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Masda Surti Simatupang
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Fakultas Sastra dan Bahasa Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Gedung AB Jln. Mayjend Sutoyo no. 2, Cawang Jakarta 13630
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INDONESIA
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA
ISSN : 23382635     EISSN : 27981371     DOI : https://doi.org/10.33541/dia.v9i1
FOCUS AND SCOPE Journal of Dialektika is a professional, double-blind peer-reviewed international journal devoted to promoting scholarly knowledge and exchanging academic research and professional findings on all aspects of English such as English literature, second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) learning, including translation studies. To this end, Dialektika publishes theoretical and empirical studies in the form of original research, research reviews, case studies, conceptual frameworks, and innovative educational and social ideas with both regional and global perspectives. Dialektika has a clear preference for manuscripts with a solid theoretical foundation and tangible educational and research implications. We, therefore, invite original submissions from around the world that fit within this aim. Authors are encouraged to submit complete, unpublished, original, and full-length articles that are not under review elsewhere. The online version of the journal is free to access and download.
Articles 83 Documents
The Portryal of Christianity in Achebe’s Arrow of God: A Postcolonial Perspective Tatang Iskarna
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3047

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AbstractThe emergence of postcolonial criticism makes the voice of Africans’ colonial experience heard and seriously considered. In some ways, this voice is a little bit different from what the European poets or novelists have expressed in their literary texts. For most Europeans, colonialism is perceived as a civilizing force that benefits and progresses to the colonized African societies, primarily through one of its arms: Christianity. Although this religion, as most missionaries propose, has nothing to do with the worldly affair, such as a lust for natural resources and colony, it becomes an important cultural element to help the Europeans conquer the colonized African natives. During the era of colonialism, Christianity in Western discourse is perceived as a means of setting the African natives free from the barbaric traditional belief and savage way of life. Through Christianity, the colonized African natives are educated and taught to live a more modern and civilized life. However, some African writers at times give a different perspective on Christianity. This article explores how Christianity is portrayed through the characters and conflicts in Arrow of God (1964), a novel written by a Nigerian named Chinua Achebe. This portrayal can lead to a postcolonial discourse the novel intends to propose. Keywords: Christianity, colonialism, postcolonial criticism, postcolonial discourse Abstrak Munculnya kritik sastra poskolonial menjadikan suara yang mengekspresikan pengalaman kolonialisme dapat didengar dan sungguh-sungguh dapat diberi perhatian. Suara ini dalam beberapa hal agak eberbeda dengan apa yang disampaikan oleh novelis dan penyair Eropa dalam karya-karya mereka. Bagi kebanyakan orang Eropa, kolonialisme dipandang sebagai kekuatan pemberadaban yang dapat memberikan keuntungan dan kemajuan bagi masyarakat Afrika yang terjajah, terutama melalui salah satu tangan kanannya, yaitu agama Kristen. Meskipun agama ini tidak terkait dengan urusan nafsu dunia, seperti keinginan untuk menguasai sumber daya alam maupun tanah koloni seperti yang sering dikatakan oleh para misionaris, agama ini menjadi elemen penting untuk membantu kaum kolonial Eropa manaklukkan orang-orang pribumi Afrika. Selama masa kolonial, agama Kristen dalam wacana Barat dipandang sebagai media untuk membebaskan orangorang Afria dari kepercayaan tradisional yang barbar dan cara hidup yang tidak beradab. Melalui agama ini, orang-orang pribumi Afrika dididik dan diajar untuk menghidupi kehidupan yang lebih modern dan beradab. Namun demikian, beberapa sastrawan Afrika memberikan perspektif yang berbeda terhadap agama Kristen. Artikel ini akan mengeksplorasi bagaimana agama Kristen digambarkan melalui tokoh dan konflik dalam novel Arrow of God (1964) karya sastrawan Nigeria, Chinua Achebe. Gambaran ini akan menuntun pembaca pada wacana poskolonial yang dibangun oleh novel ini. Kata kunci: Agama Kristen, kolonialisme, kritik sastra poskolonial, wacana poskolonia
The Meanings, The Associations, and The Functions of Metaphors in Sports Discourse in Kompas Newspaper Devi Melisa Saragi
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3048

