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INDONESIA
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia
Published by Universitas Tidar
ISSN : 1979897X     EISSN : 23548797     DOI : https://doi.org/10.31002/jtoi
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia is published periodically twice a year. Result or review written by researcher from university or research Institute. Journal TOI has had an ISSN print version since 2008 and has an online Volume 6 number 1 year 2013.
Articles 14 Documents
Ekstraksi, Karakterisasi dan Identifikasi Senyawa Bioaktif Daun Rumput Kebar (Biophytum petersianum Klotszch) : -Characterization and Identification of Bioactive Compounds of Kebar Grass (Biophytum petersianum Klotszch) Leaves Extracts Gino Cepeda; Meike Meilan Lisangan; Mathelda Kurniaty Roreng
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 2 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i2.481

Abstract

Tumbuhan obat memiliki kapasitas memproduksi senyawa bioaktif yang bermanfaat bagi kesehatan manusia. Rumput kebar merupakan tumbuhan obat yang digunakan untuk meningkatkan stamina dan fertilitas kaum wanita, obat sariawan, menghilangkan demam, rasa nyeri tulang, dan obat malaria. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkarakterisasi dan mengidentifikasi senyawa penyusun ekstrak etanol daun rumput kebar serta potensinya sebagai sumber komponen bioaktif dalam industry biofarmasi. Ekstraksi senyawa bioaktif daun rumput kebar dilakukan dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut etanol pada suhu ruang. Penentuan terhadap karakteristik ekstrak dilakukan terhadap rendemen, warna dan konsistensi ekstrak. Pengujian senyawa penyusun ekstrak dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Pengujian kualitatif dilakukan terhadap kelompok senyawa fenol, flavonoid, saponin, steroid dan alkaloid dan kuantitatif sedangkan sedangkan pengujian kuantitatif dilakukan menggunakan gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GCMS). Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun rumput kebar memiliki rendemen sebesar 7,03%, warna hijau gelap dengan konsistensi ekstrak pasta berminyak. Pengujian kualitatif menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak rumput kebar positif mengandung fenol, flavonoid, saponin, steroid dan alkaloid. Hasil pengujian kuantitatif senyawa penyusun ekstrak menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak tersusun dari 16 jenis senyawa
Cytotoxicity and Selectivity of Simpur Air (Dillenia suffruticosa) Wood Bark Fractions Against Cancer Cells: Sitotoksisitas dan Selektivitas Fraksi Ekstrak Kulit Kayu Batang Simpur Air (Dillenia suffruticosa) terhadap Sel Kanker Masriani Masriani; Saparina Rahma; Rahmat Rasmawan; Rini Muharini; Rody Putra Sartika
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 2 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i2.551

Abstract

Liver, colon, and cervical cancer are the top three types of cancer which rank in the top five worldwide in terms of incidence and mortality. Simpur air (Dillenia suffruticosa)plant has traditionally been used for the treatment of various diseases, one of which is cancer. This study aims to prove cytotoxic effect and selectivity of simpur air wood bark fractions against liver HepG2, colon WiDr, and cervical HeLa cancer cells. Simpur air wood bark is macerated using 96% methanol. The methanolic crude extract was fractionated with the liquid-liquid partition method using n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Cytotoxicity test using MTT assay method. The result showed that the methanol extract, n-hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and methanol fraction in liver HepG2 cancer cells had IC50 values 179,32±13,55; 85,14±8,58; 140,08±22,63; >500 µg/mL and in colon WiDr cancer cells had IC50 values 133,02±27,64; 41,54±37,58; 124,76±17,22; >500 µg/mL. Meanwhile, all fractions had IC50 values >500 µg/mL in HeLa cervical cancer cells. These data indicate that the n-hexane fraction in WiDr cells is potentially cytotoxic and selective with a selectivity index value greater than 3. Thus, simpur air wood bark has the potential to be developed as an anticancer drug candidate.
PHENOLIC AND FLAVONOID PRODUCTION, PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE, AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF Adenostemma platyphyllum AT DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF HYDROPONIC SOLUTIONS : Produksi Fenolik dan Flavonoid, Profil Fitokimia, dan Kapasitas Antioksidan Adenostemma platyphyllum pada Konsentrasi Larutan Hara Hidroponik Berbeda Aqlia Hanna Nurfatiha Tamsin; Irmanida Batubara; Taopik Ridwan; Trivadila; Sandra Arifin Aziz
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.552

