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Journal of Politic and Government Studies
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Ilmu Pemerintahan Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro.
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Articles 1,279 Documents
IMPLEMENTASI GREEN SMART VILLAGE DI DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PEMBANGUNAN DESA (DESA BANYUANYAR KECAMATAN AMPEL KABUPATEN BOYOLALI) Elida Suci Hermayanti; Teguh Yuwono
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

Today, villages in Indonesia need to be developed into a smart village. According to themandate of Law No. 6 of 2014, the village has the authority to regulate village affairs through theallocation of village funds. It aims to develop the potential of the village and realize the welfare ofsociety through Village Development. One of the innovative steps in conducting Villagedevelopment can be done with the implementation of Green Smart Village concept as done by thegovernment of Banyuanyar village, Ampel subdistrict, Boyolali district. In addition to developingthe potential of the village as a form of community welfare, the program also supports the SmartCity program that has been launched by the government of Boyolali district. This research aims todetermine the implementation of Green Smart Village in Banyuanyar village and supportingfactors as well as the implementation factor of the program. Efforts to address problems andresearch objectives were conducted using the implementation theory of George Edwards III. Thestudy uses mixed methods, where data is obtained through interviews, data/archives, andquestionnaires. The results showed that the idea of Green Smart Village is an effort to explore thepotential of the village, the implementation of Green Smart Village realized through the provisionof free internet access for the community of Banyuanyar Village, the development of digital libraryfacilities, government services of IT-based village, and the development of integrated livestockand agriculture field. The result of infrastructure development has improved, but in terms of theeconomic program is still not able to reach the entire village community. Through researchconcluded that of the four indicators of the implementation theory of George Edwards III, two ofwhich have been implemented well namely the indicator of communication and disposition. Twoother indicators are the indicator of resources and bureaucracy structure still there is a shortage ofhuman resources both implementing and village community, the source of funds that are stilllacking to support the activities of Green Smart Village, in addition to the indicator bureaucraticstructure has no special management structures that run the program.Key Words: Green Smart Village, implementation, Village development
HUBUNGAN EKSEKUTIF DAN LEGISLATIF DALAM MEWUJUDKAN TRANSPARANSI PERENCANAAN ANGGARAN DI KOTA SURAKARTA TAHUN 2017-2018 Astuti, Monica; Harsasto, Priyatno
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

One key to effective and efficient governance is good budget management. The agencyrelationship between the executive and the legislature in the preparation and determination ofthe Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget will provide a pattern for the smooth mechanismof government administration in the region. The purpose of this study is to describe the patternof institutional relations and what are the basis for executive and legislative considerations inthe process of preparing and determining the 2017-2018 Surakarta City Budget. The researchmethod used is a qualitative research method. Research instruments with interviews anddocumentary studies conducted on certain sources.Based on the results found in the field research, it is explained that the planning processin Surakarta City is not only a mere formality. The government as the executive and theSurakarta City DPRD Budget Board as the legislature are not only interested in the budgetdiscussion stage, which is often considered to be a "wetland". Budgeting phase is more aboutthe cost calculation. Between the legislature and the executive have a hrmonistic relationshipso that they collaborate to create a budget that is right on target and transparent. This can beseen by obtaining a Fair Opinion without Exception (WTP) opinion by the City of Surakarta.So that the accuracy of the target, timeliness of budgeting, and transparency of the budget hasa positive impact in every budget planned by the executive approved by the legislature.Therefore, the problems that arise in executive institutions that usually carry outopportunistic behavior over the superiority of their information and legislative bodies thatoften use their power do not make them take advantage of this position against the SurakartaCity Regional Budget. This is because the executive and legislative relationship is not markedby the superiority or dominance of one of the forces.Keywords: Agency, Rational Choice, Regional Budget
ANOMALI PARTAI POLITIK (Studi Komparatif Munculnya Calon Tunggal dalam Pilkada Kabupaten Tangerang dan Kabupaten Lebak Tahun 2018) Ahmad Muzaki Alwi; Dewi Erowati
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 01 (2020): Periode Wisuda Januari 2020
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Abstract