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ABSTRACTThis research describes the semantic features of metaphors found in sports discourse in Kompas daily newspaper using semantic decomposition, contrasting the semantic components of the source language and the metaphorical expression to discover the meaning, the similar association, and the functions of the metaphors written in the course. Nonparticipant observation, critical reading, and note-taking were used to collect the data. Then all the data was analyzed by using referential identity and distributional methods with substitution and paraphrasing techniques. The first result of this research showed that each fundamental element elaborated by analyzing each domain's diagnostic components could explain the association between the source language and the metaphor. The second result is that the text's association included four similarities; attributes, movement, qualities, and action. The third conclusion is that the metaphors' functions explain and decribe the situation, entertain the team, and evaluate the team. Keyword; metaphors, semantic feature, semantic decomposition, newspaper.
Analisis Makna Implisit dan Eksplisit pada Bahasa Batak Toba dan Bahasa Indonesia Yusniaty Galingging
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3049

Abstract

AbstrakSetiap bahasa bersifat unik. Bahasa mempunyai caranya masing-masing untuk menyampaikan maksudnya. Bahasa Indonesia mempunyai caranya sendiri yang berbeda dari bahasa Batak, meskipun kedua bahasa ini berada pada wilayah yang sama, yaitu teritori Indonesia. Kedua bahasa ini mempunyai karakteristik masing-masing dalam hal menyampaikan pemikirannya. Makna dalam suatu bahasa dapat dinyatakan secara implisit dan secara eksplisit. Mengimplisitkan makna, maksudnya adalah tidak menyatakan makna tertentu secara jelas, baik melalui kosa kata atau gramatika bahasa itu akan tetapi makna itu dipahami oleh pembaca. Makna yang dieksplisitkan, yaitu makna yang dinyatakan dengan kosa kata atau dengan struktur bahasa itu sendiri. Suatu makna dinyatakan secara eksplisit atau implisit tergantung pada konteks atau ketersediaan kosa kata pada sebuah bahasa. Menyatakan makna secara eksplisit dapat menghindarkan ambiguitas, ketidakjelasan dan kesalahpahaman. Akan tetapi mengekpresikan makna secara eksplisit berulang-ulang dapat menyebabkan sepertinya membodohi pembaca, seakan pembaca tidak mengetahui topik yang sedang dibicarakan atau juga dapat membuat tulisan itu membosankan. Data yang digunakan pada kajian ini adalah Patik Ni Debata Nasampului Dohot Lapatanna untuk data bahasa Batak dan Dasa Titah untuk bahasa Indonesia. Pada kajian ini dapat dilihat bahwa Bahasa Batak pada umumnya mengeksplisitkan maknanya dibanding dengan bahasa Indonesia. Tujuan dari kajian ini adalah untuk memberi gambaran karakteristik bahasa Batak dan Bahasa Indonesia khususnya dalam hal mengekspresikan maknanya. Kata Kunci: Implisit, eksplisit, padanan kata, karakteristik bahasa AbstractEvery language is unique. Language has a specific way to state its idea. The Indonesian language has its way that differs from the Batak language in conveying their meaning, eventhough both belong to the same region, that is Indonesian territory. These two languages have their specific characteristics in expressing their thoughts. Meaning in a language can be defined implicitly and explicitly. To explain a meaning implicitly means that the meaning is expressed without using a particular word and a language structure, but the reader understands it. To tell a meaning explicitly implies that the meanings are expressed by using a word or by the language's structure. To convey the meaning explicitly or implicitly depends on thecontext or by some cirstumstaces and the lexicon's availability in a language. To express a meaning explicitly may avoid ambiguity, vagueness, and misunderstanding. But, describing the meaning explicitly all the time may cause ignorant, as if other people know nothing about the topic of the discussion. The data used is taken from Patik Ni Debata Nasampului Dohot Lapatanna for Batak Language and Dasa Titah for the Indonesian language. This writing shows that the Batak language uses straightforward way more in comparison to the Indonesian language. This study aims to draw a characteristic of the Batak language and Indonesian language, especially in expressing their meaning. Key words : Implicit, Explicit, equivalence, language characteristics
ABSURDITAS DALAM NOVELLA SI BENALU KARYA NESCIO Mike Wijaya Saragih
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3050