Abstract

Adenostemma platyphyllum is considered a weed with various benefits but has not been widely cultivated. This work aims to obtain the optimum concentration of a nutrient solution (AB-mix) to produce optimum phenolic and flavonoid levels, antioxidant capacity and metabolite profiling in A. platyphyllum using a hydroponic wick system. Different AB-mix nutrient solution concentrations were employed in a one-factor randomized block design. The highest total phenolic, flavonoid concentrations and antioxidant capacity were found in plants without additional nutrient solutions. However, the highest phenolic and flavonoid productivity was found in plants with a nutrient solution concentration of 1100 mg/L. The phenolic/flavonoid group compounds were successfully identified by separating the components using thin-layer chromatography. The intensity of the bands produced from each treatment was quite varied. The untreated plant produced thicker phenolic/flavonoid bands than the other treatments. This was supported by the heatmap pattern produced by the untreated ones, which had high color intensity. Therefore, the optimum concentration of nutrient solution to produce optimum phenolic, flavonoid levels, and antioxidant capacity in A. platyphyllum cultivation by hydroponic wick system was the concentration of 1100 mg/L.
Penggunaan Jamu pada Kasus Covid-19 Gejala Ringan di Pelayanan Kesehatan Tradisional di Jakarta (Studi Pendahuluan): The Utilization of Jamu in Treating Mild Covid-19 Symptoms at a Griya Sehat in Jakarta (Preliminary Studies) Lucie Widowati; Delima delima; Wiily Japaris
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 2 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i2.557

Abstract

Background: In the COVID-19 pandemic situation, herbal medicine is quite widely used by people. Objective: to assess the description of the handling of mild cases of COVID-19 clients using herbal ingredients, which was carried out at a Traditional Health Care Center in Jakarta. Method: Descriptive research with retrospective case study design on mild COVID-19 cases using or being treated with traditional Indonesian herbal medicine, using secondary data from medical records from 30 COVID-19 clients who had COVID-19 status based on PCR examination. Results: There were 7 types of herbs given either as a single herb or a combination of them. Most of the ingredients used were sambiloto capsules and Jamu B concoction. After drinking the potions, 21 clients were symptom free on day 14, 2 clients were symptom free on days 5 and 7 and were noted to have a habit of drinking jamu for physical fitness. Cumulatively, all clients were symptom free on day 23 with stable condition in 8 clients (26.7%) and 22 clients (73.3%) stated that they were getting lighter. The most cases of transmission of COVID-19 to people around them were 5 clients who infected 5 people. All infected people have mild/asymptomatic COVID-19. Conclusion: Herbal medicine has the potential to be used for COVID-19 clients with mild/asymptomatic complaints, and the habit of drinking herbal concoctions for fitness can shorten the day of symptom relief compared to those who do not drink herbal medicine before getting sick.
STUDI EFFEKTIVITAS NANOEMULSI PURWOCENG PADA PERBAIKAN FUNGSI REPRODUKSI TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN PASCA INDUKSI SLEEP DEPRIVATION: Study of the Effectiveness of Purwoceng Ethanol Extract Nanoemulsion on Improvement of the Reproductive Function of Male White Rats Post Sleep Deprivation Induction Denok Tri Hardiningsih; Tuti Sri Suhesti; Dody Novrial; Fitranto Arjadi
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.594

Abstract

Paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) or sleep disorders can affect sexual function and potentially reduce fertility rates. The active substance of Purwoceng (Pimpinella pruatjan Molk.), namely flavonoid and tannin compounds can improve the quality of function. Drug nanoemulsion is expected to increase the therapeutic effect and reduce toxicity. This study aims to determine the effect of purwoceng nanoemulsion on serum testosterone levels, testicular volume and testicular histopathology of male Wistar rats after stress induction of paradoxical sleep deprivation for 96 hours. This research is an experimental study with a post-test only design with a control group. A total of 24 rats were divided into 6 treatment groups. Group A was given PSD, group B was given PSD and sleep recovery, group C was given PSD and purwoceng extract 25 mg/300 gBW/day, group D was given PSD and purwoceng nanoemulsion 25 mg/300 gBW/day, group E was given PSD and purwoceng nanoemulsion. 50 mg/300 gBW/day, and group F was given PSD and purwoceng nanoemulsion 75 mg/300 gBW/day. Serum testosterone levels were measured by the ELISA method, testicular volume and histopathology determined using Image J software and data were analyzed by One Way ANOVA test and followed by Post Hoc Bonferroni test. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences in serum testosterone levels, testicular volume and testicular histopathology (p<0.005). Administration of purwoceng nanoemulsion affects serum testosterone levels, testicular volume, and testicular histopathology after PSD induction
ISOLASI SENYAWA 2-GERANIL-2’,3,4,4’-TETRAHIDROKSI DIHIDROKALKON DARI DAUN SUKUN (Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosberg) DENGAN FLASH COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY: Isolation of 2-Geranyl-2',3,4,4'-Tetrahydroxy Dihydrochalcone from Breadfruit Leaf (Artocarpus altilis (Park.) Fosberg) Using Flash Column Chromatography Gharsina Ghaisani Yumni; Krisna Kharisma Pertiwi; Yuli Widiyastuti; Nanang Fakhrudin
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.599

