cover
Contact Name
Patricia Wulandari
Contact Email
phloxinstitute@gmail.com
Phone
+6287788090173
Journal Mail Official
sjog.editor@gmail.com
Editorial Address
Jl. Sirna Raga, Delapan Ilir, Ilir Timur Tiga, Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia
Location
Kota palembang,
Sumatera selatan
INDONESIA
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
ISSN : 29869838     EISSN : 29869838     DOI : https://doi.org/10.59345/sjog
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Focus Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (SJOG) focused on the development of medical sciences especially obstetrics and gynecology for human well-being. Scope Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (SJOG) publishes articles which encompass all aspects of basic research/clinical studies related to the field of obstetrics - gynecology and allied science fields, especially all type of original articles, case reports, review articles, narrative review, meta-analysis, systematic review, mini-reviews and book review.
Articles 10 Documents
The Overview of Menstrual Physiology: A Narrative Literature Review R. A. Kusuma Andini
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i1.21

Abstract

Menstruation is a physiological or normal condition, namely events of the production of blood, mucus, and cell waste periodically originate from the uterine mucosa and occur relatively regularly from menarche until menopause, except during pregnancy and lactation. Menstruation is the result of very neat and standard cooperation from the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian endocrine axis. Hypothalamus spurs the pituitary gland by secreting gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), a deca-peptide secreted pulsatively by the hypothalamus. Menstruation is considered normal if it occurs between 22-35 days. Disturbance menstruation is most common at the beginning and end of the reproductive period, namely in those under 19 years of age and over 39 years of age. These disturbances may be related to the length of the menstrual cycle or the number and duration of menstruation. One person Women can experience both disorders. This literature review aimed to describe the menstrual cycle physiologically and the disorders that accompany it.
The Relationship between Risk Factors for the Use of Oral Contraception and Sexual Activity with Cervical Cancer Incidence at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia Ahmad Hidayat; Syifa
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i1.22

Abstract

Introduction: Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the cervix caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Cervical cancer often has no symptoms. Most patients are known to be positive for cervical cancer at an advanced stage. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the use of oral contraceptives and sexual activity with the incidence of cervical cancer at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. Methods: This study was an analytic observational case-control study. A total of 37 subjects were researched as a case group and a total of 111 subjects as a control group. This study made observations of variable age, Education, work, use of oral contraceptives, and sexual activity for the first time. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS software univariate and bivariate. Results: Use of oral contraceptives ≥ 5 years was not significantly associated with the incidence of cervical cancer, p> 0.05. Age at first sexual intercourse <18 years was significantly associated with the incidence of cervical cancer, p<0.05. Age at first pregnancy <18 years was significantly associated with the incidence of cervical cancer, p<0.05. Conclusion: Sexual activity is a risk factor that plays a role in the incidence of cervical cancer at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia.
An Overview and Management of Painful Menstrual Disorder (Dysmenorrhea): A Narrative Literature Review Petrus Juntu; Gede Ananta
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i1.23

Abstract

Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain associated with the release of prostaglandins in the ovulatory cycle, but not with the pelvic disease. Approximately 90% of all women experience dysmenorrhea, 15% of whom are unable to last 1 to 3 days because of the severity of the pain. This literature review aimed to describe an overview and management of dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea usually begins with the onset of ovulation cycles, with the highest prevalence in adolescence. In contrast, secondary dysmenorrhea is associated with pelvic pathology (i.e., ovarian cysts, adenomyosis, endometriosis) that manifests in later reproductive years and can occur at any point in the menstrual cycle. Administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the treatment of choice because these drugs reduce the activity of the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme and, thus, the production of prostaglandins. NSAIDs work in the majority of women with primary dysmenorrhea and are most effective when started at the first sign of bleeding or cramping.
Overview of Risk Factors for Ectopic Pregnancy at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia Azwar Rozali; Zainuddin Asnawi
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i1.24