Abstract

ABSTRAKTulisan ini bertujuan untuk menunjukkan bentuk-bentuk absurditas dalam novella Si Benalu karya Nescio. Bentuk absurditas di dalam novella ini ditemukan melalui analisis cara tokoh utama memandang kehidupan di sekelilingnya dan penilaian orang lain terhadap tokoh utama Japi, yang disebut Si Benalu di dalam teks. Untuk menganalisis konsep absurditas ini, penulis menggunakan konsep absurditas oleh Albert Camus. Hasil dari analisis ini ditemukan adanya perjalanan kesadaran tokoh utama Japi terhadap absurditas kehidupan. Japi dengan idealismenya memilih menjadi seorang “benalu” untuk menunjukkan pemberontakannya terhadap kehidupan yang dianggapnya absurd. Selain itu, beberapa bentuk absurditas juga ditunjukkan melalui interaksi Japi dengan ketiga temannya, yaitu Bavink, Koekebakker dan Hoyer. Idealisme yang Japi jalankan membuatnya dipandang absurd oleh teman-temannya. Namun, kegagalannya mempertahankan idealismenya membuat hidupnya berakhir dengan tragis. Japi memilih untuk bunuh diri yang berarti Japi dengan sadar melepaskan kuasa atas dirinya yang otonom kepada dunia yang absurd ini. Kata kunci: absurd, absurditas, benalu, pemberontakan ABSTRACTThis paper aims to show the forms of absurdity in Nescio's novella, Si Benalu. The forms of absurdity in the novella are found through an analysis of how the main character Japi sees his surrounding life and other people's judgments of Japi, who is called Si Benalu in the text. To analyze the concept of absurdity, the writer uses the concept of absurdity by Albert Camus. The result shows a journey of awareness of the main character Japi towards the absurdity of life. Japi, with his idealism, chooses to become a "parasite" to show his rebellion against a life that he considers absurd. Besides, some forms of absurdity are also demonstrated through Japi's interactions with his three friends, namely Bavink, Koekebakker, and Hoyer. Japi's idealism makes him seen absurd by his friends. However, his failure to maintain his idealism makes his life ended tragically. Japi finally chooses to commit suicide, meaning that Japi consciously relinquishes power over his autonomous self to this absurd world.Key words: absurd, absurdity, parasite, rebellion
THE ANALYSIS OF POLITENESS MAXIM IN THE ECLIPSE MOVIE Martin Axcel Panjaitan; Masda Surti Simatupang
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3051

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AbstractMaxim as a politeness principle is a substantial issue because if people obey the regulation, they will enact their expression more thoughtfully. One that corresponded to the principle is the scale of politeness, a measurement of the level of politeness. This paper aimed to analyze politeness maxims and determine the scales of politeness used by the characters’ utterances in the Eclipse movie. The writers used a qualitative descriptive method in this research since the data described the problematic context. The politeness of maxim and scale of politeness were investigated based on Leech’s principle. The phases of analyzes included listing data with politeness maxim and classifying the data into six maxim categories. The next step was analyzing and interpreting the data based on Leech’s scale of politeness used by characters’ utterances. The last was portraying an inference from the result of the analysis. From the analysis of twenty-six data, the most dominant politeness maxim is the generosity maxim (nine data), and the least was the agreement maxim (one data). The rest were seven approbation maxims, six sympathy maxims, and three tact maxims. The politeness scale was cost-benefit (twenty-three data) and optionality (three data).Key Words: politeness maxim, politeness principle, scale of politeness
ANALYSIS OF TRANSLATION SHIFT IN A NOVEL (ENGLISH-INDONESIAN TRANSLATION) Maria Gratia Ondok; Gunawan Tambunsaribu
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 7 No. 2 (2020): DESEMBER
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v7i2.3052