Abstract

Breadfruit is one of the Indonesian plants traditionally used in medication. The main active compound in breadfruit leaves is a geranylated flavonoid namely 2-geranyl-2',3,4,4'-tetrahydroxy dihydrochalcone (GTD). Previous study showed that the separation and isolation of GTD from sukun leaves is time consuming and laborious as it requires a long procedure (extraction, liquid-liquid partition, Vacuum Liquid Chromatography (VCC), Sephadex Column Chromatography (SCC), and preparative Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). This process is ineffective and inefficient. Thus, the more effective and shorter method of isolation is needed. This study aimed to isolate GTD from breadfruit leaves utilizing flash column chromatography (FCC). The breadfruit leaves were extracted using ethanol and the extract was partitioned with the solvent n-hexane: ethyl acetate: methanol: water (3:1:3:1). The lower phase containing GTD was subjected to VCC and the fraction containing GTD was purified with FCC (using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol in a gradient polarity as mobile phases; and silica gel as a solid phase) to isolate GTD. The isolated GTD was analyzed by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and purity was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography. This method was able to produce 138 mg of GTD (purity of 88.49 %) from 15 g of breadfruit leaf extract (0.92% yield). This study demonstrated that GTD, a main bioactive compound of breadfruit leaves, could be effectively isolated by using FCC instead of SCC and preparative TLC.
EFEK PEMBERIAN KAPSUL EKSTRAK JAMU HIPERGLIKEMI TERHADAP KUALITAS HIDUP: The Effect of Hyperglycemic Herbal Extract Capsules on Quality of Life Ulfa Fitriani; Agus Triyono; Danang Ardiyanto; Zuraida Zulkarnain; Peristiwan Ridha Widhi Astana; Ulfatun Nisa; Fajar Novianto; Enggar Wijayanti
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.600

Abstract

Quality of Life (QoL) in diabetes mellitus (DM) has become highly emphasized in recent years as health care outcome. Hyperglicemic herbs potio, one of scientific herbs, has been proven to be safe and efficacious. The use of extract capsules as an innovative form of herbal medicine continues to be developed. The study aimed to examine the effect of giving hyperglicemic herbal extract capsules on the QoL of hyperglycemic patients at Rumah Riset Jamu (RRJ) Hortus Medicus. The method used was pre and post-test design with quasi-experimental. A total of 60 patients followed the study during September-November 2019. The hyperglycemic herbs formula consisting of 5 grams daun Salam, 5 grams sambiloto, 7 grams kayu manis and 10 grams temulawak which converted to the one extract capsule. For the daily doses are two capsules twice a day. The Metformin 500 mg single dose as a control of the study. Before this study and on day 28th, the patients had been examined the QoL using the short form-36 (SF-36). The data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney test. The results showed that there was a significant increase in total score of SF-36 (p=0,000) between before and after taking extract capsules, especially for the general health domain (p=0,002). The total score of SF-36 between extract capsules and Metformin groups was not significantly difference (p=0,323). Hyperglycemic herbal extract capsules improved the QoL of the hyperglycemic patients.
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN TULAK (Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms) TERHADAP BAKTERI Staphylococcus aureus DAN Escherichia coli: Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract of Tulak Leaves (Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms) Against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli Ni Putu Saraswati Kristina; I Wayan Tanjung Aryasa; Desak Putu Risky Vidika Apriyanthi
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.601