Pilkada langsung memberi ruang kepada setiap warga daerah untuk dipilih maupun memilih kepala daerahnya secara langsung. Disamping itu, partai politik memiliki peran sentral dalam mengusung atau memberikan alternatif pilihan calon yang kapabel dan berintegritas kepada masyarakat namun fakta memperlihatkan bahwa sepanjang pelaksanaan Pilkada serentak dari tahun 2015 sampai 2018 partai politik tidak berhasil menciptakan suasana kompetisi di 23 daerah sehingga muncul calon tunggal. Dua daerah diantaranya yakni Kabupaten Tangerang dan Kabupaten Lebak yang dalam sejarahnya belum pernah muncul calon tunggal meskipun petahana maju kembali dalam Pilkada. Hal ini menarik untuk diteliti sebab negara dengan multi partai ternyata tidak berhasil memberikan warna dalam demokrasi di aras lokal padahal idealnya partai akan mempertahankan kekuasaan dan menempatkan kadernya di pos-pos jabatan publik.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan Studi komparatif. Metode ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi dan memahami suatu gejala sentral serta membandingkan suatu fenomena untuk mendapatkan jawaban secara mendasar tentang sebab-akibat. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah Wawancara, telaah dokumen dan pustaka. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah Calon Bupati Tangerang 2018, Calon Wakil Bupati Lebak 2018, tokoh-tokoh partai, bakal calon perseorangan dan Ketua Komisi Pemilihan Umum di Kabupaten Tangerang dan Kabupaten Lebak.Hasil penelitian menunjukan munculnya calon tunggal di Kabupaten Tangerang dan Kabupaten Lebak tahun 2018 karena partai-partai tidak menjalankan peran dan fungsinya, partai politik tidak memberikan rekomendasi kepada bakal calon, bakal calon dari jalur perseorangan (Independent) tidak lolos tahap verifikasi berkas syarat minimal dukungan dan Undang-undang Nomor 10 Tahun 2016 tidak mengatur batas maksimal jumlah partai dalam satu koalisi dan menghendaki pelaksanaan pilkada tetap dilanjutkan meski hanya ada satu pasang calon. Adapun penyebab Partai politik tidak mengusung calon dari kadernya karena yang pertama pesyaratan bagi partai/gabungan partai untuk dapat mengusung calon semakin berat dari 15 persen menjadi 20 persen kursi dan 25 persen perolehan suara sah pemilihan legislatif terakhir. Kedua, partai yang terkartelisasi yang hanya mementingkan kelangsungan hidupnya dan lemahnya pelembagaan partai dari dimensi kesisteman, identitas nilai, otonomi keputusan, dan pengetahun publik. Selain itu, terdapat faktor lain dalam mempengaruhi preferansi politik partai yakni kuatnya ketokohan Ahmed Zaki Iskandar di Kabupaten Tangerang dan Mulyadi Jayabaya sebagai orang kuat daerah (Local Strongmen) di Kabupaten Lebak.Kata Kunci: Calon Tunggal, Anomali Partai Politik, Pilkada
PERILAKU ‘LOMPAT PAGAR’ POLITISI MENJELANG PEMILU LEGISLATIF 2014 DI JAWA TENGAH Shabrina Hana Mutiara Negara; Nur Hidayat Sardini
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