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Abstract:This research aims to find out the class shift and structure shift in the simple sentences of Turtles All The Way Down novel by John Green (2018) and the translation into Bahasa Indonesia by Prisca Primasari (Penerbit Qanita, 2018). This research uses the theory of translation shift by Catford and equivalence by Nida. Catford divided translation shift into two, and they are level shift and category shift. Category shift is divided into four: structure shift, class shift, unit shift, and intrasystem shift. From those kinds of translation shifts, the writer chose two types of translation shifts: class shift and structure shift. According to Nida, there are two types of equivalence; they are formal equivalence and dynamic equivalence. After analyzing all data that has been collected by using those two theories which have been mentioned above, the writer finds out nine kinds of class shift which occur. They are pronoun to the noun, adverb to the adjective, the preposition to the verb, verb to an adverb, verb to pronoun, noun to adjective, adjective to the verb, the verb to the adjective, and adverb to verb. Other than that, for structure shift, the writer finds out that word order changes, extra word added, and removal of some sentence elements in the simple sentences. The structure shift and class shift done by the translator show that each simple sentence with structure shift and class shift in the novel has one of two types of equivalence based on Nida’s theory.Keyword: Translation, class shift, structure shift, translation shift, equivalence
AN ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE TIYAO WRITTEN BY THE STUDENTS OF THE MANDARIN 3-YEAR DIPLOMA STUDY PROGRAM OF UNIVERSITAS JENDERAL SOEDIRMAN Chendy A.P. Sulistyo; Nunung Supriadi
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 8 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v8i1.3107

Abstract

Abstrak Tiyao merupakan abstrak dari laporan tugas akhir yang ditulis oleh mahasiswa Program Studi D3 Bahasa Mandarin Universitas Jenderal Sudirman Purwokerto. Penelitian deskriptif-kualitatif ini berfokus pada kesalahan-kesalahan yang dilakukan mahasiswa dalam menulis laporan tugas akhir mereka. Peneliti mengamati dan menganalisis kesalahan yang ditemukan dalam kalimat dan faktor penyebab kesalahan tersebut. Selain itu, angket digunakan untuk mengungkapkan kesulitan yang dihadapi siswa dalam menulis tiyao mereka. Penelitian ini juga untuk meningkatkan kemampuan siswa dalam menulis tiyao dengan menggunakan bahasa baku tulisan Mandarin. Dalam pengumpulan data, peneliti melakukan observasi dan wawancara baik dengan mahasiswa maupun dosen Program Studi D3 Bahasa Mandarin Universitas Jenderal Sudirman untuk mengungkap secara faktual kondisi pembelajaran bahasa Mandarin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan mahasiswa Prodi D3 Mandarin dalam tiyaonya diklasifikasikan ke dalam tataran sintaksis, semantik, morfologi, dan wacana. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa kesalahan yang paling banyak dilakukan siswa dalam menulis tiyao mereka adalah pada tataran sintaksis, terutama dalam membentuk kalimat efektif. Kata kunci: kesalahan, menulis, tiyao, Mandarin Abstract Tiyao is the abstract of a final project report written by the students of Mandarin 3-Year Diploma Study Program of Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto. This descriptive-qualitative research focused on the errors made by the students in writing the tiyao of their final project report. The researcher observed and analyzed the errors found in the sentences and the factors causing those errors. In addition, questionnaires were used to reveal the difficulties faced by the students in writing their tiyao. This research also aimed at improving the students' skills in writing tiyao using the Mandarin written standard language. In collecting the data, the researcher employed observation and interviews with both students and lecturers of the Mandarin 3-Year Diploma Study Program of Universitas Jenderal Soedirman to factually reveal the Mandarin learning conditions. The results showed that the Mandarin 3-Year Diploma Study Program students' errors in their tiyao were classified into syntactical, semantic, morphological, and discourse levels. Based on the research results, it was concluded that the most errors made by the students in writing their tiyao were at the syntactical level, especially in forming effective sentences. Keywords: error, writing, tiyao, Mandarin
BAHASA DAN IDENTITAS DALAM STUDENT HIDJO: TINJAUAN SOSIOLOGI SASTRA Galuh Sakti Bandini
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 8 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v8i1.3108

