxide (CaO). The characterization of activated carbon refers to the Indonesian National Standard 06-3730-1995 concerning technical activated carbon with the indicators tested being moisture content, volatile matter content, total ash content, bound carbon content and iodine adsorption capacity. Based on research on the characterization of activated carbon, nutmeg shells have a moisture content of 0.6979 %, volatile matter content of 3.8781%, total ash content of 8.7323%, bound carbon content of 87.3896 % and iodine adsorption capacity of 325. 0694 mg/g. Iodine adsorption capacity aims to determine the adsorption capacity of activated carbon. Based on the technical quality standard of activated carbon regarding iodine adsorption capacity stipulated by SNI 06-3730-1995, researchers can explain that the pore capacity of nutmeg shell activated carbon is very good for use as an adsorbent. The important use of activated carbon in nutmeg shells as an adsorbent is expected to be utilized for water purification from bacteria, absorption of inorganic materials dissolved in water and cosmetic base ingredients.
DIVERSITY OF BUTTERFLY Lepidoptera IN THE CAMPUS AREA OF PATTIMURA UNIVERSITY AMBON MALUKU Delly Wakano; Debby Dijola Moniharapon
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 2 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i2p058-062

Abstract

Butterflies are insects that belong to the order Lepidoptera, meaning insects whose body surface is almost entirely covered by sheets of scales that give the style and color of butterfly wings. Butterflies are generally active during the day. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity of butterfly species that exist in the Pattimura University campus area, Ambon. This research was conducted in February 2018. This research was conducted at 4 stations with 2 count points for each station. The results of research in the Pattimura University campus area at each station found 20 species from 4 major families of butterflies with 322 individual butterflies in all stations. The diversity index for all stations is 2.54 and belongs to the category of moderate species diversity.
INVENTORY OF SEAGRASS SPECIES AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH GASTROPODS IN BEACHES OF POKA, AMBON CITY, MALUKU PROVINCE Yusuf Rumpeniak; Adriana Hiariej; Dece Elisabeth Sahertian
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 2 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i2p047-057

Abstract

This study aims to determine the types of seagrass and their association with gastropods in the coastal waters of Poka Village, Ambon Bay District, Ambon City, Maluku Province. The laying of transect lines was based on the presence of seagrass beds, seagrass and gastrooda samples were taken from the same transect, using the 1×1 m quadrant transect method. Sample identification was carried out by LIPI Ambon's Marine Biota Conservation Agency Laboratory. Three species of seagrass were found namely Enhalus acoroides, Holophila ovalis, Halodule uninervis. Ten species of gastropods were found, namely Polinices mammilla, Natica vitellusi, Strombus labiatus, Strombus urceus, Bursa tuberosissima, Liotina peronii, Conus coronatus, Conus moriculatus, Nassarius pullus, Nassarius limnaeiformis. There is a positive association between seagrass and gastropods which means that the species These tend to be found together in each observation plot and show tolerance for living together or there is a mutually beneficial reciprocal relationship.
GASTROPODS COMMUNITIES IN THE MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM WAISISIL BEACH SAPARUA DISTRICT MALUKU Lady Tetelepta
RUMPHIUS Vol 1 No 2 (2019): RUMPHIUS Pattimura Biological Journal
Publisher : Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598/rumphiusv1i2p063-065

Abstract

The gastropods community in the mangrove ecosystem on the Waisisil beach, Saparua District, Maluku consists of 14 gastropod species, namely Clypeomorus batillariaeformis, Cypraea annulus, C. moneta, Hebra corticata, Littorina scabra, Morula margariticola, Nasarius olivaceus, Natica euzona, Nerita chamaeleon, N, signata, Otoplueura auriscati, Pyrene ocellata, Strombus labiatus, Terebralia sulcata. The species with the highest number of individuals was C. batillariaeformis and the species with the lowest number of individuals was C. annulus. The gastropod community in the mangrove ecosystem on the Waisisil beach has a species diversity index (H') = 1.8, evenness index (E) = 0.7, and dominance index (D) = 0.3.