Abstract

Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy is an emergency condition that is the cause of maternal death during the first trimester of pregnancy. Most extrauterine implantations occur in the fallopian tubes. This study aimed to find an overview factor risk of ectopic pregnancy at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. Methods: This study was a descriptive observational study and used secondary data from medical record data at the medical record installation of Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia. A total of 100 research subjects participated in this study, and the research subjects met the inclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria in this study were patients with ectopic pregnancy disorders who were treated at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia, over 18 years of age and had complete medical record data. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS software version 25. Univariate analysis was performed to present the distribution frequency data for each variable test. Results: The majority of research subjects had an age range of 26-35 years (55%). The most common risk factors in this study were a history of abortion in a previous pregnancy (47%), parity 0 (46%), and abortion occurring in the first pregnancy (35%). Conclusion: Maternal age, history of abortion, parity, and gravidity are risk factors that play a role in the incidence of ectopic pregnancy at Dr. M Djamil General Hospital, Padang, Indonesia.
An Overview of the Female Reproductive System: A Narrative Literature Review Indri Andina
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i1.25

Abstract

The female reproductive system is a biological system that is responsible for producing, transporting, and storing eggs and facilitating the meeting between eggs and sperm for fertilization. The female reproductive system consists of internal and external organs. This literature review aimed to describe the female reproductive system. Internal organs include the ovaries (ovaries), fallopian tubes (oviducts), uterus (womb), cervix (cervix), and vagina. The ovary is the main female reproductive organ. The two main functions of the ovaries are the secretion of female sex hormones and the development and release of female gametes, or ova. The almond-shaped ovaries are located on either side of the uterus and are supported and supported by the halves mesovarium of the broad, ovarian, and suspensory ligaments. The female reproductive system is also influenced by reproductive hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, and gonadotropins which are produced by the pituitary gland and ovaries.
The Role of Hormonal Regulation and Brain Neurotransmitters in Baby Blues Syndrome: A Systematic Literature Review Ika Novita Sari; Susanti
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i2.49

Abstract

These hormonal fluctuations affect various aspects of maternal health and well-being, including brain neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, and oxytocin. This is an important aspect in understanding the emotional changes and psychological responses that mothers often experience during this period. This study aimed to present the role of hormonal regulation and brain neurotransmitters in baby blues syndrome. The literature search process was carried out on various databases (PubMed, Web of Sciences, EMBASE, Cochrane Libraries, and Google Scholar). This study follows the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) recommendations. The period of pregnancy and childbirth brings significant hormonal changes in the mother's body. A sharp drop in hormone levels, such as estrogen and progesterone after giving birth, can affect the mother's mood and emotions. Decreased levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in mood regulation, may contribute to the feelings of sadness and anxiety often experienced by mothers with Baby Blues. Dopamine, a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of motivation and emotional responses, can also fluctuate due to postnatal hormonal changes, affecting the mother's mood and motivation. Increased cortisol levels in response to physical and emotional stress can impact the mother's mood and can affect the activity of neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Prolactin plays a role in bonding between mother and baby, as well as in breast milk production. These hormonal fluctuations can affect the mother's emotions and feelings.
Principles and Applications of Fetal Chromosome Number and Structure Analysis Sonam Tamang
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i2.83

Abstract

A crucial diagnostic technique employed in prenatal diagnosis is examining the quantity and arrangement of fetal chromosomes. The fundamental premise of this study is to determine the chromosomal count in the fetal cells and detect any genetic or chromosomal abnormalities that may be present. A total of 46 chromosomes are typically present in the human body, organized into 23 pairs. These pairs include one pair of sex chromosomes and 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes. This study enables the identification of chromosomal abnormalities, such as trisomy (the presence of an additional chromosome) and monosomy (the absence of a chromosome), which can have an impact on the health of the fetus. In addition to determining the number of chromosomes, this examination can also detect structural chromosome abnormalities like translocations, deletions, and duplications, which might potentially affect the health of the fetus. This investigation's findings provide significant insights to both patients and clinicians, enabling them to make more informed choices about continuing the pregnancy and receiving appropriate medical attention if genetic abnormalities are detected. This study can also be utilized for the identification of particular genetic illnesses associated with specific gene mutations, thereby aiding in treatment strategizing and postnatal readiness.
Diagnosis Update and Treatment of Depression in Breast Cancer Survivor Wahyuningsih Wahyuningsih; Jaya Ndaru Prasetio
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i2.85