The 2014 legislative elections have been marked by the transfer of party cadres to otherparties. This phenomenon is like that carried out by a number of parties in Central Java. Fromthe data search, there is no exact value of the number of cadres who carry out the partymovement in question. But from the writer's search there were two cadres, the first being Drs.Fadholi, he was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives of the 2014-2019 periodfrom the Democratic National Party (Nasdem). Next, Nur Hadi was originally a cadre of thePKNU, moving to the PPP Pekalongan City.This research is a field research with descriptive qualitative research methods that aredescriptive and tend to use analysis with an inductive approach. In data retrieval carried out byusing the method of in-depth interviews and documentation. Interviews were conducted at theresidence of the two informants in Salatiga City and Pekalongan City.The results of the research show that the phenomenon of politicians moving parties inPekalongan Regency and Salatiga City is a normal political reality in the Indonesian politicalarena, due to the many motives of politicians. The rise of politicians moving parties ismotivated by the blurred ideology of political parties, the failure of political parties inconducting political education, and ineffective cadre system. Political parties are not wellestablished in the function of regeneration so that cadres in their political activities do notanimate party ideology, thus leading to political pragmatism by politicians. In addition to themotives of pragmatism, it is also known that there are motives so that politicians can maintaintheir existence in elections by moving parties.The suggestion from the author is the need for a comprehensive revitalization of politicalparties in their political activities, political parties must restore their struggle as a bridge inconveying people's aspirations.Keywords: Political Behavior, Legislative Elections 2014
MODAL SOSIAL DAN KETERPILIHAN UMI AZIZAH PADA PILKADA KABUPATEN TEGAL TAHUN 2018 Dita Amalia Safitri; Muhammad Adnan
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

This study analyzes how the strength and utilization of Umi Azizah's social capital as oneof the factors influencing his victory in the 2018 Tegal Regency elections. The method used isa qualitative method with a descriptive approach. Data is collected through interview anddocumentation. The results of this study indicate that social capital as a social network ownedby Umi Azizah in participating in the 2018 Tegal Regency elections is her position as a santriwith a Bachelor of Government Science, Chair of PC Muslimat NU as well as preachers, andincumbent. The social network is used optimally as a political network through consolidationbetween networks and intense interaction with the community.Keywords: Local Election, Social Capital, Network Utilization.
POLITISASI IDENTITAS DALAM PEMILIHAN GUBERNUR DAN WAKIL GUBERNUR SUMATERA UTARA TAHUN 2018 Rizky Reynaldy Chaniago; Nur Hidayat Sardini
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

North Sumatra is one of the provinces that has held 2018 simultaneous local elections.This local election was attended by two pairs of candidates, namely Eramas and Djoss.Eramas won in the Regencies/Cities where the majority of the population was Muslim andnon-Batak ethnicity, while Djoss won in the Regencies/Cities where the majority of thepopulation was Christian and Batak ethnicity. In this case, it is thought that identitypoliticization took place in each process of the elections. The purpose of this research was todetermine the process of political dynamics in the 2018 North Sumatra Local Election and toidentify forms of identity politicization in the 2018 North Sumatra Local Election.This research uses descriptive qualitative method with data collection techniques throughinterviews and documentation. In this study, primary data obtained through direct interviewswith informants determined from the linkage of these informants with research problems, andsecondary data obtained from Provincial KPU Decisions and related articles. The researcherfocused the informants on the main party cadres supporting the two candidate pairs, namelythe Gerindra Party and the PDI-Perjuangan Party, political consultants, and local politicalobservers.The results of this study indicate that the process of identity politicization is carried outby both pairs of candidates. However, identity politicization carried out by Djoss is not asactive as what Eramas does. Eramas intensively provides stimulus to the community relatedto the issue of sons and daughters of religious issues, while the politicization of identitycarried out by Djoss was more about an abstark approach, there was no direct involvementin any activity, but only attended without initiating it.The process of identity politicization carried out by Eramas can be said to be theirstrategy in winning the 2018 North Sumatra Local Election. This is an adoption of thedynamics that occurred in the 2017 DKI Jakarta Local Election, while identity politicizationdone by Djoss is a common thing as a complement to their vision and mission to build NorthSumatra. It is expected that each pair of candidates will prioritize socialization to the publicabout the vision and mission and superior programs that will be carried out in developing theregion for the next period and to the next researcher, is expected to interview and explore asmuch information as possible to key informants.Keywords: The 2018 North Sumatra Local Election, Politicization of Identity, Ethnicity,Religion
POLA KEMITRAAN STAKEHOLDERS DALAM PROGRAM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG 2017-2018 (Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis TPS 3R Di Desa Bergas Kidul) Wardhani, Putri Puspa; ., Kushandajani
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