Abstract

Tulak plant is a type of plant that commonly used as a traditional ceremonies and traditional medicine. The purpose of this study was to determine the content of secondary metabolites in tulak leaves (Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms) and antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The extraction method used is the maceration method and for the antibacterial test using the well method. The results of the phytochemical screening test on tulak leaves contain saponins, tannins, phenols and alkaloids. The results of the antibacterial activity test against Staphylococcus aureus at concentrations of 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% respectively had inhibition zones of 6.10±0.05 mm, 7.15±0.03 mm, 8.12±0 .04 mm, and 9.07 ± 0.05 mm which are categorized as moderate. The results of the antibacterial activity test against Escherichia coli at concentrations of 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% respectively did not show the formation of an inhibition zone so value was 0.00±0.00 mm. The conclusion from this study is that tulak leaves (Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms) have antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus but do not have antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli.
KARAKTERISTIK AKSESI KENCUR (Kaempferia galanga L.) BERDASARKAN KOMPONEN MINYAK ATSIRI PADA DUA LOKASI YANG BERBEDA: Characteristics of Galanga Accessions (Kaempferia galanga L.) Based on Essential Oil Components at Two Different Locations Subaryanti; Triadiati; Yohana C. Sulistyaningsih; Dyah Iswantini Pradono
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.603

Abstract

Rhizome with high productivity and content of bioactive ingredients is the hope to be achieved from the cultivation of galanga (Kaempferia galanga L.). Galanga is used traditionally as a medicine for stomach ulcers, colds, headaches, coughs, diarrhea, facilitating menstruation, skin diseases, and rheumatism. Production of secondary metabolites is influenced by environmental factors and the place of growth. This study aims to determine the effect of the growing environment from two different locations on the essential oil content and its constituent components from the rhizome of the galanga accessions. The samples observed were nine accessions of galanga harvested at 6 months which were planted in the Bogor, namely Darmaga (L1) and Cisarua (L2) with a altitudes of 214 m asl and 780 m asl with different agro-climatic conditions. The accessions tested included Purbalingga (PBG), Cilacap (CLP), Purworejo (PWJ), Karanganyar (KRA), Pacitan (PCT), Madiun (MAD), Galesia 1 (GAL 1), Galesia 2 (GAL 2), and Galesia 3 (GAL 3). GAL 1, GAL 2, and GAL 3 are high yielding varieties of galanga that have been released by the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia and used as comparisons based on their essential oil content. Observations were made on the levels of essential oils and their constituent compounds using GC-MS (Gas Chomatography-Mass Spectroscopy). Differences in growing places affect the content of essential oils and their constituent components from the rhizome of the galanga accession. Environmental factors that influence are sunlight and water availability. The highest essential oil content (3.78%) was obtained from the MAD accession planted in Cisarua (L2) and the highest EPMS compound (34.74%) was obtained from the PCT accession planted in Darmaga (L1). There were 73 compounds detected with four main components, namely delta-3-carene, pentadecane, ethyl cinnamate, and ethyl p-methoxy cinnamate (EPMS).
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN FRAKSI AIR DAN FRAKSI ETER KOMBINASI EKSTRAK METANOL DAUN KOPI ARABIKA (Coffea arabica L.) DAN KULIT BATANG KAYU MANIS (Cinnamomum burmannii Nees ex BI.): Antioxidant Activity of Water and Ether Fraction Combination of Arabica Coffee Leaves (Coffea arabica L.) Extract and Cinnamon burmanii Bark (Cinnamomum burmannii Nees ex Bi.) Yuni Retnaningtyas; Lestyo Wulandari; Fauzan Arrozi
Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2023): JURNAL TUMBUHAN OBAT INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/jtoi.v16i1.604

Abstract

Antioxidants are compounds that can inhibit an oxidation reaction, by binding to free radicals that play a role in the emergence of several degenerative diseases. Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) and cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) are plants that have antioxidant activity so that when combined they have the potential to produce a synergistic effect. The purpose of this study was to test the antioxidant effects of the combination of methanol extract of Arabica coffee leaves and cinnamon bark in both the water and ether fractions. Antioxidant activity was determined using the DPPH method, as a positive control vitamin C was used, and antioxidant activity was expressed in the form of IC50. The results showed a synergistic effect of the two extracts where the antioxidant activity of both the water fraction and the ether fraction in the combined form was greater than the single form. The highest antioxidant activity was shown by the water fraction of the combination of methanol extract of Arabica coffee leaves and cinnamon bark in a ratio (1:2) with an IC50 value of 8.759 ± 0.050 g/mL. This antioxidant activity is lower than the antioxidant activity of vitamin C with an IC50 value of 3.267 ± 0.007 g/mL

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