Abstract

Abstrak Dunia sastra Indonesia sebelum kemerdekaan cukup unik. Ditinjau dari segi bahasa, ada dua jenis sastra Indonesia yang beredar di Hindia Belanda, yaitu karya sastra yang menggunakan bahasa Melayu Tinggi dan Bahasa Melayu Pasar. Masing-masing bahasa mewakili ideologi tertentu. Tulisan ini membahas penggunaan bahasa dalam Student Hidjo karya Mas Marco Kartodikromo dan kaittannya dengan identitas, ditinjau dari sudut pandang sosiologi sastra. Dari penelitian ini terlihat bahwa penggunaan bahasa Melayu Rendah yang dicampur bahasa Belanda di dalam Student Hidjo tidak hanya menunjukkan identitas tokoh sebagai intelektualis muda, tapi juga sebagai bentuk perlawanan Mas Marco terhadap kolonialisme. Kata Kunci: Student Hidjo, Mas Marco, Bahasa, identitas, sosiologi sastra. Abstract The world of Indonesian literature before independence was unique. In terms of language, there are two types of Indonesian literature circulating in the Dutch East Indies, literary works that use the High Malay and the Pasar/low Malay. Each language represents a certain ideology. This paper discusses the use of language in Mas Marco Kartodikromo's Student Hidjo and its relation to identity from the sociology of literature. From this research, it can be seen that the use of Low Malay mixed with Dutch in Student Hidjo not only shows the identity of the character as a young intellectual but also as a form of Mas Marco's resistance to colonialism. Keyword: Student Hidjo, Mas Marco, language, identity, sociology of literature
THE SPIRIT OF NATIONALISM, EDUCATION AND MORAL RELIGION AS NATION CHARACTER BUILDING WHICH PORTRAYED IN SI BULUS-BULUS SI RUMBUK-RUMBUK WRITTEN BY WILLEM ISKANDER Siti Norma Nasution
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 8 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v8i1.3109

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Abstrak Tulisan ini dibuat berdasarkan penelitian yang berjudul “Semangat Kebangsaan, Pendidikan Dan Moral Agama Yang Membangun Karakter Bangsa Dalam Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk Karya Willem Iskander” (Semangat Kebangsaan, Pendidikan dan Moral Agama Sebagai Pembangunan Karakter Bangsa yang Digambarkan dalam Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk Ditulis Oleh Willem Iskander). Ada dua masalah yang dianalisis, yang pertama adalah mengungkap ide-ide yang terkandung dalam puisi. Masalah kedua adalah analisis gagasan-gagasan yang mempengaruhi perkembangan kesejahteraan sosial dan ekonomi masyarakat. Tujuan khusus dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengantisipasi dampak negatif dari kekacauan global bagi generasi muda. Mereka diharapkan tidak tercerabut dari tradisi dan budayanya. Kearifan lokal sebagai bagian dari filosofi kehidupan harus dilestarikan sebagai aset nasional kita untuk masa depan kita yang lebih baik. Setidaknya ada tiga puluh orang yang telah diwawancarai. Mereka adalah pemimpin lokal untuk agama, pendidikan, dan kegiatan sosial. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik rekam, dokumentasi foto. Teori yang digunakan adalah hermeneutik, sosiologi sastra dan teori budaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar generasi muda tidak mengetahui puisi karena tidak mendapatkannya dari sekolah. Beberapa dari mereka tahu dari keluarga yang lebih tua atau dari perpustakaan setempat. Tim peneliti merekomendasikan kepada pemerintah setempat agar siswa diberikan atau diajarkan bahasa dan sastra daerah khususnya untuk SMP dan SMA di Perumahan Muarasoma, Tapanuli Selatan. Kata kunci: ide Willem Iskander’s, Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk, nationalisme, pembentukan karakter bangsa, pelestarian budaya Abstract This paper is made based on the research entitled “Semangat Kebangsaan, Pendidikan Dan Moral Agama Yang Membangun Karakter Bangsa Dalam Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk Karya Willem Iskander” (The Spirit of Nationalism, Education and Moral Religion as Nation Character Building Which Portrayed in Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk Written By Willem Iskander). Two problems have been analyzed. The first one is to expose the ideas contained in the poems. The second problem is the analyses of the ideas that have influenced society's social and economic welfare. The special purpose of this research is to anticipate the negative impact of global chaos on the young generation. They are expected not to be uprooted from their tradition and culture. Local wisdom as a part of the philosophy of life should be preserved as our national asset for our better future. There are at least thirty persons who have been interviewed. They are the local leaders for religion, education, and social activities. The method used is descriptive qualitative. The data are collected by using the recorded technique, documentation of photos. The theory used is hermeneutic, sociology of literature and the theory of culture. This research showed that most of the young generation didn't know about the poems because they didn't get them from school. Some of them knew from elderly families or the local library. The team of the researcher recommended the local authorities so that the students are given or taught the local language and literature, especially for junior and senior high school in Muarasoma Residences, South Tapanuli. Keyword: Willem Iskander's ideas, Si Bulus-Bulus Si Rumbuk-Rumbuk, nationalism, nation character building, preservation of culture
MASALAH YANG DIHADAPI PELAJAR BAHASA INGGRIS DALAM MEMAHAMI PELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS Gunawan Tambunsaribu; Yusniaty Galingging
DIALEKTIKA: JURNAL BAHASA, SASTRA DAN BUDAYA Vol. 8 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Prodi Sastra Inggris UKI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33541/dia.v8i1.3110