The 3R TPS-based waste management Program held in Bergas Kidul is anactivity that was first performed in Semarang district so that the government ofSemarang District established TPS 3R in Bergas Kidul village As the TPS 3Rpilot into the background of this research. The problem is: how does therealization of stakeholders mapping in the waste Management program in BergasKidul village in 2017-2018? How is the implementation of partnership amongthe stakeholders in the dumpster 3R-based waste management program in DesaBergas Kidul district of Semarang?The purpose of this research is to know the stakeholders mapping andexplain the stakeholders partnership pattern in the Waste management programin Semarang District in 2017-2018 by taking a case study of the 3R TPS-basedwaste management in the village Bergas Kidul. The research methods used arequalitative research methods with descriptive research type.The results of the study showed the cooperation between the partnershipbetween Semarang District Environmental office and the local communityBergas Sehat Group as the subject of the management of TPS 3R is a productivecooperation. Partnership in the Program TPS 3R Bergas Kidul Run on theprinciple of equality, the existence of the objective and mission in addressing thegarbage problem in Bergas Kidul. Each of the parties involved has also beencarrying out their duties and authorities. Each of the parties involved also benefitfrom the government of Semarang Regency itself has benefited the cost oftransportation costs for the transportation of waste to landfill as well as minimizethe use of landfill Blondo in Bawen, because of garbage can be processed in TPS3R. While the benefits for the community itself, the garbage managed with the3R is able to produce economic value, job creation.Keywords: partnership, waste Management, TPS 3R
Optimalisasi Program Cashless Society di Kota Semarang Berdasarkan Kemitraan antara Pemerintah Kota Semarang dan BNI 46 Regional Kota Semarang dalam Wujud Kartu Semarang Hebat Tahun 2019 Dwiani Bramastiti; Teguh Yuwono
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 01 (2020): Periode Wisuda Januari 2020
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Abstract

Semarang Hebat Card is a new breakthrough from the City of Semarang which aims to advance the concept of smart city as well as the concept of cashless society. In addition, the Great Semarang Card was created to improve public services to the public in different forms or fields. This is a manifestation of government innovation. This Great Semarang Card is expected to have a good impact for the optimization of public services in the city of Semarang.The research method in this thesis uses a mix-method study and descriptive approach. The author takes a research site in Semarang City with a research informant from the government (Diskominfo as a correspondence) and BNI 46 regional Semarang City (Karangayu Branch as a correspondence). The author uses data validation techniques using data triangulation techniques.Great Semarang card is a form of innovation from the concept of cashless society which is applied to cities that are or are in the process of moving towards the concept of smart city. The Great Semarang Card was created from a partnership between the Semarang City Government and BNI 46. BNI 46 was chosen based on its ability to manage smart cards as well as BNI 46 was the chairman of the HIMBARA (State Owned Bank Association). This program has been running from 2017 in 2019, meaning that the Great Semarang Card is two (2) years old. This partnership is conducive with each actor having a duty and role in this program. As a result the Great Semarang Card has an impact on society in many forms or fields. There are fields of mobilization, transactions, and debit cards. The response from the community looked very good as evidenced by the results of the questionnaire. In addition to the response, the community was also affected by his thoughts on applying the concept of cashless in his daily activities. KEYWORDSSemarang City Government, Cashless Society, Smart City, BNI 46
Implementasi Peraturan Walikota Nomor 43 Tahun 2012 Tentang Peraturan Pelayanan Administrasi Terpadu Kecamatan (PATEN) di Kecamatan Gunungpati dan Kecamatan Semarang Barat Kota Semarang DHIYA JIHAN TIFANA; Yuwanto .
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 02 (2020): Periode Wisuda April 2020
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Abstract