Abstract

Individuals suffering from breast cancer or those who have overcome it may experience symptoms such as despondency, despair, apprehension, and a feeling of void. The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis and treatment advancements for depression in people who have been diagnosed with and survived breast cancer. The prevalence of depressive symptoms and their association with patients' and survivors' quality of life were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8). Depression has a robust association with quality of life. Several clinical care guidelines for cancer patients with co-morbid distress have highlighted the importance of screening and detection. According to the ASCO guidelines, healthcare facilities should create networks of referral sources or appropriate resources to efficiently handle patients' concerns about screening measures, in addition to doing screenings. The availability of screening or treatment depends directly on the financial resources of the institutions that provide them. Ultimately, due to the continuous advancements in breast cancer treatments, a significant number of individuals who have survived breast cancer will need prompt intervention to manage the long-term consequences of the illness. Survivors of breast cancer nevertheless encounter a significant health hazard in the form of depression, which endures long after the completion of therapy.
Evaluation of Antifungal Resistance in Candida albicans Associated to Vaginal Candidiasis Silvia Kristianti
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i2.86

Abstract

Introduction: Candida albicans is one of the opportunistic pathogenic fungi that cause candidiasis in women between the ages of 20 and 35. This infection is commonly observed, particularly in pregnant individuals and those with weakened immune systems. Candida have the ability to create a biofilm on mucous membranes, which reduces the effectiveness of antifungal medications. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of antifungal medications in inhibiting the production of biofilms by C. albicans. Methods: Candida albicans was obtained from 40 female patients diagnosed with candidiasis, specifically married women between the ages of 20 and 40, at Jayapura General Hospital in Indonesia. The antifungal medicines utilized in this investigation include amphotericin at a concentration of 10% and fluconazole at a dosage of 50 mg. Antifungal susceptibility was assessed using the microdilution technique on Mueller-Hinton agar. The crystal violet assay (CV) was used in microtiter plates to measure how much biofilm was formed. Results: Indicative inhibitory halo diameters of 1 cm and 1.5 cm from the antifungal susceptibility test show that C. albicans demonstrated reduced sensitivity to fluconazole and amphotericin B at low concentrations. At high concentrations, the inhibitory halo diameter was between 0.08 cm and 2.3 cm. Conclusion: C. albicans demonstrated reduced sensitivity to fluconazole and amphotericin B at low concentrations and had moderate biofilm formation and antifungal susceptibility against all tested products at lower and stronger concentrations.
Principles and Applications of Amniocentesis and Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) for Prenatal Diagnosis of Genetic Disorders Rachmat Hidayat
Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): Sriwijaya Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publisher : Phlox Institute: Indonesian Medical Research Organization

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.59345/sjog.v1i2.95

Abstract

The principles and implementation of amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) in the prenatal identification of genetic diseases play a crucial role in the healthcare of both the mother and the fetus. Both of these techniques share fundamental concepts, including the collection of the fetus's genetic material for genetic analysis. This process enables the identification of chromosomal anomalies such as trisomy and monosomy, as well as specific genetic illnesses caused by mutations in particular genes. Chromosome problems, such as Down syndrome and genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, thalassemia, and muscular dystrophy, can be found with amniocentesis and CVS. The data derived from the outcomes of this genetic study is of immense value in aiding patients and physicians in making determinations regarding the continuation of the pregnancy, readiness for therapy, and subsequent postnatal care that may be necessary.

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