Abstract

Abstrak Dalam proses mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa asing di Indonesia sampai sekarang masih tetap menjadi momok bagi sebagian besar pelajar di Indonesia. Penelitan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kesulitan-kesulitan para pelajar dalam proses pembelajaran bahasa Inggris. Diharapkan bahwa hasil penelitian ini berguna bagi para pengajar bahasa Inggris untuk menemukan solusi untuk menangani kesulitan-kesulitan yang dialami para pelajar bahasa Inggris. Ada tiga (3) jenis masalah dalam penelitian ini, yaitu 1) Materi pelajaran manakah yang menjadi kesulitan utama para mahasiswa selama proses pembelajaran bahasa Inggris semenjak mereka belajar belajar bahasa Inggris?; 2) Faktor apa sajakah yang menyebabkan mahasiswa merasa sulit dalam mempelajari bahasa Inggris sampai saat ini?; dan 3) Adakah pengalaman buruk yang mereka dapatkan dari pengajar bahasa Inggris sehingga mereka mengalami kesulitan dalam memahami pelajaran bahasa Inggris? Metode yang dipakai oleh peneliti dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Data primer dalam penelitian ini adalah 400 responden yang mengisi kuesioner dan juga memberikan pernyataan pada proses interview. Hasil dari penelitian ini menginformasikan bahwa materi pelajaran bahasa Inggris yang sulit dipelajari oleh mahasiswa mulai dari tingkat paling sulit diantaranya; Grammar (66%), Speaking (22%), Listening (7%), Writing (4%), dan Reading (1%). Para responden memberitahukan bahwa sangat besar pengaruh guru atau pengajar terhadap kemampuan mereka dalam menguasai belajar Bahasa Inggris. Penulis mengelompokkan masalah yang mereka hadapi dari guru/pengajar ke dalam 3 kategori umum, yaitu, 1) Guru bersikap tidak menyenangkan; 2) Metode pengajaran guru kurang interaktif atau pasif; dan 3) Guru tidak ahli mengajar pelajaran bahasa Inggris. Penulis mengelompokkan faktor internal penyebab masalah ke dalam tiga kategori umum, yaitu a) Mereka menganggap bahasa Inggris itu membingungkan (77%); b) Mereka tidak suka pelajaran bahasa Inggris (15 %); dan c) Mereka mengatakan bahwa bahasa Inggris itu tidak penting (8%). Kata Kunci: Kesulitan belajar bahasa Inggris, Permasalahan belajar bahasa Inggris, faktor eksternal dan internal Abstract Learning English as a foreign language still becomes a burden for most students in Indonesia. The main goal of this research is to find out some of the main problems Indonesian students face in learning English. There are three problems in this research, namely: 1) what topic is the most difficult for the students to understand since they learned English for the first time until now? 2) What are the factors which cause them difficulty to understand English topics until now? and 3) was there any bad experience they had in learning English that made them difficult to understand English topics? The researcher used the qualitative descriptive method in conducting this research. The primary data are from the questionnaires and the interview results from the respondents. There are 400 respondents, college students, who participated in this research. The analysis includes graphs related to data taken from the questioners and a brief explanation based on the interview session. This researcher found out that the English topics that are still difficult to understand by the students are as follows; Grammar (66%), Speaking (22%), Listening (7%), Writing (4%), and Reading (1%). The researcher classifies all the problems faced by the respondents in learning English into three general problems are: 1) The teacher had an uncomfortable attitude; 2) The teaching methods from the English teacher is passive; 3) the English teacher does not have enough knowledge in English. The researcher also classified the internal factors that make the students difficult to learn English into three main categories. They are; 1) the students think that the English lesson is confusing (77%); 2) They do not like English (15 %); 3) They said English skill is not important to them (8%). It is hoped that this research results can be helpful for English teachers as a piece of important information related to their students’ problems and the factors that make them difficult to learn and understand English. It can also reflect that English teachers generally related to their skills and methods in teaching English. Keywords: Problems in Learning English, English Topics; Internal and External factors