One of the government's efforts in realizing Good Government is bymaking a policy, namely the Integrated District Administration Service(PATEN). PATEN was created to realize the Subdistrict as a communityservice center and become a service node for SKPD which aims to improvethe quality and bring services closer to the people of Semarang City. In thisstudy presents an overview of the implementation of PATEN in GunungpatiDistrict and Semarang Barat District. The research method used isdescriptive qualitative with data collection techniques in the form ofinterviews and documentation. The data obtained were then analyzed usingTriangulation Methods, Theory, and Data Sources.Findings This research is a type of PATEN licensing services in thecity of Semarang, especially in Gunungpati District and West SemarangDistrict there has been no delegation of authority from the Mayor to theDistrict Head. So that the PATENT service in the District is only the type ofnon-licensing services that can be administered by the District. People whowant to submit an application for the type of licensing service only get aletter of recommendation from the District, therefore the community musttake care to the next stage, namely in the relevant Dinas.The conclusion that can be drawn from the research is that first inthe journey of PATENT in Semarang City from 2012 until now there has notbeen any delegation of authority in the type of licensing services. Secondly,PATEN in Gunungpati Subdistrict and West Semarang Subdistrict broughtgreat changes to the service standards and infrastructure of the Subdistrictgetting better. Based on the conclusions, the suggestions that can be givenare that it would be better for the government to only focus on one licensingservice policy, so that there is no overlapping of the duties and functions ofa licensing service policy.Keywords: Good Government, Policy Implementation, PublicServices
PENGELOLAAN DANA DESA DI DESA KARANGTENGAH KECAMATAN CILONGOK KABUPATEN BANYUMAS TAHUN 2017 Arya Sidhi Permana; Turtiantoro .
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 9, No 01 (2020): Periode Wisuda Januari 2020
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk 1) menganalisis proses penyusunan dan penetapan program dan kegiatan Dana Desa, 2) Untuk menganalisis pelaksanaan program dan kegiatan yang direncanakan dan ditetapkan dalm penggunaan dana desa, 3) Untuk menganalisis pengawasan penggunaan Dana Desa, di desa Karangtengah kecamatan Cilongok kabupaten Banyumas.Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan Subjek penelitian Kepala Desa, Sekretaris Desa, Badan Permusyawaratan Desa, dan masyarakat di Desa Karangtengah kecamat Cilongok Kabupaten Banyumas. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan metode pengamatan (observasi), wawancara (interview), dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan triangulasi data yaitu dengan tahapan 1) pengumpulan data,  2) reduksi data,  3) penyajian data,  dan 4) penarikan kesimpulan.Hasil penelitian menunjukan,  1) proses penyusunan dan penetapan program dan kegiatan Dana Desa di desa Karangtengah kecamatan Cilongok kabupaten Banyumas dilakukan dengan perencanaan yang baik dan melibatkan seluruh unsur masyarakat dan berdasar sekala prioritas kegiatan. 2) pelaksanaan program dan kegiatan penggunaan dana desa dilaksanakan sesuai perencanaan yang telah ditetapkan dan melibatkan seluruh unsur masyarakat, 3) Pengawasan pelaksanaan penggunaan  Dana Desa di desa Karangtengah kecamatan Cilongok kabupaten Banyumas dilakukan dengan baik,  tidak hanya dari pemerintah desa tetapi juga oleh masyarakat..Simpulan penelitian yang dapat disampaikan bahwa penggunaan dana desa di desa Karangtengah kecamatan Cilongok direncanakan, dilaksanakan dan diawasi dengan baik. Saran yang dapat disampaikan adalah, bahwa dalam penggunaan dana desa harus selalu melibatkan seluruh unsur masyarakat desa dan sesuai priorotas kebutuhan dari masyarakat desa.Kata Kunci: Pengelolaan, Dana Desa, Implementasi Kebijakan

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